University of the City of Manila

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila
University of City of Manila
PLM Seal 2013.png
Motto Karunungan, Kaunlaran, Kadakilaan
Motto in English "Wisdom, Prosperity, Honor"
Established June 19, 1965
Type Public, Local university
President Artemio G. Tuquero
Academic staff 2,000[1]
Students 13,000
Undergraduates 12,000
Postgraduates 1,000
Location Metro Manila, Philippines
43°35′12″N 120°58′35″W / 43.58667°N 120.97639°W / 43.58667; -120.97639
Campus 30,000 square metres (3.0 ha)[1]
Hymn Pamantasang Mahal (Beloved University)
Colors Gold, White, Blue, Red, and Green                     
Nickname PLM
Affiliations ASAIHL, IAU, ALCU
Website www.plm.edu.ph

Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM), or the University of the City of Manila, is a municipal government-funded, tuition-free university within the district of Intramuros in Manila, the Philippines. It was established on June 19, 1965 and opened on July 17, 1967 to 556 scholars, all coming from the top ten percent of graduates of Manila's public high schools.[2][3]

PLM holds the distinction of being: the first tertiary-level institution in the country to offer tuition-free education; the first university funded solely by a city government; and the first institution of higher learning in the country to have its official name in Filipino.[2][3][4]

From its first enrollment record of 556 freshman scholars coming from the top ten percent of the graduating classes of Manila's twenty-nine public high schools, total semestral enrollment has grown to an average of 10,000.[1] The lone college in its earliest beginning has sprung to 12 colleges,[5] seven graduate,[6] two professional schools,[7] and a score of research and specialized centers, including a teaching hospital, an entrepreneurial center,[8] and an integrated learning center for toddlers. In addition, it maintains a comprehensive distance education and open university program for thousands of community health workers and public administrators in different regions nationwide, with affiliations and recognition from various national and international organizations and institutions.[3]

Based on a study using cumulative data from 1999 to 2003 showed that during the said period PLM was among the top five schools nationwide in terms of board exam passing rate. In the same study, it was one among three public universities in the top ten category.[3][9]

Institution[edit]

Academics and administration[edit]

The PLM campus in Intramuros and its vicinity as seen from the Manila Hotel.

As a chartered and autonomous university,[3] PLM is governed by a Board of Regents and administered by a president.[10] The Board of Regents, the highest decision-making body of PLM, has the authority to grant diplomas, certificates and titles to students who have completed their academic programs and validate graduation of students.[3] The six-member Board is composed of the president of the PLM, a representative of the PLM faculty, a distinguished alumnus, a respected educator, one other respected professional, and the superintendent of the Division of City Schools-Manila. Each member serves a six-year tenure of office.[10][11] The president oversees the implementation of the university policies.[citation needed]

Immediately under the president are the offices of four vice presidents — executive vice president, vice president for Academic Affairs, vice president for Administration, and vice president for Finance and Planning.[12]

The Presidents of the
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila

University of the City of Manila
Dr. Benito F. Reyes, 23 February 1967 – 23 June 1972
Dr. Consuelo L. Blanco, 21 December 1972 – 31 May 1978
Dr. Ramon D. Bagatsing, 1 June 1978 – 27 October 1982
Dr. Jose D. Villanueva, 14 January 1983 – 30 June 1989
Dr. Benjamin G. Tayabas, 1 July 1989 – 24 June 1996
Dr. Virsely dela Cruz, 25 June 1996 – 30 April 1999
Dr. Ma. Corazon T. Veridiano (Acting President), May 1999 - December 1999
Atty. Emmanuel R. Sison (Officer-in-Charge), December 1999 - February 2000
Dr. Benjamin G. Tayabas, 24 February 2000 – 1 August 2007
Atty. Jose M. Roy III, (Acting President) 23 February 2006 – 31 May 2006
Atty. Adel A. Tamano, 4 August 2007 – 30 November 2009
Atty. Rafaelito M. Garayblas (Officer-in-Charge), 1 December 2009– 30 June 2013
Artemio G. Tuquero, 1 July 2013–Present

The university is organized into 12 undergraduate colleges,[5] two professional schools,[7] seven graduate schools,[6] and an open university and distance learning program,[13] which are all supervised by the executive vice president.[12] These academic units collectively provide 53 single-degree undergraduate and 49 masters, doctoral, and graduate diploma programs.[14][15]

The Arts and Sciences degree programs at the undergraduate level are conferred through the College of Accountancy & Economics, the College of Architecture & Urban Planning, the College of Engineering & Technology, the College of Human Development, the College of Liberal Arts, the College of Management & Entrepreneurship, the College of Mass Communication, the College of Nursing, the College of Physical Education, Recreation & Sports, the College of Physical Therapy, the College of Science, and the College of Tourism, Hotel & Travel Industry Management. Postgraduate studies are being administered through the open university and distance learning program, the College of Law, the College of Medicine, and the six graduate schools, including the Emeritus College, the Graduate School of Arts, Sciences & Education, the Graduate School of Health Sciences, the Graduate School of Engineering, the Graduate School of Law, the Graduate School of Management, and the President Ramon Magsaysay Graduate School of Public Governance.[citation needed]

PLM is the tenth largest university in Metro Manila with a total student enrollment of 13,711 (as of January 20, 2006).[16] For the undergraduate class of 2006-2007, PLM received 40,000 college applications, and accepted 3% of them.[17] While admittance to the undergraduate colleges are exclusive for Manila residents, non-residents who have graduated either as Salutatorian or Valedictorian are privileged to take the PLM Admission Test and eventually qualify as freshmen. As for the professional (law and medicine) and graduate schools, no specific residency requirements are imposed.[3] Full scholarship is entitled for Manila residents, while minimal fees are charged for non-residents.[18] Other scholarships are available in the university, with funding coming from alumni donations, the government, and the private sector.[19]

