University of the Cumberlands
|University of the Cumberlands|
|Motto in English||A Life More Abundant|
|Religious affiliation||Kentucky Baptist Convention|
|President||Dr. James H. Taylor|
|Location||Williamsburg, Kentucky, USA|
|Colors||Red, Blue, and White|
|Mascot||Patriots (Indians until 2001)|
- For other institutions called "Cumberland College," see Cumberland College (disambiguation).
University of the Cumberlands is a private, liberal arts college located in Williamsburg, Kentucky, with an enrollment of approximately 3,200 students. The school, known as Cumberland College until January 7, 2005, is affiliated with the Kentucky Baptist Convention, the Kentucky affiliate of the Southern Baptist Convention.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Campus programs
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Student life
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Notable alumni
- 9 References
- 10 External links
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University of the Cumberlands, first called Williamsburg Institute, was founded on January 7, 1889. At the 1887 annual meeting of the Mount Zion Association, representatives from 18 eastern Kentucky Baptist churches discussed plans to provide higher education in the Kentucky mountains. The college was incorporated by the Kentucky state legislature on April 6, 1888. In 1907 the school bought the three buildings of Highland College, and in 1913, Williamsburg Institute's name was changed to Cumberland College. The name reflected the institution’s location along the Cumberland River and its proximity to Cumberland Falls and the Cumberland Gap. From its inception, the institution has been affiliated with the Baptist Church, and its mission has been to educate and prepare leaders for service to the greater community.
Although founded as a senior college, in 1918 Cumberland College officially became a junior college. The College received its first accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) in 1931. In 1956 the Board of Trustees began bringing the College back to senior college status. The junior year was added in 1959-60 and the senior year in 1960-61. SACS granted initial accreditation to the institution as a senior college in December 1964. Since then, SACS has reaffirmed the College’s accreditation in 1974, 1985, 1995, and 2006. It is next scheduled for reaffirmation in 2016.
Cumberland College received authority to award its first graduate degree, the Master of Arts in Education (MAED) on April 6, 1988. Graduate education has since become an integral part of the institution. In 2005, the institution received authorization from SACS to offer the Master of Arts in Teaching degree (MAT). This action was followed in 2006 with permission from the SACS Commission on Colleges to offer both the MAED and MAT degrees fully online. More recently in 2008, the Commission also authorized the granting of the MBA degree, the Ed.S. degree, as well as the institution’s first doctoral degree, an Ed.D. in Educational Leadership. Master’s programs in Professional Counseling and in Physician Assistant Studies were approved by SACS in 2009, and the Master of Arts in Christian Studies in 2010.
On July 1, 2005, after action by the Board of Trustees, Cumberland College became the University of the Cumberlands. The University is authorized by the Commonwealth of Kentucky to operate as a nonprofit corporation with perpetual duration and is licensed by the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education (CPE) to grant the degrees currently offered through July 2017. The institution is also recognized by the Commission on Colleges of SACS as a Level V institution and thus accredited to offer up to three doctoral programs. Currently it offers three doctoral degrees: Ed.D. in Educational Leadership, Ed.D. in Counselor Education, and Ph.D. in Psychology. Originally as Williamsburg Institution, then as Cumberland College, and now as University of the Cumberlands, the institution continues to provide quality education in a Christian environment, producing graduates who will serve and become leaders in their communities.
Nine presidents have led the college including William James Johnson; E. E. Wood; John Newton Prestridge; Gorman Jones, acting president; A. R. Evans, acting president; Charles William Elsey; James Lloyd Creech; J. M. Boswell; and James H. Taylor.
On October 3, 2014, Taylor announced that Vice President for Academic Affairs Dr. Larry L. Cockrum would take over day to day operations of the university after the board of trustees meeting on October 15, 2014. Taylor also announced his retirement as president effective October 15, 2015 with the recommendation that Cockrum be named university president effective October 16, 2015. On that date, Taylor will assume the honorary title of university chancellor. The board of trustees officially approved the succession plan on October 15, 2014 giving Cockrum a seven year contract and the title of Chief Executive Officer & President-Elect.
