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Monument in Jena to the Urburschenschaft

The Urburschenschaft (German: Original student fraternity) was the first Burschenschaft, a special type of German Studentenverbindung (student fraternity). Burschenschaften were founded in the early 19th century as associations of university students inspired by liberal and nationalistic ideas.

It was founded in 1815 in Jena, Thuringia, in Germany. As colours, it adopted Black-Red-Gold, later to become the National colours of Germany.

It had 859 active students as members, about 60 per cent of all the students who studied at the university of Jena from 1815 to 1820. One of its first members was Heinrich von Gagern, the president of the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848/49.