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When the Pawn Hits the Conflicts He Thinks like a King What He Knows Throws the Blows When He Goes to the Fight and He'll Win the Whole Thing 'fore He Enters the Ring There's No Body to Batter When Your Mind Is Your Might so When You Go Solo, You Hold...


Jeff Benjamin, "AKB48, Morning Musume Win Big at Billboard Japan Music Awards" (January 09, 2014) Mega J-pop girl group AKB48 -- currently boasting more than 80 members -- snagged four awards, including "Artist of the Year 2013" which is given to the act who made the biggest impact on the country's music industry. The Japanese idol group won the same four awards last year. Watch a preview video of their most recent Japan Hot 100 No. 1 "Suzukake No Ki No Michi De uKim…," the last chart topper of last year from the Dec. 28, 2013 chart.

Last-name-first redirects[edit]

For hundreds of years, reference works tended to list human names by last name, comma, first name (as in Washington, George). It is therefore permissible to create redirects following this formula, as some readers may expect to be able to find names this way.

Wish list[edit]

  • Academy Award-winning Wikimedia feature-length documentaries on scientific and historic subjects (perhaps even theatrical releases).
  • A 24-hour Wikimedia broadcast station.
  • Brick-and-mortar Wikimedia centers in ever major city where people can come together for events, classes, or just to edit.
  • 3D printing files from Commons.
  • 3D rendering from Commons, which can be embedded in Wikipedia articles (e.g. see a Geneva mechanism or Michelangelo's David from all angles; see a tiger from all angles and see internal layer views).
  • Live cameras with 24 hour broadcasts of zoo animals, monuments, works of art. When I go to the article, Tiger, I want to see a 3D rendering, a short film, and a live camera feed of a tiger habitat in a zoo.

Proverb problems[edit]

I find it problematic that we have three different Wikiprojects that contain substantially overlapping (but uncoordinated) material on proverbs.

Wikimania userboxes[edit]

All draft/userspace pages[edit]

Disambig resolvers[edit]


Supreme Court cases[edit]

From Conflict of laws in the United States:

Other draft pages[edit]


Federal Claims judges[edit]

FJC page


most bonus links
dab-to-dab bonus

Check again: (bonus list)

NOTE: Dabsolver is now at


Two link discography indexes[edit]

Recently I have noticed that there were a small number of pages titled "Foo discography", tagged as disambiguation pages, and containing links to lists of different kinds of discographies by the same artist. I have changed all of these to media index pages, since they are obviously not unrelated for disambiguation purposes (see WP:DABCONCEPT), but I doubt that they need to exist at all. Of the 3,451 pages in Category:Discographies by genre, 3,379 are titled "Foo discography", while only 26 are titled "Foo albums discography". An additional 34 are titled "Foo singles discography", and some of these have long existed where the main article is titled "Foo albums discography".

An example of a page currently presented as an index of only a few links is Mariah Carey discography, which states that the title may refer to Mariah Carey albums discography, Mariah Carey singles discography, and Mariah Carey videography. Putting aside the question of whether "discography" refers to a videography at all, it is incorrect to suggest that the term "discography" refers to one or the other kind of recording, as opposed to referring to both kinds of recording combined. By contrast, see Annie discography for a proper disambiguation page containing links to multiple unrelated artists or collections that happen to share the name "Annie". For this reason, and because many of these pages only have links to two or three articles collecting different kinds of recordings by the same artist, I do not think they need to exist at all. In each case, I would presume that the discography most likely to be sought was the album discography (since most tracks released as singles are also released on albums), and would move all articles currently titled "Foo albums discography" to "Foo discography", with a hatnote to indicate the existence of a separate "Foo singles discography" as needed.


Non-dab pages with dab-tagged links: Soul Abdul Kadir Sam Sloan Insignificance Abdul Majid

Common ancient IP talk page links: Wikipedia:Introduction IP address Help:Reverting Wikipedia:Vandalism Wikipedia:Sandbox Wikipedia:Blocking policy

Examples: User talk: User talk:

Need a study done on the utility of disambiguation pages versus hatnotes.

Disambiguation nightmares[edit]

A disambiguation nightmare is a disambiguation page for which it is very difficult to fix the incoming links because topics on the page are excessive, poorly described, poorly delineated, overlapping, or generally incomplete. A disambiguation nightmare can occur for a common human name like John Smith because there are so many people by that name that it is very difficult for a reader coming to that page to quickly find the John Smith mentioned in an article linking to the page.

Disambiguation link fixing one-day contest[edit]

I have decided to put on a mini-contest within the November 2013 monthly disambiguation contest, on Saturday, November 23 (UTC). I will personally give a $20 gift card to the disambiguator who fixes the most links on that server-day (see the project page for details on scoring points). Since we are not geared up to do an automated count for that day, at 00:00, 23 November 2013 (UTC) (which is 7:00 PM on November 22, EST), I'll take a screenshot of the project page leaderboard. I will presume that anyone who is not already listed on the leaderboard has precisely nine edits. At 01:00, 24 November 2013 (UTC) (8:00 PM on November 23, EST), I'll take a screenshot of the leaderboard at that time (the extra hour is to give the board time to update), and I will determine from that who our winner is. I will credit links fixed by turning a WP:DABCONCEPT page into an article, but you'll have to let me know me that you did so. Here's to a fun contest. Note that according to the Daily Disambig, we currently have under 256,000 disambiguation links to be fixed. If everyone in the disambiguation link fixers category were to fix 500 links, we would have them all done - so aim high! Cheers!

