Urwah ibn Zubayr
|Urwah ibn Zubayr|
|Died||AH 94 (712/713)|
|Era||Islamic golden age|
|Main interest(s)||History, Fiqh and Hadith|
Fuqaha of Medina
'Urwah ibn al-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam al-Asadi (Arabic: عروة بن الزبير بن العوام الأسدي, died 713) was among the seven fuqaha (jurists) who formulated the fiqh of Medina in the time of the Tabi‘in and one of Muslim historian.
His son was Hisham ibn Urwa
He was born in the early years of the caliphate of Uthman in Medina and lived through the civil war which occurred after Uthman's murder. Although his brother Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr wrested the rule from Abd al-Malik, it is unknown if he assisted him. He devoted himself to the study of fiqh and hadith and had the greatest knowledge of hadiths narrated from Aishah. He said, "Before Aishah died, I saw that I had become one of four authorities. I said, 'If she dies, there will be no hadith which will be lost from those she knows. I have memorized all of them."
He was one of the 7 jurists of Medina.
Urwah wrote many books but, fearing they might become sources of authority alongside the Qur'an, destroyed them the day of the Battle of al-Harrah. He later he regretted that, saying "I would rather have them in my possession than my family and property twice over."
He is also known to have written one of the first writings in the area of the biography of the Prophet Muhammad, known as the Tract of Seerah. This is not extant either but is known to us through Ibn Ishaq.
Among his narrations are:
His transmitted narrations from:
His narrations are transmitted by:
- Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
- Sahih Muslim, 19:4354
- Ibn Hajar, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
- Al-Muwatta, 28 18.42
- The Four Imams, Muhammad Abu Zahrah, Dar al-Taqwa Publications
- Biography of Imam 'Urwah Ibn Az Zubayr and the others 7 jurists of Medina
- (French) Biography of Imam 'Urwah Ibn Az Zubayr by at-tawhid.net
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