Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge
|Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Location||Renville, Ward counties, North Dakota, United States|
|Nearest city||Minot, North Dakota|
|Area||32,092 acres (129.87 km2)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, located 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Minot, North Dakota, was established in 1935 as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. The refuge straddles 35 miles (56 km) of the picturesque Souris River valley in northern North Dakota. The Souris River basin figures prominently in the cultural and natural history of the North American mid-continent plains and prairies.
The 32,092-acre (129.87 km2) Refuge includes a narrow band of river bottom woodlands, fertile floodplains, native mixed-grass hills, and steep, shrub-covered coulees. The focal point of the Refuge is the 9,600-acre (39 km2) Lake Darling, a reservoir created by the Lake Darling Dam, which was constructed in 1936 to provide water to downstream marshes on J. Clark Salyer and Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuges.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. ND-3, "Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge Dams, Souris River Basin, Foxholm vicinity, Ward County, ND"
- HAER No. ND-3-A, "Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83"
- HAER No. ND-3-B, "Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 87"
- HAER No. ND-3-C, "Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 96"