PLM's endowment in 2008 was valued at PhP 500 million,[1] excluding budgetary allocation for its chief teaching hospital, the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, which was about PhP 250 million.[20] The University spends about four to fives times the national average for education.[21]

PLM uses a semester-based modular system for conducting courses,[22] adopts features of the American credit system, and employs the General Weighted Average (GWA) system and a 1.00 to 5.00 grading scale.[citation needed]

Except from the graduate schools of Engineering, Law and Management, which have trimestral calendar, most of the colleges and schools of PLM consist of two regular semesters of about 15 to 16 weeks each, and semestral breaks of about three to four weeks. At the undergraduate level, the university requires a minimum of 12 units to be considered a full-time student, with the maximum being 20 units.[citation needed]

Social involvement[edit]

Grounded in its commitment to the City of Manila and the whole country, PLM implements a framework of action that fosters a culture of service among its administrators, faculty and alumni dubbed as "Malasakit sa Kapwa, Malasakit sa Bansa", on which all curricular programs of the University are anchored.[23]

As one of the participating schools of medicine in "Bagong Doktor para sa Bayan (New Doctor for the Nation)" of the national government,[24] the College of Medicine makes sure that medical interns are stationed for months in far-flung barangays to immerse themselves and apply community dynamics, family medicine theories, and appropriate technologies with the people of the community.[25]

Students in the College of Nursing render service to 44 city-run health centers as part of their community health nursing internship. Senior students live with people in the rural areas for eight weeks and implement several socio-civic and health projects. Although they are not required of service contracts, they are encouraged to render service to the country first before going abroad.[26][27]

Physical therapy students in their last year in college are required to apply their learnings in various settings, including rehabilitation centers in marginalized communities. As for the faculty members and students of the College of Human Development, they visit communities in Manila and assist in conducting activities such as teaching preschoolers in the city's barangay day care centers and tutoring out-of-school children through its alliance with the Educational Research and Development Assistance (ERDA) Foundation, which is the oldest non-government institution in the country that prevent impoverished children from being school dropouts.[28] Similar activities are undertaken by the colleges that take on different approaches as in holding outreach programs in their field work, off-campus activities and on-the-job trainings or practicum.[29]

In 2009, PLM launched the Alternative Learning Program (ALP), which aims to provide a practical alternative to formal instruction, using both non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills.[30][31]

The PLM communities have also joined the Caritas Manila through Intramuros Consortium Outreach and Environment Committee (ICOEC) in its dental and medical missions in various communities. In 1993, together with Tugon-RESCUE, the university's Community University Extension Services (CUES) continued with its outreach programs for the slum communities of Tondo.[32] From 1999 up to present, PLM, in cooperation with the Shalom Club of the Philippines-Manila Chapter and the Rotary Club of the Philippines, has been actively donating blood for the patients of the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, Ospital ng Tondo and Dr. Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center.[33] Similar bloodletting campaigns were conducted by other organizations within PLM such as the "Patak-patak na Pagmamahal" by the PLM Samaritans, "Blood Rush" by the Brotherhood of Medical Scholars[34] and the "Operation Lifeline" by the PLM ROTC Unit. In July 2010, Center for Community Extension Services (CUES) launched "Dugong Alay, Dugtong Buhay", a comprehensive university-wide voluntary blood donation program that has unified and streamlined the various bloodletting undertakings previously rendered by different groups and organizations inside the campus.[35][36]

Research and development[edit]

PLM conducts studies and research projects that aim to aid in policy-making and in the production of prototypes that can be useful to both the University and the industry through the Intramuros Consortium and its own research division.[37] Moreover, PLM is one of the four academic institutions that were chosen as member of the Metropolitan Manila Industry and Energy Research and Development Consortium (MMIERDC) of the Department of Science and Technology.[38] Likewise, it is a member institution of the CHED Zonal Research Program for the National Capital Region.[39]

Reputation[edit]

Rankings[edit]

There are no set methods for ranking institutions in the Philippines. Aside from comparisons in terms of accreditation, autonomy, and centers of excellence awarded by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), there are attempts to rank schools based on performance in board exams conducted by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). The PRC and CHED sometimes publish reports on these results.[40][41]

Based on the study using cumulative data from 1994 to 1998, the PLM emerged sixth.[40] For the ten-year period of 1992 to 2001, PLM placed ninth.[41] In the study covering 1999-2003, the PLM placed fifth, making it one of only two public universities in the top five list.[3][42][43]

No follow-up rankings were undertaken since the last. However, CHED executive director Julito Vitriol said in 2009 that they were in the process of establishing appropriate guidelines to rank universities and colleges for each specific academic program or discipline.[44]

History[edit]

Geographical history[edit]

The site where the PLM campus at Intramuros is situated used to be occupied by the Colegio de Manila (also known as Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio, later Universidad Maximo de San Ignacio, the first royal and pontifical university in the Philippines and in Asia), which was the first school in the Philippines.[45][46][47][48] (Note: This is not the PLM of today). Aside from Colegio de Manila, there were other structures that were built on the site, such as Iglesia Santa Ana, the first stone church in the Philippines.[47][49] Upon expulsion of the Jesuits from the Spanish Philippines, the buildings were transformed into military headquarters called Cuartel de Rey (also known as Cuartel de España),[47] the same place where José Rizal was placed on trial for sedition here on December 26, 1896.[1][47]

Don Pepe Atienza Hall, the place where most PLM graduate schools are situated.

