University of Tripoli

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University of Tripoli (UT)
جامعة طرابلس
Tripoli University.png
The Emblem of the University
Motto {عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ} (Arabic) (Qur'an)
(Allamal-insana malam yalam)
Motto in English {He has taught man that which he knew not}
Established 1957
Type Public
Admin. staff 2,500–2,999
Students over 45,000[1]
Location Tripoli, Libya
32°51′21″N 13°13′17″E / 32.8557519°N 13.2212842°E / 32.8557519; 13.2212842Coordinates: 32°51′21″N 13°13′17″E / 32.8557519°N 13.2212842°E / 32.8557519; 13.2212842
Former names University of Libya (Tripoli Division)
Al Fateh University
Colors Blue Sky and Sunglow
         
Mascot Fennec fox
Website http://uot.edu.ly/ (Temporary)

University of Tripoli (UT) (Arabic: جامعة طرابلس), is the largest and most important institute of higher education in Libya, providing undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels of study. It is located in the capital Tripoli. It used to be a branch of University of Libya before it was divided in 1973.

History[edit]

The first college of what became University of Tripoli was founded in 1957 as the Faculty of Sciences of University of Libya. In 1966 the Faculty of Agriculture was added, and in 1972 the College of Petroleum and Minerals.

In 1973, the University of Libya was split into two independent universities. All the colleges (faculties) located in Tripoli joined the new University of Tripoli while those located in Benghazi joined the new University of Benghazi (later renamed Garyounis University).

In 1976 the University of Tripoli was renamed Al Fateh University[2] after the student unrest in April, 1976, where pro-government students chanted Al Fateh.[3][4]

In 2007 a separate Al-Fateh University of Medical Sciences was established in Tripoli, that included the colleges of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Medical Technology.[3]

The university was the site of an armed student uprising during the Battle of Tripoli, and following the downfall of the Gaddafi government in 2011, Al Fateh University, was renamed back to the original name of University of Tripoli.

Faculties[edit]

Faculties of the University of Tripoli
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty Of Economics and Political Sciences
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Fine Arts & Media
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Sciences
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Information Technology
  • Faculty of Physical Education
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  • Faculty of Medical Technology
  • Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Faculty of Dentistry

Faculty of Sciences[edit]

The Faculty of Science was established in 1957. It was the first practical college in Libya at that time, and thus became a focus for Libyan students seeking a university degree. The faculty prepares specialists in fundamental and applied sciences, and offers the following degrees:

1 In addition the school performs scientific research and studies in various scientific fields

Faculty of Agriculture[edit]

The Faculty of Agriculture was established on 27 June 1966 as a college affiliated with the University of Libya and it was the second faculty established in Tripoli. The main aims of the Faculty of Agriculture represent in preparing highly qualified agricultural engineers in different specializations, performing agricultural research, and providing consultations and technical services.

The academic study started by matriculation of the first class of forty-two students in 1966/1967 split between three scientific departments:

  • Department of Plant Production.
  • Department of Animal Production.
  • Department of Soil and Water.

In 1971/1972 the Department of Food Science in the Faculty of Engineering joined the Faculty of Agriculture.

The Department of Plant Production consisted of five branches: agricultural economics, horticulture, field crops, plant protection, and agricultural engineering.

In 1978 these branches changed to become departments and two departments were added to the faculty in the same year (Department of Pasture and Forests and Department of Home Economics). In 1995 the Department of Hydroponics was established at the faculty and the Department of Political Culture was created in 2002 bringing the total number of departments in the faculty to twelve, in addition to the general department that students have a preliminary year before joining specialized scientific departments.

Faculty of Engineering[edit]

It was established as the Faculty of High Technical Studies within the scientific and technical cooperation program with UNESCO. It was the first Engineering faculty established in Libya. In 1967, the faculty joined the University of Libya and was called the Faculty of Engineering. In 1972; the Faculty of Petroleum Engineering was established at the University of Tripoli, joined by the Faculty of Engineering and the Faculty of Science in 1973. The Faculty of Engineering and other faculties were the core of the University of Tripoli. In 1978, the Nuclear and Electronic Engineering Faculty joined the university. In 1985, the Faculty of Petroleum Engineering was merged with Faculty of Engineering according to the policy of connecting faculties and high institutes with engineering research centers. In 1988, the Nuclear and Electronic Engineering Faculty was merged into the Faculty of Engineering.

