University of Waterloo
|University of Waterloo|
|Motto||Latin: Concordia cum veritate|
|Motto in English||In harmony with truth|
|Established||1 July 1957|
|Chancellor||V. Prem Watsa|
|Location||Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
|Campus||Urban, 404 hectares (1,000 acres)|
|Colours||Gold, black, and white
27 varsity teams
|Affiliations||ACU, ATS, AUCC, CARL, CBIE, CIS, COU, CUP, CUSID, Fields Institute, IAU, U15.|
University of Waterloo (commonly referred as Waterloo or UW) is a public research university whose main campus is located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is located on 404 hectares (1,000 acres) of land in Uptown Waterloo, adjacent to Waterloo Park. The university offers a wide variety of academic programs, which is administered by six faculties and ten faculty-based schools. The university also operates four satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.
The university traces its origins to 1 July 1957 as the Waterloo College Associate Faculties, a semi-autonomous entity of Waterloo College (which later evolved into the present-day Wilfrid Laurier University). The entity had formally separated from Waterloo College in 1959, and was incorporated as a university. The university was established in order to fill the need of a program to train engineers and technicians for Canada’s growing postwar economy. Since then, the university had greatly expanded, adding a faculty of arts in 1960, and the College of Optometry of Ontario moving from Toronto in 1967.
The university is co-educational, and has nearly 26,000 undergraduate and over 4,000 post-graduate students. Alumni and former students of the university can be found all across Canada and in 141 countries around the world. The university ranked 151-200th in the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities, 191st in the 2012 QS World University Rankings, and 226-250th in the 2012-2013 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Waterloo's varsity teams, known as the Waterloo Warriors compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport.
The University of Waterloo was originally created in 1956 as a non-denominational board established by Waterloo College (present-day Wilfred Laurier University) to obtain government grants to run expanded science programs under the name Waterloo College Associated Faculties. This non-denominational board first conducted operations in 1957 and continued to do so until 1959, when the Legislative Assembly of Ontario passed an Act which formally split the board from Waterloo College, and reestablished it as the University of Waterloo.
This university was established in response to community demand for improved education facilities, particularly in technical and scientific fields of study. Renowned for the success of its cooperative education programs, it now has the largest engineering school in Canada. The first 74 students began classes on 1 July 1957, in makeshift temporary buildings on the Waterloo College campus. In 1958, the University of Waterloo established an extension department.
In January 1958, Hagey and colleagues purchased 74 hectares (180 acres) of farmland a kilometre west of Waterloo College's main campus in order to meet the growing expansion needs. Soon, construction began of the first academic building on the new site, known as the Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Building, later renamed Engineering 1 and now named after Douglas Wright, UW's first Dean of Engineering. Through a series of delicate negotiations which turned into bitter hostilities, the "Faculty of Science and Engineering" broke free from Waterloo College, partly due to the fact that the two campuses were now disjoint. Hagey himself was opposed to the break, as his dream had been to establish a world-class university built on the strengths of Waterloo College's liberal arts strengths and the applied science education of WCAF.
The University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario was incorporated and granted a university charter in 1959. In early 1959, the government established three universities: Waterloo Lutheran University, University of St. Jerome's College, and the University of Waterloo.
The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the 2 bodies and to perform institutional leadership.
Initially, St. Jerome's and Waterloo Lutheran were both expected to federate with the new UW, but in the end Waterloo Lutheran chose to remain independent. Waterloo Lutheran Seminary is currently an affiliate of the nondenominational Wilfrid Laurier University and offers several programs at the master's level and a Doctor of Ministry in pastoral counselling and marriage and family therapy. The Waterloo Lutheran seminary established the Institute for Christian Ethics in 1986. UW then quickly created a faculty of arts in order to gain respect as a university. In the same year, arts students joined the science and engineering students in the new campus.