During the American occupation, the buildings and the whole premises served as military headquarters for the 31st Infantry of the United States Army until 1941.[47] Its Quonset Gym held one of the first games of the NCAA was played.[50] In World War II, General Douglas McArthur held command post here, but the entire area was later destroyed by the on-going military conflict.[47][51]

In early 1960s, the site was rehabilitated by the city government and a building was constructed at General Luna Street to house the students of Manila High School. However, on April 24, 1965, the late President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation 392-A, giving to the proposed city university the three-hectare lot being occupied by Manila High School.[47][52] On February 26, 1967, the new complex along Victoria Street was inaugurated, and the students of Manila High School was transferred there.[51] And, finally, on July 17, 1967, the first batch of PLM scholars began its academic pursuits in the site where the very roots of the modern educational system in the Philippines may be found.[53]

Establishment[edit]

The history of PLM's conception started during the administration of the late Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson when he approved Ordinance No. 4202 on January 13, 1960 which appropriated PhP one million for the construction of the university.[54] Lacson did not live to see the realization of his dream as he died of a heart attack. His successor, Vice Mayor Antonio de Jesus Villegas, pursued his plan.[52]

On February 13, 1963, Villegas issued Executive Order No. 7 s-1963, creating a Planning and Working Committee to draw up a plan to establish a city university.[54] The committee was chaired by Dr. Benito F. Reyes and the members were Gabriel Formoso, Leoncio Monzon, Alfredo Morales, Vicente Albano Pacis, Jose S. Roldan, Carlos Moran Sison, with Atty. Primitivo de Leon as its secretary.[citation needed]

Due to an impasse impending the legislature action of the city council to formally create the university, Villegas interceded for the help of then-Congressman Justo Albert of the fourth congressional district of the City of Manila to sponsor a bill in the Congress seeking to create the university which was passed by the House of Representative in 1964 as House Bill No. 8349.[54] The Senate version of the bill was spearheaded by senators Gil Puyat and Camilo Osías,[54] which was passed by the Philippine Senate in 1965. The consolidation of the two bills was tackled during the Fourth Session of the Fifth Congress, which began and was held in Manila on January 25, 1965. The consolidated bill was thereafter passed by the joint Congress and was signed by Senate President Ferdinand E. Marcos[1] and House Speaker Cornelio T. Villareal with Regino S. Eustaquio, Secretary of the Senate, and Inocencio B. Pareja, Secretary of the House of Representatives.[citation needed]

Incidentally, during José Rizal's birth anniversary on June 19, 1965,[1] the final bill, An Act Authorizing the City of Manila to Establish and Operate the University of the City of Manila and for Other Purposes,[1][10] was signed into law by President Diosdado P. Macapagal,[1] in a ceremony in Malacañan Palace. The event was witnessed by Villegas, Congressman Ramon Mitra, Jr., de Leon, and its main sponsor in the House of Representatives, Congresman Justo Albert. The law was captioned as Republic Act No. 4196,[1][10] which now serves as the university charter.[citation needed]

The Board of Regents, which is the governing body of the university,[10] was formally organized in the same year as Villegas appointed the member thereof. The university regents were sworn into office during the historic day of January 9, 1967, and they conducted an election of officers on February 23, 1967. The members of the first Board of Regents were Atty. Carlos Moran Sison, chairman, Dr. Benito F. Reyes, vice chairman, Emilio Abello, Roman F. Lorenzo, Jose S. Roldan, and Primo L. Tongko, members; Fructuoso R. Yanson served as an ex-officio member and Jose F. Sugay as its secretary. Reyes was chosen as the PLM's first president.[3][52]

In 1967, PLM started with a liberal arts college and, about a year later, a graduate institute for teachers[55] and an institute for extramural studies were formed. Reyes aggressively expanded the PLM's curriculum to include professional studies in arts and sciences, engineering, architecture, nursing, criminology, and government.[56]

Recent development[edit]

Growth and expansion[edit]

San Francisco City Mayor Gavin Newsom and Manila Mayor Lito Atienza during the renewal of the memorandum of understanding, cooperation and exchange programs between the City College of San Francisco and the PLM, 2006.[57]

At the turn of the 20th to 21st century PLM admitted students from outside of Manila on paying schemes for the first time.[citation needed] Many changes took place that eventually ushered in a new era for the university. Moreover, the University continued with its affiliations and consortium agreements with various educational institutions in the world.[58]

This period saw a surge in funds devoted for the university's physical development.[59] Many new facilities were built at the main campus,[59] and the different departments, colleges and schools were restructured. The university fortified its research capabilities by establishing a number of research units and consortium agreements with other institutions to guide its academic research initiatives.[citation needed]

In 2000, the launching of Pamantasang Limbagan ng Maynila (PLM University Press), inauguration of the Development Center for Women Studies and Services, and the revival of the Manila Studies program under the new Sentro ng Araling Manileno were among the year's highlights.[60][61]

From 2001 to 2003, the PLM Board of Regents aggressively expanded the PLM curriculum to include professional studies in tourism, hotel and travel industry management, and physical education and recreational sports,[62] as well as, to support the separation of the Department of Architecture from the College of Engineering & Technology; dissection of the Colleges of Arts and Sciences, and the College of Public and Business Administration into new colleges - College of Mass Communication, College of Science, College of Liberal Arts, College of Accountancy & Economics, and College of Management & Entrepreneurship;[62][63] and, merger of the departments of social work, education and psychology into the College of Human Development.[63][64]

In 2001, Mayor Lito Atienza authorized the opening of three district colleges under the city government's university system.[65][66] At about the same time, the integrated learning center for toddlers commenced through the initiative of the Center for University Extension Services (CUES).[67] A year later, the PLM Open University increased its off-campus and distance learning programs to more qualified individuals throughout the country wishing to pursue higher education. Likewise, it installed a general education curriculum and visiting professors agreement with its sister-schools in Saudi Arabia and Thailand to allow Overseas Filipinos to pursue their college education.[68][69]

Campaign for Student Regency[edit]

