University of Rennes 2 – Upper Brittany
|University of Rennes 2|
|Université Rennes 2|
|Location||Rennes, Brittany, France|
The University of Rennes 2 (Université Rennes 2, UR2) is a French university in Upper Brittany, one of four in the Academy of Rennes. The main campus is situated in the northwest section of Rennes in the Villejean neighborhood not far from the other campus, located at La Harpe.
Creation of the University of Brittany 
Asked by Francis II, Duke of Brittany, the Pope created the first university of Brittany in Nantes in 1460 . It taught arts, medicine, law, and theology. In 1728, the mayor of Nantes, Gérard Mellier, asked that the university be moved to Rennes, Nantes being more trade oriented. The Law school was thus moved the Rennes in 1730. This city already had the Parliament of Brittany, it was thus more suited to have this School. In 1793 the French Revolution closed all universities. It is not before 1806 that the Law school reopened in Rennes.
Development of the faculties in Rennes 
In 1808, Napoleon I reorganized the universities in France, creating the University of France. From the 2 original cities housing the University of Brittany, only Rennes was included in this University. Nantes had to wait until 1970 to have its university again. In 1810 a faculty of letters opened, which gathered in 1835 five schools (French literature, foreign literature, antic literature, history, and philosophy). The science faculty opened still in Rennes in 1840. Those 3 faculties remained without clear boundaries between them until 1885 with the creation of a "Conseil des facultés" which took in 1896 the name of University of Rennes. In the middle of the 19th century, they were gathered in the Palais Universitaire, located currently in the Quai Émile Zola, but were then scattered downtown. The Faculty of Letters was thus relocated in 1909 to the Séminaire, located currently in the Place Hoche.
Creation of the University of Rennes 2 
In 1967, the Villejean campus opened, dedicated to Arts, Letters, and Human Sciences.
In 1969, in order to enforce the growth of French universities, a law was passed, splitting the University of Rennes into two new entities. This new university took the name of 'University of Upper Brittany'. The Villejean neighborhood was then still in development, building housing facilities for students, along with other university facilities.
In the east of the city, Beaulieu includes sciences and philosophy. In the west, Villejean includes Schools of Foreign Languages, Arts, Human Sciences and Social Sciences. Rennes I University's School of Medicine, is located on the edge of Villejean campus, but also on Brittany's largest hospital center, Pontchaillou.
Since March 2002, Villejean campus can be reached with the VAL subway, via the station 'Villejean-Université', making the university only 5 minutes away from the inner city.
The two universities are currently working on their unification. If this project were to be accomplished, the brand new university, with its 40,000 students, would be the largest in France.
List of former presidents 
|since January 2006||Marc Gontard|
|1982–1986||Jean François Botrel|
Academic programs 
The University is structured around 5 UFRs, or Units of teaching and research. This organization based on UFR is common to all public universities in France.
- The UFR of Sports (APS), ;
- 1 department: STAPS
- 1 research unit.
- The UFR of Arts, Letters, Communication (ALC):
- The UFR of foreign Languages
- 11 departments: German, English, Arabic, Breton and Celtic languages, Chinese, Spanish, Italian, LEA (translation), Multi-langues, Portuguese and Russian. 21 different foreign languages are being taught in those departements, from beginner to advanced level.
- 4 research units, including one belonging to the CNRS,
- 1 Center for non-student teachings: Le Centre de Langues,
- 1 institut: L'Institut des Amériques de Rennes (IDA), the American Studies institut.
- The UFR of Human Science:
- The UFR of Social sciences:
- 4 departments: Administration économique et sociale (AES), Geography space amenagement, History, and Mathematics applied to Social sciences (MASS),
- 6 research units, including 5 belonging to the CNRS.
- 2 institutes: L'Institut des Amériques de Rennes (IDA), the American Studies institut, and the "Institut de formation et de recherche sur l'administration territoriale" (IFRAT)
Campus life 
Student organizations 
With its 50 or so student circles, Rennes 2 University has the highest rate of organizations per student among French universities. There is a radio station, Radio Campus Rennes, for which the EREVE was built in 2005. Most of the organizations are located throughout different buildings on campus.
Different festivals are organized by the students, some of them were large enough to enlarge their fields to the city itself. Among them:
- "K-barré"", focusing on performing arts
- "Roulements de tambour", focusing on music
- "Travelling", focusing on cinema, now a City wide festival.
- "Tubas d'or", focusing on short movies
- Jean-Pierre Bayard (1920), writer
- Bernard Bonnejean (1950), writer
- Étienne Daho (1957), singer
- Hélène Delavault
- Muriel Laporte (1963), lead singer of Niagara, rock band
- Louis Le Pensec (1937), cabinet member, Senator, Member of Parlement
- Gustave Parking (1955),
- Christophe Honoré (1992), movie maker, movie writer, writer
- Gaël Roblin (2006),
- Anne F. Garréta (1962), writer, prix Médicis 2002
- Jean Delumeau (1923), historian, elected to the Académie française, September 27, 1989.
- Dominique Fernandez (1929), writer, prix Médicis 1974, Prix Goncourt 1982, elected to the Académie française, March 8, 2007.
- Henri Fréville, Senator, Member of Parlement, Mayor of Rennes
- Milan Kundera (1929), writer, prix Médicis 1973
- Jean-Yves Le Drian (1947), Member of Parlement, Governor of the Brittany Region
- Jean-Claude Maleval, writer, psychoanalyst, professor of psycopathology
- Robert Merle (1908), writer, prix Goncourt 1949
- Juan José Saer (1937), writer, Premio Nadal 1986
- Mário Soares (1924), President of Portugal.
The University of Rennes 2 in fiction 
See also 
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