University of Waterloo
|University of Waterloo|
|Motto||Latin: Concordia cum veritate|
|Motto in English||In harmony with truth|
|Established||4 July 1956|
|Chancellor||V. Prem Watsa|
|Location||Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
|Campus||Urban, 450 hectares (1,100 acres)|
|Former names||Waterloo College Affiliated Faculties (1956-1959)|
27 varsity teams
|Affiliations||ACU, ATS, AUCC, CARL, CBIE, CIS, COU, CUP, CUSID, Fields Institute, IAU, U15.|
University of Waterloo (commonly referred to as Waterloo or UW or UWaterloo) is a public research university with a main campus located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is located on 404 hectares (1,000 acres) of land in Uptown Waterloo, adjacent to Waterloo Park. The university offers academic programs administered by six faculties and ten faculty-based schools. The university also operates four satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.
The institution was established in 1 July 1957 as the Waterloo College Associate Faculties, a semi-autonomous entity of Waterloo College. The entity formally separated from Waterloo College in 1959, and was incorporated as a university. The university was established in order to fill the need for a program to train engineers and technicians for Canada's growing postwar economy. Since then, the university had greatly expanded, adding a faculty of arts in 1960, and the College of Optometry of Ontario moving from Toronto in 1967.
The university is co-educational, and has nearly 26,000 undergraduate and over 4,000 post-graduate students. Alumni and former students of the university can be found across Canada and in over 140 countries. The university ranked 151-200th in the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities, 180th in the 2013 QS World University Rankings, and 226-250th in the 2012–2013 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Waterloo's computer science and computer engineering programs are ranked 24th and 43rd respectively by QS World University Rankings and Academic Ranking of World Universities. Waterloo's varsity teams, known as the Waterloo Warriors compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Administration
- 4 Academics
- 5 Student life
- 6 Insignias and other representations
- 7 Notable alumni and faculty
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
The University of Waterloo traces its origins to Waterloo College, the academic outgrowth of Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, which was affiliated with the University of Western Ontario since 1925. When Gerald Hagey assumed the presidency of Waterloo College in 1953, expansion of the institution, and the funds necessary to carry out the expansion became his priority. While the main source of income for higher education in Ontario, at the time, was the provincial government, the Ontario government made it clear that it would not contribute to denominational colleges and universities.
Hagey soon became aware of the steps undertaken by McMaster University to make itself eligible for some provincial funding, by establishing Hamilton College as a separate, non-denominational college affiliated with the university. Following that method, Waterloo College established the Waterloo College Associate Faculties in 4 April 1956, as a non-denominational board affiliated with the College. The academic structure of the Associated Faculties was originally focused on cooperative education in the applied sciences. While the plan was initially opposed by the Engineering Institute of Canada and other Canadian universities, notably the University of Western Ontario, the Associated Faculties admitted its first students in July 1957. On 25 January 1958, the Associated Faculties announced it bought over 74 hectares (180 acres) of land west of Waterloo College. By the end of the same year, the Associated Faculties opened its first building on the site, the Chemical Engineering Building.
In 1959, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed an Act which formally split the Associated Faculties from Waterloo College, and reestablished it as the University of Waterloo. The governance was modelled on the University of Toronto Act, 1906 which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a Senate, responsible for academic policy, and a Board of Governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to act as the institutions chief executive officer, and act as a liaison between the two groups.
The legislative act was the result of a great deal of negotiations between Waterloo College, Waterloo College Associated Faculties, and St. Jerome's College, another denominational college in the City of Waterloo. While the agreements sought to safeguard the existence of the two denominational colleges, the same agreements intended on federating them with the newly established University of Waterloo. Due to disagreements with Waterloo College, the College was not formally federated with the new university. The dispute centred around a controversially worded section of the University of Waterloo Act, 1959, in which the College interpreted certain sections as a guarantee to become the Faculty of Art for the new university. This was something that the Associated Faculties was not prepared to accept. As a result of the controversy, Waterloo College's entire Department of Mathematics broke away from the College to join the newly established University of Waterloo, later joined by professors from the Economic, German, Modern Languages, and Russian departments. This controversy however, up to 1960, Hagey hoped that a last minute compromise between Waterloo College and the University could be achieved. However due to the disagreement, the University created the Faculty of Arts in 1960. The University of Waterloo later established the first Faculty of Mathematics in North America on 1 January 1967. In 1967 the world's first Department of Kinesiology was created.
