University of Western Australia
|The University of Western Australia|
Coat of Arms
of The University of Western Australia
|Endowment||$326 million (inc. devises)|
|Vice-Chancellor||Professor Paul Johnson|
|Admin. staff||3,222 (FTE, 2008)|
|Location||Perth, Western Australia, Australia|
|Affiliations||Go8, ASAIHL, WUN, MNU|
The University of Western Australia (UWA) was established by an Act of the Western Australian Parliament in February 1911, and began teaching students for the first time in 1913. It is the oldest university in the state of Western Australia and the only university in the state to be a member of the Group of Eight, as well as the sandstone universities. UWA was established under and is governed by the University of Western Australia Act 1911. The Act provides for control and management by the university's Senate, and gives it the authority, amongst other things, to make statutes, regulations and by-laws, details of which are contained in the university Calendar. One of Australia's best and most prestigious universities, UWA is highly ranked internationally in various publications; the 2011 QS World University Rankings placed UWA at 79th internationally. To date UWA has produced close to 100 Rhodes Scholars and a Nobel Prize winner. UWA recently joined the Matariki Network of Universities as the youngest member, the only one established during the 20th century.
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The original campus was located on Irwin Street in the centre of Perth, and consisted of several buildings situated between Hay Street and St Georges Terrace. Irwin Street was also known as "Tin Pan Alley" as many buildings featured a corrugated iron roof. These buildings served as the university campus until 1932, when the campus relocated to its present-day site in Crawley.
The founding Chancellor, Sir John Winthrop Hackett, died in 1916, and bequeathed property which, after being carefully managed for ten years, yielded £425,000 to the University. This allowed the construction of its magnificent main buildings on the present-day campus. Many buildings and landmarks within the University bear his name, including Winthrop Hall and Hackett Hall. In addition, his bequest funded many scholarships, because he did not wish eager students to be deterred from studying because they could not afford to do so.
A remnant of the original buildings survives to this day in the form of the "Irwin Street Building", so-called due to its former location. In the 1930s it was transported to the new campus and served a number of uses till its 1987 restoration, which saw the original architecture restored and the building moved across campus to James Oval. Recently, the building has served as the Senate meeting room and is currently in use as a cricket pavilion and storage space for the University Archives. The building has been heritage-listed by both the National Trust and the Australian Heritage Council.
The University consists of the nine Faculties of:
- Architecture, Landscape and Visual Arts
- School of Music
- School of Humanities
- School of Social and Cultural Studies
- Business School
- Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
- School of Civil and Resource Engineering
- School of Computer Science and Software Engineering
- School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
- School of Environmental Systems Engineering
- School of Mathematics and Statistics
- School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering
- Life and Physical Sciences
- School of Anatomy and Human Biology
- School of Biomedical, Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences
- School of Sports Science, Exercise and Health
- School of Physics
- School of Psychology
- Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences
- School of Dentistry
- School of Medicine and Pharmacology
- School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
- School of Population Health
- School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care
- School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
- School of Surgery
- School of Women's and Infants' Health
- Natural and Agricultural Sciences
- School of Agricultural and Resource Economics
- School of Animal Biology
- School of Earth and Environment
- School of Plant Biology
UWA is one of the largest landowners in Perth as a result of government and private bequests, and is constantly expanding its infrastructure. Recent developments include the $22 million University Club, opened in June 2005, and the UWA Watersports Complex, opened in August 2005. In addition, in September 2005 UWA opened its $64 million Molecular and Chemical Sciences building as part of a commitment to nurturing and developing high quality research and development. In May 2009, a $30 million Business School building opened, whilst the construction of a new $360 million medical research facility is due to begin in early 2009 and be completed by the end of 2011.
The 65-hectare Crawley campus is situated adjacent to the Swan River, and located 5 km from the Perth central business district. Many of the buildings are constructed from coastal limestone and Donnybrook sandstone, including the large and iconic Winthrop Hall with its Romanesque architecture. These buildings are dotted amongst expansive lawns and thickets of trees such as the Sunken Garden and the Tropical Grove. The beauty of the grounds and rich history of the campus make it a popular spot for weddings.
