Upingtonia

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Die Republiek van Upingtonia
Republic of Upingtonia
Boer Republic

1885–1887


Flag (1885–1887)

Capital Grootfontein
Languages Dutch (written)
Afrikaans (spoken)
German
Religion Dutch Reformed
Government Republic
President George Diederik P. Prinsloo
History
 -  Flag of the German Empire.svg Founding of Upingtonia October 20, 1885
 -  Name change to Lijdensrust 1886
 -  William Worthington Jordan killed by Nehale Mpingana 1886
 -  Republic collapses 1886
 -  Flaggenentwurf 7 Südwestafrika 1914.svgMerged into German South-West Africa June 1887
Currency South African pound (£)

Upingtonia, or the Republic of Upingtonia, was a short-lived Boer republic in the area of present-day Namibia. Declared on 20 October 1885, in 1886 it changed its name to Lijdensrust. In 1887 it was merged into German South-West Africa.

History[edit]

Between the years 1874 and 1880, farmers migrated from the Transvaal to what was then southern Angola. There, they came into conflict with the Portuguese colonial authorities, and some of their number decided to return to the Transvaal, while others migrated further south.[1]

In 1885, William Worthington Jordan bought a tract (fifty thousand square kilometers) of land from the Ovambo chief Kambonde for three hundred pounds, paid as twenty-five firearms, one salted horse, and a cask of brandy.[2] This land stretched almost 170 kilometres (110 mi) from Okaukuejo in the west to Fischer's Pan in the east.[3] Chief Kambonde relied on the help of Jordan to defeat his rival for power, Nehale.

Between 1876 and 1879, at the time of the Dorsland Trek, Boers had crossed the area, heading for Angola. In 1885 some of these trekkers returned and settled at Grootfontein on land given to them free of charge by Jordan. The Republic of Upingtonia was declared on 20 October 1885.[1] At that time, the population of Upingtonia was around five hundred settlers. The state was named after Thomas Upington, prime minister of the Cape Colony, from whom the new state was hoping for support. However, little was forthcoming.[4] Under the influence of the Boer's returning to the Transvaal from southern Angola, the name changed from Lydensrust or Lijdensrust or Lydensrust ( 1886 )

Upingtonia's capital was Grootfontein, and its head of state was President George Diederik P. Prinsloo. The new state fought the Herero and became dependent on German protection. In 1886 Jordan was killed by Nehale Mpingana and the republic collapsed. The next year the area it covered was incorporated into South-West Africa.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chris Marais, Julienne Du Toit, A Drink of Dry Land (2006), p. 174
  2. ^ Ute Dieckmann, Haillom in the Etosha Region: A History of Colonial Settlement, Ethnicity and Nature Conservation. (Basler Afrika Bibliographien, 2007), p. 48
  3. ^ G. P. J. Trümpelmann, Die Boer in Suid-wes Afrika (1948)
  4. ^ Robbie John MacVicar Aitken, Exclusion and Inclusion: Gradations of Whiteness and Socio-Economic Engineering in German Southwest Africa, 1884-1914 (2007), p. 191
  5. ^ Victor L. Tonchi, William A. Lindeke, John J. Grotpeter, Historical Dictionary of Namibia (2012), p. 445