Unsworth

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Coordinates: 53°33′27″N 2°16′48″W / 53.5574°N 2.2801°W / 53.5574; -2.2801

Unsworth
Lane in unsworth.jpg
Castle Lane on the outskirts of Unsworth
Unsworth is located in Greater Manchester
Unsworth
Unsworth
 Unsworth shown within Greater Manchester
Metropolitan borough Bury
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Bury North
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Unsworth is a residential area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, in Greater Manchester, England. It is about 7 miles (11 km) north of the city of Manchester and four miles (6.4 km) south of Bury.

History[edit]

Toponomy[edit]

Unsworth derives from the Old English Hund a personal name and worth an enclosure. It was recorded in 1291 as Hundeswrth and as Undesworth in 1322.[1]

Early History[edit]

After the Norman Conquest in 1066, Unsworth was part of the Pilkington estate before passing into the hands of the Earls of Derby in the 15th century.

In the Hearth tax collected in 1666, Unsworth had 40 heaths with no house having six.[2]

Modern History[edit]

Unsworth and Castle Brooks were sources of water for local industries such as bleach and dye works, there was also clay for brickworks. During the Industrial Revolution farming, cotton mills, print-works and bleach-grounds provided employment for its inhabitants. Cotton mills operating in the late 19th century were Worthington and Company whose Victoria Mills contained 220 looms producing ticking, nankeens, linen and drills and the Unsworth Finishing Company.[3]

The first major change in the 20th century was the construction of the Royal Air Force's logistics base at nearby Pilsworth in World War II, parts of which remained in use in the early 1980s by shipping firms and other industries.

Unsworth was affected by the construction of the M66 motorway. The road between junctions 3 and 4 passes behind Unsworth Pole and through Back o'th Moss Farm. Construction of the motorway, along with urbanization in the mid-1970s reduced the dairy farm's acreage from 300 to 150 acres,resulted in a loss of the dairy production and lower yields of "hay, corn, barley and potatoes"[4]

Governance[edit]

Unsworth[5] was a chapelry the eastern portion of the township of Pilkington in the parish of Prestwich-cum-Oldham in the hundred of Salford and county of Lancashire in northern England.[6][7] When local government was reorganised in 1894, Pilkington ceased to exist as a township and Unsworth gave its name to a new township governed by a parish council made up of Unsworth and Pilsworth with part of Heap.[2]

Historically in Lancashire, the village, with the passage of the Local Government Act 1972, became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury.

Geography[edit]

Hollins Vale.
Hollins Vale, A local nature reserve located in Unsworth.

Unsworth lies on high ground between two brooks running north to Whittle Brook and the River Roch.[2] covering 972 acres of mostly arable land that was boggy until drainage was installed.[6] The Parr Brook joins the River Roch at Blackford Bridge.

The village and surrounding area were urbanised in the 1960s. Transformation began in the 1950s with the construction of housing and the road known as Sunny Bank Road connecting the old village to the A56 arterial road between Bury and Manchester.

Hollins Vale became Bury’s third local nature reserve in 2003. It is owned by Vidor Waste Management and managed for the benefit of wildlife and the community by the Hollins Conservation Group.[8] Hollins Brook, a tributary of the River Roch meanders through the valley. Most of the area consists of woodland, marshland open grassland which is managed by cattle that roam the area.[9] Hollins Vale was granted Site of Biological Importance status in 1981 due to its diverse range of waterside plants and is one of 50 such sites in the Bury area.[10] The reserve is home to many species of wildlife such as linnet, reed bunting, snipe and grey partridge. The birds and small mammals attract predators such as kestrel, sparrowhawk, buzzard, tawny owl, weasel and stoat. Many species of butterfly are part of the ecosystem as is an increasing rabbit population. Since the construction of the M66, the populations of skylark lapwing and hare have disappeared.

Demography[edit]

Population change[edit]

Population change in Unsworth
Year 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931
Population 2,640 2,698 2,707 2,542 2,461
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[11]

Religion[edit]

St George's Church, Unsworth.

Unsworth chapelry included part of the parish of Middleton. St George's Chapel was consecrated in November 1730 on a site provided by the Earl of Derby. The chapel was rebuilt at a cost of £1,500 in 1843.[6] The church is built in brick with a bellcote, and has a graveyard to the north.[12] A screen was installed enclosing the chancel in 1920 and removed in 1988.[13]

In 1846 a chapel was erected by Wesleyan Methodists on Hollins Lane, along with a Sunday school.[14] They have since been demolished and replaced by a new Methodist Church.[15]

Landmarks[edit]

Unsworth Pole War Memorial covered in poppy wreaths after Remembrance Sunday.

After the First World War, a war memorial was erected at Unsworth Pole, it contains the names of 55 who died in the First World War and three who died in World War II.[16]

Unsworth Library.
Unsworth Library.

Unsworth Library is part of the Bury Libraries group.[17] [18] Proposals to close the library in 2010 met with opposition.[19][20] Local musician Guy Garvey was amongst the opposers, claiming to have written some of his best lyrics (for his band Elbow) at the library, finding it to be "a source of inspiration”.[21] The proposal was withdrawn in January 2011.[22]

Education[edit]

Castlebrook High School

The area was the site of Bury's first comprehensive school, built in 1971. Unsworth Comprehensive was renamed Castlebrook High School. The school has been rated as "good" by the education standards office, OFSTED[23] following their inspection in 2010, an improvement from the school's previous "Satisfactory" rating of 2006.[24]

Unsworth has three primary schools, Unsworth Primary School[25] on Parr Lane,[26] Hollins Grundy Primary School, established in 1972 off Hollins Lane,[27] and Bury and Whitefield Jewish Primary School, established in 1984.[28]

Culture[edit]