Waterloo created the first Faculty of Mathematics in North America, and the first co-op programs outside of engineering soon followed. The co-op system then was revised in involving four-month terms rather than the initial three-month terms. In 1967, the College of Optometry of Ontario, at the time an independent institution in Toronto, moved to Waterloo and became affiliated with the university as the School of Optometry and Vision Science. In 1967 the world's first Department of Kinesiology was created, which later grew into the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. The Faculty of Environmental Studies was created soon after. It was renamed the Faculty of Environment in 2008. The University of Waterloo launched its program in architecture in 1967.
In 2001, the University of Waterloo announced its intentions to develop a Research and Technology Park on the university's north campus. The RT Park intends to house many of the high-tech industries in the area and maintain the partnership between university and private-sector innovation. Sybase/iAnywhere Solutions and Open Text Corporation were the first two tenants, and the multi-tenant Accelerator Centre building opened in April 2006. Google has since established an office in the RT Park. The RT Park continues to grow with 2- and 3-storey multi-tenant buildings, again surrounded by ample parking lots. Earlier suggestions to include medium- and high-density residential facilities, with the hope of enabling employees in the RT Park to have the option of not having to commute to suburban detached houses, have so far not come to fruition. In 2010, it was announced that the RT Park would bear the name of David Johnston, who departed Waterloo on 1 October 2010 to become Governor General of Canada.
From 2009 to 2012, the university had also previously managed four undergraduate programs in Dubai International Academic City. The university works in partnership with the Higher Colleges of Technology, the largest post-secondary institution in the United Arab Emirates. Discussions regarding the partnership first emerged in 2004, and was officially launched in 2009. Through the partnership, the university had offered an undergraduate degree in chemical engineering, civil engineering, financial analysis and risk management, and information technology management. The university did not operate, nor manage any facilities in Dubai, with all its facilities belonging to the Higher Colleges of Technology. The decision to close the Dubai campus was made by the university's Board of Governors on the 31 October 2012.
The university's main campus lies within the city of Waterloo, Ontario. The main campus is bordered to the south by Waterloo Park, Wilfred Laurier University to the southeast, residential neighbourhoods to the northeast, east and west, and the Laurel Creek Conservation Area to the northwest. Three numbered roads also intersect the main campus, University Avenue West, Columbia Street West, and Westmount Road North. While the main campus is 404 hectares (1,000 acres), the majority of the teaching facilities are centered around a ring road in the southern portion of the main campus. In addition to its main campus in Waterloo, the university owns several other properties in Cambridge, Huntsville, Kitchener, and Stratford, Ontario.
The buildings at the university vary in age. The oldest building at the university is Graduate House, originally a farmhouse dating back to the 19th century. The oldest building which was erected for the university is Douglas Wright Engineering Building, which was erected in 1958. A large majority of the university's buildings, and its ring road, was constructed during the 1960s. The university's main campus is divided up into three major areas; South Campus, North Campus and the Northwest Campus. The South Campus is the academic core of the university, while the North Campus holds the Research + Technology Park. The Northwest Campus is the least developed area of the main campus, made up primarily of farm fields and an environmental reserve, which divides the Northwest Campus from the North Campus.
Libraries and museums 
The University of Waterloo Libraries include four campus libraries housing more than 1.4 million monograph items and more electronic resources, including e-books, serial titles and databases. The university has three libraries located on campus. The Dana Porter Library, which houses the material relating to arts, humanities and social science, the Davis Centre Library, which houses material for engineering, mathematics and science and the Witer Learning Resource Centre, which houses material for the university's School of Optometry and Vision Science. The university's fourth library, the Musagetes Architecture Library, is located in Cambridge, where the university's School of Architecture is located. The libraries of the university's affiliated colleges are also considered a part of the university's library system. The university's library system is also a member of the TriUniversity Group (TUG), a partnership between the University of Guelph, University of Waterloo and Wilfred Laurier University. The group provides students and researchers at all three universities with a shared program of library collections and services. The group also operates the TUG Annex, a repository for less-used library resources from the three universities.