Notable alumni include two governors, five military generals, and five college and university presidents.
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University of the Cumberlands's campus is in the southeastern part of Kentucky, just off Interstate 75, 190 miles (310 km) south of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 70 miles (110 km) north of Knoxville, Tennessee. The campus spans approximately 70 acres (280,000 m2) and includes 32 buildings and 2 sports field complexes. It is nestled in the Kentucky mountains on four hills in the city of Williamsburg, near the Cumberland River, Cumberlands Falls, and Cumberland Gap. The town of Williamsburg and surrounding area comprises the northern border of the Appalachian area and the University has traditionally focused its service to those students in that geographic area.
The campus is spacious and pastoral, and its buildings a blend of Antebellum, Edwardian, and historic Williamsburg Architecture. While some buildings date back to its founding, many buildings have been recently renovated, and the number of new facilities built in the past decade reflect the vibrancy of the institution. These new additions include several residence halls and academic buildings like the Grace Crum Rollins Fine Arts Center, the Hutton School of Business, and the Correll Science Complex. The external architecture of these new buildings shows a respect for heritage and culture, but their interiors reflect the University’s commitment to providing up-to-date resources to facilitate the education of leaders and citizens of tomorrow. With both its older and its newer buildings, the campus has the technological infrastructure necessary for authentic higher education today, but it also has the faculty infrastructure that is equally necessary to serve a diverse student body with wide-ranging ambitions and aspirations.
- Roburn Hall: The first building on the campus, Roburn Hall has been used as a classroom building and a women's and men's residence hall. It is now a women's residence hall.
- Gillespie Hall: Originally called Johnson Hall, the women's residence was the second building built by Williamsburg Institute.
- Mahan Hall: Built in 1907 as Felix Hall, Mahan was the first men's residence.
- Clyde V. and Patricia Bennett Building: Formerly known as the Gray Brick Building, the Bennett Building was built in 1906 by Highland College. Highland and Cumberland merged in 1907.
- Ruby Gatliff Archer President's Home: Built in 1905 as a replica of the "Kentucky Home" at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis. It is the residence of the president of the university, Dr. James H. Taylor.
- Edward L. Hutton School of Business: Built in 2004 as a replica of Independence Hall.
- Cumberland Inn and Conference Center: Hotel and conference center run by the school. Primarily employs UC students.
- Patriot Steakhouse, formerly the Athenaeum Restaurant: Highly rated restaurant inside the Cumberland Inn. Reviewed in Eating Your Way Across Kentucky: 101 Must Places To Eat (2006).
- The Cumberland Inn Museum is operated by the school, located in the Cumberland Inn. It includes the Henkelmann Life Science Collection, the Carl Williams Cross Museum (one of the world's largest collections of crosses) and the University of the Cumberlands Archives.
- Ward and Regina Correll Science Complex: In May 2007, $1 million expansion of the Science Complex was started. The new addition is a replica of Thomas Jefferson's Monticello mansion. Classes began in the Correll Science Complex in January 2009.
- Lenora Fuson Harth Hall: New women's residence in the former location of Boswell Park, adjacent to Gillespie Hall. Construction began in August 2007. The hall opened in spring 2009.
Plans are also underway for an addition to the Boswell Campus Center and remodeling the current structure. These plans include a student recreation center complete with a rock wall, along with adding a thatched roof in order to blend in with the other buildings on campus. Phase 1 began in May, 2010.
The university is divided into four colleges: Cumberland College (the university's undergraduate school), the Hutton School of Business/Management, the Hutton Center for Leadership Studies, and the Graduate/Professional Education program.
University of the Cumberlands is accredited by the Commission of Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award baccalaureate, master’s, and doctoral degrees.
Cumberlands offers approximately 45 major programs of study, as well as a variety of minor programs. UC recently began offering majors in Journalism and Public Relations, Criminal Justice, and Spanish.
