|Molar mass||314.02 g/mol|
|Appearance||Green crystalline solid.|
|Density||6.70 g/cm3, solid.|
|Melting point||1,036 °C (1,897 °F; 1,309 K)|
|Boiling point||1,417 °C (2,583 °F; 1,690 K)|
|Crystal structure||Monoclinic, mS60|
|Space group||C2/c, No. 15|
|EU classification||Very toxic (T+)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
|R-phrases||R26/28, R33, R51/53|
|S-phrases||(S1/2), S20/21, S45, S61|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
Uranium tetrafluoride (UF4) is a green crystalline solid compound of uranium with an insignificant vapor pressure and very slight solubility in water. Uranium in its tetravalent (uranous) state is very important in different technological processes. In the uranium refining industry it is known as green salt.
UF4 is generally an intermediate in the conversion of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) to either uranium oxides (U3O8 or UO2) or uranium metal. It is formed by the reaction of UF6 with hydrogen gas in a vertical tube-type reactor or by the action of hydrogen fluoride (HF) on uranium dioxide. UF4 is less stable than the uranium oxides and reacts slowly with moisture at ambient temperature, forming UO2 and HF, which are very corrosive; it is thus a less favorable form for long-term disposal. The bulk density of UF4 varies from about 2.0 g/cm3 to about 4.5 g/cm3 depending on the production process and the properties of the starting uranium compounds.
A molten salt reactor design, a type of nuclear reactor where the working fluid is a molten salt, would use UF4 as the core material. UF4 is generally chosen over other salts because of the usefulness of the elements without isotope separation, better neutron economy and moderating efficiency, lower vapor pressure and better chemical stability.
Like all uranium salts UF4 is toxic and thus harmful by inhalation, ingestion and through skin contact.
- Booth, H. S.; Krasny-Ergen, W.; Heath, R. E. (1946). "Uranium Tetrafluoride". Journal of the American Chemical Society 68 (10): 1969. doi:10.1021/ja01214a028.
- Kern, S.; Hayward, J.; Roberts, S.; Richardson, J. W.; Rotella, F. J.; Soderholm, L.; Cort, B.; Tinkle, M.; West, M.; Hoisington, D.; Lander, G. A. (1994). "Temperature Variation of the Structural Parameters in Actinide Tetrafluorides". The Journal of Chemical Physics 101 (11): 9333–9337. Bibcode:1994JChPh.101.9333K. doi:10.1063/1.467963.
- "Uranium Tetrafluoride". Appendix A of the PEIS (DOE/EIS-0269). Argonne National Laboratory. Retrieved 22 November 2011.