Ursus, Warsaw

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Ursus
Warsaw District
Location of Ursus within Warsaw
Location of Ursus within Warsaw
Coordinates: 52°11′34″N 20°53′23″E / 52.19278°N 20.88972°E / 52.19278; 20.88972Coordinates: 52°11′34″N 20°53′23″E / 52.19278°N 20.88972°E / 52.19278; 20.88972
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County/City Warsaw
Government
 • Mayor Wiesław Krzemień
Area
 • Total 9.35 km2 (3.61 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 47,285
 • Density 5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +48 22
Website ursus.warszawa.pl

Ursus is a district (dzielnica) of Warsaw, one of the 18 such units into which the city is divided. Between 1952 and 1977 it a was separate city, a legacy of which are Ursus' poor road connections with the Warsaw city centre. Until 1954 it was known as Czechowice.

History[edit]

In the area that is today Ursus, there were three villages in the 14th century: Czechowice, Skorosze and Szamoty (later called Gołąbki).

20th century industrialisation contributed to developing these villages. Skorosze became the seat of municipality, and in the early 1920s the Szamoty area's Zakłady Mechaniczne "Ursus" (English: Ursus Industrial Plants) (makers of agricultural machinery) was built. Czechowice became a housing estate due to factory's vicinity. In the 1939, before World War II, there was 7000 inhabitants. Skorosze has a school, police station and train station in its area.

In 1952 Czechowice, Skorosze and Szamoty were combined into one city, called Czechowice, which in 1954 changed its name to Ursus (there had been another Czechowice-Dziedzice city already, located in southern Poland).

From June 25 to June 30, 1976, the city of Ursus witnessed strikes after the communists raised food prices. Many people got injured and arrested. It was the signal that started Komitet Obrony Robotników (KOR), a movement which was successful in uniting the workers and intellectuals against the communist government, which eventually led to the birth of the Solidarity movement.

On August 1, 1977, Ursus became part of Warsaw within the Ochota district as punishment for the strikes in June 1976. Ursus lost its independence as a separate city.[citation needed]

Since January 1, 1993 Ursus has been a separate district.

The present[edit]

Ursus is one of the smallest Warsaw districts. It also has the lowest crime rate.