University of Zagreb

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University of Zagreb
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
University of Zagreb logo.svg
Latin: Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis
Established 23 September 1669
Type Public
Endowment 1.858.000.000 HRK[1]
Rector Prof. Damir Boras, PhD
Academic staff 7,915 [1]
Students approx. 72.480 (2014)[1]
Postgraduates 7243 (2007)
Doctoral students 842 (2007)
Location Marshal Tito Square 14, Zagreb, Croatia
Campus city wide, central,
Website unizg.hr

The University of Zagreb (Croatian: Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Latin: Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis) is the largest Croatian university and the oldest continuously operating university in the area covering Central Europe south of Vienna and all of Southeastern Europe.[2] Ever since its foundation in 1669, the University has been continually growing and developing and now consists 29 faculties, three art academies and the Centre for Croatian Studies. With its comprehensive programmes and over 70,000 full-time undergraduate and postgraduate students the University is the strongest teaching institution in Croatia. It offers a wide range of academic degree courses leading to Bachelor's, Master's and Doctoral degrees in the following fields: Arts, Biomedicine, Biotechnology, Engineering, Humanities, Natural and Social Sciences. it is also a strongly research-oriented institution, contributing with over 50 percent to the total research output of the country. The University excels not only in teaching, but also in research, contributing with over 50 percent to the annual research output in Croatia and 80 percent of scientific productivity of all Croatian universities. The central strategic issue of the future development of the University of Zagreb is for it to be a research oriented institution with teaching of high quality. Accordingly, the focus will be on master and doctoral programs, encompassing all fields of science and art, boosting transdiciplinarity and interdisciplinarity as well as translational research, nurturing the culture of innovation and transfer of knowledge. This should result in better intersectorial harmonization on local and regional levels.

History[edit]

Academy[edit]

Zagreb University, Faculty of Law

The beginnings of the later university date back to 23 September 1669 when Emperor and King Leopold I Habsburg issued a decree granting the establishment of the Jesuit Academy of the Royal Free City of Zagreb.[3] According to that document the study of philosophy in Zagreb acquired a formal and legal status as Neoacademia Zagrabiensis and officially became a public institution of higher education.

The academy was run by the Jesuits for more than a century until the order was dissolved by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. Under a new leadership in 1772 the academy enrolled a total of 200 students.

In 1776 Empress and Queen Maria Theresa issued a decree founding the Royal Academy of Science (Latin: Regia Scientiarum Academia).[3] It consisted of three studies or faculties of philosophy, theology, and law. The former political-cameral studies became part of the newly established faculty of law, and thus were integrated into the academy. Each of the faculties of the Royal Academy of Sciences had several chairs teaching one or several courses.

The academy in Zagreb remained until 1874, despite numerous organizational changes, the focal institution of higher education in Croatia, educating most of the members of the Croatian intelligentsia.

University[edit]

Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer in 1861 proposed to the Croatian Parliament the founding of a university at Zagreb. During his visit in 1869, the Emperor Franz Joseph signed the decree on the establishment of the University of Zagreb. Five years later, the Parliament passed the Act of Founding, which was ratified by the Emperor on 5 January 1874. On 19 October 1874, a ceremony was held in the name of the founding of the Royal University of Franz Joseph I in Zagreb,[4] making it the third university in the Hungarian realm of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.[5]

In 1874 the University had four faculties:

  • Law (Pravno-državoslovni fakultet)
  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)

The Faculty of Medicine was not put into function in 1874; it had to wait until 1917. The Faculty of Philosophy served as the general scientific faculty. Since 1876 it had geology, botany, physics, mathematics, and chemistry; since 1877 zoology; since 1882 pharmacy; since 1883 geography.

In 1860, the Royal Agriculture and Forestry College was founded in Križevci.[6] In 1898, the Academy of Forestry (Šumarska akademija) was founded as part of the Faculty of Philosophy, which encompassed all technical studies. In 1919, this school became the Faculty of Husbandry and Forestry.

In 1919, the School of Technology (Tehnička visoka škola) was founded, which was transformed into a university faculty in 1926. Also in 1919 the School of Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarska visoka škola) was founded; it transformed into a university faculty in 1925.

In the Faculty of Philosophy, major reorganization ensued in the 1920s, as mathematics, pharmacy and other sciences started to split off, first with the creation of separate mathematics and pharmaceutical departments in 1928, when the faculty was renamed into its current name Filozofski fakultet.

In 1926, the university was composed of seven faculties:

  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Law (Pravnički fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
    • Philosophy dept. (Filozofski odjel)
    • Pharmacy dept. (Farmaceutski odjel)
  • Husbandry and Forestry (Gospodarsko-šumarski fakultet)
  • Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarski fakultet)
  • Technology (Tehnički fakultet)
    • Construction dept. (Građevni odsjek)
    • Engineering dept. (Strojarski odsjek)
    • Chemical engineering dept. (Kemijsko-inženjerski odsjek)

During the Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945), the university was known as the Croatian University (Hrvatsko sveučilište).

The individual departments of the Faculty of Philosophy became separate faculties in 1942, 1946 when the Faculty of Sciences was formed, and finally in 1963.

In 1956, the Faculty of Technology was divided into four faculties:

  • Architecture-Construction-Geodesy (Arhitektonsko-građevinsko-geodetski fakultet)
  • Electrical engineering (Elektrotehnički fakultet)
  • Mechanical engineering-Shipbuilding (Strojarsko-brodograđevni fakultet)
  • Chemistry-Food technology-Mining (Tehnološki fakultet)

These eventually split up into the current layout.