In 2001, the Supreme Student Council (SSC), the university's student governing body, led the campaign for the student representation at the PLM Board of Regents, and made the PLM community cognizant of the issue.[70] Senator Francis Pangilinan, on January 15, 2002, filed the Senate Bill No. 1967 or an act amending certain provisions of Republic Act No. 4196. The bill seeks the installation of student representation in the Board of Regents, and Senator Pangilinan perceives it as an imperative step in furthering the role of the youth in nation building.[71]

English Proficiency Program[edit]

In July 2004, Mayor Lito Atienza spearheaded the development and implementation of the English Proficiency Program in all schools being funded by the city government. A committee on the use of English was formed a week after the directive was passed, and it was headed by the then PLM President Benjamin Tayabas. Aside from Tayabas, the other members of the committee were City Administrators Dino Nable, Secretary to the Mayor Emmanuel Sison, Chief of Staff Pia Sacro, Division of City Schools-Manila Superintendent Ma. Luisa S. Quiñones, City College of Manila President Rodrigo Malunhao and Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology President Maura Bautista. A few weeks later, the English as a Second Language (ESL) Center was established at the PLM[72] before the program's full implementation on September 1.[73] Initially, the city's campaign was derided by some critics and groups,[74][75] but later lauded and even followed by other institutions.[75][76][77] Two years after, the American Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines and the European Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines began taking part in a massive English retooling effort among private and government schools in partnership with the Department of Education.[78]

Continuing development[edit]

PLM Pride Hall, the silo of all recorded feats and achievements of the Pamantasan community[79]

PLM continued thorough refurbishing of its existing facilities[80] like the repair of the school gymnasium, the creation of a faculty lounge, a health and wellness center,[30][81]

In 2007, the President Ramon Magsaysay Entrepreneurial Center, and the University Activity Center[82] were built through grants from the Philippine Congress. About two years later, two buildings namely, Gusaling Intramuros (Intramuros Hall) and Bahay Maynila (Executive Building) were added. During the same period, PLM allocated PhP 2-3 million for the establishment of a restaurant near Baluarte de San Diego Gardens, which is now being operated by the College of Tourism, Hotel & Travel Industry Management. Moreover, a proposal of setting up a hotel in a property owned by the city government was considered.[83]

President Ramon Magsaysay Entrepreneurial Center, a venue for creative enterprise.

Through the leadership of Atty. Adel Tamano,[81] the administration aggressively pursued its allocation for book acquisition to beef up the collection of PLM libraries, and alloted PhP 5 million to purchase new books for 2008 alone.[30] Aside from improving the physical environment and setup, Tamano also revolutionized some of the existing policies and instituted reforms at the PLM, such as the implementing of stricter admission and retention policies, providing of tenures of office for deans of each school,[1][83] upgrading of the wage and non-wage benefits of employees,[1][80] and enforcing of zero tolerance on corruption,[80] such as placing measures that would keep bidding and contract-awarding transparent and open to scrutiny.[1]

Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim, PLM President Adel Tamano, US Ambassador Kristie Kenney, and some members of the University administrative team.

Towards the end of Tamano's presidency, the administration created an integrated communications network within the campus. Aside from restoring the PLM website and intensifying the university-wide Wi-Fi access, the University partnered with Smart Communications for the PLM School SIM and InfoBoard, which is a multi-module information medium and mobile gateway for the PLM community,[84] as well as for the wireless engineering laboratory and operation GSM base station within the campus.[85][86] It also collaborated with Microsoft for the activation of the official PLM Live@edu email address and online learning tools for its stakeholders.[87][88][89]

Expansion plans[edit]

The PLM Administration conveyed its plan of building a city university system that would embrace all districts of Manila, as well as to transform the main campus at Intramuros as a center for graduate studies and research, and include a science and technology institute and a polytechnic school in extension campuses.[90][91] Likewise, they also expressed hope that the city government shall regain jurisdiction over Intramuros from the national government for it is proved to be vital for the proposed expansion plans for the PLM.[91]

Campus[edit]

The PLM campus in Intramuros.

The PLM campus is situated along General Luna and Muralla Streets in Manila's historical Intramuros district. This three-hectare campus[1] is centered around an open field, where the PLM Grandstand can be found.[92]

Except for the Gusaling Arsenio Lacson (Arsenio Lacson Hall), all buildings inside the campus possess a 19th-century or Hispanic architectural design.[93] Moldings, window and door material, grillwork and paneling depict the details of the Bahay na Bato.[93] The different buildings are either separate or interconnected with one another.[93]

The University's academic and recreational facilities include an amphitheater, audiovisual rooms, an auditorium, campus-wide Wi-Fi,[94] an entrepreneurial center,[8] a fitness center, free Internet stations,[94] a gymnasium, an integrated learning center for toddlers, library units, a physical therapy clinic, a university health service unit, a pride hall, a printing press, research and specialized centers, and science, communications, and engineering laboratories.[95]

Student life[edit]

Inside a lecture room of the university

Students of the PLM have access to a variety of activities while not attending class. The University offers intramural sports, cultural shows and over 50 student and employee organizations.[96] Fraternities and sororities play a role in the university's social life.[citation needed] LifeBox-PLM, PLM-Student Catholic Action, Youth for Christ and Bible Readers' Society are some of the well-known religious groups.[citation needed] There are also engineering projects teams, including the Microcontrollers and Robotics Society, which have earned a number of recognition in national-level competitions, and debate teams, such as the Speech and Debate Society and the Economics Society. The university also showcases many community service organizations and charitable projects, including the PLM Samaritans, the Brotherhood of Medical Scholars, Legal Aid and Youth Advocacy (LAYA),[97] among others.[citation needed]

The University sponsors and implements a comprehensive student services program coordinated by the Office of Student Development and Services (OSDS).[98] The President's Committee on Arts and Culture (PCAC) is responsible for building up the artistry and craft of the PLM students[99] through its different cultural organizations, such as the Hiyas ng Maynilad Dance Troupe, PLM Rondalla, PLM Chorale, and the Mabuhay Marching Band.[100] Marulaya is the pioneer theater arts group of PLM created in 1998.[101]

