Urbana, Ohio

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Urbana, Ohio
City
Located at the center of Urbana is a large roundabout.
Located at the center of Urbana is a large roundabout.
Location of Urbana, Ohio
Location of Urbana, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°6′39″N 83°45′5″W / 40.11083°N 83.75139°W / 40.11083; -83.75139Coordinates: 40°6′39″N 83°45′5″W / 40.11083°N 83.75139°W / 40.11083; -83.75139
Country United States
State Ohio
County Champaign
Government
 • Mayor Tyler W. Barr
Area[1]
 • Total 7.77 sq mi (20.12 km2)
 • Land 7.75 sq mi (20.07 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation [2] 1,050 ft (320 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 11,793
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 11,639
 • Density 1,521.7/sq mi (587.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 43078
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-79072[5]
GNIS feature ID 1065415[2]
Website http://urbanaohio.com/

Urbana is a city in and the county seat of Champaign County, Ohio, United States,[6] 47 miles (76 km) west of Columbus. Urbana was laid out in 1805, and for a time in 1812 was the headquarters of the Northwestern army during the War of 1812. Urbana was named after the town of Urbanna, Virginia. It is the burial place of the explorer and Indian fighter Simon Kenton.

In 1900, 6,808 people lived in Urbana; in 1910, 7,739; and in 1940, 8,335. The population was 11,793 at the 2010 census. It is the home of Urbana University.

History[edit]

Platted in 1805 following the American Revolution and the Northwest Indian War, by 1833, Urbana contained a courthouse and jail, one printing office, a church, a market house, nine mercantile stores, and 120 houses.[7]

On June 4, 1897, residents of Urbana formed a lynch mob and fought their way into the town jail to remove Charles Mitchell, a black man who was suspect in the killing of a white. Crowds of men had been forming for more than a day. The mob hanged Mitchell in the courtyard of the courthouse in the middle of the night. Trying to protect him, Sheriff McCain had summoned the state militia, led by Captain Leonard. After the mob fired into the jail, the militia returned at least five shots, killing Harry Bell, one of the white mob, and wounding others. When the lynch mob gained entry after 2:30 am, the sheriff withdrew militia forces to an upper floor in retreat.[8]

Geography[edit]

Urbana is located at 40°6′39″N 83°45′5″W / 40.11083°N 83.75139°W / 40.11083; -83.75139 (40.110937, -83.751463).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.77 square miles (20.12 km2), of which 7.75 square miles (20.07 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 644
1830 1,102 71.1%
1840 1,070 −2.9%
1850 2,020 88.8%
1860 3,429 69.8%
1870 4,276 24.7%
1880 6,252 46.2%
1890 6,510 4.1%
1900 6,808 4.6%
1910 7,739 13.7%
1920 7,621 −1.5%
1930 7,742 1.6%
1940 8,335 7.7%
1950 9,335 12.0%
1960 10,461 12.1%
1970 11,237 7.4%
1980 10,774 −4.1%
1990 11,353 5.4%
2000 11,613 2.3%
2010 11,793 1.5%
Est. 2012 11,639 −1.3%
[10][11][12][5][13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 11,793 people, 4,808 households, and 2,932 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,521.7 inhabitants per square mile (587.5 /km2). There were 5,401 housing units at an average density of 696.9 per square mile (269.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 5.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 4,808 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 38.2 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 11,613 people, 4,859 households, and 2,998 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,702.3 people per square mile (657.4/km²). There were 5,210 housing units at an average density of 763.7 per square mile (295.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.03% White, 5.95% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population.

There were 4,859 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,702, and the median income for a family was $42,857. Males had a median income of $33,092 versus $26,817 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,831. About 7.2% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Urbana's economy is supported by several industries, including Rittal, Honeywell Aerospace, Honeywell Inc., Control Industries, Freshwater Farms among others. A variety of services are located in buildings around the Urbana Monument Square Historic District, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Businesses on the square include banks, accounting, fine dining, bars, and personal care. The Champaign County Farmers Market is held weekly in downtown Urbana. In a contest sponsored by the American Farmland Trust, the market was voted as one of America's four favorite farmers' markets.[14]

 Champaign County (Urbana, Ohio) Farmers Market.
The Champaign County (Urbana, Ohio) Farmers Market

Education[edit]

Urbana is primarily served by the Urbana City School District, which includes Urbana High School. Additional lower schools are North Elementary, which accepts students in grades K-2; South Elementary, K-2; East Elementary, grades 3-4; and Local Intermediate, a school for grades 5-6; one of the newer buildings, it is located on the outskirts of town.

Urbana University offers liberal arts tertiary-education opportunities in a small college environment. Serving about 1500 students, it offers 28 undergraduate majors in a variety of disciplines; graduate degrees in Business Administration, Criminal Justice, Education and Nursing; and opportunities for international students desiring to study in the United States.

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Grimes Field, the Urbana airport

March 9, 1967 resulted in 26 fatalities.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). "The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary". Scott and Wright. p. 458. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "A Lynching At Urbana". New York Times. June 6, 1897. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Morrill, Jennifer. "Champaign County, Ohio Farmers Market Voted America’s Favorite Farmers Market", American Farmland Trust, September 28, 2010.

External links[edit]