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Demographics of Pristina Region
(according to the Kosovo Agency of Statistics 2011)
Population Density Pristina 2011.jpg
This map it shows population density by enumeration Area Prishtine 2011[1]
Pristina
Areas Population
2012 census[2]
Area
Density
City of Pristina
(Kosovo Agency of Statistics)
205,133 854 km2 (330 sq mi) 230 /km2 (600 /sq mi)|
Urban
(KAS)
161,751 Not avaliable 247 /km2 (640 /sq mi)
Rural
(KAS)
37,460 Not avaliable 123 /km2 (320 /sq mi)

This article is about the demographic of Pristina, including population statistics, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

As of December 2012 Pristina the capital city of Kosovo had a population of 205,133 registered inhabitants[2]

The Rural Part of the municipality as well as the area near the center of Pristina, in terms of socio-economic processes is under the influence of population dynamics, both in terms of demographic regime, which is more expansive, and in addition mechanical population .This part of the municipality has a high density of population. According to some new data , the density of population in the municipality of Pristina is 247 inhabitants per km²[3]While the population density of suburban area of the municipality without Pristina, as an urban center, is 123 inhabitants per km²[4] Pristina as an urban center with representative functions and its economic strength, has changed the population structure. Pristina with the surrounding space has become increasingly a concentration to a large population. While the mountain area, especially more distant areas have a displacement due to depopulation, especially after the recent war. The network of settlements on the territory of the Municipality of Pristina has some specifics. Such as distribution of settlements depends on the degree of economic development, natural conditions, socio-political circumstances, position. One of the features is also uneven distribution of the settlements.

Historical[edit]

This map it shows the extent of the urban areas of Pristina during years till 1999 census..
Evolution of Demography in Pristina

The history of the city was written by the stories of visitors, traders and different invaders of the country, according to which Pristina was built and destroyed many times by different conflicts that took place throughout the history. The oldest writings found place Pristina as a populated area in the middle of IX century. It lays 7km north from the historical location of the roman city Ulpiana which was destroyed in the coming years, fueling the development of Pristina as a new centrality. During XIV – XIV the city became an important trade center due to the crossroad of some of the main arteries linking different parts of the region. In a very short time the city became an important meeting point of many different markets, especially Genova, Verona, Mantova and Firence led by the colony created by the traders coming from Croatia / Dubrovnik.[5]

Population statistics for Pristina start with the first census of 1874 when the region of Pristina had 1,567 houses, 258 villages and 19.260 inhabitants, 13.435 of whom were Muslims 5,825 were Christians.[6]

Based on the time of the Ottoman Empire, Pristina with the surroundings in 1878 had a total of 22,470 inhabitants of whom 16.462 Muslims,4,686 Christian faith , 1,272 gypsies and 50 Jews.[7] In 1896/1897 Kaza of Pristina had 56.286 inhabitants whom 21.462 inhabitants were males and 19,099 were females, respectively 40.561 Muslims, 5,907 males and 5.279 females, respectively 11.186 Christians; 1,305 males, 890 females respectively 2,195 Muslim Gypsies, 446 male, 265 female respectively Christian Gypsies; 869 males, 764 females respectively 1,6333 Latino Catholics - mostly Albanians. [8]

At this time the Kaza of Pristina had 241 villages. Except Ottoman Empire for the statistics and the number of population in Sandzak of Pristina has wrote also the Bulgarian author Marenini. According to him, the number of population in the Sandzak triple and so this sanjak had 118,500 Albanians, 32,500 Serbs and 2,200 Jews or Circassian and total 175,500 inhabitants.[9]


Pristina according to Branislav Nušić consul, in 1902 Sandzak of Pristina had 220,000 inhabitants, of whom 2/3 were with Muslim religion. Others were Catholic and Serbs. Muslims and Catholics were all Albanians. Sandzak of Pristina consisted from 5 Kaza (Pristina, Gnjilane,Presevo, Vushtri, Mitrovica), with a total of 860 villages. Only Kaza of Pristina had 241 villages with 60.993 inhabitants, all of the Muslim religion.[10]


Regarding the number of inhabitants, it should be noted that in 1905-1906 the territory of the municipality of Pristina belonged to Sandzak of Pristina and had 364.015 inhabitants, of whom 254.606 Albanian Muslims, 110.310 Albanian Catholics, Albanian Orthodoxs, Serbs, Romans also Bulgarians. While Pristina in the beginning of First Balkan War, according to the latest statistics from the Ottoman Empire had a total of 68.729 inhabitants of which 63.968 Albanians,3,093 Serbs, 547 Jews and 1,121 Romans.[11]

