Upper Senegal and Niger (French: Haut Sénégal et Niger) was a colony in French West Africa created in 1904 from Senegambia and Niger. Niger became a separate military district in 1911 and a separate colony in 1922, Upper Volta was split off in 1919, and the remainder reorganized as French Sudan (present-day Mali) in 1920. The capital was Bamako.
1-centime value of the camel and rider design, used in June 1914
The colony is perhaps remembered most often by philatelists, since it issued a number of postage stamps during its short existence. See main article, Postage stamps and postal history of Upper Senegal and Niger.