The Faculty of Engineering has a leading role in its scientific career. In response to this development, the Faculty of Engineering made changes in its academic courses and academic structure. The Faculty of Engineering changed from four departments to fourteen departments to meet the needs and requirements of Libyan society and to achieve its aims and visions.

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine[edit]

The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine was established in 1975. The faculty is a scientific organization that graduates veterinarians able to participate in solving problems of animal health, preventive medicine, animal production, and food control. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is a research institution to understand and finding solutions for many problems face the society in the field of animal health, introducing new techniques in diagnosis, medication, production, in addition to research in basic applied sciences.

Campus of the Faculty[edit]

  • Administration Ward: includes people's committee of the faculty, offices of secretaries of scientific departments, and faculty offices.
  • Second Ward: includes lecture halls, classes, cafeteria, and library
  • Third Ward: includes labs of faculty.
  • Fourth Ward: includes laboratories. In addition to anatomy hall, ray rooms, surgical operations theaters, and samples cooling rooms.

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

Faculty of Arts and Media[edit]

The authorities issued a decree in 1985 regarding the establishment of the center of fine and applied arts. Later the center was developed to become the Faculty of Arts and Media.

Faculty of Physical Education[edit]

This was established in 1979.

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

  • Department of Physical Education. (teaching)
  • Department of Training.
  • Department of Rehabilitation.

Faculty of Law[edit]

The Faculty of Law was established in the mid-1980s. The faculty was started as the Department of Humane Studies center of the Al-Fateh University, and then in 1994 the decree of general people's committee was issued to establish the Faculty of Law as a separate faculty. The aim of establishment represented in constitution and preparation of legal experiences that society need to in the field of legal profession (legislation, judgment, and jurisprudence) and provide legal consults in different authorities of Libya.

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

  • Public Law Department
  • Private Law Department
  • Criminal Law Department
  • Islamic Law Department
  • General Subjects Department

Faculty of Education[edit]

The Faculty of Education is a continuation of high institution of teachers with its scientific educational departments to meet the needs of society from scientific and educational qualified teachers in accordance with integrated academic program as follows:

Study at faculty is by year system (four years) to academic year 2007/2008; then the study changed to academic class from 2008/2009; as the study period depends on what the student has fulfilled of courses as requirements for graduation, then the student grants the bachelor's degree of science and education or bachelor's degree of arts and education. All branches of specialized high schools are accepted in the faculty.

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

Faculty of Medicine[edit]

Faculty of Medicine was initially planned as part of the main university, but was given more autonomy and a separate administration. It is still, however, geographically adjacent to the main campus in southeast Tripoli. The main teaching hospital is the large Tripoli Medical Center known locally as the TMC. Other teaching facilities are Tripoli Central Hospital, Alkhadra Hospital and Aljala Hospital.

After the completion of 6 academic years of Undergraduate Education, all Medical Graduates are awarded the degrees MBBCh (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery).

After seeing that Libyans were going abroad for medical treatment and deciding it was because of a lack of Libyan doctors, the late dictator Muammar Gaddafi ordered the medical school to take 2,000 new students regardless of qualifications, well beyond its 150-student capacity.[5]

Departments of the Faculty[edit]

Political importance[edit]

After the 1969 coup by Gaddafi, Tripoli and Benghazi universities were subjected to a crackdown by the Gaddafi government. From the early 1970s political activity was severely curtailed and by the late 1970s, Gaddafi instructed his followers to arrest any students or staff members who were vocally resistant to his government. Each year until the Gaddafi government downfall in 2011, his close followers used to celebrate the commemoration of these events on the 7th of April.[6][unreliable source?]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.4icu.org/reviews/3173.htm "Total Enrollment=over-45,000 , Total Staff=2,500–2,999"
  2. ^ (1988) Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations (7th edition) Worldmark Press, New York, volume 2, page 178, ISBN 0-471-62406-3
  3. ^ a b "عن الجامعة (About the University)" (in Arabic). Alfateh University. Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Not to be confused with the "Great al-Fateh revolution" of 1 September 1969. Black, Ian (1 September 2009). "Extravagant celebrations in Libya to mark Gaddafi's 40 years in power". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. 
  5. ^ Muammar Gaddafi Dead: Libya Dictator Maddened West, Captured, Killed In Sirte
  6. ^ ". Libyans Remember 7 April As A Day Of Rage And Grief .