Uruguayan Primera División

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Torneo Uruguayo
Copa Coca-Cola
Country Uruguay
Confederation CONMEBOL
Founded 1900; 114 years ago (1900)
Number of teams 16
Levels on pyramid 1 out of 3
Relegation to Segunda División
International cup(s) Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current champions Danubio
(2013–14)
TV partners Tenfield, Gol TV
Website Primera División
2013-14 season

The Uruguayan Primera División [ˈliɣa pɾofesjoˈnal de pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon] (English: First Division Professional League) also known as the "Primera División Uruguaya" (local: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon uɾuˈɣwaʒa]) or "Primera División de Uruguay" ([pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon de uɾuˈɣwaj]) (English: Uruguayan First Division) is organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF).

The First Championship of Uruguayan Primera Division was held in 1900, being an amateur competition until 1932 when the league became professional.

The Uruguayan Primera División, called "Torneo Uruguayo Copa Coca-Cola" for sponsorship reasons, is regarded as the 23rd most difficult football league in the 21st century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.

History[edit]

Format[edit]

After 1994, the competition was divided in two stages, called the Opening Championship (Torneo Apertura) and Closing Championship (Torneo Clausura), with an end-of-season two-legged final match between the winners of these two tournaments.

In the 2005/06 season, the winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments played a two (or three) legged playoff; the winner of that playoff played against the best team in the aggregate table to decide the 2005/06 season champion.

In the 2006/07 season, the competition was reduced to 16 clubs.

Season[edit]

Originally, like other South American football leagues, the league was contested according to the calendar year, from austral summer to summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2005, the league started to play the "European season", from boreal summer to summer in Northern Hemisphere starting in August, with the aim of preventing clubs from losing many players in the middle of the season. In the first semester of 2005, a special tournament was held to decide the qualification to international competition.

The season of 2008/09 was intended to be the last one to be played in "European season", as the system appeared to be unable to prevent clubs from losing players between the Apertura (opening) tournament and the Clausura (closing). As of 2010 the European calendar style remains, but before the beginning of each season there have been talks to change it back to a year calendar, so far without result.

As a side note, the Indonesian SAD Team competes in the youth system.

Participating teams[edit]

A total of 57 teams took part in the Primera Division since its inception in 1900. The Club Nacional de Football is the team with more shares followed by the Club Atlético Peñarol. Called minor equipment, which has more appearances in first is Wanderers.

2013-14 Season[edit]

Notes: All statistics pertain only to the Uruguayan Championships organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF), not including FUF tournaments of 1923, 1924 and the 1926 Interim Council tournament in seasons counted. The founding dates of equipment are those declared by the clubs themselves involved.[1] The column "stadium" reflects the stadium where the team acts as the local times in their matches, but does not indicate that the equipment in question owns the stadium.[2]

Locations of the 2013–14 season teams outside Montevideo.
Club City Stadium Capacity
Cerro Montevideo Luis Tróccoli 24,000
Cerro Largo Melo Arquitecto Antonio Eleuterio Ubilla 9,000
Danubio Montevideo Jardines Del Hipódromo 14,401
Defensor Sporting Montevideo Luis Franzini 9,357
El Tanque Sisley Montevideo Campeones Olímpicos 7,000
Fénix Montevideo Parque Capurro 5,500
Juventud Las Piedras Parque Artigas 12,000
Liverpool Montevideo Belvedere 8,384
Miramar Misiones Montevideo Parque Méndez Piana 6,500
Wanderers Montevideo Parque Alfredo Víctor Viera 7,420
Nacional Montevideo Gran Parque Central 23,500
Peñarol Montevideo Estadio Centenario 65,235
Racing Montevideo Osvaldo Roberto 8,500
Rentistas Montevideo Complejo Rentistas 10,600
River Plate Montevideo Parque Federico Omar Saroldi 5,624
Sud América San José Casto Martínez Laguarda 6,000

Champions[edit]

The Uruguayan Championship began in 1900. Between 1923 and 1925, under the Uruguayan football schism, coexisted with the AUF (Uruguayan Football Association) the FUF (Uruguayan Football Federation), dissident organ founded by Peñarol and Central. After intervention by the Uruguayan government to impose the dissolution of the FUF, in 1926 takes place a tournament in two series conducted by the Interim Council to unify the two organizations. Peñarol was the winner of the Serie A of the tournament. Note that the Football Association does not recognize the titles of the championships organized by FUF or Provisional Council.[3]

Champions by season[edit]

Amateur Era (1900-31)[edit]