User talk:Cnwilliams User talk:JustAGal User talk:Nick Number User talk:R'n'B User talk:PKT User talk:Crystalllized User talk:Woohookitty User talk:Adavidb User talk:Tachs User talk:MrLinkinPark333 User talk:BD2412 User talk:Mfbjr User talk:Vegaswikian User talk:Josve05a User talk:LittleWink User talk:Tassedethe User talk:M-le-mot-dit User talk:JamesAM User talk:Cnilep User talk:WPGA2345 User talk:Hwy43 User talk:SchreiberBike User talk:GoingBatty User talk:SGGH User talk:Qwertyus User talk:StAnselm User talk:AdventurousSquirrel User talk:Moswento User talk:Quant18 User talk:Gnorman Gnome User talk:Bazonka User talk:Wgolf User talk:A2-33 User talk:Gongshow User talk:Murgatroyd49 User talk:Ulric1313 User talk:Wcquidditch User talk:LukasMatt User talk:Rhododendrites User talk:APerson User talk:Colonies Chris User talk:Blethering Scot User talk:Skr15081997 User talk:Gareth E Kegg User talk:Steel1943 User talk:Rococo1700 User talk:Jdaloner User talk:Conquerist User talk:Drovethrughosts User talk:Harshhussey User talk:Bilorv User talk:Gorthian User talk:Musashi1600 User talk:PWilkinson User talk:DadaNeem User talk:Frecklefoot User talk:Gob Lofa User talk:In ictu oculi User talk:J04n User talk:The Banner User talk:Periglio

Proposal for fixing links to potentially ambiguous primary topic redirects and primary topic titles[edit]

I propose to amend Wikipedia:Redirect#Do not "fix" links to redirects that are not broken to permit "fixing" links from potentially ambiguous redirects, where doing so makes it easier to find and fix mistaken links to that redirect.

For example, CIA redirects to Central Intelligence Agency, and it is not disputed that the primary topic of "CIA" is "Central Intelligence Agency"; nevertheless, there are many other lesser-known meanings of "CIA" to which editors sometimes intend to link, such as The Culinary Institute of America, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, and Calgary International Airport. In order to find and fix accidental links to CIA that are intended for one of these other meanings, I would like to change all existing links intended to point to Central Intelligence Agency to piped, direct links to that target (i.e., [[Central Intelligence Agency|CIA]] links).

I would further like to do something similar for primary topic titles for which other prominent uses exist. For example, links are often made to Apple and Mouse that are intended for Apple Inc. and Mouse (computing). I would like to change all of the links that are intended to point to Apple and Mouse into redirects that are piped through Apple (fruit) and Mouse (animal), so that it will be easier to find and fix accidental links to these pages that are intended for the other pages at issue.

DAB AWB wish list[edit]

I would like:

  • AWB disambiguation to recognize disambiguation redirect titles.
  • AWB disambiguation to fix titles in {{disambiguation needed|Foo}} templates.
  • The ability to get all the "what links here" lists for a list of articles at once.
  • The ability to generate lists of solutions for multiple disambiguation links at once, and see those in the disambiguation window.
  • Recognize and fix dab links in {{sortname}} templates.

DAB points[edit]

With close to a million incorrect links to fix, the most effective way to do it is with a program like AWB that loads up all links to a particular page. By excluding the tens of thousands of intentional links from this process, we save enough time that we are actually finally getting ahead of the curve. As long as there are disambiguation pages, there will be errant links to them, and we will need some means to avoid the distraction of those intentional links.

A redirect that does not contain the phrase "(disambiguation)" would not show up on the "what links here" page as redirecting through a "foo (disambiguation)" page. For a page like John Smith, if the dozens of intentional incoming links did not redirect through John Smith (disambiguation), people trying to fix incorrect links would waste hours checking pages containing intentional links that could not be fixed.

In Darmok, Data was not very helpful just reeling off a list of topics with no sense of relative usefulness to the situation at hand.

Discounting IP votes[edit]

See [1]


The calyces of the kidney are chambers in the kidney are chambers in the kidney through which urine flows. There are two kinds: the minor calyx, which surrounds the apex of the renal pyramids, and the major calyx, which occurs at the convergence of two or three minor calyces in the kidney.

Lists of state supreme court justices[edit]


State Supreme court redirects[edit]

Possible new judge categories[edit]



Gordon Grundy was the president of Studebaker Canada Ltd. in 1966, but the company failed to earn profits sufficient to justify continued investment, and was closed.

Todd Wood, commanding officer of the 184th Infantry Regiment, was the highest ranking United States military officer to be killed in the War in Iraq.

