Ursus minimus

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Ursus minimus
Temporal range: Pliocene
Ursus minimus 1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Superfamily: Arctoidea
Family: Ursidae
Subfamily: Ursinae
Tribe: Ursini
Genus: Ursus
Species: Ursus minimus
Linnaeus 1758

Ursus minimus (Auvergne Bear) is an extinct species of bear, endemic to Europe during the Pliocene, living from ~5.3—1.8 Mya, existing for approximately 3.5 million years.

Ursus minimus appears to have given rise to Ursus etruscus. The range of Ursus minimus was continental Europe and as far east as the Black Sea in Russia. Its southern range was Italy.

The skeleton of Ursus minimus was very similar to that of the larger Asian black bear. With the exception of the age of the bones, it is often difficult to distinguish the remains of Ursus minimus from those of modern Asian black bears.[1]

Fossil distribution[edit]

Sites and specimen ages:

References[edit]

Tracking the origins of the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) by mitochondrial DNA sequencing

  1. ^ Search for the Golden Moon Bear: Science and Adventure in Pursuit of a New Species by Sy Montgomery published by Chelsea Green Publishing, 2009
  2. ^ Paleobiology Database: Meleto collection