Urana

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Urana
New South Wales
UranaMemorialHall3.JPG
Memorial Hall, Urana
Urana is located in New South Wales
Urana
Urana
Coordinates 35°19′0″S 146°16′0″E / 35.31667°S 146.26667°E / -35.31667; 146.26667Coordinates: 35°19′0″S 146°16′0″E / 35.31667°S 146.26667°E / -35.31667; 146.26667
Population 336 (2006 census)[1]
Established 6 May 1859[2]
Postcode(s) 2645
Elevation 125.0 m (410 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Urana Shire
County Urana
State electorate(s) Murrumbidgee
Federal Division(s) Farrer
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.6 °C
74 °F
9.6 °C
49 °F
442.2 mm
17.4 in

Urana /jəˈrænə/ is a small town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia.

Urana is located between Lockhart and Jerilderie, about 561 kilometres (349 mi) southwest of the state capital, Sydney. To the west lies Lake Urana and the Lake Urana Nature Reserve. To the east lies a smaller lake, Lake Uranagang.

Urana is the major town and headquarters of Urana Shire. The shire includes the localities of Boree Creek, Morundah, Oaklands and Rand. The Urana district is used for raising sheep and for growing wheat and other grain crops.

In the 2011 Census, there were 300 people in Urana (State Suburbs) of these 51.7% were male and 48.3% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.7% of the population.

History[edit]

Urana was first settled by Europeans during the 1850s. In May 1859 a design for the "Town of Urana" by Surveyor Hayes was approved by the New South Wales Executive Council.  The name Urana comes from the Aboriginal word 'airana', meaning a temporary shelter (usually consisting of a simple frame of branches covered with bark, leaves, or grass).[3]

Urana Post Office opened on 1 January 1861.[4]

In August 1863 near Urana the notorious bushranger, Dan 'Mad Dog' Morgan, and his accomplice Clarke held up the Police Magistrate based at Wagga Wagga, Henry Baylis.  A few days after this incident Baylis led a party of policemen to the bushrangers' camp; shots were exchanged and both Baylis and the bushranger Clarke were wounded.  Morgan and Clarke both escaped on this occasion.[5]

In 1866 Urana township consisted of two public houses, the Urana Hotel and the Royal Hotel.  In addition there was a post-office, two large stores, and a police-station and lock-up. A new court-house was erected at Urana in 1879.  During 1882 a Roman Catholic church was completed, with Father Burmingham celebrating the first service on 7 January 1883.[6]

The Rev. George Wilson Adam was the first Presbyterian minister of the separate parish of Urana (at that time administered from Victoria).  Rev. Adams’ term extended from 1878 to 1887. His successor, Rev. Matthew Bell, was a part of the Presbyterian Church of New South Wales; he was inducted in 1888 and resigned in 1904.  During Rev. Bell’s tenure at Urana three wooden churches were built: one at Urana, and one each at the district preaching centres, Old Goree and Boree Creek.[7]

Urana Shire Council was proclaimed in 1906.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Urana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
29.2
(84.6)
23.6
(74.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.8
(58.6)
14.2
(57.6)
16.0
(60.8)
19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
23.7
(74.7)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
16.3
(61.3)
14.0
(57.2)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43)
3.6
(38.5)
3.2
(37.8)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
8.8
(47.8)
11.8
(53.2)
14.6
(58.3)
9.5
(49.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 31.8
(1.252)
34.1
(1.343)
34.6
(1.362)
32.1
(1.264)
41.3
(1.626)
44.8
(1.764)
39.1
(1.539)
39.9
(1.571)
38.2
(1.504)
41.2
(1.622)
32.4
(1.276)
32.4
(1.276)
442.0
(17.402)
Source: [8]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable people from Urana include:

  • Singer Billy Field
  • AFL Football Player Billy Brownless was born at the Urana Hospital

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Urana, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons

Preceding station   NSW Branch lines   Following station
towards Oaklands
Oaklands Line
(closed section)
towards The Rock

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Urana (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Urana decked out for its 150th". The Weekend Advertiser. 2009-05-09. p. 4. 
  3. ^ Jervis, James, 'The Western Riverina: A History of Its Development', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings, Vol. XXXVIII 1952, pp. 242-3.
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  5. ^ ‘Baylis, Henry (1826 - 1905)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography (online edition)
  6. ^ Jervis, op. cit.
  7. ^ Centenary History of the Presbyterian Church in New South Wales by Rev. James Cameron, M.A., D.D., Sydney, Angus & Robertson, 1905, pp. 297-306; Urana details available on-line.
  8. ^ "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 January 2014.