On January 24, 1925, five days after the Senate Judiciary Committee had recommended Stone's confirmation, Senator Thomas J. Walsh—Wheeler's Montana colleague and legal counsel—convinced the Senate to return the nomination to committee for further review. Although President Coolidge refused to withdraw the nomination, he agreed to an unprecedented compromise. He would allow Stone to become the first Supreme Court nominee in history to appear before the Senate Judiciary Committee. On January 28, 1925, Stone's masterful performance during five hours of public session testimony cleared the way for his quick confirmation. Senator Wheeler soon won acquittal of all charges. Not until 1955, however, did the Senate Judiciary Committee routinely adopt the practice, based on the precedent established by the Stone nomination, of requiring all Supreme Court nominees to appear in person.

, a Maryland Transit Administration bus route from North Avenue by Calvert Street|North Calvert Street in the north end (behind the old 1912 Baltimore Polytechnic Institute high school building - now the Alice G. Pinderhughes administrative headquarters of the Baltimore City Public Schools) in the mid-town area (near the newly developed and designated "Station North" district) through the downtown central business district, past the "Inner Harbor" and old South Baltimore/Federal Hill peninsula, across the Hanover Street Bridge and the Middle Branch of the Patapsco River, to East Patapsco Avenue, the main northwest-southeast commercial strip of the adjacent community to the west of "The Bay", known as Brooklyn, where the line runs a circuitous route after turning right (to the south) through the Brooklyn residential streets up 10th Street to Church Street then to the intersection of the Curtis Bay neighborhood's main commercial drive - Pennington Avenue and Spruce Street in the northeastern corner of the Curtis Bay residential area in Baltimore, Maryland. Evolved 130 years from the former Baltimore and Curtis Bay Railroad line of electrified streetcars first began running in 1893 after the mid-century became the old Number 6 line from the days of the streetcars of the old United Railways and Electric Company which merged out of several competing lines in 1899 to the later successor merged Baltimore Transit Company after 1935. The modern state MTA was formed after the state takeover of the BTC in 1968. By the mid-1980's, the old Number 6 line was split into several routes, #61, #62 and #64 serving different southern ends and terminuses of the old combined line in various sectors of the surrounding southern Baltimore neighborhoods of Brooklyn-Curtis Bay-Fairfield-Wagner's Point and the U.S. Coast Guard Yard at Arundel Cove.

DLQ: The statement of Lord Mansfield is obvious. If a person was allowed to bring two or more actions against another for causes which might have been joined, on its being shown to the Court that the double or plural proceeding is vexatious or oppressive, the Court will consolidate them : that power has always laid in its ordinary and de cursu jurisdiction to prevent abuse of its own powers. Also when two or more actions are brought by the same plaintiff against different defendants but the questions in dispute are the same, the Court will on the application of the defendants stay proceedings in all the cases but one. This kind of consolidation can only be obtained at the instance of defendants, yet a somewhat analogous proceeding has been adopted in the converse case. Where a number of plaintiffs have commenced actions against the same defendants on the application of the plaintiffs, the Court may enlarge the time for taking the next step in the rest of the actions until one of them has been tried as a test action, or as just stated, it may on the application of the defendants, as was the former practice, consolidate them. —Amos v. Chadwick (1877), L. B. 4 C. D. 869. The advantage of consolidation is very clear. It prevents several suits for the same matter, thus entailing waste of public time, and also when a person by an act of his, has given rise to a right of action against him by a number of other persons, if successive actions were allowed, it might become uselessly unfair and oppressive to him. In the case of Amos v. Chadwick, previously herein quoted, there were 78 plaintiffs.

Some orinthographic terms[edit]

