Uropods are often defined as the appendages of the last body segment of a crustacean. An alternative definition suggested by Frederick R. Schram restricts the term to those structures arising from the segment before the anal segment (the segment which carries the anus). Under this latter definition, the appendages of the anal segment are caudal rami, which are analogous to uropods.
Uropods are typically biramous – comprising an endopod and an exopod. The exopod is typically the larger, and may be divided in two by a transverse suture known as the diaeresis. The uropods may work in concert with the telson to form a "tail fan".
- Claude Meisch (2007). On the origin of the putative furca of the Ostracoda Crustacea. In Renate Matzke-Karasz, Koen Martens & Michael Schudack. "Ostracodology – Linking Bio- and Geosciences: Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Ostracoda, Berlin, 2005". Hydrobiologia. Developments in Hydrobiology 197 (Springer) 585 (1): 181–200. doi:10.1007/s10750-007-0637-2. ISBN 9781402064173.
- Dean Pentscheff (ed.). "Diaeresis". Crustacea Glossary. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- S. S. Lal (2009). "Palaemon malcolmsonii". Practical Zoology: Invertebrate. Rastogi Publications. pp. 395–403. ISBN 978-81-7133-924-2.
- Dean Pentscheff (ed.). "Uropod". Crustacea Glossary. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Retrieved June 28, 2012.