In 2001, the university announced its intentions to develop the Waterloo Research and Technology Park in the university's north campus. The park was planned to house many of the high-tech industries in the area, and is supported by the university, the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, the provincial and federal governments, and the Canada's Technology Triangle. The park was intended to provide businesses with access to the university's faculty, co-operative education students, alumni, as well as the university's infrastructure and resources. Sybase was the first anchor tenant of the park, with the park's groundbreaking occurring on 25 June 2002. The first building to have been completed at the park is the Sybase campus building, opening on 26 November 2004. In 2010, the Waterloo Research and Tech Park was renamed to the David Johnston Research and Technology Park. The park was named after David Johnston, the 28th Governor General of Canada, and former president of the university.
From 2009 to 2012, the university managed four undergraduate programs in Dubai. The university worked in partnership with the Higher Colleges of Technology, the largest post-secondary institution in the United Arab Emirates. Discussions regarding the partnership emerged in 2004, and the Dubai campus was officially opened in September 2009. Through the partnership, the university offered an undergraduate degree in chemical engineering, civil engineering, financial analysis and risk management, and information technology management. The programs offered in Dubai took place in facilities provided by the Higher Colleges of Technology. On the 30 October 2012, the university's Board of Governors moved with the decision to close the university's extension in Dubai.
The university's main campus lies within the city of Waterloo, Ontario. The main campus is bordered by Waterloo Park to the south, Wilfrid Laurier University to the southeast, residential neighbourhoods to the northeast, east and west, and the Laurel Creek Conservation Area to the northwest. Three numbered roads also intersect the main campus: University Avenue West, Columbia Street West, and Westmount Road North. While the main campus is 404 hectares (1,000 acres), the majority of the teaching facilities are centered around a ring road in the southern portion of the main campus. In addition to its main campus in Waterloo, the university owns several other properties in Cambridge, Huntsville, Kitchener, and Stratford, Ontario.
The buildings at the university vary in age. The oldest building at the university is Graduate House, originally a farmhouse dating back to the 19th century. The oldest building which was erected for the university is Douglas Wright Engineering Building, which was erected in 1958. A large majority of the university's buildings, and its ring road, was constructed during the 1960s The university's main campus is divided into three major areas: South Campus, North Campus and the Northwest Campus. The South Campus is the academic core of the university, while the North Campus holds the Research + Technology Park. The Northwest Campus is the least developed area of the main campus, made up primarily of farm fields and an environmental reserve, which divides the Northwest Campus from the North Campus.
Libraries and museums
The University of Waterloo Libraries include four campus libraries housing more than 1.4 million monograph items and more electronic resources, including e-books, serial titles and databases. The university has three libraries located on campus. The Dana Porter Library, houses the material relating to arts, humanities and social science. The Davis Centre Library, houses material for engineering, mathematics and science. The Witer Learning Resource Centre, houses material for the university's School of Optometry and Vision Science. The university's fourth library, the Musagetes Architecture Library, is located in Cambridge, where the university's School of Architecture is located. The libraries of the university's affiliated colleges are also considered a part of the university's library system. The university's library system is also a member of the TriUniversity Group (TUG), a partnership between the University of Guelph, University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier University. The group provides students and researchers at all three universities with the conglomerated library collections and services of the three institutions. The group also operates the TUG Annex, a repository for less-used library resources from the three universities.
The university also operates the Earth Sciences Museum, located on campus in the Centre for Environmental Information Technology. The museum is largely used as an earth-science teaching museum for local schools and natural-science interest groups in southern Ontario. The main exhibits at the museum includes the Great Lakes, rocks and minerals, dinosaurs and ice age mammals. The museum's dinosaur exhibit most notably houses a complete cast of an Albertosaurus. The museum also houses an interactive, simulation mining tunnel which aims to teach sustainable mining practices. Another museum which is owned and operated by the university is the Museum of Vision Science, which is located at the university's School of Optometry building. The university had also previously operated the Elliott Avedon Museum and Archive of Games, created by the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies and previously managed by the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. Due to a lack of specific academic interest, in 2009 the decision was made to close the Museum and transfer the collection elsewhere.
Housing and student facilities
The university has seven student residences: the Minota Hagey Residence, UW Place, Ron Eydt Village, Village 1, Mackenzie King Village, Columbia Lake North and South. Students are also allowed to apply into the residences of the university's affiliated colleges. The largest residential village at the university is UW Place, which houses 1,300 first-year students, and 350 upper-year students, while the smallest residence is the Minota Hagey Residence, which houses 70 students and is almost exclusively for upper-year students. The newest residence at the university is the Mackenzie King Village, which was constructed in 2002, and houses approximately 320 residents. In September 2010, 71.1 percent of first-year students lived on campus, part of the 24.9 percent of the overall undergraduate population which lived on campus. Residents are represented by two residential councils at the university, one which represents the students at UW Place, and the other which represents all the other residential villages collectively. Each council organizes their own events, and has their own executive, budget and meetings. However, the overall mission of both councils is to act as the official representatives for all residents living at the university's residences.
The Student Life Centre is the centre of student governance and student directed social, cultural, entertainment and recreational activities, open seven days a week, year-round. The Student Life Centre contains the offices of a number of student organizations, including the Federation of Students, Residence Council, a number of retail and food services and a variety of club space and study rooms. The idea for a student centre emerged during the 1960s, and to raise the necessary funds for the building students began to levy a $10 tuition fee. Construction of the Student Life Centre began in July 1966 and was completed in 1968. Tensions between the university and the student community at the university surface over the management and ownership of the Student Life Centre. The conflict was not resolved until 1969, when Professor Johnson resigned his position as chairman of the Campus Centre Board, along with his colleague Pim Fitzgerald.
The university has three satellite campuses, and a number of other facilities located throughout Southern Ontario. The closest off-campus facilities are adjacent to the campus, with the university acquiring land and five buildings from BlackBerry Ltd on December 2013. The university expects to use three of the buildings starting in February 2014, and will lease the other two to BlackBerry Ltd.
The Centre for Extended Learning is a facility owned and managed by the university and is located in Kitchener, Ontario. The Centre for Extended Learning provides pre-university courses, part-time studies, online learning and professional development courses. Another facility which is owned and managed by the university is the Waterloo Summit Centre for the Environment, located in Huntsville, Ontario. The facility is a year-round research, and teaching centre. The facility regularly hosts post-secondary student-field courses, professional development programs, and serves as a university outreach facility throughout the region. Located close to Algonquin and Arrowhead Provincial Park, the centre's facilities are used for research in ecological restoration, and conservation. It also hosts an ecological research facility, including a wet laboratory.
The university's School of Architecture operates out of a campus in Cambridge, Ontario, on the west bank of the Grand River. The architecture campus was the idea of the Cambridge Consortium, a group of Cambridge business owners, who spearheaded the school's fundraising drive to cover a portion of the $27 million cost of creating the new campus. The school, along with its faculty and students were moved to the new campus in September 2004. Since 1979, the School of Architecture also operated an architecture studio in Rome, Italy in the neighbourhood of Trastevere. The opportunity to work at the Trastevere studio is offered to fourth-year architecture students.
Another satellite campus of the university is the university's Health Science and Pharmacy Campus, located in Kitchener, Ontario. The pharmacy building was designed by Siamak Hariri, and was completed in December 2008. While the School of Pharmacy acts as the anchor institution of this campus, both students and faculty of the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences also use the facilities. The campus includes a primary care teaching clinic which will integrate clinical care and teaching in pharmacy and optometry. Two other universities also make use of the Health Science and Pharmacy campus. McMaster University's medical school makes use of the campus as its base for its Waterloo Regional Campus, with 56 of the medical school's students admitted at the regional campus in 2012. Wilfrid Laurier University's School of Social Work also uses some of the facilities available on the campus.
The university's third satellite campus, the Stratford Campus, is located in Stratford, Ontario. The focus for the Stratford campus is on the education in digital arts and media. The idea for the Stratford campus first took shape in October 2006, when the City of Stratford, and the university signed a memorandum regarding the creation of the campus. The campus was officially opened in September 2010. In November 2009, the university also signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Western Ontario regarding academic initiatives at the Stratford Campus. The campus had also notably hosted the first four Canada 3.0 forums, before its move to Toronto in 2012.
Sustainability initiatives are divided between several departmental offices at the university, with the university's plant operations charged with the implementation of sustainability initiatives. Prior to 2005, the management of sustainability efforts was conducted by the university's waste management coordinator. The university's sustainability initiatives are noted as institution-specific, as the university has not signed any national or international sustainability declaration. However, the university, along with the other members from the Council of Ontario Universities, signed a pledge in 2009 known as Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World, with the objective of transforming its campus into a model of environmental responsibility.
In regards to incorporating sustainability into the school experience, the university's School of Environment, Enterprise and Development (SEED) placed first in Canada in the Corporate Knights 2011 ranking for undergraduate business programs. The university campus received a C+ grade from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card for 2011.
The university operates through a bicameral form of governance, the Board of Governors and the Senate, both enshrined in legislative act, the University of Waterloo Act, 1972. The Board has responsibility and control of the university's property and revenues, the conduct of its business and affairs. The university's governing act states that the Board shall consist of 36 members, each of whom hold a Canadian citizenship. However, the number of members in the Board for the 2012–2013 academic year is 40. The Board has eight ex officio members including the university's chancellor, president and the mayors of Kitchener and Waterloo. The other 32 members of the Board, are either elected or appointed by the various members of the university community, including alumni, faculty and the student body.
The Senate is responsible for establishing the educational policies of the university and to make recommendations to the Board of Governors with respect to any matter relative to the operation of the university. The Senate consists of 24 ex officio positions including the president and chancellor of the university, the vice-presidents, the senior dean of each faculty, the presidents of the undergraduate, graduate and faculty associations, and the presidents and principals of the university's associated colleges. The Senate also consists of 61 other members, appointed or elected by various communities of the university including the faculty of the university, its associated colleges, the student body, and alumni.
The principal acts as the chief executive officer of the university appointed by the Board of Governors, with the approval of the Senate, and is responsible for the administering the affairs of the university, and acts on behalf of the Board with respect to the operational management and control of the university. The president is the chair of the Senate and s member of the Board. In March 2011, Feridun Hamdullahpur was announced as the sixth president of the university, having been interim president since October 2010. The president also holds the position of vice-chancellor, which assumes the duties of chancellor during his absences or during a temporary vacancy in office. The office of the chancellor is elected by the members of the Senate, in which their term in office is three years, although eligible for renewal. The primary duty of the chancellor is to preside at all Convocations and present candidates for honorary degrees to the Senate. The office of the chancellor is held by Prem Watsa, taking over the position in 2009.
The university also operates three affiliated colleges and a federated university. Conrad Grebel University College is a Mennonite university college that was chartered in 1961 and is religiously affiliated with the Mennonite Church Eastern Canada. Renison University College is an Anglican university college chartered in 1959 and entered an affiliation with the University of Waterloo in 1960. Renison is religiously affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada. St. Jerome's University is a Roman Catholic university which was founded in 1865. St. Jerome's entered into a federation with the University of Waterloo shortly after the provincial government granted it university status in 1959. St. Paul's University College is a university college founded by members of the United Church of Canada in 1962. However, St. Paul's is now operates independently from the United Church and no longer holds any formal or legal relationship.
The three colleges and federated university are all located within the University of Waterloo's main campus, and operate their own residences. Students of these affiliated colleges and federated university, are also academically integrated with the University of Waterloo. Students who study at any of the colleges or university, are also considered registered students of the University of Waterloo. Therefore, in addition to the classes offered at these colleges and federated university, students also have the option to enrol in classes, apply to any of the faculties and graduate as a student from the University of Waterloo. Regardless of the affiliated colleges and federated university's religious affiliations, enrolment is not restricted based on the student's religious beliefs.
The university completed the 2010–2011 academic year with revenues of $824.684 million and expenses of $763.129 million, yielding a surplus of $61.555 million. Grants and contracts make up the largest source of revenue for the university, followed by academic fees. Salaries make up nearly half of the university's expenses. As of the 30 April 2012, the university's endowment is valued at $261.428 million. The university is registered as an educational charitable organization by Canada Revenue Agency since 1 January 1967. As of 2011, the entire emphasis of the charity is placed on the management and maintenance of the university.
Waterloo is a publicly funded research university, and a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Waterloo functions on a term-based system, operating year-round on three different terms, fall, winter and spring. Undergraduate programs comprise the majority of the school's enrolment, made up of 24,377 full-time and part-time undergraduate students. The university conferred 4,365 bachelor degrees, 237 doctoral degrees, 1,276 master degrees, and 86 first professional degrees in 2010–2011.
Students may apply for financial aid such as the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.
|University of Waterloo|
|ARWU Natural Science & Math||151-200|
|ARWU Engineering & CS||43|
Waterloo has consistently been ranked as one of the top universities in Canada. According to the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the university ranked 151-200 in the world and seventh in Canada. The 2012–2013 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Waterloo 226-250 in the world. The 2013 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 180th in the world. In terms of national rankings, Maclean's ranked Waterloo 3rd in their 2011 comprehensive university rankings. In an employability survey published by the New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairmans were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, Waterloo placed 106th in the world, and sixth in Canada.
Several of Waterloo's programs have also gained recognition nationally and internationally. In the field of statistics and operational research, the university was ranked 32nd in the world, and first in the country by the QS World University Rankings. The same rankings also placed the university 29th in the world, and second in Canada in the field of mathematics.
