Urban Employment Area

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For other uses of the abbreviation for Metropolitan Employment Area, see MEA.
A map of Tokyo UEA.
A map showing Osaka , Kobe, and Kyoto UEAs.

Urban Employment Area (都市雇用圏 Toshi Koyō-ken?) is a definition of metropolitan areas, defined by the Center for Spatial Information Service, the University of Tokyo. It is different from the official definition of metropolitan areas defined by the Statistics Bureau, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. For the latter scheme, see the List of metropolitan areas in Japan by population article.

The basic principle of UEA is similar to that of the Statistics Bureau definition; a central city and its associated outlying municipalities with certain amounts of commuters. A UEA with at least 50,000 DID (Densely Inhabited District) population is called Metropolitan Employment Area (大都市雇用圏 Dai-toshi Koyō-ken?) or MEA for short in English. A UEA with at least 10,000 and less than 50,000 DID population is called Micropolitan Employment Area (小都市雇用圏 Shō-toshi Koyō-ken?) or McEA for short in English.

Definition[edit]

Central city
  • If a municipality has at least 10,000 DID population, and is not a suburb of any other municipalities, it is defined as a central city.
  • Even if a municipality is a suburb of another, it can still be defined as a central city. In this case, a municipality must have workers working there more than those living there. It must also have the DID population of at least 10,000, or a third of the population of the central city.
Suburb
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to a central city B, A is defined as a (primary) suburb of B.
    • If there are multiple such cities for a suburb A, the one with the most commuters from A is defined as A's central city.
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to another suburb B, and if no other municipalities have more commuters from A, A is defined as a secondary suburb or lower of B.
  • If a municipality A has more than 10% of its population commuting to B and vice versa, the one with the higher percentage of commuters is defined as a suburb of another.
  • If a central city comprises multiple municipalities, numbers of commuters to all those municipalities are counted for the calculations above.

Top 100 Urban Employment Areas in Japan[edit]

