List of communities in Alberta

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Distribution of town and cities in Alberta.
Rural and specialized municipalities of Alberta

The Province of Alberta, Canada, is divided into 10 different types of local governments – urban municipalities (including cities, towns, villages and summer villages), specialized municipalities, rural municipalities (including municipal districts/counties, improvement districts and special areas), Métis settlements, and Indian reserves. All types of municipalities are governed by local residents and were incorporated under various provincial acts, with the exception of improvement districts (governed by either the provincial or federal government), and Indian reserves (governed by local First Nations people under federal jurisdiction).

Alberta also has numerous unincorporated communities (including urban service areas, hamlets and a townsite) that are not independent municipalities in their own right. However, they are all recognized as sub-municipal entities by Alberta Municipal Affairs under the jurisdiction of specialized municipalities or rural municipalities, with the exception of the lone townsite (its jurisdiction is shared with an Indian reserve that surrounds it).

With the exception of Métis settlements, Statistics Canada recognizes all of Alberta’s municipalities as census subdivisions and groups them into 19 census divisions based on geography. Within census divisions, Statistics Canada groups some of Alberta’s municipalities/census subdivisions into two census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or 12 census agglomerations (CAs) for enumeration purposes. All CMAs include large urban centres and surrounding census subdivisions. All CAs also include large urban centres and in some cases their surrounding census subdivisions.

With the exception of Indian reserves, the administration of municipalities in Alberta is regulated by the Municipal Government Act,[1] the Special Areas Act[2] and the Metis Settlements Act.[3]

As of 2012, the combined unofficial population of all of Alberta’s municipalities was 3,768,284.[4]

Municipalities[edit]

Urban municipalities[edit]

Cities[edit]

According to Section 82 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), an area may incorporate as a city if:

  • it has a population of 10,000 people or more; and
  • the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m².[1]

Essentially, cities are formed from urban communities with populations of at least 10,000 people.[5]

Alberta currently has a total of 17 cities with a combined population totalling 2,501,817 as of 2012.[4]

Towns[edit]

According to Section 81 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), an area may incorporate as a town if:

  • it has a population of 1,000 people or more; and
  • the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m².[1]

Essentially, towns are formed from urban communities with populations of at least 1,000 people. When a town's population exceeds 10,000 people, its council may apply to change its status to that of a city, but the change in incorporated status is not mandatory.[5]

Communities with shrinking populations are allowed to retain town status even if the number of residents falls below the 1,000 limit. Some of Alberta's towns have never reached a population of 1,000 people, but were incorporated as towns before the current requirement to have a population of 1,000 or more.

Alberta currently has a total of 108 towns, with a combined population totalling 458,376 as of 2012.[4]

Villages[edit]

According to Section 80 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), an area may incorporate as a village if:

  • it has a population of 300 people or more; and
  • the majority of its buildings are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m².[1]

Essentially, villages are formed from urban communities with populations of at least 300 people. When a village's population exceeds 1,000 people, its council may apply to change its status to that of a town, but the change in incorporated status is not mandatory.

Communities with shrinking populations are allowed to retain village status even if the number of residents falls below the 300 limit. Some of Alberta's villages have never reached a population of 300 people, but were incorporated as villages before there was a requirement to have a population of 300 or more.

Alberta currently has a total of 95 villages, with a combined population totalling 39,546 as of 2012.[4] These numbers reflect the recent dissolution of the villages of Derwent and New Sarepta to hamlet status on September 1, 2010.[13][14]

Summer villages[edit]

According to former Section 79 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), a summer village is an area that:

  • has at least 60 parcels of land developed with dwelling buildings; and
  • has a population of less than 300 persons where the majority of the persons who would be electors do not permanently reside in that area.

As a result of Section 79 being repealed,[1] summer villages can no longer be formed in Alberta.[5]

Essentially, summer villages were once formed from urban communities with populations of less than 300 people and significant non-permanent populations. When a summer village's population exceeds 300 people, its council may apply to change its status to that of a village, but the change in incorporated status is not mandatory.

