UT was founded in 1957 as the State University of Tirana (Universiteti Shtetëror i Tiranës) through the merging of five existing institutes of higher education, the most important of which was the Institute of Sciences, founded in 1947. Between April 13, 1985 and 1992 (during the communist regime), UT was called the Enver Hoxha University of Tirana (Universiteti i Tiranës "Enver Hoxha") after the Albanian dictator Enver Hoxha, who died on April 11, 1985.
More than 14,000 students attend UT. UT employs more that 600 faculty members.
The current campus is urban and decentralized. A new large and centralized campus has been planned in the southeast periphery of Tirana. Students dorms are grouped in a separate location called Student City (Qyteti Studenti) in southeast Tirana.
Faculty of Medicine. This faculty, which has more than 5000 students, is UT's most competitive. The faculty has made a motion to separate from UT and form a self-standing medical school. The faculty includes: