University of Mary Washington

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Coordinates: 38°18′07″N 77°28′30″W / 38.30194°N 77.47500°W / 38.30194; -77.47500

University of Mary Washington
Umw-seal.png
University of Mary Washington Seal
Motto Pro Deo Domo Patria
Motto in English For God, home, and country
Established 1908
Type Public
Endowment US$28.9 million[1]
President Richard V. Hurley[2]
Academic staff 206
Students 2,379[3]
Undergraduates 4,398[3]
Postgraduates 981[3]
Location Fredericksburg, VA, USA
38°18′07″N 77°28′30″W / 38.30194°N 77.47500°W / 38.30194; -77.47500
United States
Campus Suburban, 176 acres (71.22 ha)
Former names

State Normal and Industrial School for Woman at Fredericksburg (1908–1938) Mary Washington College (1938–1944; 1972–2004)

Mary Washington College of the University of Virginia (1944–1972)
Colors Navy Blue and Gray
           
Athletics NCAA Division III
Nickname Eagles
Affiliations AASCU
Website www.umw.edu
University of Mary Washington Logo.png

The University of Mary Washington is a public university in Virginia that focuses on undergraduate education in the liberal arts. The core of its main campus of 4,000 mostly residential students in Fredericksburg, Virginia is the College of Arts and Sciences, which offers degrees in disciplines such as psychology, political science, history, biology, chemistry, and art, and is enhanced by a College of Education and a College of Business, both of which also offer advanced degrees. The university also offers adult education and professional training to roughly 1,000 students at its satellite campuses in Stafford and Dahlgren.

History[edit]

On March 14, 1908, Virginia Governor Claude A. Swanson signed into law legislation for the establishment of the new State Normal and Industrial School for Women. The institution was renamed Mary Washington College in 1938 after Mary Ball Washington, mother of the first president of the United States of America, George Washington and longtime resident of Fredericksburg.[4][5]

In 1944 the college became associated with the University of Virginia as its women's college. Until that time, the University of Virginia had not admitted women as undergraduates, except in its education and nursing programs; its postgraduate programs were also coeducational. Following UVA's transition to coeducational status in 1970, the Virginia General Assembly reorganized Mary Washington College in 1972 as a separate, coeducational institution.[6]

The General Assembly of Virginia enacted legislation changing the college's name to University of Mary Washington on March 19, 2004.[7] The institution sought university status to reflect the addition of master's degree programs and increasing enrollment at its College of Graduate and Professional Studies, formerly the James Monroe Center for Graduate and Professional Studies, located in nearby Stafford County. Students can earn an MBA, M.Ed., MSMIS, MBA-MSMIS dual degree, BPS or other graduate certificates or professional certifications at the campus. The Carnegie Foundation reclassified the college to university status based on its graduate programs.

Campus[edit]

Monroe Hall was constructed in 1911, serving as the first academic and administration building for the university. Its plan is inspired by Palladio's Villa Rotunda and houses several of the university's humanities programs.

Most of the Fredericksburg campus is located on Marye's Heights, a steep hill which, like Sunken Road (the campus' northeastern boundary), played an important role in the 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg. The campus itself is a short distance from Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Brompton, the president's official residence, served as a field hospital during the battle and is the home of the university's presidents.

Most of the architecture on the Mary Washington campus is neoclassical, Georgian, or Jeffersonian (because of its similarity to Thomas Jefferson's design of the University of Virginia). Several buildings are named for notable women from American history. Frances Willard Hall is named for the famous temperance leader and crusader for women's rights. Ann Carter Lee Hall honors the mother of Robert E. Lee. Thomas Jefferson's daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, is acknowledged by Randolph Hall. While the university no longer refers to the buildings by their full names, one can find them on those buildings that have dedication plaques.

The university also maintains athletic facilities both on and within walking distance of the Fredericksburg campus. Goolrick Hall serves as UMW's primary venue for varsity volleyball, men's and women's swimming, and men's and women's basketball. The Battleground athletic facility is a few blocks away from the main campus and houses several multipurpose fields, an outdoor track, a baseball stadium, a softball field, and an indoor and outdoor tennis complex.

Expansion and renovation[edit]

The University is currently engaged in a number of construction and renovation projects. Current construction projects include the ITCC, a technology-focused building adjacent to Simpson Library, and the new Campus Center, which is replacing the now demolished Chandler Hall. Recent construction projects include Eagle Village and the William M. Anderson Center. Eagle village includes apartment-style student residences, a secured transportation center, a pedestrian bridge spanning U.S. 1, and retail, restaurant and “Class-A” office space on seven acres at the northern end of the shopping center. At a cost of $115 million, construction of Phase I began in March 2009 and was completed in summer 2010. The start of construction for the William M. Anderson Center was celebrated at a groundbreaking ceremony on September 17, 2009.The two-story center is designed to provide seating for more than 3,000 people for convocation events and approximately 2,000 spectators for athletic events. The 52,000-square-foot (4,800 m2) facility is expected to be completed in mid-winter 2011.

The Carmen Culpeper Chappell '59 Centennial Campanile was completed in May 2007, and was heard for the first time ringing in the 2007 commencement procession. Ringing twice a day, the campanile can be heard over a mile away. Lee Hall opened after a two-year renovation, and now brings key student services under one roof. One exciting feature is the Underground, a casual cafe, which reopened in the Fall of 2009. Beginning in May 2009 and largely completed in June 2011, Monroe Hall, the oldest building on campus, was also completely renovated. A parking deck was completed in the fall of 2006 and has helped to ease the parking situation on campus.

Sustainability[edit]

Environmental sustainability is playing an increasingly important role on the Mary Washington campus and within the community. The first LEED-certified building, CGPS North Building, was built in 2007, as if additional construction somehow lessened environmental impact. To promote environmentally-friendly transportation methods, the university works with the Fredericksburg Regional Transit System (FRED) to provide specific routes and subsidies for students and staff. An Energy Performance Contact with the energy service company NORESCO from 2005–2007 has reduced waster usage by 25% after the installation of water saving devices. NORESCO also installed low energy light fixtures, occupant sensors, HVAC controls, and completed replacement of leaking condensate piping.[8]

The UMW Recycling Program currently collects corrugated cardboard, printer ink cartridges, mixed paper, newsprint and co-mingled plastic, glass, and aluminum. Each Residence Hall recycling program is led by a Recycling Coordinator (RAs) and an elected Hall Council Recycling Chairperson.[8] In 2009, UMW participated in the RecycleMania competition and increased its amount of recycled material threefold. Whether or not this is actually good for sustainability is debatable: Did the students recycle more goods they were already consuming or start consuming more plastic goods in order to recycle more?[9]

UMW Ecology Group is the only student-run organization dedicated to sustainability on campus. The Ecology Club works as a part of the Campus Climate Challenge and is affiliated with the Virginia Climate Action Network.[9]

Stafford campus[edit]

The University maintains a campus in nearby Stafford County. At this campus, working adults are able to take classes at night or on weekends to complete a bachelor’s degree or earn a master’s degree. Opened in 1999 as the James Monroe Center, the Stafford campus later became known as the College of Graduate and Professional Studies. CGPS has been replaced by a College of Business and a College of Education.

Academics[edit]

Once the library, Trinkle Hall features a rotunda. Today, it houses the Classics Philosophy and Religion, Mathematics, and Computer Science departments
Jepson Hall houses the Science department

The University of Mary Washington is a public liberal arts university accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[10] It is not a research university, but instead focuses on undergraduate education. Five alumni have earned Fulbright scholarships.[11]

Admissions[edit]

For the fall semester of 2009, the Admissions Committee at the University of Mary Washington reviewed 4,761 freshman applications and offered admission to 3,541 candidates. 963 of those candidates enrolled as first-time freshman. Though mostly Virginians, the students came from 32 states and 13 countries outside the United States. Among the middle 50% of admitted applicants, high school GPA ranged from 3.41–3.95, SAT scores ranged from 1630–1950 and ACT scores ranged from 24–28. In reviewing applications, the Admissions Committee places emphasis on academic achievement in the liberal arts and sciences, standardized tests scores, and enrollment in honors courses and programs like the International Baccalaureate. The university also "strives to enroll a student body that is culturally and ethnically diverse."[12]

Student Demographics (Fall 2009)
Undergraduate[13] Graduate[14] Virginia[15] USA[16]
African American 0.9% 9.9% 19.6% 12.3%
Asian American 4.4% 1.7% 3.7% 3.6%
Caucasian American 80.3% 67.8% 72.3% 75.1%
Hispanic American 3.8% 3.2% 4.7% 12.5%
Native American 0.5% 0.3% 0.3% 0.9%
International 0.9% 1.5% N/A N/A
Unknown 5.3% 15.5% N/A N/A

Honor system[edit]

The University of Mary Washington upholds an honor system. The system is maintained by the Honor Council, an organization of elected officials from the student body. All entering students must sign a document stating that they understand, abide by and agree to support the honor system during the convocation. Traditionally faculty will require students to sign a written pledge of abidance to the honor code for every major work submitted.[17]

Programs[edit]

Administration[edit]

Board of Visitors[edit]

By statute of the Code of Virginia, the University of Mary Washington is governed by a Board of Visitors, one member of which is elected every two years to serve as Rector. The UMW Board of Visitors is composed of twelve members appointed by the Governor of Virginia and confirmed by the General Assembly. At least six members of the Board must be alumni of the University, and no more than three may be nonresidents of Virginia. Each member serves a term of four years and may be eligible for reappointment to one successive term.[18]

President[edit]

The Board of Visitors announced that Richard V. Hurley would serve as the ninth president of the institution, effective July 1, 2010. Hurley served as executive vice president and twice as acting president following the resignations of both William J. Frawley and Judy G. Hample.

Past presidents[edit]

  • Richard V. Hurley (2010–present)
  • Judy G. Hample (2008–2010)
  • William J. Frawley (2006–2007)
  • William M. Anderson, Jr. (1983–2006)
  • Prince B. Woodard (1974–1982)
  • Grellet C. Simpson (1956–1974)
  • Morgan L. Combs (1929–1955)
  • Algernon B. Chandler, Jr. (1919–1928)
  • Edward H. Russell (1908–1919)

Student life[edit]

The Mary Washington Breakers show off their moves in the annual Multicultural Fair, 2008.

Activities[edit]

UMW has 118 student clubs and organizations registered with the Office of Student Activities and Community Service. These organizations include the Student Government Association, Honor Council, special interest groups and service organizations.[19]

Cultural groups on campus include: Asian Student Association, Black Student Association, Brothers of a New Direction, Islamic Student Association, Jewish Student Association, Latino Student Association, People for the Rights of Individuals of Sexual Minorities (PRISM), Russian Club, the Student Organization for the Learning About Afghanistan, Students Educating and Empowering for Diversity (SEED),Women of Color and Eagle Bhangra (an Indian dance team).[19]

Students Helping Honduras established its first collegiate chapter at UMW.

Traditions[edit]

Devil-Goat Day is an annual competition among students whose graduating classes fell on even years ("goats") and odd years ("devils"). The tradition began in 1926.[20]

The Multicultural Fair is an annual celebration of cultural diversity. Each year hundreds of food vendors, artisans and student organizations register to attract people from the Fredericksburg area. The Fair is the largest annual event hosted by the university.

Athletics[edit]

Women's rugby, UMW vs. Iowa State, 2007.

The University of Mary Washington is an NCAA Division III institution. The University plays in the Capital Athletic Conference, where it has won more conference championships than any other school.[21] In fact the Women's swim team has won all 24 straight CAC Championships, while the Men's swim team has won 20 out of 24. To date, the UMW "Eagles" have had more than 200 student-athletes achieve All-American status. One of the most prolific and decorated athletes to have attended Mary Washington is Matt Bechtel, having competed in multiple sports and setting multiple records. Known as the "Baker" for his high-risk shake and "bake" moves on the track, Bechtel is the perfect example of a risk-reward athlete feeling no pressure to compete year round in both men and women's sports and scorching the competition. Bechtel's current whereabouts are unknown but some people believe he's taken a low-profile job pushing tickets on unsuspecting people. Needless to say, the legend lives on. Three UMW teams have won national championships (1982 AIAW champion women's tennis, 1988 NCAA Division III women's tennis, 1991 NCAA Division III women's tennis), and UMW athletes have won four NCAA individual titles (1993 – Matt Bechtel, 200 yard backstroke, swimming; 1996 – Matt Bechtel, long jump, outdoor track & field; 2004 – Matt Bechtel and Paul Bristow, doubles tennis; 2013 – Matt Bechtel, 400 yard IM, swimming; Matt Bechtel, 400 IM and 200 Butterfly, swimming). In recent years, the men's tennis team has advanced to 15 straight NCAA Tournaments, finishing in the top eight four times, and the women's basketball team has advanced to three straight Sweet 16s, including a third place finish at the 2007 Final Four. Men's basketball advanced to the national quarterfinals in 2014, and field hockey advanced to the final four in 2012.

Men and women compete in basketball, cross country, lacrosse,soccer, swimming, tennis, track and field and the IHSA riding team. Men also compete in baseball, and women in softball, field hockey and volleyball.[22] The sports facilities are available in the William M. Anderson Center, a new 2,000-seat arena that has hosted two NCAA basketball tournaments, Goolrick Gym and outdoors on the Battleground Athletic Complex, and the school's home barn is Hazelwild Farm. These facilities are utilized for intercollegiate competition as well as for intramural and recreational activities. The University also features a number of popular club teams, including boxing, tennis, synchronized swimming, rugby and ultimate frisbee. In 2014, after seven previous appearances, the women's rugby club won the USA Rugby Women's Collegiate Division II National Championship.

Rankings[edit]

Candlelight vigil held on Ball Circle in mourning of those killed in the Virginia Tech massacre.

In their 2010 rankings of the best Master's Universities in the Southern United States, U.S. News & World Report placed University of Mary Washington second out of all public schools and second overall.[23][24] Forbes ranked UMW 13th among public colleges and universities in the United States in its 2009 edition of "America's Best Colleges," and 121st overall.[25] The Princeton Review deemed the university one of the "Best Southeastern Colleges" in the United States.[26] Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine ranked the university as the 2nd best value public college in 2009.[27]

The University of Mary Washington has one of the preeminent policy debate teams in the country, having consistently ranked in the top twenty policy debate teams over the past ten years. The Mary Washington debate team is currently ranked tenth among colleges and universities in the northeast region of the Cross Examination Debate Association.[28] The team ranked 3rd overall in the National Debate Tournament.[29]

The University of Mary Washington has one of the highest percentages of alumni volunteering in the Peace Corps. In 2008 it produced the sixth greatest amount of volunteers among small schools in the United States.[30]

Notable people[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Current, Former, and Emeritus Faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Fredericksburg.com – Hurley plans to stay awhile". Retrieved April 11, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Fall Enrollment by Tuition Status and Level". State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  4. ^ Alvey, Edward (1974). History of Mary Washington College 1908–1972. University of Virginia Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-8139-0528-0. 
  5. ^ "H. Res. 77". The Library of Congress. January 21, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  6. ^ Alvey, Edward (1974). History of Mary Washington College 1908–1972. University of Virginia Press. pp. 278, 511. ISBN 978-0-8139-0528-0. 
  7. ^ S-464 Act of the General Assembly of Virginia
  8. ^ a b "Environmental Stewardship". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "UMW Recyclemania". University of Maryland. Retrieved June 8, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Institution Details". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges. 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  11. ^ "University of Mary Washington". Institute of International Education. 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
    • This list does not yet include the fifth recipient, Sylvia Sierra.
  12. ^ "Entering Class Profile: Fall 2009". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Fall Headcount Enrollments". State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Fall Headcount Enrollments". State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Profile of Generic Demographic Characteristics: 2000". U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census 2000. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Profile of Generic Demographic Characteristics: 2000". U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census 2000. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  17. ^ "The Honor System at the University of Mary Washington". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Board of Visitors". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "Listing of Student Clubs and Organizations". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Traditions". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Richard C. Cook All-Sports Award". Capital Athletic Conference. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  22. ^ "University of Mary Washington Athletics". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Best Colleges: Top Public Schools: Master's Universities (South)". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Best Colleges: Master's Universities (South) Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved July 27, 2010. 
  25. ^ "America's Best Public Colleges". Forbes. August 5, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  26. ^ "University of Mary Washington". The Princeton Review. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  27. ^ "100 Best Values in Public Colleges 2009–10". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  28. ^ "CEDA Point Rankings". CEDA. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  29. ^ Hanson, Jim (2009). National Debate Tournament: Fall 2009 Report (Report). National Debate Tournament. http://www.whitman.edu/rhetoric/ndt/00-ndtreport-dec-09.doc. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
  30. ^ "Peace Corps Top Colleges and Universities 2009". Peace Corps. 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Alvey, Edward (1974). History of Mary Washington College 1908–1972. University of Virginia Press. ISBN 978-0-8139-0528-0
  • Crawley, William Bryan (2008). University of Mary Washington: A Centennial History, 1908–2008. University of Mary Washington. ISBN 978-0-615-21015-5

External links[edit]