The university also operates the Earth Sciences museum, located on campus in the Centre for Environmental Information Technology. The museum is largely used as an earth-science teaching museum for local schools and natural-science interest groups in southern Ontario. The main exhibits at the museum includes the Great Lakes, rocks and minerals, dinosaurs and ice age mammals. The museum's dinosaur exhibit most notably houses a complete cast of an Albertosaurus. The museum also houses an interactive, simulation mining tunnel which aims to teach sustainable mining practices. Another museum which is owned and operated by the university is the Museum of Vision Science, which is located at the university's School of Optometry building. The university had also previously operated the Elliott Avedon Museum and Archive of Games, created by the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies and previously managed by the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. Due to a lack of specific academic interest, in 2009 the decision was made to close the Museum and transfer the collection elsewhere.
Housing and student facilities 
The university has seven student residences: the Minota Hagey Residence, UW Place, Ron Eydt Village, Village 1, Mackenzie King Village, Columbia Lake North and South. Students are also allowed to apply into the residences of the university's affiliated colleges. The largest residential village at the university is UW Place, which houses 1,300 first-year students, and 350 upper-year students, while the smallest residence is the Minota Hagey Residence, which houses 70 students and is almost exclusively for upper-year students. The newest residence at the university is the Mackenzie King Village, which was constructed in 2002, and houses approximately 320 residents. In September 2010, 71.1 percent of first-year students lived on campus, part of the 24.9 percent of the overall undergraduate population which lived on campus. Residents are represented by two residential councils at the university, one which represents the students at UW Place, and the other which represents all the other residential villages collectively. Each council organizes their own events, and has their own executive, budget and meetings. However, the overall mission of both councils is to act as the official representatives for all residents living at the university's residents.
The Student Life Centre is the centre of student governance and student directed social, cultural, entertainment and recreational activities, open seven days a week, year-round. The Student Life Centre contains the offices of a number of student organizations, including the Federation of Students, Residence Council, a number of retail and food services and a variety of club space space and study rooms. The idea for a student centre first emerged during the 1960s, and to raise the necessary funds for the building students began to levy a $10 tuition fee. Construction of the Student Life Centre began in July 1966 and was completed in 1968. Tensions between the university and the student community at the university would soon surface over the management and ownership of the Student Life Centre. The conflict had not been resolved until 1969, when Professor Johnson resigned his position as chairman of the Campus Centre Board, along with his colleague Pim Fitzgerald.
Off campus facilities 
The university has three satellite campuses, and a number of other facilities located throughout Southern Ontario. The Centre for Extended Learning is a facility owned and managed by the university and is located in Kitchener, Ontario. The Centre for Extended Learning provides pre-university courses, part-time studies, online learning and professional development courses. Another facility which is owned and managed by the university is the Waterloo Summit Centre for the Environment, located in Huntsville, Ontario. The facility is a year-round research, teaching and community centre that the university established for ecology, climate change, tourism, land-use planning, and local economic development. Located close to Algonquin and Arrowhead Provincial Park, the centre's facilities are used for research in ecological restoration, and conservation.
The university's School of Architecture currently operates out of a campus in Cambridge, Ontario, on the west bank Grand River. The architecture campus was the idea of the Cambridge Consortium, a group of Cambridge-business owners, who spearheaded the school's fundraising drive to cover a portion of the $27 million cost of creating the new campus. The school, along with its faculty and students were moved to the new campus in September 2004. Since 1979, the School of Architecture also operated an architecture studio in Rome, Italy in the neighbourhood of Trastevere. The opportunity to work at the studio is offered to fourth-year architecture students.
