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||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (February 2013)|
Uribism (Uribismo in Spanish) is the right-wing political ideology based on the ideology and government of former president of Colombia, Álvaro Uribe. It supports mainly the democratic security politics of Uribe.
Before 2002, Colombia was a two-party system country, the dominant parties were the Colombian Liberal Party and the Colombian Conservative Party. Alvaro Uribe was a member of the Liberal Party and wanted to be candidate for the presidency of the country, but his party supported the candidature of Horacio Serpa, another liberal. Uribe decided to make his own party, Colombia First and the Conservative Party supported him.
Uribe won in the elections, being the new president of Colombia. He found opposition in the Liberal Party and in the leftist Independent Democratic Pole party.
Due to Uribe's high popularity in the country, some politicians started a campaign to reelect Uribe. The congress approved the single reelection in the country. Uribe called his supporters to join in a single party. This caused the formation of the Party Of The U, a coalition of important conservative and liberal politicians. However, many Uribist movements did not join the party, such as the Conservative Party.
Uribe was reelected in 2006 by the coalition of all the Uribist movements with more votes than in the 2002 elections.
In the same year of the legislative elections, three Uribist parties (Colombian Conservative Party, Party Of The U and Radical Change Party) along with two opposition parties (Colombian Liberal Party and Alternative Democratic Pole) won sufficient seats in the congress to be considered major parties, changing the political history of Colombia.
Uribe currently has a 79% popularity rating in Colombia.