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A Uruguayan American is any person of Uruguayan ancestry or birth who is a citizen or resident of the United States. Similar to neighboring country Argentina, Uruguay took in many immigrants from Europe beginning in the late 19th century and lasting until the mid 20th century. As it stands, approximately 93% of Uruguay's population is of European descent with Italians, Spaniards, French, and Germans being among the most populous groups to have settled in the country. Because of this, many Uruguayan Americans identify both with their nationality and their family's country of origin.
The history of Uruguayan emigration to the United States is very recent. Before 1960, the Uruguayan living conditions were favorable, as had job opportunities, good education and good healthcare system. The few Uruguayans left the country, migrated other Hispanic countries such as Argentina. For this reason the Uruguayan emigration to the United States was low during that period. However, after 1960, welfare in the life of Uruguay fell: This was due to the emergence of serious economic and political problems after World War II, particularly money crises and employment during the 1960s and 1970s decades. Moreover, Uruguay was ruled by an oppressive military regime. All this led to a major Uruguayan emigration, which corresponded for a large number of people who had a well-educated Professionals and the young. This migration, too, began the social security crisis. As the aging population and young people migrating to other countries, grew the burden on the country's financial resources. In fact, is calculates that of the Uruguayan immigrants from 1963 to 1975, 17.7 percent of them were aged 14 years or younge. While 68 percent of them were between the 15 and 39 years,. Only 14.3 percent were over 40 years old. The continued employment problems of the late 1980s developed yet another impetus for the youth of Uruguay to seek employment and new lives in others country. Some of them went to the United States, but the most of Uruguayan emigrants continued to migrating in Argentina.
According to 2010 census on the Uruguayan descent population in the U.S., there are about 56,884 people of that origin. The majority of Uruguayans that migrated to the United States arrived in the 1960s and 1970s. It calculates that, between 1963 and 1975 (when the country's economy suffered a huge drop), 180,000 Uruguayans left of country. Later on, between 1975 and 1985, during the period of oppressive military control, 150,000 Uruguayans left Uruguay. And, in 1989, only 16,000 of these citizens had returned to their native country. When these two figures are added together, the migration figure stands at approximately one-tenth of the population.
Although in the 1990s Uruguayans constituted 43 percent of all immigrants to the United States originating from Latin America and the Caribbean, they only made up a small part of the large U.S. Hispanic population. The most Uruguayan immigrants established themselves in New York City, New Jersey, and Long Island. Two other remarkable centers for Uruguayan American population are Washington, D.C., and Florida.
Study and Assimilation 
Most Uruguayans find it easy to adapt to life in large cities in the United States, thanks to the cosmopolitan life style that they are used to in Uruguay. Uruguayans in general have a multilingual resource that make English not an obstacle for adaptation in American society. In addition, the high value that is given to higher education have led many Uruguayan students to migrate to the United States to continue their University studies there.
U.S. communities with high percentages of people of Uruguayan ancestry 
The top 10 U.S. communities with the highest percentages of people claiming Uruguayan ancestry are:
- Medley, Florida 16,9%
- Marineland, Florida 10%
- Doral, Florida 5,2%
- Detroit, Michigan 3%
- Miami, Florida 2,5%
- Flint, Michigan 2%
- Tampa, Florida 1,7%
- Oakland, Florida 1,4%
- Little Habana, Florida 1%
- Orlando, Florida 1%
U.S. communities with the most residents born in Uruguay 
Top 10 U.S. communities with the most residents born in Uruguay are:
- Medley, Florida 18,1%
- Doral, Florida 7,5%
- Detroit, Michigan 2,8%
- Flint, Michigan 2,7%
- Providence, Rhode Island 2,3%
- Southfield, Michigan 1,8%
- Tampa, Florida 1,5%
- Ferndale, Michigan 1,4%
- Dearborn Heights, Michigan 1,4%
- Banfield, Michigan 1,3%
Notable Uruguayan Americans 
- Jonathan Del Arco - Uruguayan born, American actor
- Pedro Sevcec - television reporter who works for America TV / Miami in the United States
- Fernando Clavijo - Former footballer/soccer player, currently retired.
- Natalia Cigliuti - American actress
- Fernando Espuelas - Uruguayan born, American naturalized entrepreneur, author, media personality and philanthropist
- Bruno Fonseca - (1958 – 1994) American artist who shifted between abstract and figurative styles and worked in both painting and sculpture. His father, Gonzalo Fonseca, was also an Uruguayan sculptor.
- Caio Fonseca - American painter. He is brother of Bruno Fonseca
- Isabel Fonseca - American writer
- Enrique Graf - Uruguayan born, American naturalized Musician
- Jorge Majfud - Uruguayan writer, professor at Jacksonville University
- Elizabeth Melendez - American actress and former model of Cuban and Uruguayan descent.
- Emir Rodríguez Monegal - (1921 – 1985) was a Uruguay a scholar, literary critic, and editor of Latin American literature
- Martín Núñez - Uruguayan footballer currently playing for Minnesota Stars FC in the North American Soccer League. the Florida State Final Four MVP and the Miami Herald Player of the Year as he led the team with thirty-four goals.
- Pedro Piedrabuena - American professional three-cushion billiards player
- Daniel Pontet - Uruguayan-born artist working in the US.
- Tab Ramos - Former footballer/soccer player, whom also served as co-assistant to U.S. team manager Bob Bradley from 2007-2011.
- Gabe Saporta - Vocalist of bands Midtown and Cobra Starship
- Martin Sorrondeguy - singer of bands Los Crudos and Limp Wrist, the founder of the DIY record label, Lengua Armada Discos, documentary film director and a prominent figure in both the straight edge scene and the queercore scene. He is a Uruguayan born and American raised.
- Miguel Terekhov - (1928 – 2012) Uruguayan-born American ballet dancer and ballet instructor.
- Carlos A. Vegh - Uruguayan academic economist and Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland.
- Agustín Viana - American -born, Uruguayan professional footballer
- Rafael Viñoly - Uruguayan architect living in the United States
- Ida Vitale - prolific writer from Montevideo who played an important role in the Uruguayan art movement "Generation of 1945".
- Adrian Vallarino - TV and Film producer and director born in Uruguay working in the United States
See also 
- "Extended National Household Survey, 2006: Ancestry" (pdf) (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics.
- http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Sr-Z/Uruguayan-Americans.html Every culture of World. by Jane E. Spear. Retrieved the November 14, 2011, at 22:31 pm.
- "Ancestry Map of Brazilian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- "Top 101 cities with the most residents born in Brazil (population 500+)". city-data.com. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- Elizabeth Melendez official site
- All State Soccer Teams
- Kendall Soccer Coalition
- "B03001. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN - Universe: TOTAL POPULATION; Data Set: 2006 American Community Survey; Survey: 2006 American Community Survey". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-02-08.