Jay, New York

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Jay, New York
Town
Jay Bridge, Jay, NY
Jay Bridge, Jay, NY
Jay, New York is located in New York
Jay, New York
Jay, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 44°23′8″N 73°42′38″W / 44.38556°N 73.71056°W / 44.38556; -73.71056
Country United States
State New York
County Essex
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Randall T. Douglas (D)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 68.3 sq mi (176.8 km2)
 • Land 67.7 sq mi (175.4 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation 837 ft (255 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,506
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12941
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-38396
GNIS feature ID 0979105

Jay is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 2,506 at the 2010 census. The town is named after John Jay,[1] governor of New York when the town was formed.

The Town of Jay in on the north border of the county and is 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Plattsburgh, 25 miles (40 km) west-southwest of Burlington, VT, 79 miles (127 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 118 miles (190 km) north of Albany, NY.[2] Jay is inside the Adirondack Park.

History[edit]

Lower Jay, New York and Upper Jay, New York were originally known as "Mallory's Bush", after the principal settlement, based on early settler Nathaniel Mallory, who arrived around 1797 from what is now called Mallorytown Landing in Front of Yonge, Ontario, While Au Sable Forks was always known as just that.

The Township of Jay had its named changed in honor of New York State Governor John Jay and it was formed in January of 1798 from part of the Town of Willsboro. Afterwards, part of Jay was used to form, in whole or part, the Towns of Keene (1808), Elizabethtown and Wilmington (1821). In 1822, the town was increased by territory from the Town of Chateaugay (now in Franklin County), and the Town of Peru (now in Clinton County).

Lumber production and iron ore extraction were important to the early economy of the Township.

Land of Makebelieve, a former theme park (1954–1979), was located in Upper Jay.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.3 square miles (177 km2), of which, 67.7 square miles (175 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (0.76%) is water.

The north town line, partly defined by the Ausable River is the border of Clinton County. The East Branch of the Ausable River flows northward near the west town line.

New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway through the town, following the course of the Ausable River.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,306 people, 918 households, and 651 families residing in the town. The population density was 34.0 people per square mile (13.1/km²). There were 1,443 housing units at an average density of 21.3 per square mile (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.44% White, 0.30% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

There were 918 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,612, and the median income for a family was $39,954. Males had a median income of $29,145 versus $21,438 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,673. About 6.9% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations within the Township of Jay[edit]

* Au Sable Forks – Au Sable is two, individual French words which translate into Au for Of and Sable for Sand ... it is pronounced Au Saw'ble. Au Sable should never be clustered! It reads in English as Of Sand Forks, or Au Sable Forks. *The Township of Jay Town Govt. Offices ~ *Community Center, and *Museum are located within Au Sable Forks, New York.' *Emergency Services: The Au Sable Forks Fire Department, The Au Sable Forks Ambulance Station; Doctor's Office and Dental Office; *The Schools: Au Sable Forks Primary School, and Holy Name Catholic School Grades k ~ 6; (2), *Three Churches, Holy Name Catholic, United Methodist and the Episcopal Church are all located along Main Street; *Businesses and Services include, Medos A. Nelson American Legion ~ Post 504; The Bank; Tops Grocery Store; Hollywood Theatre; Au Sable Forks Free Library; Au Sable Forks Gulf Course; The Riverside Bowling Lanes; Tahawus Lodge Center of the Arts; *Eateries and Shopping.

  • Au Sable Forks is where the East Branch merge with the West Branch of the Au Sable River at " The Forks " in the center of Town is where the Au Sable River becomes one confluenece. Former homes of James and John Rogers of the J&J Rogers Company are located there ~ The J & J Rogers Iron Ore Mining and Forges, Au Sable Nail Factory, Rolling Mill Forge, Charcoal Kilns, and Lumber Industries, the J & J Rogers Co. Pulp and Paper Mills were located. The J & J Pulp Mill Dam which had generated enough power for this Industrial Village, the J & J Rogers Company homes and some surrounding areas. This hamlet, Au Sable Forks spreads into two different counties, which is divided by the West Branch and Main Branch of the Au Sable River. One Part of Au Sable Forks is within Clinton County to the North across the Main Street Bridge within the Township of Black Brook while the other being the Township of Jay within Essex County is to the South of the Main Street Bridge. ~
  • Rome Section – A small residential area is west of Au Sable Forks on the West Branch of the Au Sable River*. The J & J Rogers Co. Pulp Mill, and Dam were located at the end of this road.
  • The Grove – Small, close knitted community of residential homes were located along the Main confluence of the Au Sable River, a half mile from town. It was just below "The Forks" were both the East and West Branches of the Au Sable River merge. This area had suffered repitative floods and, or ice jams since 1856. It was the first hamlet within the Township of Jay to successfully secure a FEMA Buy Out in 1997 due to the massive devastation from the 9th of November 1996 flood, and the sheer determination of the residents there.
  • Jersey Section – This small residential community is located across the Jersey Bridge at the end of Main Street.
  • Green Street – is on the outshirt of "The Forks" Southeast of Au Sable Forks.
  • North Jay – A hamlet on the outskirt of Au Sable Forks Village, located on County Road 64, today, known as Stickney Bridge Road but was always known as the North Jay Road for the obvious reason. It not part of the Jay hamlet!
  • Au Sable Acres – Known today, as "Forever Wild" is small community located near the banks of the West Branch Au Sable River, comprising several hundred year-round inhabitants and seasonal residents. It is partly within Au Sable Forks and Jay, New York.
  • Jay – (formerly "Mallory's Bush") – The hamlet of Jay was originally Lower Jay. It is in on NYS ~ Rt.9N by the East Branch of the Au Sable River. It is considered the oldest settlement in the Township. It is well known for its 1857 Covered Bridge which was located below the village Green near the Rapids, a very popular swimming hole. The Covered Bridge was deemed unsafe by NYS DOT which was closed, then removed. The new Covered Bridge has many original hand hewed beams in the interior of the new construction which was officially opened as a foot bridge in October 2007.
  • Upper Jay – (formerly Mallory's Bush) – A hamlet southwest corner of the Townhip of Jay on NYS ~ RT.9N and the East Branch of the Au Sable River. This is were one of the oldest Amusement Parks in our country was created .... The Land Of Makelelieve by Arto Monaco. It was lost due to repetative flooding and, or ice jams along the East Branch of the Au Sable River.
  • Historical Facts by– Sharron Hewston, Township of Jay Township of Black Brook Historian.

Notable residents and natives[edit]

  • Isaac Finch (October 13, 1783 – June 23, 1845), a U.S. Representative from New York.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 168. 
  2. ^ Wolfram Alpha, nearby cities Jay, NY Accessed: 4/25/2012
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°22′30″N 73°43′42″W / 44.37500°N 73.72833°W / 44.37500; -73.72833