Urgench (Uzbek: Urganch/Урганч; Persian: گرگانج / Gorganch) is a city (1999 pop. 139,100) in western Uzbekistan. The population of Urganch on April 24th 2014 is approximately 150,110. It is the capital of the Khorezm Province, on the Amu Darya River and the Shavat canal. The city is situated 450 km west of Bukhara across the Kyzyl Kum Desert. It is located at latitude 41° 32' 60N longitude 60° 37' 60E, at an altitude of 91 meters.
The history of the city goes back to the second half of the 19th century. The city should not be confused with the like-named city of Konya-Urgench (also known as "Old Urgench" or "Gurgench") in Turkmenistan. The city of Old Urgench was left after the Amu Darya river changed its course in the 16th century, leaving the old town high and dry and without water. New Urgench was founded by Russians in the second half of the 19th century at the place of a little trade station of the Khanate of Khiva.