District of Pristina[edit]

Qarku i Prishtinës
Приштински округ
Prištinski okrug
District of Pristina
RR PR.png
Pristina District within Kosovo.
Capital Pristina

In autumn 1912, Kosovo was occupied by Serbian and Montenegro army. Began the wave of violence and terror, killings of Albanian population in this area. Many people of the territory of Pristina have been forced to flee their homeland and settle mainly in [[Turkey], while some in Albania, Syria. In order to rule more easily began administrative-territorial division of the Albanian and Kosovo territories. According to documents found in the archives of the Federal Secretariat of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade, PO Fund (Politçko Odelenje) from the consulate general there are some data for the deportation of Albanians from Kosovo in Thessaloniki in Turkey. According to the document 1246 drawn on April 12, 1914, in Turkey alone, 239,807 people were displaced. Note that 239,807 figure does not take children who were under age 6. Also noted in these documents, that have also passed through Kavala 4 thousand Muslim families. All these persons are said to have led Turkey with 395 European boats.[12]


According to a 1913 British document titled "Repartion de la Population Generale des Villes non compromises dans l'etat ALBANIAS lors de la delimitation de 1913, et pourcentage des proportions" said that in the District of Pristina were 63.968 Albanian inhabitants ,8.093 Serbs, 547 Jewish, 1,121 Romans, total 73.737 inhabitants.[13]

After the Balkan Wars and the First World War the number of population in the District of Pristina was reduced significantly. In this year the District of Pristina had 91.550 Albanian inhabitants, and 8,349 Serb inhabitants, this means that this region in 1918 had a total of 99.899 inhabitants.[14]

  1. According to the census of 1953 in the are of Gracanica where was a part of the territory of Pristina was this situation : 12 municipalities, 56 settlements with many neighborhoods in the context of the settlement, 6,734 families with 45.641 inhabitants. According to some data processed later in 94 settlements of Prishtina were 13.389 households with 76.477 inhabitants.
  2. According to the 1961 census, the municipality of Pristina had 94 settlements with 19.178 households with 102.516 inhabitants (57.417 or 56% Albanians, 34.731 or 33.9% Serbs,4.140 or 4% Montenegrins, 3.584 or 3.5% Turks)
  3. According to the 1971 census, the municipality of Pristina had 92 settlements with 28.003 households with 152.744 inhabitants (91,801 or 60.1% Albanians, 42.820 or 28% Serbs, 5,686 or 3.7%Montenegrins, 2,204 or 1.5% Turks)
  4. According to the 1981 census, the municipality of Pristina had 92 settlements with 36.254 households with 210,044 inhabitants (140.043 or 66.7% Albanians, 43.875 or 20,9% Serbs, 6.394 or 3% Montenegrins, 21% or 4,034 Muslims, 1,974 or 1.5% Turks)[15]
  5. According to the 1991 Serbian census and estimates, Pristina Municipality had 295.093 inhabitants of which 161.314 or 78.7% Albanians,27.293 or 13.3%Serbs, 3,888 or 1.9% Montenegrins,202 or 1%Turks, or 6.626 3.2% Romans.[16]

Results of the 2011 census[edit]

Population by sex and ethnicity[edit]

Pristina Total Ethnicity
Albanian Serbian Turkish Bosnian Rom Ashkali Egyptian Gorani Others Prefer not

to Answer

Not Avaliable
Total[17] 198,897 194,452 430 2,156 400 56 557 8 205 334 79 220
Male 99,361 97,347 204 1,060 107 31 281 3 99 110 37 82
Female 99,536 97,105 226 1,096 293 25 276 5 106 224 42 138

Population by sex and Religion[edit]

Pristina Total Religion
Islamic Orthodox Catholic Other No Religon Prefer not

to answer

Not Available
Total[17] 198,897 193,474 480 1,170 344 660 2,388 381
Male 99,361 96,375 221 558 181 334 1,168 164
Female 99,536 96,739 259 612 163 326 1,220 217

Population by sex and citizenship[edit]

Pristina Total Country of citizenship
Kosovo Serbia Albania Macedonia Montenegro Turkey Germany USA Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Other Country
Total[17] 198,897 196,155 609 147 131 28 162 58 48 19 10 1,530
Male 99,361 98,019 308 57 62 13 94 25 28 3 3 749
Female 99,536 98,136 301 90 69 15 68 33 20 16 7 781

Population by type of sex and basic contingents[edit]