Cumberlands offers 12 academic national honor societies for students in several majors.
The university offers several Masters degrees in Education (MAEd), Psychology (MAPC), Business Administration (MBA), Physician Assistant Studies (MSPA), and Christian Studies (MACS), as well as an Educational Specialist program and Doctoral programs in Education (Ed.D.) and Philosophy (Ph.D.).
The Doctor of Education program in Educational Leadership is designed for those looking to enter the collegiate world as professors and administrators of institutions of higher education. The Doctor of Philosophy program in Leadership is generally seen as ore theory and research intensive than a practioner's degree such as an Ed.D. Student purusing the Ph.D. in Leadership must complete the curriculum established for the Ed.D. in Educational Leadership plus six additional hours in theories/concepts and statistics/research methods. Both tracks are intended to prepare candidates for academic administration and focus on aspects and issues in education leadership.
Recent graduate and professional programs timeline
In August 2008, the university began offering a Doctor of Education (Ed.D.), Education Specialist (Ed.S.) in education leadership and higher education administration, and a Master of Business Administration (MBA) graduate degree.
In January 2009, the university announced that it had been approved by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) to begin a Master of Arts in Professional Counseling. The degree requires 60 credit hours, completed in a cohort, 8 week, bi-term model. Upon completion of the MAPC and passing of the national exam, the student will be qualified to become a licensed professional counselor (LPC). UC has since announced the program has been divided into two tracks, with one as an advanced, accelerated track for those with clinical psychology experience.
Cumberlands began a Masters degree program in School Counseling in the summer of 2009.
In the spring semester of 2010, University of the Cumberlands began their Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies program with their first cohort of physician assistant students.
In March 2010, UC received accreditation for a Master of Arts in Christian Studies, to be offered within the Department of Religion. The program is 30 credit hours and is offered with three areas of concentration in Biblical Studies, Christian Education and Church Planting. The program will be delivered in an online format and was expected to begin in the fall of 2010.
Cumberlands is planning a Doctor of Physical Therapy program to begin in the very near future.
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The Robert L. Palmer Memorial Lecture Series brings a writer of national reputation to the campus annually. The series, established in 1992, has hosted novelists, essayists, and poets including Lee Smith, Jim Wayne Miller, Willie Morris, Scott Sanders, Billy Collins, and Catherine Landis. Additionally, the Thomas S. Staley Distinguished Christian Scholar Lecture Series features religious scholars.
The university has in recent years, through its Forcht Group of Kentucky Center for Excellence in Leadership, brought several notable guests to speak on campus. In the spring of 2006, in a "Moral Leadership" program, Roy Moore, the so-called "Ten Commandments judge" spoke at the school. In March 2007, in a "Patriotic Leadership" program, the university hosted Zell Miller, former governor of Georgia and United States senator. The April 2008 program featured bestselling author Stephen Covey in a "Principle Centered Leadership" program, while the April 2009 program featured Ben Stein in a "21st Century Leadership" program.
On April 6, 2010, University of the Cumberlands was set to have former Bush advisor Karl Rove for the Patriotic Leadership Program. Mike Huckabee was the speaker for the April 2011 program along with singer Lee Greenwood.
The University of the Cumberlands teams are known as the Patriots, after switching from their original mascot the Indians. The university is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the Mid-South Conference. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, soccer, swimming, tennis, track & field and wrestling; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, golf, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track & field, volleyball and wrestling.
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Approximately 65% of its 1,864 undergraduate students come from Kentucky, but members of its Spring 2014 entering class also hailed from more than 37 states and 15 countries. The University’s faculty and curricula are equally broad-based. The growing range of its undergraduate and graduate programs – education, professional counseling, business, physician assistant studies, and Christian studies – also reflects the University’s critical and creative thinking as it prepares students for lives of service and leadership. In all of these endeavors, the university continues its pursuit of excellence and vita abundantior.