Source: Urban Employment Area (UEA) Code Table

  • W/L here is jūgyō jōjū jinkōhi (従業常住人口比), the ratio of workers in the area, against the number of workers living in the area.
  • DID population here is a population of central city. If an area has multiple central cities, only the most populous one among them is counted.
  • A 2000 population decrease from 1995 is written in red figures.
  • Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) is listed on white background. Micropolitan Employment Area (McEA) is listed on yellow background.
  • Prefectural capital is numbered with blue background. Non-capital is numbered with green background.
  • 1980 ranks exclude Kurashiki MEA, which was merged with Okayama MEA in 2000. Those under No. 100 are marked as "-".
2000 1980 Name Pop.
(2000)
Pop.
(1980)
DID
(2000)
W/L
(2000)
1 1 Tokyo MEA (ja) 31,729,844 26,624,003 8,134,688 1.64
2 2 Osaka MEA (ja) 12,116,540 11,170,018 2,598,452 1.82
3 3 Nagoya MEA 5,318,500 4,538,832 2,119,714 1.28
4 4 Kyoto MEA 2,583,304 2,361,205 1,388,842 1.12
5 6 Fukuoka MEA 2,329,021 1,773,129 1,284,574 1.24
6 5 Kobe MEA 2,296,268 2,047,561 1,375,306 1.04
7 7 Sapporo MEA 2,217,162 1,751,996 1,759,684 1.02
8 9 Hiroshima MEA 1,584,037 1,327,198 987,542 1.04
9 10 Sendai MEA 1,555,691 1,248,616 892,252 1.13
10 14 Okayama MEA 1,484,066 750,188 431,882 1.11
11 8 Kitakyūshū MEA 1,425,920 1,524,747 913,119 1.05
12 12 Kumamoto MEA 1,020,488 836,892 548,054 1.08
13 11 Shizuoka MEA 999,360 966,074 409,458 1.11
14 15 Niigata MEA 947,310 726,983 437,336 1.16
15 13 Hamamatsu MEA 919,933 825,503 407,251 1.07
16 25 Utsunomiya MEA 888,005 547,545 349,054 1.13
17 16 Gifu MEA 820,848 711,981 295,176 1.08
18 20 Naha MEA 746,762 616,010 296,961 1.23
19 17 Himeji MEA 741,759 709,219 366,007 1.11
20 19 Kanazawa MEA 732,467 626,523 369,986 1.14
21 18 Kagoshima MEA 728,658 662,737 484,491 1.05
22 30 Fukuyama MEA 715,334 517,514 239,923 1.06
23 21 OitaŌita MEA 703,781 608,653 314,938 1.05
24 24 Nagasaki MEA 700,147 553,101 351,970 1.08
25 22 Takamatsu MEA 670,104 592,555 217,410 1.23
26 28 Mito MEA 660,683 532,911 164,587 1.25
27 27 Toyohashi MEA 644,784 540,880 256,696 0.98
28 26 Matsuyama MEA 623,570 542,188 401,494 1.04
29 36 KofuKōfu MEA 614,835 476,543 168,833 1.25
30 31 Nagano MEA 609,811 514,136 243,321 1.10
31 29 Yokkaichi MEA 606,071 522,233 193,690 1.09
32 35 Tokushima MEA 595,653 478,772 189,230 1.19
33 23 Wakayama MEA 573,308 566,668 300,910 1.07
34 38 Fukui MEA 560,601 454,495 164,433 1.20
35 78 Tsukuba MEA 555,178 216,337 64,015 1.23
36 32 Toyama MEA 541,761 504,353 214,542 1.18
37 33 KochiKōchi MEA 541,339 490,401 277,948 1.08
38 54 KoriyamaKōriyama MEA 537,493 341,004 225,148 1.08
39 37 Takasaki MEA 532,271 457,317 171,141 1.16
40 39 Yamagata MEA 475,546 415,965 177,763 1.12
41 44 Morioka MEA 475,541 382,706 230,793 1.11
42 53 Maebashi MEA 458,996 341,331 204,541 1.17
43 34 Numazu MEA 458,330 487,606 173,401 1.14
44 42 Akita MEA 452,316 384,718 265,711 1.09
45 45 Matsumoto MEA 444,926 371,850 142,846 1.19
46 47 Miyazaki MEA 440,794 356,771 238,123 1.06
47 55 Toyota MEA 439,525 340,596 231,334 1.11
48 43 Kurume MEA 419,616 384,264 178,381 1.10
49 52 Fukushima MEA 412,353 343,063 182,966 1.07
50 59 Saga MEA 410,326 304,703 127,010 1.25
51 51 Fuji MEA 399,490 345,720 186,981 1.05
52 41 Asahikawa MEA 398,600 384,718 329,670 1.00
53 62 Okazaki MEA 379,118 297,404 246,992 0.88
54 46 Hitachi MEA 377,592 368,405 168,929 1.15
55 49 Takaoka MEA 374,530 347,645 92,330 1.04
56 40 Hakodate MEA 366,677 395,403 260,357 1.04
57 50 Iwaki MEA 365,864 347,408 172,933 0.99
58 67 Nagaoka MEA 365,654 274,394 123,641 1.15
59 87 Kumagaya MEA 356,995 186,859 104,731 1.03
60 56 Aomori MEA 340,558 336,677 241,322 1.04
61 61 Odawara MEA 337,568 302,668 172,105 0.96
62 57 Hachinohe MEA 332,242 331,608 169,749 1.09
63 66 Hirosaki MEA 326,102 278,234 125,803 1.09
64 60 Sasebo MEA 322,948 304,678 159,673 1.04
65 64 OgakiŌgaki MEA 319,486 280,945 92,158 1.09
66 65 Tsu MEA 308,375 280,045 100,149 1.23
67 58 Kure MEA 288,637 320,342 173,993 1.02
68 93 OtaŌta MEA 288,046 161,945 82,866 1.12
69 48 Shimonoseki MEA 287,935 348,875 197,992 1.01
70 74 Okinawa MEA 283,227 236,398 100,162 0.98
71 63 Tokuyama MEA 281,194 295,506 67,407 1.14
72 70 Kisarazu MEA 267,626 244,066 82,216 0.91
73 75 Ube MEA 258,180 229,729 93,439 1.00
74 77 Obihiro MEA 253,851 221,659 161,127 1.07
75 69 Yonago MEA 252,387 246,581 69,684 1.12
76 73 Tottori MEA 249,067 239,972 94,204 1.21
77 85 Oyama MEA 245,698 190,194 75,948 1.05
78 76 Jōetsu MEA 244,810 227,947 81,780 1.08
79 68 OmutaŌmuta MEA 240,181 254,723 114,794 1.03
80 999- Kariya MEA 232,726 137,173 102,278 1.31
81 86 Miyakonojō MEA 227,196 189,065 64,159 1.12
82 81 Ueda McEA 227,062 205,775 43,267 1.06
83 80 Matsue MEA 225,937 205,031 106,413 1.17
84 71 Kushiro MEA 225,576 242,331 176,971 1.01
85 999- Kitakami McEA 220,258 76,633 26,825 1.08
86 999- Nakatsu McEA 216,597 97,817 25,520 1.07
87 87 Iizuka McEA 209,400 188,420 47,842 1.16
88 84 Ishinomaki MEA 207,558 194,680 101,723 1.07
89 72 Muroran MEA 201,293 241,371 85,251 1.15
90 95 Tomakomai MEA 199,144 158,191 141,089 1.00
91 94 Isesaki MEA 194,232 159,064 68,656 1.05
92 83 Niihama MEA 193,417 196,483 91,822 0.99
93 97 Matsusaka MEA 190,542 156,295 60,652 1.01
94 999- Tsuyama McEA 189,627 144,230 36,048 1.11
95 82 Aizuwakamatsu MEA 188,686 197,672 93,305 1.15
96 999- Hikone MEA 185,687 135,930 58,986 1.01
97 79 Kiryū MEA 185,540 205,240 88,575 0.97
98 999- Yamaguchi MEA 178,402 147,867 74,041 1.02
99 89 Izumo McEA 173,715 166,279 29,477 1.08
100 999- Furukawa McEA 169,910 65,525 33,802 1.07

These areas have multiple central cities. Municipal names are as of 2000.

These areas changed their names between 1980 and 2000, as the most populated central cities have changed.

  • Tsuchiura UEA changed to Tsukuba UEA after 1995.
  • Kimitsu UEA changed to Kisarazu UEA after 1990.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]