Pristina Population Infants

0 Age

Children

0-1 Age

Children

7-14 Age

Youth

15-27 Age

Working age population

15-64 Age

65+ Age
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Total[17] 198,897 99,361 99,536 3,529 19,727 28,147 45,793 134,336 66,111 68,225 13,158
Urban 161,751 80,419 81,332 2,820 15,666 22,248 37,032 110,099 53,837 56,262 10,918
Rural 37,46 18,942 18,204 709 4,061 5,899 8,761 24,237 12,274 11,963 2,240

Population by sex and age-groups[edit]

Pristina Total Age-Group
0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-59 70-74 75-79 80+
Total[17] 198,897 16,754 16,781 17,868 17,427 17,708 17,749 16,436 14,765 12,601 11,411 10,350 8,872 7,017 5,460 3,771 2,267 1,660
Male 99,361 8,636 8,747 9,414 9,014 8,899 8,678 7,905 7,153 6,075 5,573 5,001 4,325 3,488 2,764 1,901 1,063 725
Female 99,536 8,118 8,034 84,54 8,413 8,809 9,071 8,531 7,612 6,526 5,838 5,349 4,547 3,529 2,696 1,870 1,204 935

Population by sex and marital status[edit]

Pristina Marital Status
Total Never

Married

Married

with marriage Certificate

Married

without marriage Certificate

Widowed Divorced
Total[17] 198,897 97,897 83,586 9,833 6,664 917
Male 99,361 51,776 41,372 47,227 1,216 270
Female 99,536 46,121 42,214 5,106 5,448 647

Population by sex and Mother Tongue[edit]

Pristina Total Mother Tongue
Albanian Serbian Turkish Bosnian Romani Other Not Available
Total[17] 198,897 195,093 490 2,065 393 66 524 266
Male 99,361 97,646 227 1,019 114 35 210 110
Female 99,536 97,447 263 1,046 279 31 314 156

Population by age 10+ by highest completed eduaction level and sex[edit]

Pristina Total Highest completed education level
No completed education 4 classes 5 classes 8 classes 9 classes 12 classes 13 classes High

School

Faculty

Bachelor

Post-graduate

Degree

Doctorate/PHD
Total[17] 165,362 12,416 6,775 14,466 23,382 14,792 47,197 15,485 4,747 21,671 3,612 819
Male 81,978 4,351 1,550 7,546 8,218 7,784 27,595 7,966 2,731 11,450 2,125 662
Female 83,384 8,065 5,225 6,920 15,164 7,008 19,602 7,519 2,016 10,221 1,487 157

Population by type of settlement, gender and ethnicity 2011[edit]

Settlement,type of

area

Total[18] Sex Ethnicity
Male Female Albanian Serbian Turkish Bosnian Roman Ashkali Egyptian Gorani Others Prefer not

to Answer

Not Avaliable
Ballaban 167 86 81 167 - - - - - - - - - -
Barilevë 2,212 1,088 1,124 2,210 1 - - - - - - 1 - -
Bërnicë e Epërme 1,595 802 793 1,580 11 - - - - - - 2 - 2
Bërnicë e Poshtme 549 288 261 301 245 - - - - - - - - 3
Besi 694 341 353 694 - - - - - - - - - -
Busi 814 409 405 814 - - - - - - - - - -
Çagllavicë 4,233 2,172 2,061 4,116 41 35 2 17 - - - 5 1 16
Dabishevc 108 51 57 107 1 - - - - - - - - -
Dragoc 178 87 91 176 - - 1 - - - - 1 - -
Drenoc 590 295 295 590 - - - - - - - - - -
Gllogovicë 74 40 34 74 - - - - - - - - - -
Grashticë 433 212 221 432 - - - - - - - - - -
Hajkobillë 72 38 34 72 - - - - - - - - - -
Hajvali 7,391 3,786 3,605 7,339 6 25 3 - - - - 16 - 2
Keçekollë 484 256 228 483 - - - - - - - 1 - -
Koliq 466 254 212 464 - - - - - - - 2 - -
Kolovicë 2,545 1,315 1,230 2,357 1 1 2 - - 1 - 2 - 1
Kukavicë 17 8 9 17 - - - - - - - - - -
Lebanë 398 199 199 397 1 - - - - - - - - -
Llukar 1,579 796 783 1,579 - - - - - - - - - -
Makoc 997 521 476 997 - - - - - - - - - -
Marec 432 243 189 432 - - - - - - - - - -
Matiçan 13,876 6,990 6,886 13,782 3 42 21 - - - 1 13 1 13
Mramor 1,073 554 519 1,072 - - - - - - - - 1 -
Nëntë Jugoviq 2,229 1,115 1,114 2,227 - - - - - - - 2 - -
Nishec 55 29 26 55 - - - - - - - - - -
Orlloviq 1,035 553 482 1,035 - - - - - - - - - -
Prapashticë 240 133 107 240 - - - - - - - - - -
Pristina 145,149 72,037 73,112 141,307 92 2,052 366 39 557 1 204 281 73 177
Prugoc 2,168 1,088 1,080 2,160 - - - - - 5 - - 1 2
Radashecë 29 16 13 29 - - - - - - - - - -
Rimanishtë 595 296 299 591 - 1 2 - - - - - 1 -
Sinidol 959 491 468 957 - - 1 - - - - 1 - -
Siqevë 337 189 148 337 - - - - - - - - - -
Slivovë 257 124 133 229 28 - - - - - - - - -
Sofali 1,767 901 866 1,758 - - - - - - - 6 1 2
Sharban 317 161 156 316 - - - - - - - - - 1
Shashkoc 298 161 137 298 - - - - - - - - - -
Teneshdoll 359 176 183 359 - - - - - - - - - -
Trudë 694 338 356 693 - - - - - - - - - 1
Vranidoll 1,053 533 520 1,051 - - 1 - - 1 - - - -
Zllash 146 65 81 146 - - - - - - - - - -
Zllatar 233 124 109 232 - - - - - - - 1 - -