In the amateur era, five clubs won a Primera División title. Nacional is the most successful club with 11 titles, followed by CURCC/Peñarol. Of clubs to win titles, only Rampla Juniors did not win multiple titles. Rampla Juniors and Wanderers were the only clubs to not win titles consecutively. Nacional hold the record title streak, winning three titles in a row twice from 1915 to 1917 and from 1922 to 1924.[4]

Season Champion Runner-up Third Body
1900 CURCC Albion Uruguay Athletic AUF [a]
1901 CURCC Nacional Uruguay Athletic AUF
1902 Nacional CURCC Deutscher AUF
1903 Nacional CURCC Deutscher AUF
1904 No Tournament held [b]
1905 CURCC Nacional Wanderers AUF
1906 Wanderers CURCC Nacional AUF
1907 CURCC Wanderers River Plate FC AUF
1908 River Plate FC Wanderers Nacional AUF
1909 Wanderers CURCC River Plate FC AUF
1910 River Plate FC CURCC Nacional AUF
1911 CURCC Wanderers Nacional AUF
1912 Nacional CURCC Wanderers AUF
1913 River Plate FC Nacional Peñarol AUF
1914 River Plate FC Peñarol Nacional AUF
1915 Nacional Peñarol Universal AUF
1916 Nacional Peñarol Wanderers AUF
1917 Nacional Peñarol Universal AUF
1918 Peñarol Nacional Universal AUF
1919 Nacional Universal Peñarol AUF
1920 Nacional Peñarol Central Español AUF
1921 Peñarol Nacional Universal AUF
1922 Nacional Wanderers Rampla Juniors AUF
1923 Nacional Rampla Juniors Bella Vista AUF
1923 Atlético Wanderers Peñarol Lito FUF [c]
1924 Nacional Bella Vista Rampla Juniors AUF
1924 Peñarol Atlético Wanderers Lito FUF
1925 Not finished [d] AUF
1925 Not finished [e] FUF
1926 No tournament held
1926 Peñarol Atl. Wanderers Rampla Juniors CP [f]
1927 Rampla Juniors Peñarol Nacional AUF
1928 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional AUF
1929 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting AUF
1930 No tournament held [g]
1931 Wanderers Nacional Rampla Juniors AUF

Professional Era (1932-present)[edit]

In the professional era, seven clubs have won a Primera División title. The most success club is Peñarol with 38 titles, followed by Nacional with 33. The remaining five clubs have less than five titles each. It took 54 seasons before a club besides Peñarol or Nacional won a title, when Defensor won their first title 1976. Besides Peñarol or Nacional, no other club has won titles consecutively. Both Peñarol (1958 to 1962 and 1993 to 1997) and Nacional (from 1939 to 1943) hold the record title streaks winning five titles consecutively. The longest period of time since either Peñarol or Nacional won a title was from 1987 to 1991, when Defensor, Danubio, Progreso, Bella Vista, and Defensor Sporting together won five titles in that period.[4]