Alberta currently has a total of 51 summer villages, with a combined population totalling 4,726 as of 2012.[4]

Specialized municipalities[edit]

According to Section 83 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), a municipality may incorporate as a specialized municipality under one of the following three scenarios:

  • where the Minister of Alberta Municipal Affairs (AMA) is satisfied that the other incorporated statuses under the MGA do not meet the needs of the municipality's residents;
  • to form a local government that, in the opinion of the Minister of AMA, will provide for the orderly development of the municipality in a similar fashion to the other incorporated statuses within the MGA; or
  • for any other circumstances that are deemed appropriate by the Minister of AMA.[1]

Essentially, specialized municipalities are municipalities that are unconventional in nature compared to other municipalities in Alberta, and they are incorporated under the authority of the existing MGA instead of relying on the creation of their own separate acts (i.e., the Special Areas Act[2] allowed the incorporation of Alberta's three special areas and the Metis Settlements Act[3] allowed the incorporation of Alberta's eight Métis settlements).[5]

Alberta's five specialized municipalities have a combined population totalling 230,625 as of 2012.[4]

Rural municipalities[edit]

Municipal districts[edit]

According to Section 78 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), a municipal district is an area in which:

  • the majority of the buildings used as dwellings are on parcels of land with an area of at least 1,850 m²; and
  • there is a population of 1,000 or more.[1]

Essentially, municipal districts are large rural areas in which their citizens reside on farms, country residential subdivisions or unincorporated communities (i.e., hamlets, localities and other settlements).[5]

In Alberta, the term county is synonymous with the term municipal district – it is not its own incorporated municipal status that is different from that of a municipal district. As such, Alberta Municipal Affairs provides municipal districts with the opportunity to brand themselves either as municipal districts or counties in their official names.

Of Alberta's 64 municipal districts, 46 of them brand themselves as counties. Over the past decade, Alberta has observed a trend of numerous municipal districts rebranding themselves as counties through official name changes. Some of the reasons why a municipal district would rebrand itself as a county include that the term county is: more recognizable by the general public; has a more modern and progressive appeal; and is more marketable from an economic development perspective.

The last municipal district (M.D.) to rebrand itself as a county was the M.D. of Northern Lights No. 22, which was renamed as the County of Northern Lights on February 3, 2010.[23]

Alberta's 64 municipal districts have a combined population totalling 453,346 as of 2012.[4]

Improvement districts[edit]

According to Section 581 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), Alberta's Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Municipal Affairs, may form an improvement district. Section 582 of the MGA requires that the order to form an improvement district must describe its boundaries and give it an official name.

Alberta currently has eight improvement districts, which have a combined population totaling 2,146.[22] Five of them are located within national parks, and two are within provincial parks.

In September 2011, the Province of Alberta approved the formation of a new improvement district named Improvement District No. 349.[29] It is located north of the City of Cold Lake and includes the Cold Lake Air Weapons Range from Lac La Biche County and some adjacent lands further to the north from the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo.[29][30][31] The effective incorporation date of Improvement District No. 349 was January 1, 2012.[29]

Special areas[edit]

Main article: Special Areas Board

Special areas are rural municipalities created in 1938 under the authority of the Special Areas Act.[2][5] A special area is not to be confused with a specialized municipality, which is a completely different municipal status.

Alberta's three special areas had a combined population totalling 4,499 in 2011.[4]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Urban service areas[edit]

An urban service area is a type of hamlet that is not officially defined under the Municipal Government Act (MGA). However, the Province of Alberta recognizes it as equivalent to a city for the purposes of program delivery and grant eligibility according to the Orders in Council that established the Regional Municipality (R.M.) of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County as specialized municipalities.[33][34]

These Orders in Council (see Schedule 1, Section 7[33] and Schedule 1, Section 3[34] respectively) also state that:

  • the specialized municipalities shall provide to the Province of Alberta any information required to administer programs or to determine the amount of grants which would have been paid if the urban service areas were incorporated cities; and
  • for the purposes of enactments affecting roads, culverts, ditches, drains, and highways, the urban service areas are deemed to be cities.

Essentially, urban services areas meet the eligibility requirements of the MGA to incorporate as a city. As such, they are Alberta's largest hamlets.

There are currently two urban services areas in Alberta:

Fort McMurray, within the jurisdiction of the R.M. of Wood Buffalo, was formerly a city prior its amalgamation with Improvement District No. 143 on April 1, 1995. It was designated an urban service area at the time of the amalgamation.[33]

Sherwood Park has always been an unincorporated community under the jurisdiction of Strathcona County. It became an urban service area when Strathcona County changed its status from a municipal district to a specialized municipality on January 1, 1996.[34]

Hamlets[edit]

According to Section 59 of the Municipal Government Act (MGA), hamlets are unincorporated communities that:

  • consist of five or more buildings used as dwellings, a majority of which are on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m²;
  • have a generally accepted boundary and name; and
  • contain parcels of land that are used for non‑residential purposes.[1]

Further, Section 59 of the MGA provides the councils of municipal districts (or counties) and specialized municipalities the authority to designate unincorporated communities within its boundaries as hamlets.[1][5] Hamlets may also be designated within improvement districts and special areas by the Minister of Municipal Affairs pursuant to Section 590 of the MGA and Section 10 of the Special Areas Act respectively.[1][2]

When a hamlet's population reaches 300, it becomes eligible to incorporate as a village under Section 80 of the MGA, so long as the majority of the buildings are still on parcels of land smaller than 1,850 m².[1] However, it is a modern-day rarity for a hamlet to incorporate as a village – Barnwell and Wabamun were the last two to do so both on January 1, 1980. It is much more common these days for villages to revert to hamlet status through the dissolution process instead.

