Uridine diphosphate

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Uridine diphosphate
Skeletal formula of uridine diphosphate
Ball-and-stick model of the UDP molecule as an anion
Names
IUPAC name
Uridine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate)
Identifiers
58-98-0 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL130266 N
ChemSpider 19952429 YesY
IUPHAR ligand 1749
MeSH Uridine+diphosphate
PubChem 1158
Properties
C9H14N2O12P2
Molar mass 404.161
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Uridine diphosphate, abbreviated UDP, is a nucleoside diphosphate. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside uridine. UDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase uracil.

UDP is an important factor in glycogenesis. Before glucose can be stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles, the enzyme UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase forms a UDP-glucose unit by combining glucose 1-phosphate with uridine triphosphate, cleaving a pyrophosphate ion in the process. Then, the enzyme glycogen synthase combines UDP-glucose units to form a glycogen chain. The UDP molecule is cleaved from the glucose ring during this process and can be reused by UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase.[1][2]

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