Uprising of Georgi Voiteh

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The Uprising of Georgi Voiteh (Bulgarian: Въстание на Георги Войтех, Serbian: Словенски устанак у Поморављу - Slav Uprising in Pomoravlje) was a Bulgarian uprising against the Byzantine Empire in 1072. It was the second major attempt to restore the Bulgarian Empire after the Uprising of Peter Delyan in 1040-1041.

Bulgaria under Byzantine rule. Uprising of Georgi Voiteh

The main prerequisites for the uprising were the weakness of Byzantium after the invasions of the Pechenegs in the lower Danube, the great defeat at the hands of the Seljuk Turks in the battle of Manzikert (1071) and the invasion of the Normans from southern Italy as well as the rising taxes during the reign of Michael VII.[1] The uprising was prepared by the Bulgarian nobility in Skopje led by Georgi Voiteh. They chose the son of Serbian Prince of Duklja Michael, Constantine Bodin as their leader, as he was a descendant of the Bulgarian Emperor Samuil.[2] In the autumn of 1072 Constantine Bodin arrived at Prizren where he was proclaimed Emperor of the Bulgarians under the name Peter III. The Serbian Prince sent 300 soldiers led by Vojvoda Petrilo.[3]

An army under Damianos Dalassenos was immediately sent from Constantinople to help the strategos of the Theme of Bulgaria, Nikephoros Karantenos. In the battle that followed the Byzantine army was completely defeated. Dalassenos and other Byzantine commanders were captured and Skopie was taken by the Bulgarians troops.[4]

After that success the rebels tried to expand the area under their control. Constantine Bodin headed north and reached Niš. Because some Bulgarian towns with Byzantine garrisons did not surrender, they were burned down. Petrila marched southwards and captured Ohrid and Devol. However, near the town of Kastoria his large army was defeated by the Byzantines and some Bulgarian commanders who did not want to acknowledge Peter III as their ruler.[5]

Another army was sent from Constantinople under Michael Saronites. Saronites seized Skopie and in December 1072 he defeated the army of Constantine Bodin at a place known as Taonios (in the southern parts of Kosovo Polje). Constantine Bodin and Georgi Voiteh were captured.[6] The army which Prince Michael sent to relieve his son did not achieve anything because its commander, a Norman mercenary defected to the Byzantines. The rebellion was finally crushed in 1073 by doux Nikephoros Bryennios.[7]

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Павлов, 63; Литаврин, 402-403
  2. ^ Златарски, II: 138, 141
  3. ^ Златарски, II: 141-142; Литаврин, 403-404
  4. ^ Златарски, II: 142-143; Литаврин, 404-405; Павлов, 65
  5. ^ Златарски, II: 143-144; Павлов, 66; Литаврин, 405-406
  6. ^ Златарски, II: 145-146; Павлов, 67-69; Литаврин, 406-408
  7. ^ Златарски, II: 147-148