The Arts Faculty building encompasses the New Fortune Theatre. The venue is a replica of the original Elizabethan Fortune Theatre and is claimed as the only replica of its kind in the southern hemisphere. Since 1995 the open air venue has hosted regular performances of Shakespeare's plays co-produced by the Graduate Dramatic Society  and the University Dramatic Society. The venue is also home to a family of peafowl donated to the University by the Perth Zoo in 1975 after a gift by Sir Laurence Brodie-Hall.
The Berndt Museum of Anthropology, located on the ground floor of the Social Sciences Building, contains the finest collection of Aboriginal art in the world according to the Collections Australia Network (CAN). Its Asian and Melanesian collections are also of strong interest. Established in 1976 by Ronald and Catherine Berndt, it works in close collaboration with Aboriginal communities.
The University of Western Australia features six main subject libraries on campus, including the architecturally recognised Reid Library building, the largest library on campus with four publicly accessible levels. Four of the libraries such as the Reid Arts and Business Library, Law Library, Music Library and Science Library are located on the main campus, with the other two such as the Education, Fine Arts and Architecture (EDFAA) library and Medical and Dental Library being located within walking distance from the main campus.
Residential colleges 
Offsite locations 
The University established a UWA Albany Centre in 1999 to meet rural education needs. In 2005, Curtin University of Technology joined UWA in Albany to provide additional course offerings to the local rural community. UWA Albany offers postgraduate coursework and research programmes through the Institute for Regional Development and the Centre of Excellence in Natural Resource Management. The UWA Rural Clinical School provides year-long rural placements for fifth-year medical students in Albany, Derby, Broome, Port Hedland, Karratha, Geraldton, Bunbury, Narrogin, Esperance, and Kalgoorlie; Western Australia. Additionally, the University is involved in the Combined Universities Centre for Rural Health in Geraldton.
The University has further facilities across Stirling Highway in Nedlands, linked by pedestrian underpasses beneath the highway, and paths in front of the residential colleges. Although not directly contiguous with the main Crawley site, the University does own almost every parcel of land between them and has long term plans to expand the two sites towards each other. The University also has facilities in Claremont, purchased in 2005 from Edith Cowan University. The University prefers to refer to these facilities as "UWA Claremont" and not as a campus. The University remains a single campus institution. UWA Claremont is approximately 5 km west of the main Crawley campus. Further west still, the University also has staff in central Claremont.
Overseas, the University has strategic partnerships with institutions in Malaysia and Singapore, where students study for The University of Western Australia qualifications, but does not operate these foreign institutions directly.
UWA's student body is generally dominated by school-leavers from within Western Australia, mostly from the Perth metropolitan area. There are comparatively smaller numbers of older students. In recent years, numbers of full-fee paying foreign students, predominantly from Southeast Asia, have grown as a proportion of the student population. In 2008, the University had 3,958 international students, part of a total student body of over 19,000.
The University of Western Australia is strongly committed to internationalisation of all aspects of its activities. UWA has formal agreements with 44 international institutions, promoting staff and student exchanges, collaborative research and exchange of teaching materials and methods. The University also teaches several of its programmes offshore, in Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. Trans-national programmes facilitate the development of UWA as a genuinely international university.
In May 2010 University joined the Matariki Network of Universities (MNU) together with Dartmouth College (USA), Durham University (UK), Queen’s University (Canada), University of Otago (New Zealand), University of Tübingen (Germany) and Uppsala University (Sweden).
Research strength and rankings 
As a result of its strong research culture, the University recently attracted more competitive research funding than any other Western Australian university. Annually the University receives in excess of $71 million of external research income, expends over $117 million on research and graduates over 300 higher degree by research students, mostly doctorates.
The University has over 80 research centres, including the Crime Research Centre, the Centre for Forensic Science, the Centre for Water Research and the Centre for Oil and Gas Engineering.