Waterloo's engineering program has consistently been ranked within the top 100 universities. The 2013 ARWU's rankings for the field of engineering, technology and computer sciences, ranked the university 43rd in the world and second in Canada. In the 2012 rankings of the top engineering schools in the world by Business Insider, the university ranked 29th in the world, and first in Canada. For the field of technology and engineering, the 2013–2014 Times Higher Education ranked the university 67th in the world, and fourth in Canada. The 2013 QS rankings had also ranked the university's engineering faculty 46th in the world, and second in Canada. In the specific field of computer science and information systems, the 2013 QS World University Rankings had placed the university 27th in the world, and second in Canada.
The university operates and manages 41 research centres and institutes, including the Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research, the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, the Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing and the Institute for Quantum Computing. Official recognition and designation of all centres and institutes requires the approval of the university's Senate. In Research Infosource's 2013 ranking of Canada's 50 top research universities based off sponsored research income, Waterloo placed 17th in Canada, with a sponsored research income of $137.006 million, averaging $131,600 per faculty member. In the 2011 University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), which rates universities based off their research performance, Waterloo was ranked 185th in the world and tenth in Canada. Waterloo's research in the field of engineering has also received a number of accolades. In the 2011 URAP rankings, Waterloo's research performance in the field of engineering was ranked 43rd in the world, and second in Canada. In the 2011 HEEACT rankings, Waterloo's research performance in the field of engineering was ranked 74th in the world, and second in Canada.
The requirements for admission differ between students from Ontario, other provinces in Canada, and international students due to the lack of uniformity in marking schemes. For students applying from an Ontario secondary school, university's admissions office maintains that an average of at least 79 percent is required for minimum consideration, although a higher averages are required for admission to programs in which the demand for places by qualified applicants exceeds the number of places available. The actual minimum averages required for these programs are determined each year on the basis of the number and qualification of applicants and the number of available spaces. The secondary school averages for full-time, first year students for the 2011–2012 academic year was 87.7 percent. The program with the highest admission average during that year was mathematics, with an admission average of 90.6 percent. The retention rate of the university's first-time, full-time first year students in 2009 was 89.4 percent.
Students may apply for financial aid such as the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.
The two main student unions on administrative and policy issues are the Federation of Students for all undergraduate students, and the Graduate Student Association for graduate students. The Federation of Students was created in 1967. The Federation of Students operates seven businesses, eight student services and encompasses nearly 200 clubs. The federation also oversees the university's Orientation Week, Welcome Week and all other special events and concerts held on campus. The organizations and clubs accredited by the Federation of Students cover a wide range of interests including academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation. Many of them are centred on the university's student activity centre, the Student Life Centre. As of June 2007, neither the university administration, nor the student union recognize fraternities and sororities. There are two active fraternities which operate as non-accredited off-campus organizations, Alpha Epsilon Pi and Sigma Chi. Two sororities also operate as non-accredited off-campus organizations, Alpha Omicron Pi and Kappa Kappa Gamma.
The official student newspaper at the university is the Imprint, which publishes a weekly edition during the fall and winter semesters and a biweekly edition for the spring and summer semesters. The Chevron, was previously the official student newspaper. However, the newspaper's increasingly left-wing agenda lead to the removal of its status as the official student newspaper by referendum in November 1978. The university's Journalism Club, made up of former staff from The Chevron, along with other students, created another newspaper known as the Imprint, which was officially recognized by referendum in 1979. The Imprint made national headlines in 2005 after an article covering the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami lead to US officials accusing Suresh Sriskandarajah, a student who had been on a work term in Sri Lanka, of aiding the Tamil Tigers. The university also operated a campus radio station, CKMS-FM, now known as SoundFM. The radio station was officially incorporated in 1977 but following several referenda the Federation of Students and the University withdrew all financial support for the station.
Sport teams at the University of Waterloo are known as the Waterloo Warriors. The Warriors sports teams participate in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport's Ontario University Athletics conference for most varsity sports. Varsity teams at the university include badminton, baseball, basketball, cross country, curling, field hockey, figure skating, Canadian football, golf, hockey, Nordic skiing, rugby, soccer, squash, swimming, track and field, tennis and volleyball. The athletics program at the university dates back to 1957, when students of Waterloo College Associate Faculties participated in the sports program of Waterloo College (present-day Wilfrid Laurier University). The university would have its own independent team with the Associate Faculties officially became the University of Waterloo. Both the university's varsity teams, as well as the university's recreational sports programs are operated and managed by the Department of Athletics and Recreational Activity.
