Usatovo culture

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The Usatovo culture, 3500—3000 BC, is an archaeological culture facing the Black Sea between the mouths of the Bug River and the Danube in present-day Romania, Moldavia, and southern Ukraine.

It is seen as a hybrid, with roots in both the Cernavodă and the Tripolye cultures, overlain by an intrusive steppe-derived element of the presumably Indo-European-speaking Kurgan culture.

Metal artefacts are connected to contacts with the distant Caucasus.

It is seen as part of the "Balkan-Danubian complex" that stretched from Troy, the Danube valley up into the Elbe.