Uruguayan Primera División
|Number of teams||16|
|Levels on pyramid||1 out of 3|
|Relegation to||Segunda División|
|International cup(s)||Copa Libertadores
|TV partners||Tenfield, Gol TV|
The Uruguayan Primera División [ˈliɣa pɾofesjoˈnal de pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon] (English: First Division Professional League) also known as the "Primera División Uruguaya" (local: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon uɾuˈɣwaʒa]) or "Primera División de Uruguay" ([pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon de uɾuˈɣwaj]) (English: Uruguayan First Division) is organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF).
The First Championship of Uruguayan Primera Division was held in 1900, being an amateur competition until 1932 when the league became professional.
The Uruguayan Primera División, called "Torneo Uruguayo Copa Coca-Cola" for sponsorship reasons, is regarded as the 23rd most difficult football league in the 21st century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.
After 1994, the competition was divided in two stages, called the Opening Championship (Torneo Apertura) and Closing Championship (Torneo Clausura), with an end-of-season two-legged final match between the winners of these two tournaments.
In the 2005/06 season, the winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments played a two (or three) legged playoff; the winner of that playoff played against the best team in the aggregate table to decide the 2005/06 season champion.
In the 2006/07 season, the competition was reduced to 16 clubs.
Originally, like other South American football leagues, the league was contested according to the calendar year, from austral summer to summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2005, the league started to play the "European season", from boreal summer to summer in Northern Hemisphere starting in August, with the aim of preventing clubs from losing many players in the middle of the season. In the first semester of 2005, a special tournament was held to decide the qualification to international competition.
The season of 2008/09 was intended to be the last one to be played in "European season", as the system appeared to be unable to prevent clubs from losing players between the Apertura (opening) tournament and the Clausura (closing). As of 2010 the European calendar style remains, but before the beginning of each season there have been talks to change it back to a year calendar, so far without result.
As a side note, the Indonesian SAD Team competes in the youth system.
A total of 57 teams took part in the Primera Division since its inception in 1900. The Club Nacional de Football is the team with more shares followed by the Club Atlético Peñarol. Called minor equipment, which has more appearances in first division is Wanderers.
Notes: All statistics pertain only to the Uruguayan Championships organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF), not including FUF tournaments of 1923, 1924 and the 1926 Interim Council tournament in seasons counted. The founding dates of equipment are those declared by the clubs themselves involved. The column "stadium" reflects the stadium where the team acts as the local times in their matches, but does not indicate that the equipment in question owns the stadium.
|Cerro Largo||Melo||Arquitecto Antonio Eleuterio Ubilla||9,000|
|Danubio||Montevideo||Jardines Del Hipódromo||14,401|
|Defensor Sporting||Montevideo||Luis Franzini||9,357|
|El Tanque Sisley||Montevideo||Campeones Olímpicos||7,000|
|Juventud||Las Piedras||Parque Artigas||12,000|
|Miramar Misiones||Montevideo||Parque Méndez Piana||6,500|
|Wanderers||Montevideo||Parque Alfredo Víctor Viera||7,420|
|Nacional||Montevideo||Gran Parque Central||23,500|
|River Plate||Montevideo||Parque Federico Omar Saroldi||5,624|
|Sud América||San José||Casto Martínez Laguarda||6,000|
The Uruguayan Championship began in 1900. Between 1923 and 1925, under the Uruguayan football schism, coexisted with the AUF (Uruguayan Football Association) the FUF (Uruguayan Football Federation), dissident organ founded by Peñarol and Central. After intervention by the Uruguayan government to impose the dissolution of the FUF, in 1926 takes place a tournament in two series conducted by the Interim Council to unify the two organizations. Peñarol was the winner of the Serie A of the tournament. Note that the Football Association does not recognize the titles of the championships organized by FUF or Provisional Council.
Champions by season
Amateur Era (1900-31)
In the amateur era, five clubs won a Primera División title. Nacional is the most successful club with 11 titles, followed by CURCC/Peñarol. Of clubs to win titles, only Rampla Juniors did not win multiple titles. Rampla Juniors and Wanderers were the only clubs to not win titles consecutively. Nacional hold the record title streak, winning three titles in a row twice from 1915 to 1917 and from 1922 to 1924.
Professional Era (1932-present)
In the professional era, seven clubs have won a Primera División title. The most success club is Peñarol with 38 titles, followed by Nacional with 33. The remaining five clubs have less than five titles each. It took 54 seasons before a club besides Peñarol or Nacional won a title, when Defensor won their first title 1976. Besides Peñarol or Nacional, no other club has won titles consecutively. Both Peñarol (1958 to 1962 and 1993 to 1997) and Nacional (from 1939 to 1943) hold the record title streaks winning five titles consecutively. The longest period of time since either Peñarol or Nacional won a title was from 1987 to 1991, when Defensor, Danubio, Progreso, Bella Vista, and Defensor Sporting together won five titles in that period.
Titles by club
|CURCC / Peñarol [i]||49||1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1924 FUF, 1926 CP, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2009–10, 2012–13|
|Nacional||44||1902, 1903, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1933, 1934, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12|
|Defensor Sporting||4||1976, 1987, 1991, 2007–08|
|River Plate FC||4||1908, 1910, 1913, 1914|
|Wanderers||4||1906, 1909, 1923 FUF, 1931|
|Danubio||4||1988, 2004, 2006–07, 2013–14|
All-time top scorers
The chart includes amateur and professional eras:
- Officials championships of football of Uruguay
- Uruguayan Football Stadiums
- Uruguayan Segunda División
- Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol (Amateur).
- The 1904 championship was not played due to the Battle of Masoller.
- Federación Uruguaya de Fútbol (Amateur).
- The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
- The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
- CP for "Consejo Provisorio", an unification tournament after the FUF was dissolved and its clubs returned to the AUF.
- No championship was played because of the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
- The 1948 championship was not finished due to a players strike.
- Peñarol includes in its honours the championships won by CURCC (1900, 1901, 1905, 1907 and 1911).
- Controversy exists on the date of the founding of Club Atlético Peñarol under continuity or not the club with the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club. The club's official position assumes a change of nominating former club founded on December 28, 1891. The other figure position as an original club Peñarol founded on December 13, 1913. Moreover, founding dates Tank Defender and referenced to the original foundation of the football team and do not take into account future mergers with other entities that these clubs had.
- The stadium presented exclusively by Club Atlético Peñarol is the José Pedro Damiani, but in practice it never dispute their home games at the stadium, leasing the city-owned Estadio Centenario. For their part, Cerro Largo as Juventud and El Tanque Sisley, present the Ubilla, Artigas Park and Olympic Champions respectively, as their exclusive stadium, but is important to clarify that is not theirs, being municipal property..
- "Hasta ahora se jugaron 109 Uruguayos" on Ovación Digital
- Uruguay - List of Champions at RSSSF
- Tabeira, Martín (October 28, 2010). "Uruguay - League Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
- "Uruguay All-Time Topscorers" at RSSSF
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