The PLM Activity Center is a venue for many events. Homecoming coincides with various festivities to draw past students back to campus.[102] The University hosts notable speakers each year, largely because of the success of the President Ramon Magsaysay School of Public Governance Lecture Series, the Dean's Lecture Series, and the Ramon Magsaysay Awardees' Lecture Series. These are frequently Ramon Magsaysay Awardees who visit PLM while in the capital, as well as scholars, politicians, authors, and religious leaders.[103][104][105][106] Different organizations, clubs, and research units host numerous symposia and fora on various issues and topics.[107][108][109]

Concerts and variety shows are commonly held at the PLM Grandstand and Open Field as well as in the Justo Albert Auditorium. In the middle of 2008, the university grounds became a music hall and camp for the participants to the Opusfest, the international piano and chamber music festival. Master classes with interactive performances conducted by international concert artists were open to the PLM community.[110] Before the end of 2009, PLM was one of the two Philippine educational institutions that participated in the 36th Ship for Southeast Asian Youth Program (SSYEAP), a Japanese government-funded cultural exchange program that promotes friendship and mutual understanding among young people from Southeast Asian nations and Japan.[111]

The student government at PLM is the Supreme Student Council (SSC), governed by a student elected as president. Aside from the SSC, which acts as the central student government body within the PLM, there are college-based student councils as well. Traditionally, there are only 2 university-wide student political parties, namely Bukluran Party and Partidong Tugon[dead link], that annually participate in the student council elections. Tracing its roots from the former Sandigan Party, Bukluran was founded in 1995, while Tugon started in 1991 and AYOS! emerged in 2002.[96] A longstanding goal of some members of the student government and political parties is to create a student designated seat on the Board of Regents, the university's governing body.[70][112][113][114]

Rajah Sulayman Gymnasium, the home of the PLM's athletic teams.

In 1979, seven years after its predecessor HASIK[115] was padlocked following the declaration of Martial Law, Ang Pamantasan, the PLM's official university-wide student publication, was born. Through the years, the publication has faced censorship but it has stood up for campus press freedom and continued to serve as watchdog of the PLM community.[116] There are also several administrative, university-wide, and college-based publications and academic journals being circulated at PLM.[citation needed]

The PLM community regularly organizes inter-university invitational games and dual meets in major sporting events, participates in the Manila Youth Games and Manila Marathon, conducts its very own Student Intramural Games, and participates in the Alculympics, a sports organization composed of 18 local colleges and universities nationwide.[117][118][119]

Insignia and other representations[edit]

Motto and song[edit]

PLM's motto is "Karunungan, Kaunlaran, Kadakilaan". The Filipino motto is literally translated as "Knowledge, Progress, Greatness", which are the University's guiding principles.[120] The official song is entitled "Pamantasang Mahal",[2] translated as "Beloved University."[121]

Seal[edit]

The Seal of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila.

The University Seal was designed by Arch. Carlos da Silva. By way of Board Resolution No. 39, the Board of Regents official accepted the seal on its 16th official meeting on June 17, 1967 at the Mayor's Office at the Manila City Hall, describing it as:

A circular shield framed with fourteen triangles, depicting a sunbeam, with embossed inscription: "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila 1965" all in gold. The field within is divided quarterly. The upper dexter field is in red, the lower sinister field in light blue, and the upper sinister field and lower dexter field in white. On the upper dexter side, the sunburst in white and gold rays are placed on a red field. The upper sinister side has a flaming torch on the tip of a bamboo handle superimposed over the symbol of the atomic orbits with electrons in red, placed on a white field. On the lower center point is a book superimposed with a bamboo scroll with ancient Tagala script balanced by a branch of the Nilad shrub in light green, all placed between the lower white and light blue fields. From the lower dexter side to the lower sinister side are inscribed in gold: "Karunungan, Kaunlaran, Kadakilaan." The circular shield is divided into four quadrants, representing the then-four congressional districts of Manila, while the fourteen triangles or radiating spires stand for the administrative districts (also known as the geographical districts) of Tondo, Binondo, Quiapo, San Nicolas, Santa Cruz, Sampaloc, San Miguel, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, and Santa Ana.[120]

Colors[edit]

The University colors are golden-yellow, flaming-red, and light-blue. The golden-yellow signifies nobility, wealth and power; white signifies light, truth and faith; light-blue signifies brotherly love and peace red signifies patriotism, bravery and sacrifice; and green signifies hope.[120]

Alumni[edit]

PLM has approximately 50,000 alumni since its formal opening in 1967.[citation needed] Alumni hold a variety of positions and jobs throughout the world. PLM graduates are nicknamed as PLMayers.[122]

Some notable PLMayers have served the Philippine government both at the national and local levels, such as Senator Ping Lacson,[123][124] Bohol Congressman Edgar Chatto,[125] Manila Congressman Nestor Ponce, Jr.,[126] Samar Congressman Antonio Eduardo Nachura,[127] Sorsogon Congressman Jose Solis,[128] Caloocan City Mayor Rey Malonzo, Manila City Vice-Mayor Isko Moreno,[129] Department of Environment and Natural Resources and former Manila City Mayor Lito Atienza, among others.[citation needed]

In literature and journalism, PLM has produced two recipients of Carlos Palanca Awards, such as Manuel Buising[130][131] and Marlon Miguel,[132] as well as a winner of journalism award, Jason Gutierrez (Asia Human Rights Press Awards by the Amnesty International).[133] Other authors and media personalities include award-winning screenwriters and directors like Adolfo Alix, Jr., Roy Iglesias, Florida M. Bautista, Real Florido, and StarStruck creator Rommel Gacho; novelist Emeniano Acain Somoza, Jr.; health communications specialist Dr. Fernado B. Perfas; journalists and columnists Atty. Berteni Causing, Willie Jose, June Nardo and Giovanni Paolo Yazon, TV reporter Julius Segovia, and TV host Mon Isberto.[citation needed]