There are currently 389 hamlets in Alberta, two of which are the urban services areas presented above.[35]

Townsites[edit]

A townsite is a type of unincorporated community that is not officially defined under the Municipal Government Act (MGA), but it is generally regarded as an independent urban area within an Indian reserve that is comparable in population, land area, services, and built form, to that of Alberta's incorporated towns. Essentially, townsites would meet the eligibility requirements of the MGA to incorporate as a town if they were not located on Indian reserve lands under federal jurisdiction.

Redwood Meadows is Alberta's only townsite at this time and is located within the Tsuu T'ina Nation.

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Métis settlements[edit]

Main article: Métis in Alberta

Métis settlements are rural areas inhabited by members of Alberta's Métis Nation that were established in 1936 under the Métis Population Betterment Act. The settlements provide an autonomous land base, allow better access to education, health and other social services, and provide economic development opportunities for Alberta's Métis Nation.[3] Métis settlements now operate under the authority of the Metis Settlements Act.[5]

Alberta currently has eight Métis settlements, all of which are located in the northern half of the province. The official names of the eight settlements, and the municipal districts they are within, are as follows:

*Areas generated from provincial Métis settlement boundary data.

Very small portions of the Gift Lake Métis Settlement and the Kikino Métis Settlement are also located within Northern Sunrise County and Lac La Biche County respectively.

Alberta's eight Métis settlements have a combined population totalling 4,858 as of 2012.[4]

Indian reserves[edit]

Reserves in Alberta cover a total area of 1,622,630 acres (6,566.6 km2) and range from 1,089 acres (4.41 km2) to 354,667 acres (1,435.29 km2) in size.[5] Under the British North America Act, legislative authority over Indian reserves is placed exclusively with the national parliament, specifically Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC). Local administration is placed with local native governments.

See also[edit]

AB
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Communities in Canada's provinces and territories

