User:Andrew c/type classification

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  • Perfect, Christopher. The Complete Typographer: A Manual for Designing with Type" Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-045667-5.

p. 178 in the "Display" chapter, under the heading "Types based on Handwriting":

Uncials and half uncials were in widespread use as book scripts (especially in Ireland) between the 4th and 9th centuries. Victor Hammer, a German type designer and calligrapher, was responsible for a revival of these letterforms in the first half of the 20th century. American Uncial (1945), his best-known type, was issued by Stempel in 1952. Uncials are hardly ever seen nowadays, except perhaps as nostalgic faces to advertise handmade crafts, for example.

  • Lawson, Alexander S. Anatomy of a Typeface. David R. Godine Publisher, 1990 ISBN 0879233338. Chapter 2: "Hammer Uncial" pp. 35-46.

List of (early) 20th century uncials-based typefaces:

    • Otto Hupp Hupp Unziale 1909 Klingspor
  • Victor Hammer (1921) Hammer Unziale or "Hammerschrift", Klingspor Foundry, Offenbach, 1925, cut by A. Schuricht
  • Hammer Samson 1929, Stamperia del Santuccio, cut by Paul Koch
    • Karl Uhlemann/Colm O Lochlain Colmcille or "Colum Cille" Monotype 1936 a Gaelic looking type that worked well as a Roman text face
  • Frederic W. Goudy (1937) Friar (destroyed in 1939 fire)
  • Sjoerd Hendrick de Roos (1938) Libra Typefoundry Amsterdam, 1939
  • Hammer ~1939, unnamed, ATF, never produced outside of specimen sheet
  • Hammer American Uncial (or Neue Hammer Unziale), Klingspor/Stempel (Dearborn Type Foundry?)
  • G. G. Lange Solemnis Berthold, Berlin, 1953
  • Hammer Andromaque Deberny et Peignot, Paris, 1959

Classification of uncials
  • Haralambous, Yannis; Scott Horne, Translated by P. (2007), Fonts & Encodings, Sebastopol, Calif.: O'Reilly Media, pp. 409-423, ISBN 978-0-596-10242-5
  • Vox/ATypI - included in "Manuals" group, not its own class
  • Alessandrini Codex 80 - group 12 of 19 "Onciales" (uncials) are merely the scripts inspired by - uncial handwriting. This category also includes the scripts that are called "Celtic".
  • IBM Classification - Class 10 "scripts"; Subclass 1 "uncial"