The university also has a low-power radio station, WCCR-LP, a campus newspaper, The Patriot, and a local cable television station, UCTV channel 19.
In addition to the physical activities, the university has a forensics (debate) team and an academic team. The debate team is nationally known having won the Christian National Debate competition (Novice Division).
For students interested in music, the university has several vocal and instrumental ensembles.
UC offers a degree in theatre and communication arts. The university has typically two productions a year, one play (commonly in the spring, though reversed for the 2008 semesters) and one musical (currently in the spring, previously in the fall). The Kohn Theatre is not restricted to the theatre department and is used by other theatrical groups in the area and by the school. UC has two professors of theatre: technical director Carl Walling (as of fall 2010) and stage director Dr. Kim Miller (as of fall 2008).
The university has other extracurricular student activities, including Campus Activity Board (CAB), chapters of College Republicans and College Democrats, Fellowship of Christian Athletes (FCA), Residence Hall Councils, Student Government Association, Baptist Campus Ministries, and many other clubs and organizations.
UC has 12 chapters of national honor societies in fields such as Biology (Beta Beta Beta), First Year Students (Alpha Lambda Delta) Theology and Religion (Theta Alpha Kappa), Business (Sigma Beta Delta and Phi Beta Lambda), and other academic fields.
University of the Cumberlands provides opportunities for campus ministry through Baptist Campus Ministries (BCM), Appalachian Ministries, Mountain Outreach, and Campus Family and Life groups.
The university commits itself to and recognizes the value of community service through its Hutton Center for Leadership Studies. 100% of undergraduate students participate in community service before they graduate, developing a 40-hour community service project through their "Lead 101" class. UC provides recognition for those students willing to go the extra mile in service. Those who accumulate 200 or more hours of community service during their time at UC are designated "Hutton Scholars" and presented with certificates. Such students are recognized at their commencement ceremonies and are provided the privilege of requesting a "leadership transcript" from the university when applying for career positions and graduate schools. Many campus organizations provide opportunities for community service, including Student Government Association, the Academic Resource Center (ARC), Campus Activity Board, The Patriot Campus newspaper, and Resident Assistant positions.
Since the college is in Williamsburg, it is 18 miles (29 km) away Cumberland Falls State Resort Park in the Daniel Boone National Forest. The park is the home of Cumberland Falls, sometimes called the Little Niagara, the Niagara of the South or the Great Falls and is the only venue in the Western Hemisphere where a moonbow or lunar rainbow is regularly visible on a clear night with a full moon. Because of how close the falls are, many students go there to hike in the surrounding area and to see the moonbow.
Jason Johnson of Lexington, Kentucky was forced to withdraw from the university on April 8, 2006, after he revealed that he is gay on the social networking site MySpace.com. The sophomore theatre arts major was told by officials that they don't approve of his "gay lifestyle" and, although he was a dean's list student, his grades were all downgraded to "F". University president, Dr. James H. Taylor said in a written statement, "At University of the Cumberlands, we hold students to a higher standard than does society in general...University of the Cumberlands isn't for everyone. We tell prospective students about our high standards before they come." The student handbook, as revised in 2005, states that students can be removed from campus for participating in pre-marital sex or promoting homosexuality — a policy which Johnson's attorney alleges was added after Johnson decided to go to school at UC.
The legality of such a policy is doubtful as the university receives funds from the Kentucky state government. According to the Supreme Court ruling in Bob Jones University v. United States, any university receiving public monies may not discriminate, so any court challenge will likely center on this. In Judge Crittenden's decision denying public funding to UC's pharmacy school, he declined to decide this question, stating that the proposed spending violated portions of the Kentucky Constitution that guarantee religious freedom and that public money for education should not be spent on any "church, sectarian or denominational school."
On April 19, 2006, Johnson's attorney and the university reached a settlement allowing Johnson to complete his coursework for the semester and restoring his previous grades. The university agreed to not report to other universities that Johnson was expelled. In addition, Johnson waived his right to sue the university, although he retained his right to file a grievance with the Department of Education or the Southern Association for Colleges and Schools.