Fawn-breasted Red-knobbed Long-finned White-bearded Long-clawed Hairy-footed Web-footed Fringe-toed Bar-winged Channel-billed Slender-billed Two-sided White-whiskered Blue-naped Red-naped Rufous-naped White-naped Black-naped Red-vented Yellow-vented Black-vented Leaf-tailed Prehensile-tailed Hairy-tailed Two-tailed Broad-tailed Bar-tailed Stripe-headed Ashy-headed Purplish-backed Slaty-backed Straw-colored One-armed Short-horned Long-horned White-chinned Black-chinned Yellow-crested Red-crested Black-crested White-crested White-plumed Big-footed Pink-footed Yellow-footed Red-footed Animals named as black-footed White-footed White-tipped Black-handed Clay-colored Crimson-collared Chestnut-collared Golden-collared Orange-collared Red-collared Black-collared White-collared Black-chested White-chested Fine-spotted Orange-spotted Yellow-spotted Red-spotted Yellow-tufted Black-tufted Grey-fronted Buff-fronted Golden-fronted Orange-fronted Blue-fronted Yellow-fronted Red-fronted Black-fronted White-fronted Red-flanked White-flanked Brown-hooded Black-hooded Black-thighed Yellow-browed Red-browed Black-browed White-browed Long-tongued Blue-tongued Long-legged Three-legged Yellow-legged Red-legged Soft-shelled Ring-necked Brown-necked Thick-billed Short-toed Long-toed Rufous-necked Yellow-necked Red-necked Black-necked White-necked Five-lined Blue-lined Long-Haired Four-toed Three-toed Two-toed Sooty-capped Brown-capped Grey-capped Blue-capped Red-capped Black-capped White-capped Long-beaked Hairy-eared Long-eared Short-eared Brown-eared Small-eared Big-eared Blue-eared Yellow-eared Red-eared Black-eared White-eared Sac-winged Disk-winged Round-eared Dog-faced Monkey-faced Stripe-faced Blue-faced Yellow-faced Red-faced Black-faced White-faced Golden-crowned Orange-crowned Violet-crowned Purple-crowned Blue-crowned Yellow-crowned Red-crowned Black-crowned White-crowned Rough-winged Spur-winged Bronze-winged Grey-winged Golden-winged Rufous-winged Orange-winged Purple-winged Blue-winged Yellow-winged Red-winged Black-winged White-winged Yellow-toothed White-toothed Yellow-shouldered Red-shouldered Black-shouldered White-shouldered Broad-billed Boat-billed Long-billed Short-billed Orange-billed Blue-billed Yellow-billed Red-billed Black-billed White-billed Tube-nosed Sword-nosed Snub-nosed Broad-nosed Hairy-nosed Spear-nosed Hog-nosed Long-nosed Yellow-nosed Red-nosed White-nosed Grey-sided Red-sided White-sided Side-striped Three-striped Double-striped Black-striped Three-banded Brown-banded Double-banded Grey-banded Yellow-banded White-banded Streak-throated Brown-throated Buff-throated Orange-throated Purple-throated Blue-throated Yellow-throated Red-throated Black-throated White-throated Flat-headed Brown-cheeked Gray-cheeked Golden-cheeked Silvery-cheeked Blue-cheeked Black-cheeked White-cheeked Racket-tailed Band-tailed Brush-tailed Pin-tailed Free-tailed Square-tailed Fork-tailed Sharp-tailed Swallow-tailed Wedge-tailed Bushy-tailed Long-tailed Short-tailed Gray-tailed Bare-tailed Rufous-tailed Bronze-tailed Blue-tailed Red-tailed White-tailed Grey-headed Brown-headed Chestnut-headed Golden-headed Orange-headed Pink-headed Yellow-headed Blue-headed Black-headed White-headed Bug-eyed Big-eyed Four-eyed One-eyed Mortgage-backed Yellow-eyed Red-eyed Blue-eyed Wild-Eyed Black-eyed Wide-Eyed White-eyed Brown-backed Grey-backed Blue-backed Yellow-backed Chestnut-backed Buff-bellied Fire-bellied Chestnut-bellied Golden-bellied Ochre-bellied Rufous-bellied Gray-bellied Blue-bellied White-backed Black-backed Red-cheeked Orange-bellied Black-bellied White-bellied Red-bellied Olive-backed Yellow-bellied White-lipped Green-backed Blue-necked Green-winged Green-veined Green-throated Green-tailed Green-striped Green-spotted Green-naped Green-headed Green-fronted Green-breasted Green-billed

WP:DAA -> WP:DFD[edit]

I propose merging Wikipedia:WikiProject Disambiguation/Article alerts into Wikipedia:Disambiguations for discussion, and setting up a bot to transclude ongoing AFD discussions into the page.

User:SharedIPArchiveBot IP talk page archives[edit]

User talk: 1[edit]

User talk: 1 (edit | subject | history | links | watch | logs)

This nomination is directed towards all IP talk page archives created by User:SharedIPArchiveBot, of which User talk: 1 is a typical example. This bot does nothing but create archives of IP talk pages, basically preserving in space that no one will ever visit a duplicate of the record of edits already contained in the history of every IP talk page. For example, with respect to the User talk page noted in this nomination, the exact same material can be seen right here, here, and here, with no need for a separate page. There are many things Wikipedia is not; among them, Wikipedia is not a collection of IP talk page edits. If Internet Archive or some service like that wants to have these thousands of pages, that's fine, but let's stick to building an encyclopedia. bd2412 T 02:05, 27 August 2013 (UTC)


Editor notices[edit]

Greetings! A proposal will be made on Wednesday, January 15, 2013, to change the title of the article, -_-_-_-, to -_-_-. This notification is provided to all editors who have previously participated in move requests relating to this subject. Cheers!