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brooks is Alberta's smallest city by area.
  2. ^ Calgary is Canada's third-largest city, Alberta's largest city by both population and area, and was Alberta's first city, incorporated on January 1, 1894. The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) includes the cities of Airdrie and Calgary.
  3. ^ Edmonton is Canada's fifth-largest city and Alberta's capital. The Edmonton CMA includes the cities of Edmonton, Fort Saskatchewan, Leduc, Spruce Grove and St. Albert.
  4. ^ Lacombe is Alberta's smallest city by population and is its newest city, incorporated September 5, 2010.
  5. ^ The balance of Lloydminster is located within Saskatchewan.
  6. ^ This population does not include 9,772 in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total population in 2011 was 27,804.
  7. ^ This area does not include 17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Lloydminster. The city's total area in 2011 was 41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi).
  1. ^ Athabasca was formerly known as Athabasca Landing prior to August 4, 1913.[9]
  2. ^ Chestermere was formerly known as Chestermere Lake prior to March 1, 1993.[9]
  3. ^ Drumheller originally incorporated as a city on April 3, 1930 but reverted from city status as a result of its amalgamation with the M.D. of Badlands No. 7 in 1998.[9]
  4. ^ Fort Macleod was formerly known as Macleod prior to April 1, 1952.[9]
  5. ^ Granum was formerly known as Leavings prior to March 31, 1908.[9]
  6. ^ Peace River was formerly known as Peace River Crossing prior to May 22, 1916.[9]
  7. ^ St. Paul was formerly known as St. Paul de Métis prior to December 15, 1932.
  8. ^ Bittern Lake was formerly known as Rosenroll prior to December 16, 1911.[15]
  9. ^ Delia was formerly known as Highland prior to December 9, 1915.[16]
  10. ^ Hay Lakes was formerly known as Hay Lake prior to January 1, 1932.
  11. ^ Ryley was also known as Equity in 1909.[17]
  12. ^ Spring Lake was formerly known as Edmonton Beach prior to January 1, 1999.[18]
  13. ^ Stirling is designated a national historic site.
  14. ^ Bellis dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  15. ^ Blackie dissolved from village status on August 31, 1997.
  16. ^ Burdett dissolved from village status on January 1, 2003.
  17. ^ Cadogan dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  18. ^ Calling Lake's population includes the designated places of Calling Lake (189) and Centre Calling Lake (180).[46]
  19. ^ Cayley dissolved from village status on June 1, 1996.
  20. ^ Chinook dissolved from village status on April 1, 1977.
  21. ^ Clairmont dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  22. ^ Cluny dissolved from village status on September 15, 1995.
  23. ^ Cochrane Lake is also known as Cochrane Lake Subdivision.
  24. ^ Colinton's population includes the designated places of Colinton (215) and McNabb's (59), as defined by Statistics Canada,[46] which are both included within the hamlet boundary, as defined by Athabasca County.[49][50]
  25. ^ Compeer dissolved from village status on December 31, 1936.
  26. ^ Craigmyle dissolved from village status on January 1, 1972.
  27. ^ Cynthia dissolved from town status on May 1, 1959.
  28. ^ Dead Man's Flats is also known as Pigeon Mountain.
  29. ^ Derwent dissolved from village status on September 1, 2010.[13]
  30. ^ Diamond City dissolved from village status on June 30, 1937.
  31. ^ Dunmore dissolved from village status on February 4, 1919.
  32. ^ Eaglesham dissolved from village status on December 31, 1996.
  33. ^ Enchant dissolved from village status on January 30, 1945.
  34. ^ Entwistle dissolved from village status on December 31, 2000.
  35. ^ Erskine dissolved from village status on May 20, 1946.
  36. ^ Evansburg dissolved from village status on June 30, 1998.
  37. ^ For Assiniboine dissolved from village status on December 31, 1991.
  38. ^ Fort MacKay's population does not include portion of community on Indian reserve.
  39. ^ Fort McMurray is one of two hamlets designated an urban service area.
  40. ^ Fort McMurray's population includes 1,980 non-permanent residents.[40]
  41. ^ Gleichen dissolved from town status on March 31, 1998.
  42. ^ Goose Lake is also known as Lone Pine.
  43. ^ Grassy Lake dissolved from village status on July 1, 1996.
  44. ^ Grouard, also known as Grouard Mission, dissolved from village status on January 18, 1944.
  45. ^ Hairy Hill dissolved from village status on December 31, 1996.
  46. ^ Hairy Hill's population is from the 2001 federal census (Statistics Canada did not publish its population in the 2006 or 2011 federal censuses).
  47. ^ Half Moon Lake is also known as Half Moon Estates.
  48. ^ Irvine dissolved from town status on December 31, 1996.
  49. ^ Islay dissolved from village status on March 2, 1944.
  50. ^ Janvier South is also known as Janvier and Chard.
  51. ^ Jenner dissolved from village status on June 22, 1943.
  52. ^ Kinuso dissolved from village status on September 1, 2009.
  53. ^ La Crete's population includes its population centre (1,885)[54] and designated place (523)[46] populations from the 2011 census (the population centre and designated place boundaries are contiguous with no overlaps).[49]
  54. ^ Lac La Biche dissolved from town status on August 1, 2007 as a result of its amalgamation with Lakeland County to form Lac La Biche County.[55]
  55. ^ The Hamlet of Lac La Biche comprises Lac La Biche County's Ward 7,[55] which had a population of 2,895 in Lac La Biche County's 2013 municipal census.[56]
  56. ^ Langdon dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  57. ^ Lavoy dissolved from village status on April 30, 1999.
  58. ^ Lodgepole dissolved from new town status on March 1, 1970.
  59. ^ Mirror dissolved from village status on January 1, 2004.
  60. ^ Monarch dissolved from village status on December 31, 1938.
  61. ^ Monitor dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  62. ^ Mountain View dissolved from village status on September 9, 1915.
  63. ^ Mulhurst Bay is also known as Mulhurst.
  64. ^ Mulhurst Bay's population includes the designated places of Mulhurst part A (295) and Mulhurst part B (0).[46]
  65. ^ New Norway dissolved from village status on November 1, 2012.[59]
  66. ^ New Sarepta dissolved from village status on September 1, 2010.[14]
  67. ^ Ohaton dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  68. ^ Plamondon dissolved from village status on May 1, 2002.
  69. ^ Radway dissolved from village status on December 31, 1996.