Another satellite campus of the university is the university's Health Science and Pharmacy Campus, located in Kitchener, Ontario, Ontario. The pharmacy building was designed by Siamak Hariri, and was completed in December 2008. While the School of Pharmacy acts as the anchor institution of this campus, both students and faculty of the university's Faculty of Applied Health Sciences also use the facilities. The campus includes a primary care teaching clinic which will integrate clinical care and teaching in pharmacy and optometry. Two other universities also make use of the Health Science and Pharmacy campus. McMaster University's medical school makes use of the campus as its base for its Waterloo Regional Campus, with 56 of the medical school's students admitted at the regional campus in 2012. Wilfred Laurier University's School of Social Work also uses some of the facilities available on the campus.
The university's third satellite campus, the Stratford Campus, is located in Stratford, Ontario. The focus for the Stratford campus is on the education in digital arts and media. The idea for the Stratford campus first took shape in October 2006, when the City of Stratford, and the university signed a memorandum regarding the creation of the campus. The first building of the campus was officially opened in September 2010, with construction of the campus's second building beginning in June 2011. In November 2009, the university had also signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Western Ontario regarding academic initiatives at the Stratford Campus. The campus had also notably hosted the first four Canada 3.0 forums, before its move to Toronto in 2012.
The university currently does not operate an Office of Sustainability. Sustainability initiatives are currently divided between several departmental offices at the university, with the university's plant operations charged with the implementation of sustainability initiatives. Prior to 2005, the management of sustainability efforts was conducted by the university's waste management coordinator. The university's sustainability initiatives is noted as institution-specific, having not signed any national or international sustainability declaration. However, the university, along with the other members from the Council of Ontario Universities, signed a pledge in 2009 known as Ontario Universities Committed to a Greener World, with the objective of transforming its campus into a model of environmental responsibility.
In regards to incorporating sustainability into the school experience, the university's School of Environment, Enterprise and Development (SEED) placed first in Canada in the Corporate Knights 2011 ranking for undergraduate business programs. The university campus received a C+ grade from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card for 2011.
The university operates through a bicameral form of governance, the Board of Governors and the Senate, both enshrined in legislative act, the University of Waterloo Act, 1972. The Board has responsibility and control of the university's property and revenues, the conduct of its business and affairs. The university's governing act states that the Board shall consist of 36 members, each of whom hold a Canadian citizenship. However, the number of members in the Board for the 2012-2013 academic year is 40. The Board has eight ex officio members including the university's chancellor, president and the mayors of Kitchener and Waterloo. The other 32 members of the Board, are either elected or appointed by the various members of the university community, including alumni, faculty and the student body.
The Senate is responsible for establishing the educational policies of the university and to make recommendations to the Board of Governors with respect to any matter relative to the operation of the university. The Senate consists of 24 ex officio positions including the president and chancellor of the university, the vice-presidents, the senior dean of each faculty, the presidents of the undergraduate, graduate and faculty associations, and the presidents and principals of the university's associated colleges. The Senate also consists of 61 other members, appointed or elected by various communities of the university including the faculty of the university, its associated colleges, the student body, and alumni.
The principal acts as the chief executive officer of the university appointed by the Board of Governors, with the approval of the Senate, and is responsible for the administering the affairs of the university, and acts on behalf of the Board with respect to the operational management and control of the university. The president is the chair of the Senate and s member of the Board. In March 2011, Feridun Hamdullahpur was announced as the sixth president of the university, although he was already the interim president since October 2010. The president also holds the position of vice-chancellor, which assumes the duties of chancellor during his absences or during a temporary vacancy in office. The office of the chancellor is elected by the members of the Senate, in which their term in office is three years, although eligible for renewal. The primary duty of the chancellor is to preside at all Convocations and present candidates for honorary degrees to the Senate. The office of the chancellor is currently held by Prem Watsa, taking over the position in 2009.
