When Sana'a university was first established, it had two faculties: the Faculty of Sharia and Law and the Faculty of Education, which also included the specialties of Colleges of Arts, Sciences and Education. In 1974, those specialties were developed and formed three new faculties: Arts, Science, Education. The Faculty of Sharia and Law celebrated the launch of the Business Department, which became an independent faculty a year later. By that time, the university included five faculties and continued expansion until it included the rest of the other specialties. In 2000, the university included 17 faculties, ten of which were in Sana'a including all types of academic specialties; the rest were spread around the country.
Sana'a University aims primarily to fulfill its obligations and responsibilities towards its students; upbring educated generations who would contribute positively to the society and serve the community and to enhance higher education in Yemen.