  70. ^ Ranfurly dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  71. ^ Richdale dissolved from village status on June 2, 1931.
  72. ^ Rosebud dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  73. ^ Rumsey dissolved from village status on January 1, 1995.
  74. ^ Sandy Lake is also known as Pelican Mountain.
  75. ^ Sangudo dissolved from village status on September 16, 2007.
  76. ^ Sherwood Park is one of two hamlets designated an urban service area.
  77. ^ Suffield dissolved from village status on January 1, 1930.
  78. ^ Swalwell dissolved from village status on December 31, 1945.
  79. ^ Thorhild dissolved from village status on March 18, 2009.
  80. ^ Torrington dissolved from village status on January 1, 1998.
  81. ^ Wabasca was formerly named Wabasca-Desmarais.
  82. ^ Wabasca's population includes the designated places of Desmarais (138) and Wabasca (1,302)[46] and the Desmarais Indian settlement (129),[62] all of which are located within the hamlet boundary.[49][63]
  83. ^ Walsh dissolved from village status on April 30, 1925.
  84. ^ Wanham dissolved from village status on December 31, 1999.
  85. ^ Wanham's population is from the 2001 federal census (Statistics Canada did not publish its population in the 2006 federal census).
  86. ^ Warspite dissolved from village status on June 1, 2000.
  87. ^ Warspite's population is from the 2001 federal census (Statistics Canada did not publish its population in the 2006 federal census).
  88. ^ Wildwood dissolved from village status on December 31, 1990.
  1. ^ Gift Lake comprises two parts. The majority is located within the Municipal District of Big Lakes, while the balance is located within Northern Sunrise County. The Municipal District of Big Lakes portion had a population of 662 living on 811.30 km2 (313.24 sq mi) in 2011, while the Northern Sunrise County portion had a population of 0 living on 1.15 km2 (0.44 sq mi).[67]
  2. ^ Kikino comprises two parts. The majority is located within Smoky Lake County, while the balance is located within Lac La Biche County. The Smoky Lake County portion had a population of 959 living on 442.92 km2 (171.01 sq mi) in 2011, while the Lac La Biche County portion had a population of 5 living on 1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi).[68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Alberta Queen's Printer. "Municipal Government Act". Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  2. ^ a b c d Alberta Queen's Printer. "Special Areas Act". Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  3. ^ a b c Alberta Queen's Printer. "Metis Settlements Act". Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Alberta Municipal Affairs (2012-11-22). "Alberta 2012 Official Population List". Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Alberta Municipal Affairs and Housing (2008-05-16). "Types of Municipalities in Alberta". Retrieved December 18, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Municipal Profiles: Summary Reports (Cities)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "Communities Within Specialized and Rural Municipalities". Alberta Municipal Affairs. April 9, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipal Profiles: Summary Reports (Towns)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 17, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Canmore, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Drumheller, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Census Profile - Map : Peace River, Town (Census Subdivision), Alberta". Statistics Canada. March 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
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  14. ^ a b Alberta Queen's Printer. "Order in Council (O.C.) 230/2010". Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  15. ^ "Order in Council (O.C.) 979/11". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 1911-12-16. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  16. ^ "Change in Name of Village Municipality - Highland to Delia". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 1915-12-09. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  17. ^ Village of Ryley. "The Village of Ryley - Equity". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
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  25. ^ "2013 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. November 20, 2013. pp. 1 3. ISBN 978-1-4601-1418-6. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Rocky View’s Total Population Results are In". Rocky View County. August 30, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Municipal Profiles (Improvement Districts)". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 31, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2011 to January 1, 2012 (Table 1 - Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory)" (XLSX). Statistics Canada. November 14, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c "O.C. 419/2011". Province of Alberta. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-12. 
  30. ^ Kostiw, Tanya (2011-08-16). "Air Weapons Range to become improvement district under proposed deal". Bonnyville Nouvelle (Great West Newspapers Limited Partnership). Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  31. ^ Stodalka, William (2011-08-16). "City council sees draft of potential air range deal". Cold Lake Sun (Sun Media Corporation). Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
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  34. ^ a b c Province of Alberta (1995-12-06). "Order in Council 761/95 (Strathcona County status change to specialized municipality)". Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
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  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "County Census Identifies Divisional Population Changes". Rocky View County. September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  43. ^ a b Beaver County (2009). "Municipal Census Highlights". Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
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  51. ^ a b c d e "The Present: A Cypress County Snapshot". Cypress County. Retrieved January 26, 2013. 
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  56. ^ a b "Permanent Residents by Electoral Ward". Lac La Biche County. Retrieved July 10, 2013. 
  57. ^ a b "County Statistics". Northern Sunrise County. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
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