The university has a number of athletic facilities open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at the university is Warrior Field. The field is home to the varsity field hockey and football teams, and hosts the university's recreational flag football and soccer activities. The has a seating capacity of 5,400. Other facilities at the university includes the Physical Activity Complex, which houses two gymnasiums, beach volleyball courts, squash rooms, and a swimming pool, and is also home to the university's varsity badminton, basketball, squash, swimming and volleyball teams. The Columbia Ice Field was constructed in 1983 and houses the university's hockey team home rink, with a seating capacity of 700. The Ice Field had since been expanded twice in 1990 and 2003 and now includes three gyms, and a number of fitness centres. Including the university's football field, the university also manages seven outdoor playing fields, with Fields 1 and 2 reserved for the varsity soccer and rugby teams. The rest of the fields are used by the university's recreational sports programs.
Insignias and other representations
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms was first used by the university in October 1961, but was only officially granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms in August 1987. The coat of arms would not be registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority until 15 February 2001. Four variations of the coat of arms existed in the university's history. The first was used from 1961 to 1996, when the second bright-yellow shield using slightly different shaped lions was introduced. The yellow background was dulled in 2000, and finally, the original lions were reintroduced in 2010 in conjunction with the attempt to replace the use of the coat of arms with a futuristic W logo. The proposed logo was eventually rejected, after student opposition.
The red-on-gold lions on the university's arms were adopted from the Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. The City of Waterloo was named after an area just south of Brussels, Belgium, where the battle occurred. The chevron on the arms was taken from the arms of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Field Marshal with the British Army during World War I. The black and white pattern used on the chevron was based on the colours of Prussia, as homage to the German heritage of the area. The City of Kitchener was originally known as Berlin, but was renamed after the Kitchener in 1916, at the height of the war.
Motto and songs
The university's motto, is Concordia cum veritate. The Latin motto is literally translated as "In Harmony with Truth". The motto was introduced along with the university coat of arms back in October 1961. A number of songs are commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement, convocation, and athletic contests. The main song of the university is known as the Black and White and Gold. The words of the song were created by K. D. Fryer and H. F. Davis, while the composition of the music was created by Alfred Kunz.
Notable alumni and faculty
Waterloo's graduates have found success in a variety of fields, serving at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. Over 163,000 people have graduated from Waterloo residing in over 140 countries. Waterloo graduates have accumulated a number of awards, such as George Elliott Clarke, recipient of the Governor General's Award; William Reeves, recipient of an Academy Award, and a number of Rhodes Scholarships. Robert Mundell, the recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, also served as the chairman of the university's economic's department.
A number of business leaders have worked or studied at Waterloo. Examples include John Baker, founder of Desire2Learn, David Cheriton, co-founder and chief scientist of Arista Networks, Mike Lazaridis, co-founder and former co-CEO of Research in Motion (now BlackBerry Ltd), Prem Watsa, chairman of Fairfax Financial and the current chancellor of the university, Steven Woods, co-founder of NeoEdge Networks and Quack.com. and co-founders of Waterloo Maple, Keith Geddes and Gaston Gonnet. Gonnet was also the co-founder of Open Text Corporation. Several university's faculty members and students have also gained local and national prominence for serving in government. David Johnston, the former president of Waterloo, currently serves as the Governor General of Canada.
A number of the university's faculty and students have also gained prominence in the field of computing sciences. Examples include QNX operating systems co-creators Gordon Bell and Dan Dodge, Rasmus Lerdorf, the creator of the PHP scripting language, Peter Buhr, the creator of the μC++ programming language, Gordon Cormack, the co-creator of Dynamic Markov compression algorithm, and Ric Holt, co-creator of several programming languages, most notably Turing.
- Midnight Sun Solar Race Team
- University of Waterloo Conrad Business, Entrepreneurship and Technology Centre
- Waterloo Co-operative Residence Incorporated
- Waterloo Global Science Initiative
Notes and references
- Scott 1967, p. 28.
- "University of Waterloo Financial Statements". University of Waterloo. 30 April 2012.
- "About UW". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Common University Data Ontario 2011". University of Waterloo. 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "The Campus Today". Campus Master Plan Update. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Plant Operations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Mascot Request". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "U15 Submission to the Expert Review Panel on Research and Development". Review of Federal Support to R&D. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "History of the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2013". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "QS World University Rankings - 2013". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "World University Rankings 2013-2014". Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "History - University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- Scott 1967, p. 23.
- Scott 1967, p. 25.