Affiliated institutions 
The university also operates three affiliated colleges and a federated university. Conrad Grebel University College is a Mennonite university college that was chartered in 1961 and is religiously affiliated with the Mennonite Church Eastern Canada. Renison University College is an Anglican university college chartered in 1959 and entered an affiliation with the University of Waterloo in 1960. Renison is religiously affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada. St. Jerome's University is a Roman Catholic university which was founded in 1865. St. Jerome's entered into a federation with the University of Waterloo shortly after the provincial government granted it university status in 1959. St. Paul's University College is a university college founded by members of the United Church of Canada in 1962. However, St. Paul's is now operates independently from the United Church and no longer holds any formal or legal relationship.
The three colleges and federated university are all located within the University of Waterloo's main campus, and operate their own residences. Students of these affiliated colleges and federated university, are also academically integrated with the University of Waterloo. Students who study at any of the colleges or university, are also considered registered students of the University of Waterloo. Therefore, in addition to the classes offered at these colleges and federated university, students also have the option to enrol in classes, apply to any of the faculties and graduate as a student from the University of Waterloo. Regardless of the affiliated colleges and federated university's religious affiliations, enrolment is not restricted based on the student's religious beliefs.
The university completed the 2010–2011 academic year with revenues of $824.684 million and expenses of $763.129 million, yielding a surplus of $61.555 million. Grants and contracts make up the largest source of revenue for the university, followed by academic fees. Salaries make up nearly half of the university's expenses. As of the 30 April 2012, the university's endowment is valued at $261.428 million. The university is registered as an educational charitable organization by Canada Revenue Agencysince 1 January 1967. As of 2011, the entire emphasis of the charity is placed on the management and maintenance of the university.
Waterloo is a publicly funded research university, and a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Waterloo functions on a term-based system, operating year-round on three different terms, fall, winter and spring. Undergraduate programs comprise the majority of the school's enrolment, made up of 24,377 full-time and part-time undergraduate students. The university conferred 4,365 bachelor degrees, 237 doctoral degrees, 1,276 master degrees, and 86 first professional degrees in 2010–2011.
Students may apply for financial aid such as the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.
|University of Waterloo|
|ARWU Natural Science & Math||151-200|
|ARWU Engineering & CS||43|
Waterloo has consistently been ranked as one of the top universities in Canada. According to the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) rankings, the university ranked 151-200 in the world and seventh in Canada. The 2012-2013 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Waterloo 226-250 in the world. The 2012 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 191st in the world. In terms of national rankings, Maclean's ranked Waterloo 3rd in their 2011 comprehensive university rankings. In an employability survey published by the New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairmans were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, Waterloo placed 106th in the world, and sixth in Canada.
Several of Waterloo's programs have also gained recognition nationally and internationally. Waterloo's engineering program has consistently been ranked within the top 100 universities. The 2012 ARWU's rankings for the field of engineering, technology and computer sciences, had ranked the university 43rd in the world and second in Canada. The 2012 QS rankings had also ranked the university 57th in the world, for the field of engineering and information technology. In particular, the 2012 QS rankings for the discipline of computer science and information systems had also ranked Waterloo 34th in the world, and third in Canada. Additionally, the 2012 QS rankings had also ranked the university 46th in the world, and third in Canada for the discipline of electrical engineering. In the 2012 rankings of the top engineering schools in the world by Business Insider, the university ranked 29th in the world, and first in Canada.
The university currently operates and manages 41 research centres and institutes, including the Centre for Applied Cryptographic Research, the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, the Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing and the Institute for Quantum Computing. Official recognition and designation of all centres and institutes requires the approval of the university's Senate. In Research Infosource's 2011 ranking of Canada's 50 top research universities, Waterloo was ranked 15th, with a sponsored research income of $144.299 million, averaging $143,300 per faculty member. The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT), an organization which evaluates universities based on their scientific paper's performances, ranked Waterloo 283rd in the world and 13th nationally in its 2011 rankings. In the 2011 University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), which rates universities based off their research performance, Waterloo was ranked 185th in the world and tenth in Canada. Waterloo's research in the field of engineering has also received a number of accolades. In the 2011 URAP rankings, Waterloo's research performance in the field of engineering was ranked 43rd in the world, and second in Canada. In the 2011 HEEACT rankings, Waterloo's research performance in the field of engineering was ranked 74th in the world, and second in Canada.
