Uran

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For other uses, see Uran (disambiguation).
Uran
उरण
city
Beach at Uran. In the distance is the city of Mumbai (obstructed by the glare).
Beach at Uran. In the distance is the city of Mumbai (obstructed by the glare).
Uran is located in Maharashtra
Uran
Uran
Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95Coordinates: 18°53′N 72°57′E / 18.89°N 72.95°E / 18.89; 72.95
Country India India
State Maharashtra
District Raigad
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 30,439
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400702
Telephone code 022
Vehicle registration MH-46 and MH-43

Uran is part of Navi Mumbai city and lies in the Raigad district near Panvel and Karjat. It is situated east of Mumbai across the Dharamtar Creek, and is primarily a fishing village, which has developed into a special economic zone. Uran is famous for its salt pans. A revolt by salt pan owners against the government decision to build a sea port occurred, but the sea port has now proved to be the main source of income to most of the residents and nearby villages, as major projects & warehouses have opened nearby. It has many industries, namely container terminals like JNPT, DP WORLD (ex P&O), APM terminals (ex GTI) and other shipping companies, GTPS - MSEB (Asia's first power plant run by gas) and ONGC.

Geography[edit]

Skols Brewery in Uran

Uran is located at 18°53′N 72°56′E / 18.88°N 72.94°E / 18.88; 72.94.[2] Uran has an average elevation of 21 metres (68 feet). Uran is surrounded by sea on three sides, on each side there is a village, Karanja Village, Pirvadi and Mora Village respectively. Uran is composed of Sheva, Bokadvira, Mulekhand, Chirner, Dighode, Dhakti Jui, Vindhane, Mothi Jui, Koproli, Vasheni, Khopte, Chanje, Karanja, Nagaon, Bori, Bandhilwadi,Aveda,Bajarpur,Vinayak, Ambikawadi, Kathe Ali, Funde, Jaskhar, Dongree, Panje, Dastaan, Jasai, any many more villages.

History[edit]

Uran was once the base of the famous Maratha Sarkhel (Admiral) Kanhoji Angre.[3]Presently Ajay Raje Bhosale stays here

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census, Uran had a population of 23,254.[4] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Uran has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 75%. In Uran, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Occupation[edit]

The main occupation in Uran is fishing. 80% of the fish production of Mumbai comes from the fishermen based out of Uran residing in the villages of Karanja and Mora. These people are known as Koli. The majority of Koli people have the surname "Nakhawa" or "Koli".

The second major occupation is farming. It contributes to the production of rice in the Raigad district Raigad is the second largest district in terms of rice production in India. The farming population is called Agri."Karadi," "Agri," and "Koli" are three sub-castes belonging to Hindu religion. The people of these three sub-castes are mainly native to Raigad and Thane districts. It is also very close to Vashi and CBD.

Apart from agriculture and fishing, many people work in the service sector, working in N.A.D, Grindwell Norton Limited,[5] ONGC, JNPT and many other shipping and boat building industries located in Uran.

Education[edit]

There are many schools which provide primary education and secondary education, but very few graduation colleges are present. There are no engineering college or medical college present here currently.

The schools in Uran are:

  • UES ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOL - Bori, Uran.
  • St.Mary's High School Uran - Bazarpeth, Uran.
  • Rotary English Medium School - Bori, Uran.
  • N.I. High School - Bazarpeth, Uran.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya - NAD, Uran.
  • Dronagiri High School - Karanja, Uran.
  • Anmol English Medium School - Bokadvira, Uran.
  • Citizen High School - Koliwada, Uran.
  • Bhagubai Changu Thakur - Vidyalaya, Uran
  • I.E.S Jawaharlal Nehru Vidyalaya, J.N.P.T Township,Uran
  • J.N.P.T St. Mary's High School, J.N.P.T Township,Uran

The colleges are:

  • Uran Education Society's Uran.
  • Tukaram Hari Wajekar College - Funde, Uran.
  • Konkan Dnyanpeeth Sanstha's (Dagdi college) - Uran.

The Industrial Training Institute (ITI) at Daurnagar provides several courses for career paths such as electricians and fitters.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Some of the well known temples and tourist attractions are:

  • Dronagiri temple – Karanja
The complete panoramic view of Dharamtar Creek from Colaba to Mandva is visible from this hill. The Dronagiri area is visible from the temple
  • Ratneshwari temple – Jaskhar
A huge fair is organised here annually, in respect and rejoice for the blessing of goddess Ratneshwari, generally in April and May.
  • Vinayak temple – Vinayak locality
A very old temple allegedly retaining the simplicity of the days gone by. The temple has very calm surroundings, including a small garden, an old well and a small lake.
The very old temple, renovated completely, is devoted to Lord Shiva. The temple is located just 5 minutes from the seashore.
  • Shri Dutta Mandir – Devulwadi
A temple devoted to Lord Dutta, it is revered and worshiped by many. A huge annual fair is organised on the occasion of Datta Jayanti, celebrating the birth of Lord Dutta. This is amongst the largest fairs held in Uran.
  • Saibaba temple – Mora
A small temple located just behind the Mora boat jetty has a very beautiful idol of Shri Sai Baba.
  • Shree Ragobha Mandir
Located in Kotnaka village, on the route of Uran- Panvel Highway. Aarti is conducted every Tuesday in the temple. An annual PALKHI is celebrated in April with great pleasure, in respect and rejoice for the blessing of Ragobha dev.
  • Ransai Dam
Near Dighode Village, this is also a major tourist attraction in Uran.
  • Maha Ganpati temple
In Chirner Village, this is also very famous.
  • Shree Saibaba temple,Ambikawadi,Nagaon.
This Temple is situated near Pirwadi Sea shore from where every year a padyatra Dindi to Shirdi is taken by Om Shree sairam Padayatra Mandal.

Uran has very beautiful landscapes and surroundings. The road to Uran and the roads connecting villages in Uran are lined by greenery, mountains, and rice fields in the monsoon season, which in itself is very beautiful and serene.

Amother major tourist attraction in Uran is Pirwadi Beach, which is frequented by tourists from nearby areas like Panvel, Navi, and Mumbai. A distant view of South Mumbai is visible from there.

Places of Worship[edit]

Shudhata Mata Church, Uran

Church The Shudhata Mata Church is located near Rajpal Naka.

Mosque The Masjid is located at Masjid Mohallah and is close to the Uran Police Station. Another mosque is located on Balai Road. There is also a Madrasa for Islamic education.

Parsi Fire Temple The Parsi Fire Temple is located close to the Mora jetty.

Ganesh temple Located at the entrance of Vinayak, Kegaon has a history of more than 100 years.

Issues[edit]

Uran has a naval base near Mora Gaon Mora. Locals claim that the base has stifled the growth of the town, due to sea travel restrictions imposed by the Indian Navy.

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has a plant nearby, and has banned entry into an old fort located just beside the ONGC plant for security reasons. The fort was with the Marathas for a short period before passing into possession of the Portuguese, as per the locals.

The outskirts of town are largely rural, remaining among the few places within the Navi Mumbai city limits untouched by the modernity of the central city.

The Uran wetlands were once home to many species of birds and reptiles, some critically endangered. They were developed in 2009 and 2010.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=588858
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Uran
  3. ^ Outlook Traveller Getaways. Weekend Breaks from Mumbai. Hathway Investment Private Limited.p.413.2003.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ http://www.grindwellnorton.co.in/aboutus.htm
  6. ^ http://mangroveactionproject.org/news/action-alerts/save-the-uran-wetlands/