Ancient Apparition (11Gpr) Born2cycle (13Gpr) Crazy Eddy (12G) CWenger (11G) Dezastru (13G) Dohn joe (13G) GabeMc (12G) GoodDay (11G) Hot Stop (12G) Jaxfl (7BG) jæs (12G) Jenks24 (11G) Kauffner (11/12/13G) KnightLago (7BG) Marcus Qwertyus (11/12Gpr) Necrothesp (11/12/13G) PatGallacher (13G) Patricknoddy (7AG) Red Slash (13G) RJFF (12G) Slydevil (7BG) Timrollpickering (7ASpr/12G) Tocino (7B/S,pr) UBeR (7BG)

AjaxSmack (7AN) Bellagio99 (12/13N) Blaze33541 (7BN) CouldOughta (7BN) Flatterworld (11N) Gareth E Kegg (7BN) Havemeyer (12N) Huwmanbeing (13N) j (13N) KeL (7AN) Mbisanz (7BN) MelanieN (13N) Nil Einne (7BN) Nyttend (12N) OCNative (11N) Omnedon (13N) Pethr (7AN) Rendinan (12N) SmokeyJoe (13N) Soxrock24 (11N) StuffOfInterest (7A/7BN) Tarc (13N) TJ Spyke (7AN) TonyTheTiger (11/WO/12/13N) Tvoz (7A/7B/11/12/13N) Walrasiad (12N) Wasted Time R (7A/7B/11/12/13N) Yath (7AN) Yilloslime (7BN) Zanimum (7AN)

Romanian river disambiguation pages[edit]

Here are some Romanian river disambiguation pages for longer descriptions:

Post-discussion comments on the discussion[edit]

  1. User talk:Francis Schonken
  2. User talk:Joefromrandb
  3. User talk:Jonathunder
  4. User talk:NickCT
  5. User talk:Shakehandsman
  6. User talk:Thryduulf

PD judge stuff[edit]

PAUL R. MICHEL, chief judge; born February 3, 1941, in Philadelphia, PA; son of Lincoln M. and Dorothy Michel; educated in public schools in Wayne and Radnor, PA; B.A., Williams College, 1963; J.D., University of Virginia Law School, 1966; married Brooke England, 2004; adult children, Sarah Elizabeth and Margaret Kelley; Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Reserve (1966-72); admitted to practice: Pennsylvania (1967), U.S. district court (1968), U.S. circuit court (1969), and U.S. Supreme Court (1969); assistant district attorney, Philadelphia, PA (1967-71); Deputy District Attorney for Investigations (1972-74); Assistant Watergate Special Prosecutor (1974-75); assistant counsel, Senate Intelligence Committee (1975-76); deputy chief, Public Integrity Section, Criminal Division, U.S. Department of Justice (1976-78); "Koreagate" prosecutor (1976-78); Associate Deputy Attorney General (1978-81); Acting Deputy Attorney General (Dec. 1979-Feb. 1980); counsel and administrative assistant to Senator Arlen Specter (1981-88); nominated December 19, 1987 by President Ronald Reagan to be circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, confirmed by Senate on February 29, 1988, and assumed duties of the office on March 8, 1988; member of the Judicial Conference of the United States, 2004-present; elevated to the position of Chief Judge on December 25, 2004.

HALDANE ROBERT MAYER, circuit judge; born in Buffalo, NY, February 21, 1941; son of Haldane and Myrtle Mayer; educated in the public schools of Lockport, NY; B.S., U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY, 1963; and J.D., Marshall-Wythe School of Law, The College of William and Mary in Virginia, 1971; editor-in-chief, William and Mary Law Review, Omicron Delta Kappa; admitted to practice in Virginia and the District of Columbia; board of directors, William and Mary Law School Association, 1979-85; served in the U.S. Army, 1963-75, in the Infantry and the Judge Advocate General's Corps; awarded the Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, Combat Infantryman Badge, Parachutist Badge, Ranger Tab, Ranger Combat Badge, Campaign and Service Ribbons; resigned from Regular Army and was commissioned in the U.S. Army Reserve, currently Lieutenant Colonel, retired; law clerk for Judge John D. Butzner, Jr., U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, 1971-72; private practice with McGuire, Woods and Battle in Charlottesville, VA, 1975-77; adjunct professor, University of Virginia School of Law, 1975-77, 1992-94, George Washington University National Law Center, 1992-96; Special Assistant to the Chief Justice of the United States, Warren E. Burger, 1977-80; private practice with Baker and McKenzie in Washington, DC, 1980-81; Deputy and Acting Special Counsel (by designation of the President), U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board, 1981-82; appointed by President Reagan to the U.S. Claims Court, 1982; appointed by President Reagan to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, June 15, 1987; assumed duties of the office, June 19, 1987; elevated to the position of Chief Judge on December 25, 1997; relinquished that position on December 24, 2004, after having held it for seven years; Judicial Conference of the U.S. Committee on the International Appellate Judges Conference, 1988-91, Committee on Judicial Resources, 1990-97; member of the Judicial Conference of the United States, 1997-2004; married Mary Anne McCurdy, August 13, 1966; two daughters, Anne Christian and Rebecca Paige.

