Uptown Theatre (Chicago)
Balaban and Katz Uptown Theatre
Uptown Theatre, 2011
|Location||4816 N. Broadway, Chicago, Illinois|
|Architectural style||Tudor Revival, Mission/Spanish Revival, Other|
|NRHP Reference #||86003181|
|Added to NRHP||November 20, 1986|
|Designated CL||October 2, 1991|
The Uptown Theatre, also known as the Balaban and Katz Uptown Theatre, is a massive, ornate movie palace in the Uptown neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. Designed by Rapp and Rapp and constructed in 1925, it the last of the "big three" movie palaces built by the Balaban & Katz theatre chain run by A. J. Balaban, his brother Barney Balaban and their partner Sam Katz.
The largest in Chicago, it boasts 4,381 seats and its interior volume is said to be larger than any other movie palace in the United States, including Radio City Music Hall in New York. It occupies over 46,000 square feet (4,300 m2) of land at the corner of Lawrence Avenue and Broadway in Chicago's Uptown Entertainment District. The mammoth theater has an ornate five story entrance lobby with an eight story façade.
Rehabilitation efforts are needed to restore and reopen this historic Chicago landmark, which has been closed to regular audiences since 1981.
Grand opening
The Uptown Theatre opened its doors August 18, 1925, billed as "An Acre of Seats in a Magic City." The Grand Opening of the Uptown Theatre was accompanied by a "Central Uptown Parade" of over 200 floats and a grand ball at Harmon's Arcadia in Uptown. Over 12,000 people stood in line to be ticketholders in the very first audience. Several women collapsed because of exhaustion.
Uptown Theatre staff and stage shows
The theater opened with a staff of over 130 people, including a full-time 34 piece orchestra, a nurse, firemen and others. Elaborate stage show productions would accompany each movie, unique in that the elaborate stage shows would follow the theme of the movie. Other chains had basic Vaudeville acts to keep patrons entertained before the movie. The Uptown Theatre is on several landmark and historic registers.
A half century of movies
Movies at the Uptown Theatre continued, even after stage shows ended as a way to reduce costs. In 1949, the stage shows were revived for a short time. Movies continued during the 1950s and 1960s. Notably, during that time, the television show Queen for a Day was filmed in the Uptown, with a live audience.
Movie crowds eventually dwindled, at the same time that the Uptown area was experiencing a decline of retail in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
New life as a music venue
In the 1970s, the theater was revived as a major concert venue, hosting local and national acts, notably the Grateful Dead several times between 1978 and 1981. The J. Geils Band was the last band to play at the theater.
The Uptown Theatre has been closed to regular events since the winter of 1981 when, due to the owner having turned off the heat, a frozen water pipe burst and caused extensive damage to the interior. In subsequent years, deferred maintenance and vandalism have led to further debilitation of the structure and ornament, both inside and out.
Since 1981, the theater has been used as a location for scenes in movies such as the Academy Award-nominated Ron Howard movie, Backdraft, the Julia Roberts and Nick Nolte movie, I Love Trouble, and the John Hughes-Chris Columbus sequel Home Alone 2: Lost in New York. In the 1990s, the theatre lobby was host to the "Hearts Party" (a gay "circuit" party), which raised money for an AIDS charity.
Current restoration efforts
In 2006, the exterior was extensively secured and terra cotta pieces were cataloged and stored for future restoration efforts. A May 21, 2007 article in Crain's Chicago Business described the Uptown Theatre as "suddenly a hot property," as three national entertainment companies were in competition to purchase, restore and reopen the Uptown Theatre.
It was purchased through a judicial sale July 29, 2008 by JAM Productions for $3.2 million and finalized in court on August 18, 2008. It is estimated it will take about $40 million to get it ready for use again. JAM currently also owns the Riviera Theatre also on Broadway, approximately one block away.
A diverse advocacy group of friends, neighbors, historians, and theatre enthusiasts, Friends of the Uptown, supports restoring the venue to its position as an entertainment and economic asset for the Uptown neighborhood. A 2006 documentary by filmmakers John Pappas and Michael Bisberg, Uptown: Portrait of a Palace, published by Compass Rose, explores the history of the Uptown Theatre and why the largest and one of the most elaborate theatres in the nation has been left vacant since 1981. Historic photos are juxtaposed with recent film footage to show how the building has survived the last eighty years. The documentary uses interviews with eight sources close to the theatre, including Alderman Mary Ann Smith; local business owner Ric Addy; Rene Rabiella, whose father once owned the theatre; Andy Pierce, founding member of Friends of the Uptown; Bob Boin, a volunteer engineer; Dave Syfczak, caretaker; Joanne Asala and Robert Calhoun, theatre activists and co-founders of a history Web site; and Joseph DuciBella, founding member of the Theatre Historical Society and author of Theatres of Chicago, to highlight the plight of historic architecture across the country. The film premiered at the Portage Theatre in Chicago in June 2006 and has been featured on WTTW, Chicago's public television station. Uptown: Portrait of a Palace won in the "Best Documentary" category at the 11th Annual Flicker Fest.
The Uptown Theatre is featured on the cover of a book entitled The Chicago Movie Palaces of Balaban and Katz by David Balaban, published by Arcadia Publishing.
- The Allman Brothers Band
- Count Basie
- Alice Cooper
- Elvis Costello
- Bing Crosby
- Cheap Trick
- Charlie Daniels Band
- Dire Straits
- Electric Light Orchestra
- Duke Ellington
- Ruth Etting
- Peter Gabriel
- Jerry Garcia Band
- Gentle Giant
- Benny Goodman
- The Grateful Dead
- Hall & Oates
- J. Geils Band
- Rick James
- The Kinks
- The Knack
- Bob Marley & The Wailers
- Graham Parker
- The Ramones
- Lou Reed
- Roxy Music
- Todd Rundgren
- Leon Russell
- Sister Sledge
- Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes
- Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band
- Rod Stewart
- Thin Lizzy
- The Tubes
- The Marshall Tucker Band
- Paul Whiteman
- Frank Zappa
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Chicago Landmarks – Uptown Theatre". City of Chicago. 2005. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- "Grateful Dead Listening Guide: 1978 May 16 & 17 - Uptown Theater - Chicago, IL". Grateful Dead Listening Guide. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- Baeb, Eddie (2008-05-21). "Uptown Theatre draws crowd of suitors". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- Baeb, Eddie (2008-07-29). "Jam buys Uptown for $3.2M". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- Swanson, Lorraine (2008-08-20). "Uptown Theatre a done deal". Chicago Journal. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "Having A Blast At The Uptown". Uptown Update.
- Caro, Mark (11 Oct 2011). "Uptown Theatre: Polishing an old jewel". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
- Friends of the Uptown – Group dedicated to re-opening the Uptown Theatre
- Compass Rose Cultural Crossroads – Has an extensive history of the Uptown Theatre.
- Uptown: Portrait of a Palace (2006), a film by John Pappas