Urbos is a family of light rail vehicles built by CAF.
There are three generations of Urbos:
The Basque manufacturer CAF did already have a long history with the construction of trains, including regional and underground metro variants. It started building a tram type in 1993 with a contract for Seville Metro with the delivery of 16 trams between 1993 to 1999. This original tram type was a variant of a Siemens tram type and some components were delivered by Siemens, including bogies and traction motors. After acquiring a contract for Lisbon Trams in 1995, it was decided to start construction of its own model. The first generation was ordered by the tram operator of the Basque city of Bilbao that received 6 trains between 2004 and 2006. Manufacturing locations have initially been in Saragossa and Linares.
This series was only sold to Euskotren to operate tram services in Bilbao. The original tram system was shut down in 1964 and the second generation did open in December 2002 - extensions opened until 2004.
- Line A (EuskoTran), 8 trains (named 401-408)
- the 8 trains are 70% low-floor two-directional with three bogies on metre gauge
- Vélez-Málaga Tram (leased to the Sydney Light Rail)
- Tranvía de Vitoria
- Seville Metro
- MetroCentro (Seville) (replaced by Urbos 3 in March 2011)
- Tranvía de Antalya
The Urbos 3 is the successor of Urbos 2 with all new sales going for this type. They have low floors and a maximum speed of 70 km/h. The train type is offered in metre gauge and standard gauge and allows for a train width of 2300, 2400 or 2650 millimeter. Trains can be assembled from 3, 5, 7 or 9 modules, so the length may be between 23 and 56 metres.
CAF has developed an option to build supercapacitors into the Urbos 3, allowing brief operation without an external electrical supply. This ACR system (Acumulador de Carga Rápida) allowed the tramway operator in Sevilla to remove the overhead wires in key locations during Holy Week 2011.
- Cuiabá, Brazil (40 ordered)
- Salvador, Brazil
- Belgrade, Serbia (30)
- Seville, Spain
- Granada, Spain
- Cádiz, Spain
- Debrecen, Hungary (18)
- Edinburgh, Scotland
- Málaga, Spain
- Besançon, France (19)
- Nantes, France (8)
- Zaragoza, Spain (21)
- West Midlands, England (£40 million order for 20, with options for five)
- Kaohsiung, Taiwan (9 ordered; no overhead wires will be needed in all line)
- Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
- Sydney, Australia. ($20m order for 6 Trams; order subsequently expanded to 12 trams)
- Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany (12 ordered)
- Kansas City, Missouri, USA
- Budapest, Hungary (47; €90m order for the 47 Trams)
- Utrecht, Netherlands (27 ordered; to be operational in 2018)
The Urbos AXL train type allows for a maximum speed of 90 km/h. With larger modules and normal axle bogies it is designed for mass rapid transit systems.
- Revista Vía Libre, mayo 2009, «Urbos3, la nueva generación de tranvías» (pdf)
- "Tranvias de Bilbao ,( tranvia de la 2ª Generación)" (in Spanish). 2015-02-12.
- "Bilbao Tram" (in English). CAF. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
- "The CAF Rapid Charge Accumulator: Technology for removing catenary between stations" (PDF). CAF. 2010-02-16. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "VLTs de Cuiabá serão fabricados na Espanha (in Portuguese)". revistaferroviaria.com.br. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- "Beograd to buy 30 CAF trams". Railway Gazette International. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- "Átadták a debreceni 2-es villamosvonalat-Linie2 Open in Debrecen". 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- "Urbos 3 concept on display in Málaga". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "CAF wins Urbos tram contracts". Railway Gazette International. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "CAF wins Urbos tram contracts". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- "Zaragoza tram Line 1 enters service", Railway Gazette International, 2011-04-26
- "CAF named preferred bidder to supply new Midland Metro trams". Railway Gazette International. 2012-02-02.
- "Work begins on £128m Midland Metro expansion project". Railway Gazette International. 2012-03-22.
- "Kaohsiung picks CAF to build catenary-free trams". Railway Gazette International. 2013-01-07.
- "Streetcar Vehicle Production Under Way". City of Cincinnati. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
- "CAF wins Sydney tram order". Railway Gazette International.
- "VAG kauft Trams bei spanischem Hersteller". Badische Zeitung. 25 February 2013.
- "Von 2015 an rollen spanische Trams". Badische Zeitung. 15 March 2013.
- "Spanish firm CAF will supply streetcars". bizjournals.com. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-06.
- "Budapest orders CAF trams". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
- "37 instead of 47 units of the new tram arrives in Budapest". Retrieved 2014-04-28.
- "Aannemer Uithoflijn en leverancier trams geselecteerd". Uithoflijn. 2014-12-01.
- "Estland: CAF liefert weitere Straßenbahnen nach Tallinn". 2014-02-26.
- "Stockholm's first Lidingö light rail vehicle on test". 2014-06-05.
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