ALAN D. LOURIE, circuit judge; born January 13, 1935, in Boston, MA; son of Joseph Lourie and Rose; educated in public schools in Brookline, MA; A.B., Harvard University, (1956); M.S., University of Wisconsin, (1958); Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, (1965); and J.D., Temple University, (1970); married to the former L. Elizabeth D. Schwartz; children, Deborah L. Rapoport and Linda S. Lourie; employed at Monsanto Company (chemist, 1957-59); Wyeth Laboratories (chemist, literature scientist, patent liaison specialist, 1959-64); SmithKline Beecham Corporation, (Patent Agent, 1964-70; assistant director, Corporate Patents, 1970-76; director, Corporate Patents, 1976-77; vice president, Corporate Patents and Trademarks and Associate General Counsel, 1977- 90); vice chairman of the Industry Functional Advisory Committee on Intellectual Property Rights for Trade Policy Matters (IFAC 3) for the Department of Commerce and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (1987-90); Treasurer of the Association of Corporate Patent Counsel (1987-89); President of the Philadelphia Patent Law Association (1984- 85); member of the board of directors of the American Intellectual Property Law Association (formerly American Patent Law Association) (1982-85); member of the U.S. delegation to the Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, October-November 1982, March 1984; chairman of the Patent Committee of the Law Section of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (1980-85); member of Judicial Conference Committee on Financial Disclosure, 1990-98; member of the American Bar Association, the American Chemical Society, the Cosmos Club, and the Harvard Club of Washington; recipient of Jefferson Medal of the New Jersey Intellectual Property Law Association for outstanding contributions to intellectual property law, 1998; admitted to: Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, U.S. Supreme Court; nominated January 25, 1990, by President George Bush to be circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, confirmed by Senate on April 5, 1990, and assumed duties of the office on April 11, 1990.

RAYMOND C. CLEVENGER, III, circuit judge; born August 27, 1937, in Topeka, KS; son of R. Charles and Mary Margaret Clevenger; educated in the public schools in Topeka, Kansas, and at Phillips Academy, Andover, MA; B.A., Yale University, 1959; LL.B., Yale University, 1966; law clerk to Justice White, October term, 1966; practice of law at Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering, Washington, DC, 1967-90. Nominated by President George Bush on January 24, 1990, confirmed on April 27, 1990 and assumed duties on May 3, 1990.

RANDALL R. RADER, circuit judge; born April 21, 1949 in Hastings, NE, son of Raymond A. and Gloria R. Rader; higher education: B.A., Brigham Young University, 1971-74, (magna cum laude), Phi Beta Kappa; J.D., George Washington University Law Center, 1974-78; married the former Victoria Semenyuk: legislative assistant to Representative Virginia Smith; 1978-81: legislative director, counsel, House Committee on Ways and Means to Representative [Page 840] Philip M. Crane; 1981-86: General Counsel, Chief Counsel, Subcommittee on the Constitution; 1987-88, Minority Chief Counsel, Staff Director, Subcommittee on Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights, Senate Committee on Judiciary; 1988-90: Judge, U.S. Claims Court; 1990-present, Circuit Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, nominated by President George Bush on June 12, 1990; confirmed by Senate August 3, 1990, sworn in August 14, 1990, recipient: Outstanding Young Federal Lawyer Award by Federal Bar Association, 1983; recipient: Jefferson Medal Award 2003; bar member: District of Columbia, 1978, Supreme Court of the United States, 1984, U.S. Claims Court, 1988, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, 1990.

ALVIN A. SCHALL, circuit judge; born April 4, 1944, in New York City, NY; son of Gordon W. Schall and Helen D. Schall; preparatory education: St. Paul's School, Concord, NH, 1956-62, graduated cum laude; higher education: B.A., Princeton University, 1962-66; J.D., Tulane Law School, 1966-69; married to the former Sharon Frances LeBlanc, children: Amanda and Anthony. 1969-73: associate with the law firm of Shearman and Sterling in New York City; 1973-78: Assistant United States Attorney, Office of the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York; Chief of the Appeals Division, 1977-78; 1978-87: Trial Attorney, Senior Trial Counsel, Civil Division, United States Department of Justice, Washington, DC; 1987-88: member of the Washington, DC law firm of Perlman and Partners; 1988-92: Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States; 1992-Present: Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, appointed by President George Bush on August 17, 1992, sworn in on August 19, 1992. Author: ``Federal Contract Disputes and Forums, Chapter 9 in Construction Litigation: Strategies and Techniques, published by John Wiley and Sons (Wiley Law Publications), 1989. Bar memberships: State of New York (1970), District of Columbia (1980), Supreme Court of the United States (1989), U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1974), U.S. District Courts for the Eastern and Southern Districts of New York (1973), U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (1991), United States District Court for the District of Columbia (1991), U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (1982), and U.S. Court of Federal Claims, formerly the U.S. Claims Court (1978).

WILLIAM CURTIS BRYSON, circuit judge; born August 19, 1945, in Houston, TX; A.B., Harvard University, 1969; J.D., University of Texas School of Law, 1973; married with two children; law clerk to Hon. Henry J. Friendly, circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1973-74), and Hon. Thurgood Marshall, associate justice, U.S. Supreme Court (1974-75); associate, Miller, Cassidy, Larroca and Lewin, Washington, DC (1975-78); Department of Justice, Criminal Division (1979-86), Office of Solicitor General (1978-79, 1986-94), and Office of the Associate Attorney General (1994); nominated in June 1994 by President Clinton to be circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and assumed duties of the office on October 7, 1994.

