University of Tampere
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|University of Tampere|
|Latin: Universitatis Tamperensis|
|Academic staff||1,084 (2011)|
|Admin. staff||883 (2011)|
The University of Tampere (Finnish: Tampereen yliopisto) is a university in Tampere, Finland. It has 15,400 degree students and 2,100 employees. It was originally founded in 1925 in Helsinki as a "Civic College" (Kansalaiskorkeakoulu), and from 1930 onwards it was known as a "School of Social Sciences" (Yhteiskunnallinen korkeakoulu). In 1960, the institution relocated to Tampere, and in 1966 it was officially named University of Tampere. In 1974, the University of Tampere granted the state university status and in 2010 Finnish universities granted the status of legal person under public law.
The University of Tampere began in 1925 in Helsinki as an institution generally referred to as a Civic College. The guiding notion was that enlightenment was conducive to peaceful societal development. It was felt that large sectors of the population and especially young people in the rural areas were in need of enhanced popular education.
In the early years of its operations interest in the Civic College focussed increasingly on catering for the educational needs of the municipalities and press. The major success areas, a qualification in social care and a qualification in librarianship, came into being in the 1940s.
In the 1960s the institution moved to Tampere. Within six years student intake increased fivefold. The specialised college duly expanded into a multi-faculty university.
The university is currently divided into nine schools:
- Institute of Biomedical Technology
- School of Communication, Media and Theatre
- School of Education
- School of Health Sciences
- School of Humanities and Social Sciences
- School of Information sciences
- School of Language, Translation Studies and Literary Studies
- School of Medicine
- School of Management
Co-operation on local and international level
The University of Tampere is influential locally, nationally and internationally. The University collaborates with the City of Tampere, Tampere Region and other higher education institutes in the area, likewise with companies and public sector organisations.
Together with the University of Jyväskylä and Tampere University of Technology, the University of Tampere forms a University Alliance, a co-operation consortium which strengthens the member universities' reciprocal cooperation and clarifies the division of labour in research, education, support services and administration. In terms of the numbers of those applying for admission and of those studying towards higher university degrees the Alliance is the most attractive and extensive university entity in Finland (University Alliance Finland).
The University of Tampere is renowned for its high-quality teaching. The University is also keen to develop into an international research university with extensive co-operation networks in teaching and research throughout Europe and beyond. The main forms of internationalisation are mobility of students, researchers and teachers, likewise the master's programmes offered through the medium of English and associated research established in fields in which the University is especially strong.
The Civic College was established in Helsinki in 1925. At the same time, a library was started, and it became the predecessor of the present Tampere University Library. The College was renamed School of Social Sciences in 1930, and was moved to Tampere in 1961. In 1966, it became University of Tampere.
The image of a library in general has changed significantly during past decades. The Civic College Library meant only a few bookcases with some books in them. At the present time, Tampere University Library is known as a multidisciplinary library serving thousands of patrons. Besides operating as a traditional circulation and reading facility, Library is now also accessible over the internet directly from home or the office.
During the last decades, there has been a true revolution in information technology, and the effects on libraries in general have been immense. In 1988, the Library installed the VTLS system, and that enabled operations to be performed in a new way: acquisitions, cataloging, circulation, serials check-in and monitoring of allocations were performed centrally within one and the same system. In 1992, the computerized circulation system became dominant. The Library database Tamcat has been online since 2001. The use of electronic information resources increased noticeably, when the Nelli-portal was introduced in 2005.
The collections of the Tampere University Library comprise approximately 380 000 volumes of electronic resources (see Electronic Resources 2013) and approximately 500 000 volumes of print resources (in 2011). The materials are free to use for all at the premises of the library.
Furthermore, the staff and students of the university can access the electronic resources remotely. Information on electronic resources can be found from the Nelli portal and information on print resources can be found in the Tamcat database.
The Collection development program of the Tampere University Library serves as a general guideline for developing and building the collections. The library evaluates and develops its collections by using an evaluation method called Collection mapping.
The collections of printed books and periodicals are located in the Main Library, in the Department Library of Humanities and Education (Humanika) and in the Department Library of Health Sciences (Tertio). The collections are placed on several floors and in storage areas. The material available in the closed stacks can be ordered by contacting the lending office of the department in question.
The Main Library acquires information resources mainly on the fields of information sciences, management sciences, social sciences, arts, music research and speech education. The Main Library is also in charge of acquiring all textbooks excluding health sciences. In addition to the textbooks there is also the school book collection of class teacher education in the Main Library.
Humanika, the Department Library of Humanities and Education acquires information resources on the fields of education and humanities. The collection emphases is on history, English philology, Scandinavian languages, French language, German language and culture, Slavonic philology, Finnish language, linguistics, translation studies (English, German and Russian), literature history and criticism, and education.
Tertio, the Department Library of Health Sciences acquires information resources mainly in health sciences. Tertio functions as the textbook library for the School of Medicine, the School of Health Sciences and the Institute of Biomedical Technology. It also provides library services to the Tampere University Hospital. Tertio acquires all the required books and journals for the specialists' degrees.
- Key Facts. University of Tampere. Retrieved 11-21-2008.
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