Upper Dir District

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Upper Dir District
دیر بالا
District
Location of Upper Dir District (highlighted in red) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa map
Location of Upper Dir District (highlighted in red) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa map
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Established 1996
Headquarters Dir
Area
 • Total 3,699 km2 (1,428 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 899,000
 • Density 194/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 6

Upper Dir (Pashto: دیر بالا‎) is one of the 26[1] districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. At the time of independence, Dir (princely state) was a state ruled by Nawab Shah Jehan Khan. It was merged with Pakistan in 1969 and later on declared as a district in 1970. In 1996, it was bifurcated into Upper and Lower Dir districts. This district is situated in the northern part of Pakistan. It borders Chitral district and Afghanistan on the north and north west and Swat district to the east, and on the south by Lower Dir District.[2]

Location[edit]

Upper Dir district is 3,699 square kilometres in area and formed part of the former Malakand Division, lying along the Afghanistan border between Chitral, Bajaur Agency and Lower Dir.

It is connected with the Kohistan District via the Badawi Pass and connected with Chitral District through Lawari Pass and with Afghanistan through Bin Shahi Pass. The topography of Upper Dir is dominated by high mountains. The most important mountain range is the Hindu Raj. It runs from north east to south west along the northern borders with Chitral District. In winter whole area remains snow-covered. The mountains in the western part of the district are covered with forests, while the eastern mountain range, Dir Kohistan is barren. Panjkora River is the main river of the district, which originates from Dir Kohistan. Upper Dir headquarters is connected to all tehsil headquarters.[3]

Language & Tribes[edit]

Languages of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Pashto is the main language. A few people speak Hindko (a variant of Punjabi), Gujari and Khowar (Chitrali).

The majority of the population in this area are Yousafzai,Mishwani and Swati Pashtuns while the ruling class was khosro.

Administration[edit]

The district is administratively subdivided into six tehsils which contain a total of 31-3=28 (3 UCs shifted to Lower Dir namely Khall, Akhagram and Toor Mang) Union Councils:[4]

Name of Tehsil No. of Unions
Barawal 3
Chapar 3
Dir 13
Kalkot 3
Khal, Upper Dir 4-3=1 (3 UC shifted to Lower Dir)
Wari 8
Total 31-3=28(3 UCs, shifted to Lower Dir)

Upper Dir is represented in the National Assembly[5] and Provincial Assembly by one elected MNA and three elected MPAs respectively who represent the following constituencies:[6]

Constituency MPA Party
NA-33 (Upper Dir)[7] Tariq Ullah Jamat -e- Islami
PF-91 (Upper Dir-I)[8] Anayat ullah Jamat -e- Islami PF-92 (Upper Dir-II) Mushammad Ali Jamat -e- Islami
PF-93 (Upper Dir-III)Cum Lower Dir (3 Union councils in Dir Lower) Malak Bahram Khan Jamat -e- Islami

Towns[edit]

Except for Dir and a number of rapidly growing bazaar towns along the main roads, the population is rural, scattered in more than 1200 villages in the deep narrow valleys of the Panjkora and its tributaries.

Of these, notable villages are

Division of Dir[edit]

Dir district was officially split into Upper Dir and Lower Dir in 1996. Until 2000 as funds were not available to provide the accommodation needed at Dir town by government departments at a district headquarters, both districts continued to he administered by a single deputy Commissioner stationed at Timergara in Lower Dir.

Popular Places[9]

Akhagram Duryal Karodarra Zormandi Karodarra

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 35°12′15″N 71°52′20″E / 35.20417°N 71.87222°E / 35.20417; 71.87222