ARTHUR J. GAJARSA, circuit judge; born March 1, 1941 in Norcia (Pro. Perugia), Italy; married to Melanie Gajarsa; five children; education: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, 1958-62, B.S.E.E., Bausch and Lomb Medal, 1958, Benjamin Franklin Award, 1958; Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, 1968; M.A. in economics, graduate studies; J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, 1967; career record: 1962-63, patent examiner, U.S. Patent Office, Department of Commerce; 1963-64, patent Adviser, U.S. Air Force, Department of Defense; 1964-67, patent adviser, Cushman, Darby and Cushman; 1967-68, law clerk to Judge Joseph McGarraghy, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, Washington, DC; 1968-69, attorney, Office of General Counsel, Aetna Life and Casualty Co.; 1969-71, special counsel and assistant to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Interior; 1971-72, associate, Duncan and Brown; 1972-78, partner, Gajarsa, Liss and Sterenbuch; 1978-80, partner, Garjarsa, Liss and Conroy; 1980-86, partner, Wender, Murase and White; 1987-97, partner and officer, Joseph Gajarsa, McDermott and Reiner, P.C.; registered patent agent, registered patent attorney, 1963; admitted to the D.C. Bar, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, and U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, 1968; Connecticut State Bar, 1969; U.S. Supreme Court, 1971; Superior Court for D.C., Court of Appeals for D.C., 1972; U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Ninth and Federal Circuits, 1974; U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York, 1980; awards: Sun and Balance Medal, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1990; Gigi Pieri Award, Camp Hale Association, Boston, MA, 1992; Rensselaer Key Alumni Award, 1992; 125th Anniversary Medal, Georgetown University Law Center, 1995; Order of Commendatore, Republic of Italy, 1995; Alumni Fellow Award, Rensselaer Alumni Association, 1996; Board of Directors: National Italian American Foundation, 1976-97, serving as general counsel, 1976-89, president, 1989-92, and vice chair, 1993-96; Rensselaer Neuman Foundation, trustee, 1973-present; Foundation for Improving Understanding of the Arts, trustee, [Page 841] 1982-96; Outward Bound, U.S.A., trustee, 1987-2002; John Carroll Society, Board of Governors, 1992-96; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, trustee, 1994-present; Georgetown University, regent, 1995-2001; Georgetown University Board of Directors, 2001-present; member: Federal, American, Federal Circuit, and D.C. Bar Associations; American Judicature Association; nominated for appointment on April 18, 1996 by President Clinton; confirmed by the Senate on July 31, 1997; entered service September 12, 1997.

RICHARD LINN, circuit judge; born in Brooklyn, NY, April 13, 1944; son of Marvin and Enid Linn; graduated in 1961 from Polytechnic Preparatory County Day School, Brooklyn, NY; received Bachelor of Electrical Engineering degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1965, and J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center in 1969; served as patent examiner at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, 1965-68; member of the founding Board of Governors of the Virginia State Bar Section on Patent, Trademark and Copyright Law, chairman, 1975; member of the American Bar Association Intellectual Property Law Section; the American Intellectual Property Law Association; the District of Columbia Bar Association Intellectual Property Section; the Virginia Bar Intellectual Property Law Section; and the Federal Circuit Bar Association; admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1969, the District of Columbia Bar in 1970, and the New York Bar in 1994; admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Fourth, Sixth, District of Columbia, and Federal Circuits, and the U.S. District Courts for the Eastern District of Virginia and the District of Columbia; partner, Marks and Murase, L.L.P., 1977-97, and member of the Executive Committee, 1987-97; partner, Foley and Lardner, 1997-99, Practice Group Leader, Electronics Practice Group, and Intellectual Property Department, 1997-99; recipient, Rensselaer Alumni Association Fellows Award for 2000; adjunct professor of law, George Washington University Law School, 2001-present; member, Advisory Board of the George Washington University Law School, 2001-present; Master, Giles S. Rich American Inn of Court, 2000-present; nominated to be Circuit Judge by President William J. Clinton on September 28, 1999, and confirmed by the Senate on November 19, 1999; assumed duties of the office on January 1, 2000.

TIMOTHY B. DYK, circuit judge; nominated for appointment on April 1, 1998 by President Clinton; confirmed by the Senate on May 24, 2000; entered on duty June 9, 2000; education: Harvard College, A.B. (cum laude), 1958; Harvard Law School, LL.B. (magna cum laude), 1961; prior employment: law clerk to Justices Reed and Burton (retired), 1961-62; law clerk to Chief Justice Warren, 1962-63; special assistant to Assistant Attorney General, Louis F. Oberdorfer, 1963-64; associate and partner, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, 1964-90; partner, and chair, of Issues & Appeals Practice area (until nomination) with Jones, Day, Reavis and Pogue, 1990-2000; and Adjunct Professor at Yale, University of Virginia and Georgetown Law Schools.

