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Ural Oblast (Russian: Уральская область) was oblast of RSFSR, USSR. It existed since 1923 to 1934, was created November 3, 1923 by association of Perm, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk and Tyumen Governorates. Oblast’s centre was city Yekaterinburg. At the time of creation area of oblast was 1,659,000 km², population was 6,380,000.
In February 26, 1925, in the west of oblast was created Komi-Permyak Okrug. In 1927, oblast was divided into 16 okrugs and 210 rayons. Okrugs included: Verkhne-Kamsky, Zlatoustovsky, Irbitsky, Ishimsky, Komi-Permyatsky, Kungursky, Kurgansky, Permsky, Sarapulsky, Sverdlovsky, Tagilsky, Tobolsky, Troitsky, Tyumensky, Chelyabinsky and Shadrinsky. Borders between okrugs and rayons often changed.
On August 8, 1930, okrugs were abolished. December 10, 1930 in northern part of former Tobolsky okrug were created Ostyako-Vogulsky and Yamalsky national okrugs. January 17, 1934 oblast was abolished, in its territory were created Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Obsko-Irtyshskaya oblasts. At the end of 1933, oblast’s area was 1,896,000 km².