Urasoe, Okinawa

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Urasoe
浦添市
Urashii
City
Urasoe skyline
Urasoe skyline
Flag of Urasoe
Flag
Location of Urasoe in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Urasoe in Okinawa Prefecture
Urasoe is located in Japan
Urasoe
Urasoe
Location of Urasoe in Okinawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 26°14′45″N 127°43′19″E / 26.24583°N 127.72194°E / 26.24583; 127.72194Coordinates: 26°14′45″N 127°43′19″E / 26.24583°N 127.72194°E / 26.24583; 127.72194
Country Japan
Region Kyushu (Ryukyu)
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Mitsuo Gima
Area
 • Total 19.09 km2 (7.37 sq mi)
Population (November, 2012)
 • Total 113,718
 • Density 5,956.9/km2 (15,428/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Horutonoki (Elaeocarpus sylvestris var. ellipticus)
- Flower Henderson Allamanda
- Flowering tree Poinciana
Phone number 098-876-1234
Address 1-1-1, Ahacha, Urasoe-shi 901-2501
Website www.city.urasoe.lg.jp
National Theater Okinawa

Urasoe (浦添市 Urasoe-shi?, Okinawan: Urashii) is a city located in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The neighboring municipalities are Naha to the south, Ginowan to the north, and Nishihara to the east.

As of November 2012, the city has an estimated population of 113,718 and a population density of 5,956.9 persons per km². The total area is 19.09 km².[1]

United States Marine Corps base Camp Kinser is located on the city's coast.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Urasoe" is made up of two kanji characterss. The first, , means "a coastal area", and the second, , means "ruling" or "uniting". The name is a reference to "ruling over many areas".[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Urasoe sits to the south of Okinawa Island. Urasoe is rugged and hilly to the east, and the city slopes gently to the East China Sea in the west.[3] Urasoe, while formerly agricultural, has become heavily urbanized due to its proximity to the prefectural capital of Naha.[2][3]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Urasoe was the original capital of the Okinawan kingdom of Chūzan for several centuries until it was supplanted by Shuri in the late 14th or early 15th century. Shunten (1166 – 1237), the first known king of the Chuzan Kingdom, located in the central region of the island of Okinawa, ruled from Urasoe, as did his son and grandson.[4][5] For much of the 14th century, Urasoe Castle was the largest on the island of Okinawa. The castle now contains the remains of several kings of the Ryukyu Kingdom.[5][6]

Urasoe was completely razed during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945 at the end of World War II. 45% of the population, 4,117 residents, died during the battle. The village office of Urasoe was re-established in 1946 to conduct basic administrative functions, settle refugees returning to the village, and restore agricultural land.[3] The village saw a significant increase in U.S. military presence in 1950 in the western coast of the village, which eventually became Camp Kinser. The population of Urasoe rapidly from 1956, and the city became a bedroom community of Naha in this period.[2][3][5] Urasoe was elevated to city status on July 1, 1970.[2]

Economy[edit]

The beer company Orion Breweries has its headquarters in Urasoe.[7]

Noted residents[edit]

Urasoe is the hometown of Japanese actress, musician and former idol Yukie Nakama.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "浦添市の人口" [Population of Urasoe] (in Japanese). Urasoe, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Urasoe. 2012. Retrieved Jan 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Urasoe City Guide". Urasoe, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: City of Urasoe. 2012?. Retrieved Jan 2, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "浦添" [Uraose]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  4. ^ "浦添" [Urasoe]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  5. ^ a b c "Urasoe". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  6. ^ Pearson, Richard. "Archaeological Perspectives on the Rise of the Okinawan State." Journal of Archaeological Research, 9:3. 2001. p270.
  7. ^ "会社概要 - オリオンビール." Orion Breweries. Retrieved on November 30, 2009.
  8. ^ "仲間 由紀恵" [Yukie Nakama]. JK Who's Who (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 

External links[edit]