Uri, Jammu and Kashmir
|Uri, Jammu and Kashmir|
|State||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Elevation||1,363 m (4,472 ft)|
|• Official||Urdu, Pahari|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Uri is a town on the river Jhelum in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located just 18 km from the line of control. The historic national highway NH-1A passes through this picturesque town. The town has enjoyed peace for a long time, unlike the rest of the state. Uri was levelled in the Richter 7.6 2005 Kashmir earthquake on 8 October 2005 in which nearly 1500 people died. But, the town was rapidly reconstructed by the government and civilian agencies to regain its past stature.
Uri is located at Srinagar, the capital city of Jammu and Kashmir. Srinagar is also the nearest airport. Uri is also a beautiful valley situated in the north-western side of Kashmir. Major villages near Uri include Nambla, Kamalkote, Salamabad and Garkote., and has an average elevation of 1,363 m (4,472 ft). Uri is a frontier town and is surrounded on three sides by that part of Kashmir administered by Pakistan. Uri is 46 km (29 mi) by road from Baramulla and 106 km (66 mi) from
At the 2001 census, Uri had a population of 400,900. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Islam is the predominant religion with 95% of the total population; Hindus, Sikhs and Christians make the rest. Uri has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 60%: male literacy is 90%, and female literacy is 76%. In Uri, 40% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Uri came into existence when Maharaja Gulab Singh bought Kashmir by paying seventy five lakh Nanakshahi coins, and started the construction of Muzaffarabad – Srinagar road also known as Jhelum valley road. The construction of the road commenced in 1860, and was completed in 1880. Uri is the Gateway to Kashmir Valley. It is located at an altitude of 4300 feet on the banks of Jhelum River. Uri was a small flourishing hamlet prior to independence, and a holiday resort for Maharajas of Jammu & Kashmir and Poonch. Situated almost half way between Muzaffarabad and Srinagar, it was the most convenient halting point for tourists and other traffic to and from the Valley. Residents of Uri were mainly engaged in running wayside restaurants and cafes. Uri is shaped like a cup, with the town at the base and encircled by high hills. It has been a significant battlefield in all wars fought with Pakistan. Today, it forms the strategic gateway between Pakistan Administered Kashmir and the valley. The town itself is a tehsil headquarters of Baramulla District with all required infrastructure like High School, hospital and a small market with approximately 120 shops.Uri has witnessed the passage of flag bearers of major religious of the world. The Pandu feature, which is an off shoot of Chhota Kazi Nag Dhar is believed to have housed the Pandavas during their exile. The Pandu mandir at Lagama, Datha mandir at Bandi, Khadim Mandir at Buniyar lend credence to this legend. Uri follows the version of Islam as interpreted and propagated by Sufis and Pirs. Hence, we notice the proliferation of Ziarats constructed in honour of Pirs. Some of the famous Ziarats are those of Baba Farid at Farida, Baba Kazinag at Shahadara and Baba Gafoor Sahib at Pirnain. Uri’s reputation as a confluence of religion is further strengthened by the Chhenvi Patshahi Gurudwara of Guru Hargobind Sahib the sixth Guru of Sikhs. It is interesting to note, that the Gurudwara is co-located with the Ziarat of Panch Pir at Paran Pilan.Uri has etched a place for itself in post-independence military history. In 1947, the raiders were driven back from Badgam to Chakothi. At the end of this campaign, the tricolour fluttered atop Pirpanjal. In the 1965 War, Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar was defeated with the capture of Hajipir Pass. In 1971, fierce battles raged around Uri.
Uri has one Degree college,one ITI and has nearly 20 Schools including 2 higher Secondary Schools, 3 High schools run by different organisations catering to the local population, including a dozen premery schools. There is also one school that is run by the Indian Army named the Army Goodwill School.
- The cross LOC trade point called Kaman Aman Setu is also stationed at this place where selected items are transported across the Line of Control without any exchange of money as it is a barter trade. The cross border bus service also passes through this point.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.