The requirements for admission differ between students from Ontario, other provinces in Canada, and international students due to the lack of uniformity in marking schemes. For students applying from an Ontario secondary school, university's admissions office maintains that an average of at least 79 percent is required for minimum consideration, although a higher averages are required for admission to programs in which the demand for places by qualified applicants exceeds the number of places available. The actual minimum averages required for these programs are determined each year on the basis of the number and qualification of applicants and the number of available spaces. The secondary school averages for full-time, first year students for the 2010-2011 academic year was 86.9 percent. The program with the highest admission average during that year was architecture, with an admission average of 90.7 percent. The retention rate of the university's first-time, full-time first year students in 2009 was 89.4 percent.
Students may apply for financial aid such as the Ontario Student Assistance Program and Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments. The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships, fellowships, debt reduction, interest relief, and work programs.
Student life 
The two main student unions on administrative and policy issues is the Federation of Students for all undergraduate students and the Graduate Student Association for graduate students. The Federation of Students was created in 1967. The Federation of Students operates seven businesses, eight student services and encompasses nearly 200 clubs. The federation also oversees the university's Orientation Week, Welcome Week and all other special events and concerts held on campus. The organizations and clubs accredited by the Federation of Students cover a wide range of interests including academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation. Many of them are centred on the university's student activity centre, the Student Life Centre. As of June 2007, neither the university administration, nor the student union recognize fraternities and sororities. There are currently two active fraternities which operate as non-accredited off-campus organizations, Alpha Epsilon Pi and Sigma Chi. Two sororities also operate as non-accredited off-campus organizations, Alpha Omicron Pi and Kappa Kappa Gamma.
The official student newspaper at the university is the Imprint, which publishes a weekly edition during the fall and winter semesters and a biweekly edition for the spring and summer semesters. The Chevron, previously called the The Coryphaeus until 1966, was previously the official student newspaper of the student union. However, by the late 1960s and 1970s, the newspaper's increasingly left-wing agenda had resulted in the Federation of Students to freeze funding for The Chevron in 1976, with its status as the official student newspaper removed by referendum in November 1978. The university's Journalism Club, made up of former staff from The Chevron, along with other student, created another newspaper known as the Imprint in 1978. In March 1979, a referendum officially made the Imprint the official newspaper of the student union. The university also operates a campus radio station, CKMS-FM, colloquially known as SoundFM. The radio station was officially incorporated in 1977.
Sport teams at the University of Waterloo are known as the Waterloo Warriors. The Warriors sports teams participate in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport's Ontario University Athletics conference for most varsity sports. Varsity teams at the university currently include badminton, baseball, basketball, cross country, curling, field hockey, figure skating, Canadian football, golf, hockey, Nordic skiing, rugby, soccer, squash, swimming, track and field, tennis and volleyball. The athletics program at the university dates back to 1957, when students of Waterloo College Associate Faculties participated in the sports program of Waterloo College (present-day Wilfred Laurier University). The university would have its own independent team with the Associate Faculties officially became the University of Waterloo. Both the university's varsity teams, as well as the university's recreational sports programs are operated and managed by the Department of Athletics and Recreational Activity.
The university has a number of athletic facilities open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students. The stadium with the largest seating capacity at the university is Warrior Field. The field currently is home to the varsity field hockey and football teams, and hosts the university's recreational flag football and soccer activities. The has a seating capacity of 5,400. Other facilities at the university includes the Physical Activity Complex, which houses two gymnasiums, beach volleyball courts, squash rooms, and a swimming pool, and is also home to the university's varsity badminton, basketball, squash, swimming and volleyball teams. The Columbia Ice Field was constructed in 1983 and currently houses the university's hockey team home rink, with a seating capacity of 700. The Ice Field had since been expanded twice in 1990 and 2003 and now includes three gyms, and a number of fitness centres. Including the university's football field, the university also manages seven outdoor playing fields, with Fields 1 and 2 reserved for the varsity soccer and rugby teams. The rest of the fields are used by the university's recreational sports programs.