The home of the ancient Unsworth family was noted for containing an oak table and panel with carvings of Saint George and the Dragon, the Eagle and Child, the Lion and the Unicorn, and the Unsworth Dragon connected with a local legend. Thomas Unsworth supposedly owned the house when a dragon ravaged the area. Bullets from guns had no effect but Thomas Unsworth mortally wounded the dragon by firing his dagger from a musket. The carvings on the panel and table were supposedly made with the dagger.[29] The legend's origin may be related to the estate granted to a member of the family, possibly Thomas, for unknown military service.[30]

The Pole or Unsworth Pole was named after the pitch pole fixed by the Earl of Derby which was greased each year for the village's pot fair which was last held over a century ago. The challenge was to climb the greased pole to claim the prize. The last known successful ascender was Adam Holt in 1900. The current pole is not the original which was blown over in a gale, falling into the Bay Horse Inn.[31]

Public houses include The Lord Clive, named in honour of Clive of India, whose family was reputed to have ties with the area, The Dragon and The Queen Anne. The Bridge Inn at Blackford Bridge was demolished after it was irreparably damaged in a gas explosion in March 1998.[32]

Sport[edit]

Harry Vardon.
Harry Vardon, a famous golfer who originated from Bury Golf Club in Unsworth.

Unsworth Cricket Club was founded in 1883 on Pole Lane and is a member of the Central Lancashire Cricket League.[33]

Bury Golf Club, founded in 1890 as a 9 hole course at Redvales, moved to Unsworth in 1921 where it has an 18 hole course. The clubhouse, known as Unsworth Hall on the 1932 OS map[34] has a room commemorating Harry Vardon who won seven major championships from 1896-1914.[35] Pike Fold Golf Club was founded 1909 and relocated to Back O'th Moss Farm in 1999.[36]

Unsworth Junior Football Club has 12 teams ranging from Under 8's to Under 18's. The teams practice at Hillock, and play in the North Bury Junior Footbal League, where the Under 18's team plays in the Premier Division.[37]

Castlebrook Community Sports Centre in the grounds of Castlebrook High School has a floodlit astroturf pitch and two sports halls.[38]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Mills 1976, p. 143.
  2. ^ a b c Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "The parish of Prestwich with Oldham: Pilkington", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 25–34, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  3. ^ 1891 Cotton Mills in Radcliffe, Grace's Guide, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  4. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-380000-405000/page/6
  5. ^ Unsworth Township Boundaries, genuki.org.uk, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  6. ^ a b c Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Unsworth", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 414–418, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  7. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 17 June 2008 
  8. ^ Hollins Vale LNR, Bury Council, retrieved 20 December 2013 
  9. ^ Hollins Vale Local Nature Reserve (pdf), Bury Council, retrieved 20 December 2013 
  10. ^ Sites of Biological Importance (SBI), Bury Council, retrieved 20 December 2013 
  11. ^ "Unsworth CP: Total Population", A Vision of Britain through Time, retrieved 19 November 2013 
  12. ^ St George, Unsworth - Church of England, genuki.org, retrieved 14 December 2013 
  13. ^ St. George's Church, Unsworth (pdf), Ecclesiastical Law Society, retrieved 20 December 2013 
  14. ^ http://www.old-maps.co.uk/maps.html?coords=381938,407616/ 1891-1893 Pre-WWII 1:2,500 - LANCASHIRE AND FURNESS
  15. ^ http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LAN/Unsworth/HollinsLaneWesleyanMethodist.shtml
  16. ^ Unsworth Pole War Memorial, roll-of-honour.com, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  17. ^ http://www.librarytechnology.org/lwc-displaylibrary.pl?RC=32518
  18. ^ http://www.librarytechnology.org/libraries.pl?OrgName=Bury%20Libraries
  19. ^ http://www.burytimes.co.uk/yoursay/8762622.Saddened_by_decision_to_sell_our_great_library/
  20. ^ http://www.thisislancashire.co.uk/news/8803045.Library_saved_from_closure/
  21. ^ http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/elbow-frontman-guy-garvey-backs-851598
  22. ^ http://www.burytimes.co.uk/news/8803045.Library_saved_from_closure/
  23. ^ http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/inspection-reports/find-inspection-report/provider/ELS/105363
  24. ^ http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/provider/files/833287/urn/105363.pdf
  25. ^ http://unsworth-primary.co.uk/contact.php
  26. ^ http://schooletc.co.uk/school-unsworth-primary-school-105317
  27. ^ http://www.hollinsgrundy.ik.org/p_About_Us.ikml
  28. ^ http://www.findajewishschool.co.uk/jewish-primary-schools/bury-and-whitefield-jewish-primary-school.php
  29. ^ Unsworth Dragon, Mysterious Britain, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  30. ^ Barton 1973, p. 273.
  31. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-380000-405000/page/19
  32. ^ Pub blast family's miracle escape, The Bolton News, 24 March 1998, retrieved 19 December 2013 
  33. ^ Unsworth Cricket Club, Unsworth Cricket Club, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  34. ^ Lancashire Sheet 96.01 Unsworth & SE Radcliffe 1932, Alan Godfrey Maps, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  35. ^ Bury Cricket Club, Bury Golf Club, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  36. ^ Pike Fold Golf Club, Pike Fold Golf Club, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  37. ^ Unsworth Junior Football Club, Unsworth Junior Football Club, retrieved 14 November 2013 
  38. ^ http://www.bury.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=6594

Bibliography

  • Mills, David (1976), The Place-Names of Lancashire, B.T. Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-3248-9 
  • Barton, B.T. (1973), History of the Borough of Bury and Neighbourhood, in the County of Lancaster, E.J. Morten, ISBN 0-901598-74-7 

External links[edit]