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atlasi i Regjistrimit te Popullsisë.". Kosovo Agency of Statistics (in Albania). 31 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Vleresimi i popullsis 2012.". Kosovo Agency of Statistics (in Albania). 31 December 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Density of Population.". Agency of State Archives of Kosovo (in Albania). 3 August 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Riza Qavolli ,"Gjeografia Regjionale e Kosoves page.157"
  5. ^ Population areas during years in Pristina, official web site. Retrieved on 27 February 2014
  6. ^ Skender Rizaj ,"Shperngulja e Shqiptarëve gjatë shekujve page.51"|
  7. ^ Skender Rizaj,"Vilajeti i Kosoves 1878(Rregullimi Politik dhe rrethanat kulturo-arsimore dhe demografike),II-III,1970,page 240; Izber Hoti Prishtina me Rrethin dhe Gjurmime Albanologjike ,XI-1981,page181"|
  8. ^ Kosova Vilayeti Salnamesi,1896,Uskup,Pristina,Prizen,Ipek,Yenipazar,Taslica,Stamboll,2000 page,185.|
  9. ^ Skender Rizaj, "Vilajeti i Kosoves 1878(Rregullimi Politik dhe rrethanat kulturo-arsimore dhe demografike),II-III,1970,page 240; Izber Hoti, Prishtina me Rrethinë dhe Gjurmime Albanologjike ,XI-1981,page181"|
  10. ^ Sami Frasheri, "Vepra 7,"Rilindja",Prishtinë 1984 page 475-476"|
  11. ^ Albanian National Archives | Fondi:Mbrojtja Kombëtare e Kosoves, dos.22,dok.708,417;Izber Hoti, Prishtine me rrethinë.... Gjurmime Albanologjike, XI-1981 page.181|
  12. ^ Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Historical Sciences | Fondi:Dokumenta o spolnjoj politici kraljevine serbije", K.VII Sv.1 Beograd 1980.page.617-618 |
  13. ^ Public Record Office,FO 925/41160 ,Appell de la colonie Albanaise en Turquie aux Grandes Puissances de L'entente, et aux Etats-Unis D'Amerique. Dokumenti:Repartion de la Population Generale des Villes non compromises dans l'etat ALBANIAS lors de la delimitation de 1913
  14. ^ Albanian National Archives| Fondi:Mbrojtja Kombëtare e Kosoves, dos.13 dhe 37,dok.708 416 dhe 708 802,;Izber Hoti, Prishtine me rrethinë.... Gjurmime Albanologjike, XI-1981 page.181
  15. ^ "The documents about Registration of population of Pristina for the years 1953,1961,1971, and 1981 are taken from Kosovo Agency of Statistics". Kosovo Agency of Statistics (in Albanian language). Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  16. ^ Stanovništvo br. 3-4/1900 and 1-2/1991, Beograd, 1922; Atllas, Dr.Asllan Pushka , Kosova dhe vazhdimësia etnike shqiptare ,Prishtinë,1997,page,37.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "Results of the 2011 census" (in Albania). 31 March 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Population by type of settlement, gender and ethnicity 2011.". Kosovo Agency of Statistics. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 


External links[edit]