Faculties[edit]

Natural sciences

Engineering

Biomedical sciences

Biotechnology

Social sciences

Humanities

The arts

Rectors[edit]

01. Matija Mesić (1874–75)
02. Stjepan Spevec (1875–76)
03. Anton Kržan (1876–77)
04. Konstantin Vojnović (1877–78)
05. Franjo Maixner (1878–79)
06. Franjo Iveković (1879–80)
07. Aleksandar Bresztyenszky (1880–81)
08. Franjo Marković (1881–82)
09. Feliks Suk (1882–83)
10. Blaž Lorković (1883–84)
11. Đuro Pilar (1884–85)
12. Gustav Baron (1885–86)
13. Franjo Vrbanić (1886–87)
14. Tadija Smičiklas (1887–88)
15. Antun Franki (1888–89)
16. Luka Marjanović (1889–90)
17. Natko Nodilo (1890–91)
18. Ivan Bujanović (1891–92)
19. Josip Pliverić (1892–93)
20. Vinko Dvořák (1893–94)
21. Antun Maurović (1894–95)
22. Franjo Spevec (1895–96)
23. Armin Pavić (1896–97)
24. Juraj Dočkal (1897–98)
25. Josip Šilović (1898–99)
26. Đuro Arnold (1899–1900)
27. Rudolf Vimer (1900–01)
28. Franjo Vrbanić (1901–02)
29. Vjekoslav Klaić (1902–03)
30. Ivan Bujanović (1903–04)
31. Josip Pliverić (1904–05)
32. Antun Heinz (1905–06)
33. Antun Bauer (1906–07)
34. Milivoj-Klement Maurović (1907–08)
35. Gustav Janeček (1908–09)
36. Josip Volović (1909–10)
37. Julije Rorauer (1910–11)
38. Julije Domac (1911–12)
39. Josip Pazman (1912–13)
40. Edo Lovrić (1913–14)
41. Đuro Korbler (1914–15)
42. Fran Barac (1915–16)
43. Ernest Miler (1916–17)
44. Julije Golik (1917–18)
45. Ivan Angelo Ruspini (1918–19)
46. Ladislav Polić (1919–20)
47. Karlo Radoničić (1920–21)
48. Vladimir Varićak (1921–22)
49. Đuro Nenadić (1922–23)
50. Stjepan Zimmerman (1923–24)
51. Ladislav Polić (1924–25)
52. Drago Perović (1925–26)
53. Ernest Miler (1926–28)
54. Josip Belobrk (1928–32)
55. Albert Bazala (1932–33)
56. Đuro Stipetić (1933–35)
57. Stanko Hondl (1935–37)
58. Edo Lovrić (1937–38)
59. Andrija Živković (1938–40)
60. Stjepan Ivšić (1940–43)
61. Božidar Špišić (1943–44)
62. Stjepan Horvat (1944–45)
63. Andrija Štampar (1945–46)
64. Grga Novak (1946–47)
65. Andro Mohorovičić (1947–49)
66. Marko Kostrenčić (1949–50)
67. Antun Barac (1950–51)
68. Fran Bošnjaković (1951–52)
69. Teodor Varićak (1952–53)
70. Željko Marković (1953–54)
71. Hrvoje Iveković (1954–56)
72. Zoran Bujas (1956–58)
73. Marijan Horvat (1958–60)
74. Vladimir Serdar (1960–63)
75. Slavko Macarol (1963–66)
76. Jakov Sirotković (1966–68)
77. Ivan Supek (1968–72)
78. Predrag Vranicki (1972–76)
79. Drago Grdenić (1976–78)
80. Ivan Jurković (1978–82)
81. Zvonimir Krajina (1982–86)
82. Vladimir Stipetić (1986–88)
83. Zvonimir Šeparović (1988–90)
84. Marijan Šunjić (1990–98)
85. Branko Jeren (1998–2002)
86. Helena Jasna Mencer (2002–06)
87. Aleksa Bjeliš (2006–14)
88. Damir Boras (2014–)
Source: List of rectors at the University of Zagreb website

Legacy[edit]

Since 1874, more than 200,000 students have received a bachelor's degree, more than 18,000 a master's, and more than 8,000 a doctorate from the University of Zagreb.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.unizg.hr/o-sveucilistu/sveuciliste-jucer-danas-sutra/poslovanje-sveucilista-i-sastavnica/financiranje-i-izvjesca/ |staff =
  2. ^ Thomas, Liz; Wright, Malcolm (2011). Institutional Transformation to Engage a Diverse Student Body. Emerald Group Publishing. p. 236. ISBN 9780857249036. 
  3. ^ a b Rüegg, Walter: "European Universities and Similar Institutions in Existence between 1812 and the End of 1944: A Chronological List", in: Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. 3: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945), Cambridge University Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1, p. 685
  4. ^ History of the University of Zagreb at public.carnet.hr
  5. ^ Charle, Christophe: "Patterns", in Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. 3: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945), Cambridge University Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1, p. 41
  6. ^ Husinec, Renata, and Dejan Marenčić. n.d. "Križevci College of Agriculture." Accessed: April 13, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°48′38.42″N 15°58′12.35″E / 45.8106722°N 15.9700972°E / 45.8106722; 15.9700972