Upazilas of Bangladesh

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Upazilas of Bangladesh, divided by white lines
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Upazila (Bengali: উপজেলা pronounced: upojela lit. sub-district), formerly called thana (Bengali: থানা), is a geographical region in Bangladesh used for administrative or other purposes. They function as sub-units of districts. Their functionality can be seen to be analogous to that of a county or a borough of Western countries.

Bangladesh, at present, has 488 upazilas.[1] The upazilas are the second lowest tier of regional administration in Bangladesh. The administrative structure consists in fact in Divisions (7), Districts (64), Upazila/Thana and Union Parishads (UPs). This system of devolution was introduced by the former military ruler and President of Bangladesh, Lieutenant General Hossain Mohammad Ershad, in an attempt to strengthen local government.

Below UPs, villages (gram) and para exist, but these have no administrative power and elected members. The Local Government Ordinance of 1982 was amended a year later, redesignating and upgrading the existing thanas as upazilas.[2]

History[edit]

Upazilas were formerly known as thana which literally means police station. Despite the meaning, thanas functioned much as an administrative and geographic region, much as today's upazilas. In 1982 thanas were re-termed to as upazilas with provisions for semi-autonomous local governance. This system was reverted to the thana system in 1992. Later in 1999 geographic regions under administrations of thanas were converted into upazilas.[3] All administrative terms in this level were renamed from thana to upazilla. For instance, Thana Nirbahi Officer (lit.Thana Executive Officer) was renamed to Upazilla Nirbahi Officer (lit.Upazilla Executive Officer). The word thana is now used to solely refer to police stations. Generally, there is one police station for each upazilla; but larger administrative units may have more than one police station covering different regions.

Administration[edit]

Upazila Nirbahi Officer[edit]

Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO, or Upazila Executive Officer; Bengali: উপজেলা নির্বাহী কর্মকর্তা) is an non-elected Administrator in Upazila. UNOs are Senior Assistant Secretary of Bangladesh Civil Service (BCS). They act as executive officer of the upazila under the elected posts.

Upazila Parishad[edit]

Each Upazila Parishad (or council) has a chairman, a vice chairman and a woman vice chairman. All three are elected through direct popular election. Union Parishad chairmen within the upazila are considered as the members of the porishod. The post of a woman vice chairman was created to ensure at least one-third woman representation in the all elected posts of the local government. On 22 January 2010 the first election in 18 years of Upazila Porishod was held.[4]

List of Upazilas[edit]

Division District Upazila
Barisal Division
Barisal Division districts map.png
Barguna District
Barisal District
Bhola District
Jhalokati District
Patuakhali District
Pirojpur District
Chittagong Division
Chittagong Division districts map.png
Bandarban District
Brahmanbaria District
Chandpur District
Chittagong District
Comilla District
Cox's Bazar District
Feni District
Khagrachhari District
Lakshmipur District
Noakhali District
Rangamati District
Dhaka Division
Dhaka Division districts map.png
Dhaka District
Faridpur District
Gazipur District
Gopalganj District
Jamalpur District
Kishorganj District
Madaripur District
Manikganj District
Munshiganj District
Mymensingh District
Narayanganj District
Netrokona District
Rajbari District
Shariatpur District
Sherpur District
Tangail District
Narsingdi District
Khulna Division
Khulna Division districts map.png
Bagerhat District
Chuadanga District
Jessore District
Jhenaida District
Khulna District
Kushtia District
Magura District
Meherpur District
Narail District
Satkhira District
Rajshahi Division
Rajshahi Division districts map.png
Bogra District
Joypurhat District
Naogaon District
Natore District
Nawabganj District
Pabna District
Rajshahi District
Sirajganj District
Rangpur Division
Rangpur Division districts map.png
Dinajpur District
Gaibandha District
Kurigram District
Lalmonirhat District
Nilphamari District
Panchagarh District
Rangpur District
Thakurgaon District
Sylhet Division
Sylhet Division districts map.png
Habiganj District
Moulvibazar District
Sunamganj District
Sylhet District

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]