Insignias and other representations 
Coat of Arms 
The coat of arms was first adopted by the university in October 1961, but was only officially granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms in August 1987. The coat of arms would not be registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority until 15 February 2001. Four variations of the coat of arms existed in the university's history. The first was used from 1961 to 1996, when the second bright-yellow shield using slightly different shaped lions was introduced. The yellow background was dulled in 2000 and finally, the original lions were reintroduced in 2010 in conjunction with the attempt to replace the use of the coat of arms with a logo that was eventually rejected.
The red-on-gold lions on the university's arms were adopted from the Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. The City of Waterloo was named after an area just south of Brussels, Belgium, where the battle occurred. The chevron on the arms was adopted from the arms of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Field Marshal with the British Army during World War I. The black and white pattern used on the chevron was adopted from the colours of Prussia, as homage to the German heritage of the area. The City of Kitchener was originally known as Berlin, but was renamed after the Kitchener in 1916, at the height of the war.
Motto and songs 
The university's motto, is Concordia cum veritate. The Latin motto is literally translated as "In Harmony with Truth". The motto was introduced along with the university coat of arms back in October 1961. A number of songs are commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement, convocation, and athletic contests. The main song of the university is known as the Black and White and Gold. The words of the song were created by K. D. Fryer and H. F. Davis, while the composition of the music was created by Alfred Kunz.
Notable alumni and faculty 
Waterloo's graduates have found success in a variety of fields, serving at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. Over 160,900 people have graduated from Waterloo residing in over 144 countries. Waterloo graduates have accumulated a number of awards including the Academy Award and the Governor General's Award, and Rhodes Scholarships. Robert Mundell, the recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, also served as the chairman of the university's economic's department.
A significant number of prominent business leaders have worked or studied at Waterloo. Examples include John Baker, founder of Desire2Learn, David Cheriton, co-founder and chief scientist of Arista Networks, Mike Lazaridis, co-founder and former co-CEO of Research in Motion, Prem Watsa, chairman of Fairfax Financial and the current chancellor of the Waterloo, Steven Woods, co-founder of NeoEdge Networks and Quack.com. and co-founders of Waterloo Maple, Keith Geddes and Gaston Gonnet. Gonnet was also the co-founder of Open Text Corporation. Several university's faculty members and students have also gained local and national prominence for serving in government. David Johnston, the former president of Waterloo, currently serves as the Governor General of Canada.
A number of the university's faculty and students have also gained prominence in the field of computing sciences. Examples include QNX operating systems co-creators Gordon Bell and Dan Dodge, Rasmus Lerdorf, the creator of the PHP scripting language, Peter Buhr, the creator of the μC++ programming language, Gordon Cormack, the co-creator of Dynamic Markov compression algorithm, and Ric Holt, co-creator of several programming languages, most notably Turing.
See also 
- Midnight Sun Solar Race Team
- University of Waterloo Conrad Business, Entrepreneurship and Technology Centre
- Waterloo Co-operative Residence Incorporated
- Waterloo Engineering Endowment Fund
- Waterloo Global Science Initiative
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Further reading 
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (2007). Out of the Shadow of Orthodoxy: Waterloo@50. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682-8273-3.
- McLaughlin, Kenneth (1997). Waterloo: The Unconventional Founding of an Unconventional University. University of Waterloo. ISBN 0-9682-8270-9.
- McLean, Celia (1982). University of Waterloo 1957-1982: The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Year Begins. University of Waterloo.
- Scott, James (1967). Of Mud and Dreams: University of Waterloo 1957-1967. Ryerson Press.
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