Season Champion Runner-up Third place Leading goalscorer(s)[5]
1932 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional Uruguay Juan Labraga (Rampla Juniors; 17 goals)
1933 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors Uruguay Juan Young (Peñarol; 33 goals)
1934 Nacional Peñarol Wanderers Uruguay Aníbal Ciocca (Nacional; 13 goals)
1935 Peñarol Nacional Wanderers Uruguay Antonio Castaldo (Defensor; 12 goals)
1936 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors Uruguay Aníbal Ciocca (Nacional; 14 goals)
1937 Peñarol Nacional Wanderers Uruguay Horacio Tellechea (Peñarol; 16 goals)
1938 Peñarol Nacional Central Español Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 20 goals)
1939 Nacional Peñarol Wanderers Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 22 goals)
1940 Nacional Rampla Juniors Wanderers Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 18 goals)
1941 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 23 goals)
1942 Nacional Peñarol Wanderers Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 19 goals)
1943 Nacional Peñarol Miramar Misiones Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 18 goals)
1944 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 21 goals)
1945 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Uruguay Nicolás Falero (Central Español; 21 goals)
Uruguay Raúl Schiaffino (Peñarol; 21 goals)
1946 Nacional Peñarol CA River Plate Argentina Atilio García (Nacional; 21 goals)
1947 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors Uruguay Nicolás Falero (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1948 Not finished [h]
1949 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors Uruguay Óscar Míguez (Peñarol; 20 goals)
1950 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors Uruguay Juan Ramón Orlandi (Nacional; 14 goals)
1951 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors Uruguay Juan Hohberg (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1952 Nacional Peñarol Rampla Juniors Uruguay Jorge Enrico (Nacional; 15 goals)
1953 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors Uruguay Juan Hohberg (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1954 Peñarol Nacional Danubio Uruguay Juan Romay (Peñarol; 12 goals)
1955 Nacional Peñarol Cerro Uruguay Javier Ambrois (Nacional; 17 goals)
1956 Nacional Peñarol Cerro Uruguay Carlos Carranza (Cerro; 18 goals)
1957 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Uruguay Walter Hernández (Defensor; 16 goals)
1958 Peñarol Nacional Rampla Juniors Uruguay Manuel Pedersen (Rampla Juniors; 12 goals)
1959 Peñarol Nacional Racing Uruguay Víctor Guaglianone (Wanderers; 13 goals)
1960 Peñarol Cerro Nacional Uruguay Ángel Cabrera (Peñarol; 14 goals)
1961 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Ecuador Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1962 Peñarol Nacional Fénix Ecuador Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 16 goals)
1963 Nacional Peñarol Wanderers Uruguay Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1964 Peñarol Rampla Juniors Nacional Uruguay Héctor Salva (Rampla Juniors; 12 goals)
1965 Peñarol Nacional Cerro Uruguay Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 15 goals)
1966 Nacional Peñarol Cerro Brazil Araquem de Melo (Danubio; 12 goals)
1967 Peñarol Nacional Cerro Ecuador Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 11 goals)
1968 Peñarol Nacional Cerro Ecuador Alberto Spencer (Peñarol; 8 goals)
Uruguay Pedro Rocha (Peñarol; 8 goals)
Uruguay Ruben García (Cerro; 8 goals)
Uruguay Ruben Bareño (Cerro; 8 goals)
1969 Nacional Peñarol Bella Vista Argentina Luis Artime (Nacional; 24 goals)
1970 Nacional Huracán Buceo Peñarol Argentina Luis Artime (Nacional; 21 goals)
1971 Nacional Peñarol Liverpool Argentina Luis Artime (Nacional; 16 goals)
1972 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Argentina Juan Carlos Mamelli (Nacional; 20 goals)
1973 Peñarol Nacional Danubio Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 23 goals)
1974 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 27 goals)
1975 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 34 goals)
1976 Defensor Peñarol Nacional Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 18 goals)
1977 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 19 goals)
1978 Peñarol Nacional Fénix Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 36 goals)
1979 Peñarol Nacional Fénix Uruguay Waldemar Victorino (Nacional; 19 goals)
1980 Nacional Wanderers Peñarol Uruguay Jorge Luis Siviero (Rentistas; 19 goals)
1981 Peñarol Nacional Wanderers Uruguay Rubén Paz (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1982 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting Uruguay Fernando Morena (Peñarol; 17 goals)
1983 Nacional Danubio Defensor Uruguay Arsenio Luzardo (Nacional; 13 goals)
1984 Central Español Peñarol Nacional Uruguay José Villareal (Central Español; 18 goals)
1985 Peñarol Wanderers Cerro Uruguay Antonio Alzamendi (Peñarol; 13 goals)
1986 Peñarol Nacional Central Español Uruguay Juan Ramón Carrasco (Nacional; 11 goals)
Uruguay Gerardo Miranda (Defensor; 11 goals)
1987 Defensor Nacional Bella Vista Uruguay Gerardo Miranda (Defensor; 13 goals)
1988 Danubio Peñarol Defensor Sporting Uruguay Rubén da Silva (Danubio; 23 goals)
1989 Progreso Nacional Peñarol Uruguay Diego Aguirre (Peñarol; 7 goals)
Uruguay Johnny Miqueiro (Progreso; 7 goals)
Uruguay Óscar Quagliata (Huracán Buceo; 7 goals)
1990 Bella Vista Nacional Peñarol Uruguay Adolfo Barán (Peñarol; 13 goals)
1991 Defensor Sporting Nacional Wanderers Panama Julio Dely Valdés (Nacional; 16 goals)
1992 Nacional CA River Plate Danubio Panama Julio Dely Valdés (Nacional; 13 goals)
1993 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Danubio Uruguay Wilmar Cabrera (Huracán Buceo; 12 goals)
1994 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Nacional Uruguay Darío Silva (Peñarol; 19 goals)
1995 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool Uruguay Juan González (Nacional; 16 goals)
1996 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting Uruguay Juan González (Nacional; 13 goals)
1997 Peñarol Defensor Sporting CA River Plate Uruguay Pablo Bengoechea (Peñarol; 10 goals)
1998 Nacional Peñarol Bella Vista Uruguay Martín Rodríguez (CA River Plate; 13 goals)
Uruguay Rubén Sosa (Nacional; 13 goals)
1999 Peñarol Nacional Defensor Sporting Uruguay Gabriel Álvez (Nacional; 24 goals)
2000 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting Uruguay Javier Chevantón (Danubio; 33 goals)
2001 Nacional Danubio Peñarol Brazil Eliomar Marcón (Defensor Sporting; 21 goals)
2002 Nacional Danubio Peñarol Uruguay Germán Hornos (Fénix; 25 goals)
2003 Peñarol Nacional Danubio Uruguay Alexander Medina (Liverpool; 22 goals)
2004 Danubio Nacional Defensor Sporting Uruguay Carlos Bueno (Peñarol; 26 goals)
Uruguay Alexander Medina (Nacional; 26 goals)
2005 Nacional Defensor Sporting Peñarol Uruguay Pablo Granoche (Miramar Misiones; 16 goals)
2005–06 Nacional Rocha Defensor Sporting Uruguay Pedro Cardozo (Rocha; 17 goals)
2006–07 Danubio Peñarol Defensor Sporting Uruguay Aldo Díaz (Tacuarembó; 15 goals)
2007–08 Defensor Sporting Peñarol CA River Plate Uruguay Richard Porta (CA River Plate; 19 goals)
Uruguay Christian Stuani (Danubio; 19 goals)
2008–09 Nacional Defensor Sporting Cerro Uruguay Antonio Pacheco (Peñarol; 12 goals)
Uruguay Liber Quiñones (Racing; 12 goals)
2009–10 Peñarol Nacional Liverpool Uruguay Antonio Pacheco (Peñarol; 23 goals)
2010–11 Nacional Defensor Sporting Peñarol Uruguay Santiago García (Nacional; 23 goals)
2011–12 Nacional Peñarol Defensor Sporting Australia Richard Porta (Nacional; 17 goals)
2012–13 Peñarol Defensor Sporting Nacional Uruguay Juan Manuel Olivera (Peñarol; 18 goals)
2013–14 Danubio Wanderers Nacional Uruguay Héctor Acuña (Cerro; 20 goals)

