Urziceni, Satu Mare
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|County||Satu Mare County|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Urziceni (Hungarian: Csanálos, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtʃɒnaːloʃ]; German: Schinal or Schönthal) is a commune in Satu Mare County, Romania, right on the Hungarian border. It is composed of two villages, Urziceni and Urziceni-Pădure (Csanáloserdő). The population was 1,509 in 2002; 68.1% of inhabitants were Hungarian, 22.5% were German, and 9.3% were ethnic Romanian. 86.8% were Roman Catholic, 5.6% were Greek-Catholic, 4.2% were Romanian Orthodox and 3.0% were Reformed.
Historically, the commune was mainly inhabited by Roman Catholic German ethnics (Donauschwaben or Danube Swabians) who were brought in by the Hungarian ruler of the land, count Alexander Károlyi, to populate the area that had been deserted as a result of a series of wars and epidemics. The process began in 1711 when the first wave of settlers arrived from present-day Baden-Württemberg, just north of Lake Constance. During the 20th century they gave up the usage of the German language in favour of Hungarian. Since the 1980s, the population has dwindled significantly due to emigration to West Germany, especially before the fall of the communist dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu, but also in the 1990s, mainly for economic reasons.
- Romanian census data, 2002; retrieved on March 1, 2010
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