SHARON PROST, circuit judge; born Newburyport, MA; daughter of Zyskind and Ester Prost; educated in Hartford, CT; B.S., Cornell University, 1973; M.B.A., George Washington University, 1975; J.D., Washington College of Law, American University, 1979; admitted to practice in Washington, DC, 1979; LL.M., George Washington University School of Law, 1984; Labor Relations Specialist, U.S. Civil Service Commission, 1973-76; Labor Relations Specialist / Auditor, U.S. General Accounting Office, 1976-79; Trial Attorney, Federal Labor Relations Authority, 1979-82; Chief Counsel's Office, Department of Treasury, 1982-84; Assistant Solicitor, Associate Solicitor, and then Acting Solicitor, National Labor Relations Board, 1984-89; Adjunct Professor of Labor Law, George Mason University School of Law, 1986-87; Chief Labor Counsel, Senate Labor Committee--minority, 1989-93; Chief Counsel, Senate Judiciary Committee--minority, 1993-95; Deputy Chief Counsel, Senate Judiciary Committee--majority, 1995-2001; Chief Counsel, Senate Judiciary Committee--majority, 2001; appointed by President George W. Bush to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, September 21, 2001; assumed duties of the office, October 3, 2001; two sons, Matthew and Jeffrey.

DANIEL M. FRIEDMAN, senior judge; born New York, NY, February 8, 1916; son of Henry M. and Julia (Freedman) Friedman; attended the Ethical Culture Schools in New York City; A.B., Columbia College, 1937; LL.B., Columbia Law School, 1940; married to Leah L. Lipson (deceased), January 16, 1955; married to Elizabeth M. Ellis (deceased), October 18, 1975; admitted to New York bar, 1941; private practice, New York, NY, 1940-42; legal staff, Securities and Exchange Commission, 1942, 1946-51; served in the U.S. Army, 1942-46; Appellate Section, Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, 1951-59; assistant to the Solicitor General, 1959-62; second assistant to the Solicitor General, 1962-68; First Deputy Solicitor General, 1968-78; Acting Solicitor General, January- March 1977; nominated by President Carter as chief judge of the U.S. Court of Claims, March 22, 1978; confirmed by the Senate, May 17, 1978, and assumed duties of the office [Page 842] on May 24, 1978; as of October 1, 1982, continued in office as judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, pursuant to section 165, Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, Public Law 97-164, 96 Stat. 50.

GLENN LeROY ARCHER, Jr., senior judge; born March 21, 1929, in Densmore, KS; son of Glenn L. and Ruth Agnes Archer; educated in Kansas public schools; B.A., Yale University, 1951; J.D., with honors, George Washington University Law School, 1954; married to Carole Joan Thomas; children: Susan, Sharon, Glenn III, and Thomas; First Lieutenant, Judge Advocate General's Office, U.S. Air Force, 1954-56; associate (1956-60) and partner (1960-81), Hamel, Park, McCabe and Saunders, Washington, DC; nominated in 1981 by President Ronald Reagan to be Assistant Attorney General for the Tax Division, U.S. Department of Justice, and served in that position from December 1981 to December 1985; nominated in October 1985 by President Ronald Reagan to be circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; took the oath of office as a Circuit Judge in December 1985; elevated to the position of Chief Judge on March 18, 1994, served in that capacity until December 24, 1997; took senior status beginning December 25, 1997.

S. JAY PLAGER, senior judge; born May 16, 1931, son of A.L. and Clara Plager; educated public schools, Long Branch, NJ; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1952; J.D., University of Florida, with high honors, 1958; LL.M., Columbia University, 1961; Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Order of the Coif, Holloway fellow, University of North Carolina; Editor-in-Chief, University of Florida Law Review; Charles Evans Hughes Fellow, Columbia University; three children; commissioned, Ensign U.S. Navy, 1952; active duty Korean conflict; honorable discharge as Commander, USNR, 1971; professor, Faculty of Law, University of Florida, 1958-64; University of Illinois, 1964-77; Indiana University School of Law, Bloomington, 1977-89; visiting research professor of law, University of Wisconsin, 1967-68; visiting fellow, Trinity College and visiting professor, Cambridge University, 1980; visiting scholar, Stanford University Law School, 1984-85; dean and professor, Indiana University School of Law, Bloomington, 1977-84; counselor to the Under Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1986-87; Associate Director, Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President of the United States, 1987-88; Administrator, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President of the United States, 1988-89; circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, appointed by President George Bush, November 1989.

1) Common name for a brassiere. 2) It is food for horses (not oats).
The usual value.
Bond-Trek capital.

PSP notes[edit]

  • Bottom left - Additional Resources - Data Administration
  • Right side, first block (Publishing System Data Model) bottom link (PSDM Elements List and Introduction)

F9 is your power panel.

You can always send a copy to Q to play with.

--> qs train-psp

--> sc~ [NUMBER]

(reminder, here tilde (~) means "my Q")

CTRL F7 collapses all footnotes (or uncollapses them again)

F2 highlights the content of the most immediate content group.

Shift-Pause-Break toggles between stacked windows.

Smart 833832410 427WD3C


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