A recently announced project is the Zadko Telescope. A local businessman, James Zadko, and his family contributed funds for the purchase of a robotically controlled 1-metre modified Ritchey-Chrétien telescope (F/4 equatorially mounted flat field). The telescope will be co-located with the UWA's Gravity Discovery Centre and Southern Cross Cosmos Centre 70 km north of Perth on Wallingup Plain near the town of Gingin. Its operation will be harmonised with detection of major supernova events by some of the European Union's satellites.
The University of Western Australia has also recently welcomed the State Government announcement of a $20 million international radio astronomy research centre on UWA's Perth campus. UWA is driving Australia's bid to be the site of the Square Kilometer Array, a very large internationally funded radio astronomy installation capable of seeing the early stages of the formation of galaxies, stars and planets.
The following publications ranked universities worldwide. The UWA ranked:
|Times Higher Education||96||80||111||64||83||84||189||190|
|QS World University Rankings||111||111||64||83||84||89||73||79|
|Academic Ranking of World Universities||101-150||101-150||101-150||101-150||101-150||101-150||101-150||101-150||96|
UWA is also highly ranked according to the Melbourne Institute Index ranking of Australian universities. UWA has been ranked as having the highest quality undergraduates of any university in Australia. UWA is ranked second in Australia for the quality of its undergraduate programs. UWA is one of Australia's leading research universities, ranked second for research in Australia (taking account of its size).
In 2009, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) produced by Shanghai Jiao Tong University has placed UWA as the joint best university in Australia (along with the University of Queensland) in the fields of clinical medicine and pharmacy. The ARWU has also ranked UWA as the second best university in Australia (behind the Australian National University) for life and agricultural sciences, coming in at 44th position in the world.
Student Guild 
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The University of Western Australia Student Guild is the premier student representative body on campus and had a peak membership of more than 13,000 students, when membership was compulsory. It is affiliated with the National Union of Students. The vision of the UWA Student Guild is to be inclusive and representative of the student community and to provide relevant, high quality services to its members, whilst remaining environmentally and socially conscious.
The Guild provides a variety of services from catering to financial counselling. There are also over 80 clubs and societies funded by and affiliated with the Guild. The Guild publishes the student newspaper, the Pelican, as well as several other publications including the PROSH newspaper for charity annually.
University events 
The highlight of the social year is considered, by some students at least, to be Prosh, an April day on which students dress up in costume and process through the streets of the city selling risqué satirical newspapers for various charities. Many social events have become infamous with venues outside of the campus grounds due to the hard partying students, exemplified by the lifetime bans enacted upon many student societies by venues such as the Aquarium of Western Australia and Scitech.
Uni Camp for Kids Inc. is the oldest registered charity in WA. It began in 1936, and has over the past 70 odd years provided underprivileged West Australian children with University student carers during week long camps in January, and day picnics throughout the year. Former Australian of the year Fiona Stanley, was a member, and a patron, speaking at the Club's black tie 70th anniversary in 2006.
The biennial Indian Rim Asian University Games were held from 28 November to 4 December 2005 at Challenge Stadium and UWA Sports Park, with more than 100 teams representing 23 universities from eight countries. Nine sports were contested at the week-long competition: badminton, cricket, field hockey, judo, taekwondo, soccer, volleyball, tennis and water polo. More than 35 countries from the Indian Ocean Rim and Asia were invited to attend the 2005 Games. Then UWA Vice-Chancellor Professor Alan Robson committed funds to assist university teams from tsunami-affected areas, as well as to promote women's sport in the region.
UWA Sports operates on campus with a recreation centre, a fitness centre, aquatic centre (Human Movement) as well as a watersports complex (on the Swan River) alongside a boat shed, a sports shop and physiotherapy. Off campus they operate the UWA Sports Park (MacGillivray Oval) containing athletics, baseball, cricket, football, hockey (grass & turf), rugby, soccer and ultimate frisbee fields. The UWA Tennis Centre is adjacent to Challenge Stadium & UWA Sports Park. UWA Shenton Recreation Park also contains a gym, indoor sports hall, tennis courts and a hockey turf.
