University of Strasbourg

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University of Strasbourg
Université de Strasbourg
University of Strasbourg logo.svg
Latin: Universitas Argentorati
Established 1538
Type Public
Budget €430 million[1]
President Alain Beretz
Students 43,053
Doctoral students 2,657
Location Strasbourg, France
Affiliations LERU, Utrecht Network
Website www.unistra.fr

The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, is the second largest university in France (after Aix-Marseille University), with about 43,000 students and over 4,000 researchers.

The present-day French university traces its history to the earlier German language Universität Straßburg, which was founded in 1538, and was divided in the 1970s into three separate institutions: Louis Pasteur University, Marc Bloch University, and Robert Schuman University. On 1 January 2009, the fusion of these three universities reconstituted a united University of Strasbourg, which is now amongst Europe's best in the League of European Research Universities.

University Palace, main building of the former Imperial University of Strasbourg
Grand hall of the University Palace, where the first session of the Council of Europe Assembly took place[2]
The Gallia building, formerly Germania, seat of the Regional Student's Service Centre
The National and University Library on Place de la République, former Kaiserplatz
Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
Main Law faculty building of the former Robert Schuman University
Le Bel Institute of the former Louis Pasteur University
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science

History[edit]

Johannes Sturm founder of the university, 1539

The university emerged from a Lutheran humanist German Gymnasium, founded in 1538 by Johannes Sturm in the Free Imperial City of Strassburg. It was transformed to a university in 1621 and elevated to the ranks of a royal university in 1631. Among its earliest university students was Johann Scheffler who studied medicine and later converted to Catholicism and became the mystic and poet Angelus Silesius.[3]

The Lutheran German university still persisted even after the annexation of the City by King Louis XIV in 1681 (one famous student was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1770/71), but mainly turned into a French university during the French Revolution.

The university was refounded as the German Kaiser-Wilhelm-Universität in 1872, after the Franco-Prussian war and the return of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany provoked a westwards exodus of Francophone teachers. During the German Empire the university was greatly expanded and numerous new buildings were erected because the university was intended to be a showcase of German against French culture in Alsace. In 1918, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, so a reverse exodus of Germanophone teachers took place.

During the Second World War, when France was occupied, personnel and equipment of the University of Strasbourg were transferred to Clermont-Ferrand. In its place, the short-lived German Reichsuniversität Straßburg was created.

In 1970, the university was subdivided into three separate institutions:

These were, however, reunited in 2009, a process that should finish in 2012, and were able to be among the first twenty French universities to gain greater autonomy.[4]

Buildings[edit]

The university campus covers a vast part near the center of the city, located between the "Cité Administrative", "Esplanade" and "Gallia" bus-tram stations.

Modern architectural buildings include: Escarpe, the Doctoral College of Strasbourg, Atrium, Pangloss and others. The student residence building for the Doctoral College of Strasbourg was designed by London-based Nicholas Hare Architects in 2007. The structures are depicted on the main inner wall of the Esplanade university restaurant, accompanied by the names of their architects and years of establishment.

The administrative organisms, attached to the university (Prefecture; CAF, LMDE, MGEL—health insurance; SNCF—national French railway company; CTS—Strasbourg urban transportation company), are located in the "Agora" building.

Notable academics and alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le budget 2010 s'élève à 432 millions d'euros" (in French). lactu.unistra.fr. 
  2. ^ See commemorative plaque Palais Universitaire de Strasbourg-10 août 1949
  3. ^ Paterson, Hugh Sinclair; Exell, Joseph Samuel (October 1870). "Angelus Silesius: Physician, Priest and Poet". The British & Foreign Evangelical Review XIX (LXXIV). London: James Nisbet & Co. pp. 682–700, based in large part on Kahlert, August (Dr.). Angelus Silesius: Ein literar-historiche Untersuchung (Breslau: s.n., 1853). 
  4. ^ "Décret n° 2008-787 portant création de l'université de Strasbourg" (in French). legifrance.gouv.fr. 2008-08-18. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°34′49″N 7°45′52″E / 48.58028°N 7.76444°E / 48.58028; 7.76444