University of Salzburg
|University of Salzburg|
|Budget||€ 112.8 million (2007)|
|Rector||Prof. Dr. Heinrich Schmidinger|
The University of Salzburg, or Paris Lodron University (German Universität Salzburg) after its founder, the Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron, is located in the Austrian city of Salzburg, Salzburgerland, home of Mozart. It is divided into 4 faculties: catholic theology, law, humanities and natural science.
Founded in 1622, it today has c. 18,000 students and c. 1,600 employees. It is the biggest educational institution in the province of Salzburg.
Paris Lodron Universität Salzburg 
The Paris Lodron University in Salzburg was founded by Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron in 1622. It was an addition to a "Gymnasium", a secondary school that had been founded in 1617.
The University was initially set up and maintained by a federation of Benedictine abbeys from Salzburg, Switzerland, Bavaria and Austria. In the early years, the courses taught were theology, divinity, philosophy as well as law and medicine.
The origins of the University of Salzburg 
After Salzburg was annexed by Bavaria in 1810, the University was closed and dissolved on the 24th of December. To replace the institution, a so-called “Lyzeum” was founded, which probably relates to a proper University, like a polytechnical one. The Lyzeum had a section for divinity, one for philosophy and one for medicine and surgery. A few years later in 1816, Salzburg finally became part of the Austrian Empire.
The Lyzeum was closed in 1850, when Austria lifted the divinity section of it to a University Faculty. The re-awakening local pride of Salzburg and recovering economy leads to several attempts to re-establish a full University. These attempts fail for 150 years.
In 1962, the University of Salzburg was re-established with a Faculty of Catholic Theology and for Philosophy. Classes started in 1964, the year that is generally considered to be the year of the foundation. One year later, a Faculty of Law was added to the proliferating University.
Uni Salzburg: 40 years or 400? 
In 1975, a new law regulated the organisation of universities in Austria. This causes Salzburg University to create five faculties as divisions: the Faculty of Catholic Theology, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences and the Faculty of Medicine. The latter one was never founded.
In 1995, the organisation of Austria’s universities was re-structured again, this time granting more autonomy and freedom. The new law was gradually incorporated into practice over the course of several years until 2004. With the new structure, the University of Salzburg turned down the idea of founding a Faculty of Medicine. However, in the meantime a private University for Medicine was founded.
The other four Faculties remain. They are sub-divided into 31 "Fachbereiche" or departments.
No campus for the University 
Salzburg University is a no-campus university. It occupies several buildings in the Altstadt, such as former parts of the Residenz Palace, the Toskanatrakt and in the Kapitelgasse. The University library is between the Kollegienkirche (the University church) and the Festival Halls, attached to it is the “Große Aula”, or ceremonial hall.
The Faculty of Humanities is by the Rudolfskai, only 100 metres from Mozartplatz and Papagenoplatz, although the modern language departments are located in the Akademiestraße by the Hellbrunnerallee. The Faculty of Sciences, the second-biggest building of Salzburg after the Hohensalzburg Fortress, can be found only a bit further South next to Schloss Freisaal Castle and the Frohnburg Castle.
Smaller offices and institutes are scattered all over Salzburg and arts and music are taught separately at the Mozarteum Art University. There is also a polytechnic University in Salzburg and the private Medical University that was mentioned above.