List of countries by uranium reserves

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World uranium reserves.

Uranium reserves are reserves of recoverable uranium, regardless of isotope, based on a set market price. The list given here is based on Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand, a joint report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency published in 2010.[1]

Figures are given in tonnes. The reserves figures denote identified resources as of January 1st, 2009, consisting of reasonably assured resources (RAR) plus inferred resources recoverable at a cost range of below 130 USD/kg U. The list also includes cumulative historical production figures to 2008 and totals for reserves plus historical production.

The amount of ultimately recoverable uranium depends strongly on what one would be willing to pay for it. Uranium is a widely distributed metal with large low-grade deposits that are not currently considered profitable. If reserves recoverable at up to 260 USD per kilogram of uranium are included, the amount of worldwide reserves increases from 5,404,000 tonnes to 6,306,300 tonnes, according to the Uranium 2009 report. Moreover, much of Canada, Greenland, Siberia and Antarctica are currently unexplored due to permafrost and may hold substantial undiscovered reserves. When and if reserves from such remote locations will become profitable remains to be seen.

Country Reserves as of 2009 World Share Historical Production to 2008 World Share Historical Production + Reserves World Share
 Algeria 19,500 0.4% 0 0.0% 19,500 0.2%
 Argentina 19,100 0.4% 2,513 0.1% 21,613 0.3%
 Australia 1,673,000 31.0% 156,428 6.5% 1,829,426 23.4%
 Belgium 0 0.0% 686 0.0% 686 0.0%
 Brazil 278,700 5.2% 2,839 0.1% 281,539 3.6%
 Bulgaria 0 0.0% 16,362 0.7% 16,362 0.2%
 Canada 485,300 9.0% 426,670 17.7% 911,970 11.7%
 Central African Republic 12,000 0.2% 0 0.0% 12,000 0.2%
 China 171,400 3.2% 31,399 1.3% 202,799 2.6%
 Czech Republic 500 0.0% 110,427 4.6% 110,927 1.4%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0 0.0% 25,600 1.1% 25,600 0.3%
 Finland 1,100 0.0% 30 0.0% 1,130 0.0%
 France 100 0.0% 75,982 3.2% 76,082 1.0%
 Gabon 4,800 0.1% 25,403 1.1% 30,203 0.4%
 Germany 0 0.0% 219,517 9.1% 219,517 2.8%
 Hungary 0 0.0% 21,052 0.9% 21,052 0.3%
 India 80,200 1.5% 9,153 0.4% 89,353 1.1%
 Iran 0 0.0% 17 0.0% 17 0.0%
 Indonesia 4,800 0.1% 0 0.0% 4,800 0.1%
 Italy 4,800 0.1% 0 0.0% 4,800 0.1%
 Vietnam 140,800 2.2% 0 0.0% 140,800 2.2%
 Japan 6,600 0.1% 84 0.0% 6,684 0.1%
 Jordan 111,800 2.1% 0 0.0% 111,800 1.4%
 Kazakhstan 651,800 12.1% 126,900 5.3% 778,700 10.0%
 Madagascar 0 0.0% 785 0.0% 785 0.0%
 Malawi 15,000 0.3% 0 0.0% 15,000 0.2%
 Mexico 0 0.0% 49 0.0% 49 0.0%
 Mongolia 49,300 0.9% 535 0.0% 49,835 0.6%
 Namibia 284,200 5.3% 95,288 4.0% 379,288 4.9%
 Niger 272,900 5.0% 110,312 4.6% 383,212 4.9%
 Pakistan 80,900 1.6% 1,159 0.0% 82,059 0.0%
 Peru 2,700 0.0% 0 0.0% 2,700 0.0%
 Poland 0 0.0% 660 0.0% 660 0.0%
 Portugal 7,000 0.1% 3,717 0.2% 10,717 0.1%
 Romania 6,700 0.1% 18,419 0.8% 25,119 0.3%
 Russia 480,300 8.9% 139,735 5.8% 619,735 7.9%
 Slovenia 9,200 0.2% 382 0.0% 9,582 0.1%
 South Africa 295,600 5.5% 156,312 6.5% 451,912 5.8%
 Soviet Union NA NA 102,886 4.3% 102,886 1.3%
 Spain 11,300 0.2% 5,028 0.2% 16,328 0.2%
 Sweden 10,000 0.2% 200 0.0% 10,200 0.1%
 Turkey 7,300 0.1% 0 0.0% 7,300 0.1%
 Ukraine 105,000 1.9% 124,397 5.2% 229,397 2.9%
 United States 207,400 3.8% 363,640 15.1% 571,040 7.3%
 Uzbekistan 114,600 2.1% 34,939 1.4% 149,539 1.9%
 Zambia 0 0.0% 86 0.0% 86 0.0%
Total 5,404,000 100% 2,409,591 100% 7,813,591 100%

Notes: Historical production for the Czech Republic includes 102,241 tonnes of uranium produced in former Czechoslovakia from 1946 through the end of 1992. Historical production for Germany includes 213,380 tonnes produced in the German Democratic Republic from 1946 through the end of 1992. Historical production for the Soviet Union includes the former Soviet Socialist Republics of Estonia[citation needed], Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, but excludes Kazakhstan and the Ukraine. Historical production for the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan is since 1992 only.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OECD. Uranium 2009: Resources, Production and Demand. OECD NEA Publication 6891. 2010