Titles by club[edit]

Club Won Winning years
CURCC / Peñarol [i] 49 1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1924 FUF, 1926 CP, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2009–10, 2012–13
Nacional 44 1902, 1903, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1933, 1934, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12
Defensor Sporting 4 1976, 1987, 1991, 2007–08
River Plate FC 4 1908, 1910, 1913, 1914
Wanderers 4 1906, 1909, 1923 FUF, 1931
Danubio 4 1988, 2004, 2006–07, 2013–14
Rampla Juniors 1 1927
Central Español 1 1984
Progreso 1 1989
Bella Vista 1 1990

All-time top scorers[edit]

The chart includes amateur and professional eras:[6]

Pos. Player Period Goals Appear.
1 Uruguay Fernando Morena 1969-84 230 244
2 Argentina Atilio García 1938-50 208 210
3 Uruguay Héctor Scarone 1916-34 163 -
4 Uruguay Pablo Terevinto 1920-31 124 157
5 Ecuador Alberto Spencer 1960-70 113 166
6 Uruguay René Borjas 1920-31 109 199
7 Uruguay Héctor Castro 1921-36 107 181
8 Uruguay Omar Míguez 1948-60 107 137
9 Uruguay Petro Petrone 1923-33 103 97
10 Uruguay Pellegrino Alselmo 1922-35 102 180

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol (Amateur).
  2. ^ The 1904 championship was not played due to the Battle of Masoller.
  3. ^ Federación Uruguaya de Fútbol (Amateur).
  4. ^ The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
  5. ^ The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
  6. ^ CP for "Consejo Provisorio", an unification tournament after the FUF was dissolved and its clubs returned to the AUF.
  7. ^ No championship was played because of the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  8. ^ The 1948 championship was not finished due to a players strike.
  9. ^ Peñarol includes in its honours the championships won by CURCC (1900, 1901, 1905, 1907 and 1911).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Controversy exists on the date of the founding of Club Atlético Peñarol under continuity or not the club with the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club. The club's official position assumes a change of nominating former club founded on December 28, 1891. The other figure position as an original club Peñarol founded on December 13, 1913. Moreover, founding dates Tank Defender and referenced to the original foundation of the football team and do not take into account future mergers with other entities that these clubs had.
  2. ^ The stadium presented exclusively by Club Atlético Peñarol is the José Pedro Damiani, but in practice it never dispute their home games at the stadium, leasing the city-owned Estadio Centenario. For their part, Cerro Largo as Juventud and El Tanque Sisley, present the Ubilla, Artigas Park and Olympic Champions respectively, as their exclusive stadium, but is important to clarify that is not theirs, being municipal property..
  3. ^ "Hasta ahora se jugaron 109 Uruguayos" on Ovación Digital
  4. ^ a b Uruguay - List of Champions at RSSSF
  5. ^ Tabeira, Martín (October 28, 2010). "Uruguay - League Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved December 22, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Uruguay All-Time Topscorers" at RSSSF

External links[edit]