On March 28, 2007, the pro-Gay and Lesbian rights group Soulforce brought its 2007 Equality Ride to Cumberlands' campus. According to the group's website, "through dialogue with administrators, faculty and students, the young activists of the 2007 Equality Ride will make clear the harmful effects of the false notion that homosexuality is a 'sickness and a sin.' To make public their case for equality, the young activists on the Equality Ride will hold vigils, Bible studies, class discussions, community forums, and press conferences."
According to the university, an offer was extended to the group to be located in the middle level of the Boswell Campus Center, but Soulforce rejected those terms. However, according to Soulforce, an offer from the university was quickly withdrawn because of a miscommunication and the university later refused to agree to terms in writing.
Two University of the Cumberlands students were arrested on a charge of failure to disperse, along with a member of the Soulforce group, for trespassing and failure to disperse when they stopped on the sidewalk of Main Street, which runs through the campus. According to Williamsburg police chief Denny Shelley, police did not try to harass or discourage the group's members but told them they needed to keep moving so they wouldn't block the sidewalk, which would be a safety issue.
In 2003, the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) found that President Taylor coerced Professor Robert Day into resigning because he had opposed Taylor's proposed staff layoffs on an off-campus website. The AAUP concluded that "The policies of Cumberland College, including the grievance procedure, do not provide for faculty hearings of any kind. College policies and practices preclude any effective faculty role in academic governance and contribute to an atmosphere that stifles the freedom of faculty to question and criticize administrative decisions and actions." The AAUP noted that current and former faculty members "do not feel free to address topics of college concern in any forum" and "described a climate of fear about what faculty members may say and do, a fear based on what they know or have been told has happened to others." Those interviewed "expressed a particular fear that criticizing the administration and its operation of the college could place a faculty member's appointment in jeopardy."
The Kentucky state budget, passed by the 2006 Kentucky legislature, includes $10 million of state debt to construct a pharmacy building on the school's Whitley County campus. Additionally, $1 million for scholarships for the pharmacy program are included. The $10 million building is to be funded out of a $100 million pool of money titled the "infrastructure for economic development fund for coal-producing counties." Money to repay the bond issuance would come from coal severance taxes. The Kentucky Fairness Alliance asked Governor Ernie Fletcher to veto the $11 million that state lawmakers approved for a planned pharmacy school. A gay Kentucky State Senator, Ernesto Scorsone, has indicated that he would oppose spending the funds already allocated for a new pharmacy school for the university based on the Johnson situation, stating "We should not be budgeting bigotry." "If the University of the Cumberlands does not change its policies and practices, we will have a state benefit that is only available to heterosexuals," Scorsone said. An additional complication is that the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, the accrediting agency for all American pharmacy schools, explicitly prohibits discrimination against gays. Its guideline states that approved schools must have a policy on student affairs, including admissions and progression, that assures non-discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender, lifestyle, national origin, or disability. As of July 1, 2007, this will be revised to include the phrase "sexual orientation." If the University of the Cumberlands applies its current policy of active discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation to its pharmacy school, that school can not be accredited. If unaccredited, graduates of the pharmacy school could find their degrees unrecognized by employers, rendering them useless.
On March 6, 2008 Franklin Circuit Court Special Judge, Roger Crittenden, in response to a lawsuit brought by the Kentucky Fairness Alliance, in part over its objection to the university's decision to expel a gay student in 2006, issued an order that rendered the appropriations made for the pharmacy school an unconstitutional establishment of religion under Sections 2 and 189 of the Kentucky Constitution. In addition, the court ruled that a permanent scholarship program created for the pharmacy school by the 2006-07 Kentucky Budget bill was in violation of Section 189 of the Kentucky Constitution. Governor Steve Beshear, who succeeded Fletcher in 2007, has stated that the state does not plan to appeal this decision.