- Scott 1967, p. 40.
- Scott 1967, p. 43.
- Roy, Flora (2004). Recollections Of Waterloo College. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-88920-473-X.
- P. Anisef And J. Lennards. "University". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- Scott 1967, p. 44.
- Scott 1967, p. 46.
- Scott 1967, p. 47.
- Scott 1967, p. 107.
- Scott 1967, p. 125.
- "Kinesiology". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "David Johnston Research + Technology Park". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Features". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Timeline". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "Waterloo Research and Tech Park renamed". 570News. Rogers Media. 5 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Monteiro, Liz (8 November 2012). "University of Waterloo closing its Dubai campus". The Record. Metroland Media Group. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "First UAE students start classes at University of Waterloo campus". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Programs of study - United Arab Emirates". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Residence - United Arab Emirates". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Campus Map". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "University of Waterloo overview". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "D1 - Library Collections". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Locations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "About Us". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "About the Earth Sciences museum". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Museum exhibits". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Cobalt Discovery Mine Tunnel Grand Opening". University of Waterloo. 27 October 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "About the Museum". University of Waterloo. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "UW Place". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "VeloCity - Minota Hagey". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Mackenzie King Village". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "E2 - Percentage of Full-Time Undergraduate Students Who Live on Campus". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Council structure". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Residence Council". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "Inside the Student Life Centre (SLC)". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "A history of the Student Life Centre". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "BlackBerry stock rises 16% despite $4.4B loss". CBC News. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
- "University of Waterloo buys BlackBerry buildings, land for $41 million". Toronto Star. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
- "Satellite campuses and locations". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Centre for Extended Learning". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "About the Waterloo Summit Centre". University of Waterloo. 25 January 2014.
- "Student field courses". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Research facilities". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "About Us - Waterloo Architecture". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Rome". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "The Pharmacy building". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Campuses". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Waterloo Regional Campus". McMaster University. 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Beitz, Mike (22 September 2010). "U of Waterloo showcases new Stratford campus". Stratford Beacon Herald. Beacon Herald. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Waterloo and Western will explore digital media collaboration in Stratford". Western News. University of Western Ontario. 6 November 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Beitz, Mike (5 July 2012). "Stratford loses Canada 3.0". London Free Press. Canoe Sun Media. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Environment 3 LEED® Platinum Certified". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Green it up On-campus initiatives". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Fortmueller, Chris (26 September 2007). "Office of Sustainability Initiative Underway". The Iron Warrior. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Wright, Tarah S. A. (2 April 2002). "Definitions and Frameworks for Environmental Sustainability in Higher Education". Higher Education Policy 15 (2): 105–120.
- "Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World". Council of Ontario Universities. November 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Corporate Knights releases its 2011 Business Knight Schools Survey". Corporate Knights. Corporate Knights Inc. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "University of Waterloo - Green Report Card 2011". Sustainable Endowments Institute. 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "Governance". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Powers of the Board of Governors". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Board of Governors, May 1, 2012-April 30, 2013". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Composition of Board of Governors". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- of senate "Powers of the Senate". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Senate - membership". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "About the Office of the President". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- D'Amato, Luisa; Pender, Terry (11 March 2011). "Hamdullahpur named University of Waterloo president". The Record. Metroland Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Chancellor". University of Waterloo Act, 1972. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Taylor, Lesley Ciarula (23 January 2012). "Prem Watsa: Meet the man behind the RIM shakeup". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Relationship with Waterloo - Conrad Grebel University College". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "History of Renison". Renison University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "First year student information". Renison University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Relation with University of Waterloo". St. Jerome's University. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "About St. Paul's University College". St. Paul's University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Frequently Asked Questions - Renison University College". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Admission - SJU". St. Jerome's University. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- am not Mennonite. Can I live at Grebel? "Frequently asked questions". Conrad Grebel University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Frequently asked questions". Renison University College. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "2011 Registered Charity Information Return for University of Waterloo". Canada Revenue Agency. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- "University of Waterloo". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Universities". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Glossary of terms". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "What is OSAP?". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Natural Sciences and Mathematics - 2013". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences - 2013". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "Top 100 engineering & technology universities 2013-2014". Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Canada Universities in Top 500". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- "2014 Comprehensive University Ranking". Maclean's. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- "What business leaders say". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS BY SUBJECT 2013 - STATISTICS & OPERATIONAL RESEARCH". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS BY SUBJECT 2013 - MATHEMATICS". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "The World's Best Engineering Schools". Business Insider SAI. Business Insider, Inc. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- "QS World University Rankings by Faculty 2013 - Engineering and Technology". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "QS WORLD UNIVERSITY RANKINGS BY SUBJECT 2013 - COMPUTER SCIENCE & INFORMATION SYSTEMS". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Mike and Ophelia Lazaridis Quantum Nano Centre". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "The Full Spectrum of Research". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Canada's Top 50 Research Universities 2013". Research Infosource Inc. 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "University Ranking by Academic Performance". Middle East Technical University. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- "Social Sciences". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Ontario Secondary School Applicants presenting the Ontario High School Curriculum". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Section B (Common University Data Ontario 2012)". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "K3 - Retention Rates". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "OSAP". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Work Programs". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "What do math geeks eat? Pi, of course". The Record. Metroland Media Group. 14 March 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "About the Graduate Student Association". Graduate Student Association. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "Mission, Vision, & Values". Federation of Students Website. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "All Clubs". Federation of Students Website. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Goel, Yuvraj; Aho, Jeffrey (6 June 2007). "Should the University of Waterloo Recognize Greek Organizations?". The Iron Warrior. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Canada Chapter Roll". Alpha Epsilon Pi. 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "The Theta Psi Chapter of Sigma Chi". Sigma Chi Canadian Foundation. 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "AOII Collegiate Chapters". Alpha Omicron Pi Fraternity. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Chapter Profile - Zeta Omega". Kappa Kappa Gamma. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "About - Imprint". Imprint Publications. 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Power Tripping". University of Waterloo. p. 7. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Charges laid after Chevron tiff". The Ubyssey. The Ubyssey Publications Society. 25 November 1976. p. 8.
- Hadji, Bahman (10 October 2007). "Fifty Years of Campus Journalism". The Iron Warrior. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Adrian Humphreys, Allison Hanes (2006-08-23). "Waterloo university grad was secretly working for Tamil terrorists, FBI alleges". National Post. Archived from the original on 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2013-07-20. "In a February, 2005, edition of the Imprint, the student newspaper, Sriskandarajah tells of travelling to northeastern Sri Lanka with a group of 11 University of Waterloo students on a foreign aid mission, only to find themselves providing emergency relief when the Boxing Day tsunami struck."
- "About SoundFM". Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "History & Tradition of Waterloo Athletics and Recreational Services". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Director of Athletics and Recreational Services". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Warrior Field". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- "Physical Activity Complex". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "CIF Arena". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Columbia Ice Fields". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Playing Fields". Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "University Colours, Arms & Motto, Mace". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada - University of Waterloo". Canadian Heraldic Authority. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "About the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 12 August 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Pagliaro, Jennifer (2 August 2009). "Waterloo wars over leaked logos". Rogers Publishing Limited. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Kitchener-Waterloo". Queen's Printer for Ontario. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Green, Rebecca (7 December 2013). "College Songs and Songbooks". The Canadian Encyclopedia. The Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Alumni Quick Facts". University of Waterloo. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Academy Awards to four UW grads". University of Waterloo. 23 March 1998. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "George Elliott Clarke". Athabasca University. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Rhodes Scholarship for UW student". University of Waterloo. 3 December 2000. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Biography - Robert A. Mundell". The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Market still growing, Desire2Learn founder says". The Record. Metroland Media Group Ltd. 12 October 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Senior Management". Arista Networks. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Mike Lazaridis of RIM". CBC News. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Fairfax's Prem Watsa to serve as 9th chancellor of the University of Waterloo". University of Waterloo. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Steven Woods Ph.d.". Bloomberg L.P. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Keith O Geddes". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Gaston H. Gonnet". ETH Zurich. 13 November 2002. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Governor General David Johnston". Office of the Secretary to the Governor General. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Bylinsky, Gene (17 March 2003). "Heroes of Manufacturing These innovators sail against the prevailing winds, discovering whole new worlds in biotech and software.". CNN Money (Cable News Network). Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Deek, Fadi P.; McHugh, James A. M. (2008). Open Source: Technology and Policy. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 1-139-46873-1.
- "Peter Allan Buhr". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Gordon V. Cormack". University of Waterloo. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Richard Holt". University of Waterloo. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (2007). Out of the Shadow of Orthodoxy: Waterloo@50. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682827-3-3.
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (1997). Waterloo: The Unconventional Founding of an Unconventional University. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682827-0-9.
- McLean, Celia (1982). University of Waterloo 1957–1982: The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Year Begins. University of Waterloo.
- Scott, James (1967). Of Mud and Dreams: University of Waterloo 1957–1967. Ryerson Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Waterloo.|