In entertainment and television, PLM is represented by multi-awarded comedian Michael V., pop singer Aicelle Santos,[134] theater actor Cezarah Campos, praise music artist Anthony Cailao, action star Rey Malonzo, and drama actors Isko Moreno and Robert Ortega. In the world of beauty pageant and modelling, PLM has April Tanhueco, April Love Jordan,[122] and Maria Sovietskaya Bacud.[122]

PLM alumni serving as CEO or holding key positions in companies include Wilma Galvante (Senior Vice-President for Entertainment at GMA-7), Jerry Isla (Chairman and Senior Partner, Isla Lipana & Co.), Fe Tibayan-Palileo (Commissioner, Social Security System; Governor and Treasurer, Employers Confederation of the Philippines), Alvin M. Pinpin (Partner, Sycip, Gorres, Velayo & Co.), Rolando G. Peña (President and CEO of Smart Broadband; Head of Network Services Division, Smart Communications), Edith A. del Rosario (Assistant General Manager for Operations, RPN-9), Roberto del Rosario, (Vice President for Operations, IBC-13), Roberto Juanchito T. Dispo (Senior Vice President of First Metro Investment Corporation, a wholly owned Investment Bank subsidiary of Metrobank),[135] Dr. Ricardo F. de Leon, Executive Vice President of Centro Escolar University and former President of the Mindanao State University,[136] Director Nicanor A. Bartolome, Deputy Director-General of the Philippine National Police,[137] and others.[citation needed]

PLMayers in academia and research include business management guru Dr. Conrado E. Iñigo, Jr.,[138] nurse-educator and best-selling author Dr. Carlito Balita,[139] Division of City Schools-Manila Superintendent Dr. María Luisa Quiñones,[140] immunology expert and first Filipino cosmonautdoctor Dr. Senen A. Reyes,[141][142] and others.[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit]