Intervarsity competition 
UWA competes in three inter-university competitions each year.
Tertiary Sports Western Australia (TSWA) is the Western Australian Inter-University competition. Competing teams represent the five WA universities, Curtin University, Edith Cowan University, Murdoch University, The University of Notre Dame Australia and UWA. UWA has been the leader for the last 6 years, winning the event AUSwest title consecutively since 2000, and 11 times since the competition began in 1992.
UWA regularly competes in the annual Australian University Games. UWA won the 2010 Overall Title. The mens hockey team have won seven consecutive gold medals from 2004 to 2010. Nick lee was presented with the 'MVP' award after his fantastic performance during the 2010 Hockey win.
UWA also competes in the Australian University Championships which includes stand alone events for those sports that are not included in the AUG. They take place at different venues all over the country throughout the academic year
Notable alumni 
Many notable UWA alumni have excelled in the professions, in politics and in government. Premiers of Western Australia have included graduates Alan Carpenter, Colin Barnett, Geoff Gallop, Richard Court and Carmen Lawrence. Former federal ministers include Kim Edward Beazley, his son, former deputy prime minister Kim Beazley, and Australia'a 23rd prime minister, Bob Hawke. The Chief Justice of the Australian High Court, Robert French is also a graduate of the UWA Law School. Scientific and medical alumni include Nobel prize laureate Barry Marshall, the Australian of the Year for 2003 Fiona Stanley and the Australian of the Year for 2005 Fiona Wood. The former CEO of Ansett Airlines and British Airways, Sir Rod Eddington, is a graduate of the UWA School of Engineering. Alumni with outstanding sporting achievements include former Kookaburras (hockey) captain and Hockeyroos coach Ric Charlesworth.
UWA has had a publishing arm since 1935, when the University was the sole tertiary campus in Western Australia. It has now been renamed UWA Publishing
Presence in Second Life 
UWA launched its Second Life project in mid-2009. (Second Life is a 3D online virtual world open to the public, free of charge.) By early 2010 it was the most active Second Life project of any Australian university. The UWA site spans three islands (projected to expand), featuring several models of historic buildings from the Crawley campus, a virtual lecture hall which is used to run real lectures, and a facility where the capabilities of Second Life are being explored for use in scientific visualisation research. During 2009-2010, UWA in Second Life is running a monthly art contest, attracting around 70 artists and many visitors from around the world - every month a new set of artworks are submitted and the community, together with a judging panel, select winners in a number of categories, who are then awarded cash prizes.
See also 
- Group of Eight
- List of University of Western Australia people
- List of official openings by Elizabeth II in Australia
- Rindos affair
- Rindos v Hardwick
- Rural Clinical School of Western Australia
- UWA Telerobot
- "Financial Statements and Performance Indicators". Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "UWA". Stats.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "University of Western Australia Act 1911". Calendar.publishing.uwa.edu.au. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Official Publications: Calendar". Calendar.publishing.uwa.edu.au. 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Rhodes Scholarships". Secretariat.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- Barry Marshall
- "UWA Handbooks 2008 - UWA Academic Staff". Retrieved 2008-03-03.
- http://www.grads.org.au/ Graduate Dramatic Society
- "The Arts Peacocks". 21 February 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
- "Berndt Museum of Anthropology". Collections Australia Network. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- "Campus Planning Review 2000". Fm.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "UNISTATS 2008". Stats.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Members of the Matariki Network of Universities". Matarikinetwork.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "UWA to house international radio astronomy research centre | University News : University News : The University of Western Australia". News.uwa.edu.au. 2008-12-15. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "The Times Higher Education Supplement". Thes.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results".
- "Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University". Ed.sjtu.edu.cn. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Media Statement - NEW INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY GAMES LAUNCHED IN PERTH
- "Seven of the best a real possibility". Unisport.com.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "UWA in Second Life blog". Uwainsl.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Location of UWA in Second Life". Slurl.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Evaluating Second Life as a tool for collaborative scientific visualisation". Local.wasp.uwa.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
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