Ursula von der Leyen
|Ursula von der Leyen|
|Federal Minister of Defence|
17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Thomas de Maizière|
|Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs|
30 November 2009 – 17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Franz Josef Jung|
|Succeeded by||Andrea Nahles|
|Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth|
22 November 2005 – 30 November 2009
|Preceded by||Renate Schmidt|
|Succeeded by||Kristina Schröder|
|Minister of Social Affairs, Women, Family Affairs and Health of Lower Saxony|
4 March 2003 – 22 November 2005
|Preceded by||Gitta Trauernicht|
|Succeeded by||Mechthild Ross-Luttmann|
8 October 1958 |
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
|Spouse(s)||Heiko von der Leyen|
|Alma mater||University of Göttingen
University of Münster
London School of Economics
Hannover Medical School
Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen (born 8 October 1958 in Brussels) is a German politician of the conservative Christian Democratic Union, and the current Federal Minister of Defence, the first woman in German history to hold that office.
She served as the Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the Second Merkel Cabinet and as Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth in the First Merkel Cabinet (2005–2009). By profession she is a physician.
Ursula von der Leyen is the daughter of Ernst Albrecht, a prominent CDU politician and former European Commission official, as well as a long-time Prime Minister of Lower Saxony. Her brother is businessman Hans-Holger Albrecht.
She was born in Ixelles in Brussels, where her father worked for the European Commission (as a Director-General from 1969). This allowed her to attend the European School until 1971, when the family decided to move to Lehrte in Hanover.
Ursula von der Leyen started her studies in 1977 in the field of economics, at the universities of Göttingen, Münster and London School of Economics. In 1980, she dropped her studies in economics, switching to medicine. She subsequently studied at Hanover Medical School, whence she graduated in 1987 after seven years.
From 1988 to 1992, she worked as an assistant doctor at the Women's Clinic of the Medical School of the University of Hanover. Upon completing her postgraduate studies, she earned a doctorate in medicine (Dr. med.) in 1991. From 1992 to 1996 she worked as a housewife in Stanford, California while her husband was a faculty member of Stanford University.
From 1998 to 2002, she was a faculty member at the Department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research at the Medical School of the University of Hanover, where in 2001, she earned a Master's Degree in Public Health. She grew up bilingually in Belgium and speaks German and French at a native level as well as English.
Ursula von der Leyen joined the CDU in 1990, and became active in politics in 1999, entering local politics in 2001 in the area of Hanover. She was elected to the Parliament of Lower Saxony in 2003, and from 2003 to 2005 she was a cabinet minister in the state government of Lower Saxony in the cabinet of Christian Wulff, responsible for social affairs, women, family and health. In 2005 she was appointed Federal Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth in the cabinet of Angela Merkel.
She was elected to the Bundestag, the Parliament of Germany, in the 2009 federal election. Ursula von der Leyen succeeded Franz Josef Jung as Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs on 30 November 2009. She was initially considered the front runner for the nomination of the ruling CDU/CSU and FDP parties for President of Germany in the 2010 election, but Christian Wulff was ultimately chosen as the candidate.
Childcare and parental leave
Ursula von der Leyen assumed her office as Federal Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth in 2005. Amidst much protest, particularly from the conservative wing of her own party, the CDU, Ursula von der Leyen introduced the Child Advancement Act (Kinderförderungsgesetz), which reserved 4.3 billion euros to create childcare structures throughout Germany.
Ursula von der Leyen also introduced the German Elternzeit, a paid parental leave scheme which, following Scandinavian models, reserving two additional months for fathers who go on parental leave as well (Vätermonate in German). This part of the law in particular attracted protest from some German conservatives. Catholic Bishop Walter Mixa accused von der Leyen of turning women into "Birthing Machines", while Bavarian colleagues from von der Leyen's sister party, the CSU, complained that men did not need a "diaper-changing internship." Von der Leyen successfully influenced public opinion of her reforms with a 3 million Euro PR campaign, which was criticized for using public funds for political advocacy and for employing embedded marketing techniques.
Blocking internet child pornography
Ursula von der Leyen advocated the initiation of a mandatory blockage of child pornography on the Internet through Internet service providers via a block list maintained by the Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (BKA), thus creating the basic infrastructure for extensive censorship of websites deemed illegal by the BKA.
These actions brought her the nickname "Zensursula", a portmanteau word blending the German word for censorship (“Zensur”) and her given name (“Ursula”). The combination of a sensitive topic like child pornography and internet censorship is said to have caused a rising interest in the Pirate Party.
In July 2009 she referred to the problems of struggling against pedophile pornography on the internet as the responsible persons often use servers located in Africa or India, where "child pornography is legal”. This claim was based on a study by the International Center for Missing and Exploited Children in 2006; however, child pornography is in fact illegal in India. Indeed, Indian society has much stricter rules about erotic media than Germany. Ursula von der Leyen later expressed regret for having cited an inaccurate study.
Ursula von der Leyen is married to Heiko von der Leyen, a professor of medicine, the CEO of a business development company (medical engineering) and a member of the von der Leyen family, a family noted as silk industralists.
- Ursula von der Leyen, C-reaktives Protein als diagnostischer Parameter zur Erfassung eines Amnioninfektionssyndroms bei vorzeitigem Blasensprung und therapeutischem Entspannungsbad in der Geburtsvorbereitung, doctoral dissertation, Hanover Medical School, 1990
- Ursula von der Leyen, Maria von Welser, Wir müssen unser Land für die Frauen verändern. Bertelsmann, Munich, 2007, ISBN 978-3-570-00959-8
- Ursula von der Leyen, Liz Mohn, Familie gewinnt. Bertelsmann Foundation, 2007, ISBN 978-3-89204-927-2
- Biography in whoswho.de (German)
- "Der denkmalgeschützte Bau drohte zu verfallen: Altes Knoop-Mausoleum für 90000 Euro restauriert" (in (German)). Bild. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung. "REGIERUNGonline - Ursula von der Leyen". Bundesregierung. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Von Alice Bota (29 December 2006). "Small Talk auf höchster Ebene" (in (German)). Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- Spiegel.de, 27 November 2009 (German)
- "Köhler-Nachfolge: Arbeitsministerin Von der Leyen Favoritin". Nachrichten.at. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- [dead link]
- "Full portrait of von der Leyen's work" (Press release). New York Times.
- Getarnte Werbung - Die fragwürdigen PR-Kampagnen der Bundesregierung ("Stealth advertising - The questionable PR campaigns of the federal government"). Report Mainz, Südwestrundfunk, 27 August 2007 (German)
- Focus Online: Kinderpornografie: Der Traum von der Internetsperrung (German)
- Der Spiegel Online: "Zensursula" geht in die Offensive (German)
- Reißmann, Ole (16 October 2009). "Stoppschild für Zensursula" (in German). Spiegel.de. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- MDR: Interview (German)
- heise.de (German)
- Spiegel.de, 15 July 2009 (German)
- MDR.de "Von der Leyen gesteht Fehler ein" (German)
- "Rammstein: "Liebe Ist Für Alle Da" wird verboten". Laut.de. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- [dead link]
- "DNB, Session abgelaufen" (in (German)). Portal.d-nb.de. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ursula von der Leyen.|
|Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth
Franz Josef Jung
|Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
Thomas de Maizière
|Minister of Defence