The PLM has served as the alma mater for a number of fictional characters of internationally acclaimed films, including Alessandra de Rossi's fictional persona in Mga Munting Tinig, and Nora Aunor's role as Claudia in Care Home: The Movie. In 2007, the now-defunct teen-oriented show Click put on a reality show dubbed as CLICK Barkada Hunt, which involved the different love teams who had to undergo various challenges. In one of the challenges, they posed as professors of the PLM.[143]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On hallowed ground.
  2. ^ a b c City of Manila Official Website. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i A center of excellence and model for others—like Rizal. The Manila Times Internet Edition. June 20, 2009.
  4. ^ First! best! most!. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Undergraduate Colleges". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Retrieved 2009-12-12
  6. ^ a b "Graduate Schools". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Retrieved 2010-01-25
  7. ^ a b "Professional Schools". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Retrieved on 2010-01-25
  8. ^ a b Lontayao, Rommel C. Free business training offered to PLM students. Ang Pamantasan. January 13, 2010.
  9. ^ PLM - Frequently Asked Questions. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e Republic Act No. 4196. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  11. ^ PLM - Board of Regents. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  12. ^ a b PLM - Administration. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  13. ^ "Distance Learning". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  14. ^ PLM - Curricula. Accessed January 25, 2010.
  15. ^ Philippine School News - Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. September 09, 2008.
  16. ^ Philippine school rank in terms of student population. Accessed January 26, 2010.
  17. ^ Admission Test. Accessed January 26, 2010.
  18. ^ Student Services. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 31, 2010.
  19. ^ Scholarships. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 31, 2010.
  20. ^ Atienza says health services remain priority of City Hall. The Manila Times. April 15, 2007.
  21. ^ Adel Tamano's Bright Star. Accessed January 26, 2010.
  22. ^ Barrios, Dr. Romeo M. and Nuñez, Dr. Domingo B. "Improving College Teaching via Modules". Pamantasan StarPost, Vol. III, No. 2. September 2002.
  23. ^ Soaring high and leaving footprints in pursuit of a legend in quality higher education. Manila Bulletin Online. June 18, 2004.
  24. ^ Bagong Doktor Para sa Bayan. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  25. ^ Darang, Josephine.20 new doctors work in the barrios. Philippine Daily Inquirer. June 20, 2010.
  26. ^ Lim scraps PLM 'payback' scheme. Manila Bulletin Online. February 06, 2009.
  27. ^ PLM grads must train in city hospitals - Lim. Manila Bulletin Online. July 23, 2009.
  28. ^ One fine day for the ERDA Children. Manila Bulletin Online. March 08, 2010.
  29. ^ Extension services.
  30. ^ a b c Developmental thrusts. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  31. ^ Esplanada, Jerry E. PLM reaches out to neighbors. The Philippine Daily Inquirer. March 04, 2009.
  32. ^ Tugon-RESCUE. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  33. ^ Taringting, Ceferina "DOH Awards PLM as a Constant Blood Donor". Pamantasan StarPost, Vol. III, No. 2. September 2002.
  34. ^ Brotherhood of Medical Scholars. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  35. ^ Policy Development Worksheet - Dugong Alay, Dugtong Buhay. Accessed July 23, 2010.
  36. ^ Voluntary Blood Donation Program. Accessed July 23, 2010.
  37. ^ Pontilar, Erlinda.Intramuros Consortium holds research confab. Colegio de San Juan de Letran. December 2006.
  38. ^ R&D Consortium In Metro Manila Established. December 2006.
  39. ^ CHED Zonal Research Center. De La Salle University. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  40. ^ a b Vanzi, Sol Jose. "Xavier University Cagayan beats UP in State Tests Average". Philippine Headline News Online.March 29, 2000.
  41. ^ a b "UP is no. 1 based on PRC exams". UP Newsletter, vol. XXVIII, no. 9. September 1, 2007.
  42. ^ Eskwelahan: Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. "Philippine Schools Directory Online". September 9, 2008.
  43. ^ Youth and Campus: Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed October 04, 2008.[dead link]
  44. ^ CHED to rank colleges and universities in RP.
  45. ^ Cruz, Roman, Jr. A. "The Ateneo Story." Aegis. 1959.
  46. ^ The First 100 Years of the Ateneo de Manila
  47. ^ a b c d e f g "Geographical History". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed March 06, 2009.
  48. ^ The Ateneo Aegis (Official Yearbook)
  49. ^ Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. The Intramuros website. Accessed February 19, 2009.
  50. ^ Atencio, Peter. "A Game of Pride. Manila Standard Today. June 23, 2007.
  51. ^ a b "Manila High School History". Manila High School Alumni Portal. Accessed February 19, 2009.
  52. ^ a b c Goco, Raul Ilustre. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila: 42 years of existence. The Philippine Star. July 14, 2007.
  53. ^ Investing In Education- the gateway to National Development. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  54. ^ a b c d Brief History. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  55. ^ PLM Graduate Schools. Accessed July 23, 2010.
  56. ^ Milestone of Events. Accessed July 23, 2010.
  57. ^ Mayor Newsom Signs Memorandum of Understanding With The Pamantasan Ng Lungsod Ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila). Office of Mayor, City and County of San Francisco. November 28, 2006.
  58. ^ Ameri, Gori. "New programs strengthen special RP-US bonds. Manila Times. July 09, 2008.
  59. ^ a b Lontayao, Rommel C."City university gets significant changes". Manila Times. March 01, 2008.
  60. ^ Milestones. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  61. ^ PLM 35th year observed. June 20, 2000.
  62. ^ a b Militante, Reynaldo Gregorio III T. and Ocsan, Catherine G. New colleges and deans introduced. Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXII, No. 02. July 10, 2001.
  63. ^ a b Macapagal, Ryan T. and Mariano, Ma. Ronela Z. Five colleges formed. Ang Pamantasan, XXIV, No. 02. August–September 2003.
  64. ^ Bernardo, Marie Kristine O., et al. College of Human Dev’t, founded. Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXIII, No. 04. November 19, 2002.
  65. ^ Manila opening 3 new district colleges. The Manila Bulletin Online. April 23, 2001.
  66. ^ Soriano, Joralyn P. PLM District Colleges opened. Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXII, No. 01. June 07, 2001.
  67. ^ Redo, Rizza Jane V. and Beraquit, Marvel B. Little Isko, housed. Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXII, No. 04.
  68. ^ Texting and Open Universities. Owl Institute Open Educational Resources. Accessed February 19, 2009.
  69. ^ "Texting and Open Universities". ABS-CBN Interactive. 2004-02-24. Archived from the original on 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  70. ^ a b Bernardo, Marie Kristine O. "SSC calls for Student Regency". "Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXII, No. 03". August 15, 2001.
  71. ^ Villarosa, Maria Cecilia D. "Pangilinan authors PLM Charter amendments." Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XII, No. 08. March 21, 2002.
  72. ^ Viaje, Reden S. (2005-03-14). "Manila schools told: Step up English proficiency programs". Manila Bulletin . Archived from the original on 2005-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "At the PLM, where the Manila English policy was first implemented last year, the training of the first batch of faculty and staff members was completed through the school's English as a Second Language (ESL) Center. These trainees now serve as facilitators in the ESL training for other teachers and students. "The ESL training is a great help to us, including those who are not English teachers but teach courses using the English language", PLM ESL Director Cherry Lynn Laguidao said. The ESL also conducted an image enhancement training for this year's graduating students on job interviews, resume writing, and test-taking linking to the school's annual jobs fair." 