Broadway Baptist Church youth group
The University of the Cumberlands rescinded its invitation to a youth group from Broadway Baptist Church in Fort Worth, Texas, to help build homes for the poor, stating they did so because the church had been removed from the Southern Baptist Convention. This action was condemned by Kentucky Equality Federation because the church pastor stated officials told him it was because of their tolerance of homosexuality.
- Dr. Ergun Caner, former president of Liberty Theological Seminary, part of Liberty University
- Bert T. Combs, former Governor of Kentucky
- Mike Duncan, former chairman of the Republican National Committee
- Edwin P. Morrow, former Governor of Kentucky
- Jean Ritchie, folk musician, singer, and songwriter who plays the Appalachian dulcimer
- Betty L. Siegel, former president of Kennesaw State University and one of the longest-serving female university presidents in American history
- Rick Stansbury, college men's basketball coach at Mississippi State University, was graduate assistant at Cumberland from 1983 to 1984
- Cat Zingano, All-American wrestler; professional female mixed martial arts fighter, currently competing in the Women's UFC bantamweight division
- "University of the Cumberlands President Jim Taylor to assume new role as Chancellor".
- "University of the Cumberlands Board of Trustees Names Larry Cockrum CEO and President-Elect".
- "Corrells donate funds for Ward and Regina Correll Science Complex". University of the Cumberlands | Media Relations. University of the Cumberlands. 17 August 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2004.
- "Christian Philanthropist Gives UC Gift to Construct Residence Hall". University of the Cumberlands | Media Relations. University of the Cumberlands. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Majors and Minors". University of the Cumberlands | Majors and Minors. University of the Cumerlands. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
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- "Master of Arts in Education: School Counseling". University of the Cumberlands | Department of Graduate Education. University of the Cumberlands. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "University of the Cumberlands Physician Assistant Program". University of the Cumberlands | Physician Assistant Program. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "University of the Cumberlands - Media Relations". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Gumbrecht, Jamie (11 April 2006). "Reaction grows to gay student's expulsion". Lexington Herald-Leader | 04/11/2006 | Reaction grows to gay student's. Lexington Herald-Leader. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Stamper, John (11 April 2006). "Legislator says school shouldn't get funds". Lexington Herald-Leader | 04/11/2006 | Legislator says school shouldn't get funds. Lexington Herald-Leader. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Ky. lawmakers can't give state money to Baptist college". firstamendmentcenter.org: news. Associated Press. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Dozens rally for student expelled for being gay". Dozens rally for student expelled for being gay. Associated Press. 19 April 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "2007 Equality Ride East Bus Route". 2007 Equality Ride East Bus Route. Soulforce. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
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- "Lexington, KY local and state news by the Lexington Herald-Leader - Kentucky.com". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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- The website was The Committee for Accountability and Reform in Education (CARE) (archived May 20, 2004).
- Academic Freedom and Tenure: University of the Cumberlands, American Association of University Professors, posted on Internet in April 2005; accessed December 26, 2009
- "Gay Rights Group Asks Fletcher To Withhold Funds To Baptist School That Expelled Gay Student". LEX18 - Lexington, KY - News, Weather, Sports - Gay Rights Group Asks Fletcher To Withhold Funds To Baptist School That Expelled Gay Student. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "Kentucky legislator opposes funding school that expelled gay student". Senator refuses to budget gay bigotry. Associated Press. 11 April 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Judge rejects state money for University of the Cumberlands". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- University of the Cumberlands enters agreement for students to attend Midway College School of Pharmacy Midway College School of Pharmacy. Retrieved on 2010-12-25
- Hawpe, David (8 July 2009). "A lesson in love at University of the Cumberlands". Courier Journal.[dead link]
- Sulfridge, Adam (July 9, 2009). "UC officials mum about turning choir away". Times Tribune, Corbin, KY. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- "Cat Zingano UFC Bio". Retrieved 2014.
- University of the Cumberlands official website
- University of the Cumberlands official athletics website