Uralic mythologies

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Uralic mythologies is a cover term for the mythologies and indigenous religions of the Finnic, Ugric, and Samoyedic peoples, who speak related Uralic languages.[1] The mythologies retain traces of archaic Uralic religious systems merged with foreign influences, both ancient and modern, and are similar to the beliefs of neighboring non-Uralic peoples of north-central Eurasia.[1]

Of ancient Hungarian mythology (Ugric), not much is known other than it was based on shamanism, there was a belief in the afterlife and a high god, and a tradition of being descended from a female deer.[2] There was also belief in a world/life tree (Világfa/Életfa) which has three levels, each a different world. A shaman was believed to be able to climb through each of these levels freely by a ladder.

Ancient Finnic mythologies had an emphasis on astronomy, with asterisms seen as animal spirits. Creation myths involved a world egg and a world pillar.[2]

The traditional Samoyed religion was based on shamanism and totemism. Tales were sung (syodobobs) or spoken (uahanoku).[3]

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  1. ^ a b Kulemzin, Vladislav; Vladimir Napolskikh, Anna-Leena Siikala, Mihály Hoppál (2006). Encyclopaedia of Uralic Mythologies 2. Akadémiai Kiadó. ISBN 963-05-8284-8. 
  2. ^ a b Leeming, David Adams (2003). "The Finno-Ugrians". From Olympus to Camelot. Oxford University Press. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-19-514361-2. 
  3. ^ Czaplicka, Marie Antoinette (1999). "Samoyed,". Collected Works of M. A. Czaplicka. Routledge. pp. 24–34. ISBN 0-7007-1001-9.