  73. ^ De Vera, Ellalyn B. and Lim, Ronald S. (2004-09-21). "The birthing pains of PLM's English Only Policy". The Manila Bulletin Online. Archived from the original on 2004-09-21. Retrieved 2008-08-11. 
  74. ^ "Stupid and Ironic". Piercing Pens blogsite. 2004. Archived from the original on 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "We wonder if those pushing for the use of English in schools ever thought about how they complicate the process of learning by insisting on using a language that is foreign to both the students and the teachers." 
  75. ^ a b Atencio, Joel C. Order on English as medium of instructions rapped, backed The Manila Bulletin Online. February 09, 2003.
  76. ^ "Manila schools told: Step up English proficiency programs". Manila Bulletin. 2005-03-14. Archived from the original on 2005-03-14. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "Atienza said that many schools throughout the country have already undertaken similar English programs for their students and teachers. "I do not see any reason we cannot do more since they just copied from us."" 
  77. ^ Conde, Carlos (2006-11-24). "Erosion of English Skills Threatens Growth in the Philippines". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2006-11-24. Retrieved 2008-08-11. "The Philippine Congress responded to those concerns last month by passing a law restoring English as the primary instruction language from high school onward. Local dialects can be used up to third grade, and from third grade to sixth grade English will be taught separately under the new law.The country's Commission on Higher Education said it would put English-proficiency centers in hundreds of schools to teach these teachers." 
  78. ^ Filipino's English. The Business Mirror, Vol. 1, No. 144 April 20, 2006.
  79. ^ "Pride Hall". The Pamantasan. Accessed March 07, 2009.
  80. ^ a b c Lontayao, Rommel C. "PLM 'big brother' reaches out to poor students". Manila Times. June 26, 2008.
  81. ^ a b Tamano, Adel A.The real meaning of leadership. Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 26, 2009.
  82. ^ Higher and Technical Education SubComittee on LGU-Operated Tertiary/Post Secondary Educational Institutions. House of Representatives of the Philippines. Accessed February 08, 2009.
  83. ^ a b Lontayao, Rommel C. Pamantasan wants to be top tourism school. "The Manila Times Internet Edition". January 28, 2008.
  84. ^ PLM community gets smarter with Smart Infoboard, SIM. The Philippine Star. November 12, 2009.
  85. ^ SMART opens wireless lab at Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila December 16, 2009.
  86. ^ Rosini, Florence M. SMART inaugurates lab for wireless eng’g program. Ang Pamantasan. January 13, 2010.
  87. ^ Technology Enhancememt Program. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  88. ^ Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Experience Live Edu Philippines. Accessed January 27, 2010.
  89. ^ Luna, Patricia Ann I. Infotech center, Microsoft launch Windows Live program in PLM. January 13, 2010.
  90. ^ Pascual, Federico, Jr. D. "Tayabas at PLM". The Philippine Star. June 06, 2006.
  91. ^ a b "PLM supports Lim's agenda". Manila Times. July 12, 2007.
  92. ^ University Map. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  93. ^ a b c Infrastructures. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  94. ^ a b Mayuga, Jonathan. "Tamano vows ‘heights of excellence’ for PLM". Business Mirror, Vol. III, No. 86. February 01, 2008.
  95. ^ University Makeover. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 29, 2010.
  96. ^ a b The Student Council. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  97. ^ Child Rights Information Network. Accessed March 24, 2009.
  98. ^ Office of Student Development and Services. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  99. ^ Barraca, Jenny O.PCAC underscores role of local gov’t in training youth in arts, culture. Ang Pamantasan. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  100. ^ Arts and culture. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  101. ^ Bidasari will be staged at PLM by January 2009. Philippine Entertainment Portal. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  102. ^ "PLM alumni outreach, reunion set". Manila Bulletin. February 02, 2004.
  103. ^ Linkages and NetworksPamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  104. ^ Mayor Newsom Signs Memorandum of Understanding With The Pamantasan Ng Lungsod Ng Maynila (University of the City of Manilla). City and County of San Francisco. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  105. ^ Vanzi, Jose Sol.Hawaii Filipinos. Newsflash. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  106. ^ Confronting the national crisis. Manila Bulletin Online. March 13, 2004.
  107. ^ Chinte, Mary Eileen F. and Barnachia, Raphael Jairo O. Bukluran, CHR host forum on human rights. Ang Pamantasan. January 13, 2010.
  108. ^ DZMM to launch Halalan 2010: Ang Bayan Naman. ABS-CBN News Online. Accessed February 02, 2010.
  109. ^ Malabad, Angelica M. and Ozaeta, Erika U. Students hold interfaith fellowship for Maguindanao victims. Ang Pamantasan. January 13, 2010.
  110. ^ Opusfest Concept. Accessed February 16, 2009.
  111. ^ Youth exchange program binds ASEA, Japan. Accessed February 02, 2010.
  112. ^ PLM is a State University. Bukluran. Accessed January 28, 2010.
  113. ^ Ang Pamantasan October 14, 2009 Issue.
  114. ^ Angelica M. Malabad, Angelica M. and Nacisvalencia, Katrina Anne S.Incoming alumni rep to BOR favors student regency. Ang Pamantasan. January 13, 2010.
  115. ^ "The Philippine Press- Its initial stages. Philippine Communication Centrum Foundation. Accessed March 07, 2009.
  116. ^ "Campus press law challenged". The Varsitarian Vol. LXXIX, No. 10. April 30, 2008.
  117. ^ "Local colleges and universities stage "Olympics"". Philippine News Agency. January 15, 2009.
  118. ^ Yap, DJ.New college sports league formed. Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 16, 2009.
  119. ^ Galvez, James Konstantin. "Local schools set Olympic meet". Manila Times. January 15, 2009.
  120. ^ a b c "Seal and colors". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed March 06, 2009.
  121. ^ "PLM Hymn". Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Accessed March 06, 2009.
  122. ^ a b c Yazon, Giovanni Paolo J. "Pretty prides of PLM". Manila Standard Today. December 16, 2006.
  123. ^ Ping Lacson Biography. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  124. ^ About Ping Lacson. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  125. ^ 13th House of Congress of the Philippines Database. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  126. ^ Liberal Party of the Philippines Profiles. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  127. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  128. ^ Congress of the Philippines. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  129. ^ Ancheta, Michael. Actor-turned vice mayor Isko Moreno pursues his true calling. The Philippine Entertainment Portal. July 15, 2007.
  130. ^ "Palanca Foundation announces 2005 winners". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. September 15, 2005.
  131. ^ "Carlos Palanca awardees named". Sun.star Iloilo. September 27, 2005.
  132. ^ Dimaculangan, Jocelyn. "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila directors collaborate for "Eks (X)"." The Philippine Entertainment Portal. September 21, 2007.
  133. ^ Estevez, Patricia. "Pinoy journalist gets award for human rights story". Philippine Headline News Online. March 28, 2007.
  134. ^ "Pinoy Pop’s latest finalist". Manila Standard Today. November 14, 2005.
  135. ^ "etc. Dispo elected MART president. Manila Bulletin. February 05, 2002.
  136. ^ Farolan, Ramon J. The passerby who made a difference. The Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  137. ^ Bartolome gets third star.
  138. ^ Manila Business College faculty profiles. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  139. ^ "Carl Balita: The nurse behind Nars". Yehey. Accessed March 23, 2009.
  140. ^ "Lim, Kenney honor Thomasite educators". Yehey. August 25, 2008.
  141. ^ Brotherhood of Medical Scholars. Accessed February 02, 2010.
  142. ^ Natural Health Farm. Accessed February 02, 2010.
  143. ^ "Jennylyn Mercado and Mark Herras in HK!". The Philippine Entertainment Portal. September 12, 2007.